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Ireland consents to restore to his Danish Majesty all the possessions and colonies which have been conquered by the British arms in this present war, except the island of Heligoland, which his Britannic Majesty reserves to himself with full and unlimited sovereignty.
Art. 4. The restoring of the colonies shall be performed according to the same rules and principles which were laid down when his Britannic Majesty gave up to his Danish Majesty these same colonies in the year 1901. With regard to the island of Anholt, it is agreed that it shall be given back one month after the ratification of the present Treaty, unless the season and the difficulty of navigation should present insurmountable obstacles.
Art. 5.-His Britannic Majesty having stipulated with his allies the Emperor of Russia, the King of Sweden, and the King of Prussia, not to conclude either armistice or peace with their common enemies, but by mutual consent, it is understood, that the peace, re-established by the present Treaty, and by the Treaty signed this day between the King of Denmark and the King of Sweden, shall in consequence be extended to the above-mentioned allies, by the means of negociations, the which shall be entered upon as soon as possible, his Britannic Majesty engaging himself to employ his good offices with his allies in order that their respective relations with his Danish Majesty may be renewed upon the same footing as they were before the war.
His Danish Majesty, relying with full confidence on the good offices of their Britannic and Swedish Majesties, for the purpose, as soon as possible, of restoring the peaceable and friendly connexions between his Majesty the Emperor of Russia and King of Prussia, as they were before the war, consents to make all hostilities towards the allies of Great Britain and Sweden immediately cease. All prizes which have been made since this Treaty has been signed, shall be restored: his Danish Majesty relying on a complete reciprocity in this respect.
Art. 5. His Danish Majesty consents to take an active part with the Allied Powers in the present war against France, and to furnish ten thousand men, which corps is to be attached to the army of the North of Germany, and under the immediate command of his royal highness the Crown Prince of Sweden, to be placed on the same footing, and to be treated in
every respect in the same manner as the Swedish troops which constitute a part of the said army, his Britannic Majesty engaging himself to pay to his Danish Majesty, for the maintenance of the said troops, a certain sum, to be provided for every month in this present year, in the proportion of four hundred thousand pounds sterling a year, from the day on which they are placed under the command of the Swedish Crown Prince. This corps shall be always kept up to its full complement, which may be ascertained by a commissary named for that purpose on the part of his Britannic Majesty.
It is however understood by the high contracting parties, that these payments are to cease from the time his Britannic Majesty shall declare such troops not to be required for the good of the common cause, or by the conclusion of a general peace. A proper time shall be allowed, concerning which an amicable arrangement shall be made, for the troops to return to his Danish Majesty's dominions.
Art. 7.-The commercial relations between the subjects of the high contracting parties shall again return to the usual order, as existing before the present war began. They moreover reciprocally agree to adopt measures, as soon as possible, for giving the same greater force and extent.
Art. 8.-His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British nation being extremely desirous of totally abolishing the Slave Trade, the King of Denmark engages to co-operate with his said Majesty for the completion of so beneficent a work, and to prohibit all his subjects, in the most effectual manner, and by the most solemn laws, from taking any share in such trade.
Art. 9. The two high contracting parties oblige themselves reciprocally, not to conclude any peace or truce with France, but by mutual consent.
Art. 10. Whereas his Danish Majesty, in virtue of the treaty of peace this day concluded with the King of Sweden, has ceded Norway to his said Majesty for a certain provided indemnity, his Britannic Majesty, who thus has seen his engagements contracted with Sweden in this respect fulfilled, promises, in concert with the King of Sweden, to employ his good offices with the Allied Powers, at the general peace, to obtain for Denmark a proper indemnity for the cession of Norway.
Art. 11. The sequestrations which have been laid, by either of the contracting parties, on property not already confiscated or condemned, shall be raised immediately after the ratification of this Treaty.
Art. 12. His Majesty the King of Sweden having engaged, by the sixth Article of the Treaty of Alliance with his Britannic Majesty, concluded at Stockholm the 3d of March 1813, to grant, for a period of twenty years, to be computed from the exchange of the ratifications of the said Treaty, to the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, the privileges of depôt in the port of Stralsund, of all articles being the growth or manufacture of Great Britain, or of her colonies, on paying a duty of one per cent. ad valorem on such articles and merchandize on import and export; his Majesty the King of Denmark promises to fulfil, in his new character of Sovereign of Swedish Pomerania, the said stipulation, by substituting Danish for Swedish bottoms.
Art. 13.-All the ancient treaties of peace and commerce between the former Sovereigns of England and Denmark are hereby renewed in their full extent, so far as they are not contradictory to the stipulations of the present Treaty.
Art. 14. This Treaty of Peace shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties; the ratifications to be exchanged at Kiel within one month, or sooner if practicable.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present Treaty of Peace, and thereto affixed the seal of our arms.-Done at Kiel, the 14th January, 1814. EDWARD THORNTON. EDMUND BOURKE. (L. S.) (L. S.) ADDITIONAL ARTICLES to the Definitive Treaty between his Britannic Majesty and the King of Denmark, signed at Kiel the 14th of January, 1814.
Art. 1.-The evacuations, cessions, and restitutions, stipulated by the above-mentioned Treaty, shall be executed, in Europe within a month, in the seas of America within three months, and in the continent and seas of Asia within six months after the ratifications of the Definitive Treaty.
Art. 2.-In all cases of restitution agreed upon by the present Treaty, the fortifications shall be delivered up in the
state in which they were at the moment of the signature of the Definitive Treaty, and all works which shall have been constructed since the occupation shall remain untouched.
It is further agreed, that in all the cases of cession stipulated, there shall be allowed to the inhabitants of whatever condition or nation they may be, a term of three years, reckoning from the notification of the pre- ́ sent Treaty, to dispose of their property, acquired and possessed whether before or in the course of the war, during which term of three years they shall be at liberty freely to exercise their religion, and to enjoy their property. The same facility is granted within the countries restored, to all persons, inhabitants, or others, who shall have formed any establishments during the time which those countries were possessed by Great Britain.
In respect to the inhabitants or the countries restored or ceded, it is agreed that no one shall be persecuted, disturbed, or troubled, either personally or in his property, under any pretext on account of his political opinions or conduct, or of his attachment to either of the high contracting parties, or for any other cause, unless it be for debts contracted with individuals, or for acts subsequent to the present Treaty.
Art. 3. The decision of every claim between individuals of the respective nations for any debts, property, effects, or rights whatever, which conformably to common usage and the law of nations ought to be brought forward, shall be referred to the competent tribunals, and in such cases there shall be prompt and complete justice rendered in the countries where the claims are respectively put forth.
These additional articles shall make a part of the Treaty signed the 14th January, 1814, and shall have the same force and
validity as if they were inserted word for word in the said Treaty.
They shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within four weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional articles, and have affixed thereto the seal of our
Done at Liege, the 7th of April 1814. EDWARD THORNTON. EDMUND BOurke (L. S.) (L. S.)
ADDITIONAL ARTICLE to the Definitive
Treaty between his Britannic Majesty and the King of Denmark, signed at Kiel the 14th of January, 1814. It is agreed between the two high contracting parties, that the same security of person and property, which has been stipulated by the additional articles signed this day, for the inhabitants of the restored or ceded countries, shall be afforded to all the subjects of his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, whether British or Hanoverians, and of his Majesty the King of Denmark, who shall have taken an active part in the present war, which has disturbed so many countries, and that no one shall be persecuted, disturbed, or troubled, on account of his political conduct or opinions during the course of the war. This additional article shall make part of the Treaty signed the 14th January 1814, and shall have the same force and validity as if it was inserted word for word in the said Treaty.
It shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within four weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional article, and affixed thereto the seal of our arms. Done at Liege, the 7th of April 1814. EDWARD THOrnton. EDMUND BOURKE. (L. S.) (L. S.) His Royal Highness the Prince Regent's Ratification of a Definitive Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Alliance, between his Majesty and the King of Denmark. Signed at Kiel, 14th January, 1814.
George the Third, by the grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. &c. &c. to all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting: Whereas a Definitive Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Alliance, between his Majesty and his good Brother, the King of Denmark, was concluded and signed at Kiel, in Holstein, on the fourteenth of this instant January, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, by the Plenipotentiaries of his Majesty and his said good Brother, duly and respectively authorized for that purpose, which Definitive Treaty is word for word as follows;
Definitive Treaty aforesaid, have, in the We, having seen and considered the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, approved, ratified, accepted, and confirmed the same in all and every one of its Articles and Clauses, save and except the fourth Article, as we do by these presents so approve, ratify, accept, and confirm it for his Majesty, bis heirs, and successors; engaging and promising upon our word, that we will sincerely and faithfully perform and observe all and singular the things which are contained and expressed in the aforesaid Definitive Treaty, save as before excepted; and that we will never suffer the same to be violated by any one, or transgressed in any manner, as far as it lies in our power. For the greater testimony and validity of all which, save as before excepted, we have, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, caused the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to be affixed to these presents, which we have signed with our hand.
Given at the Palace of Carlton House, the thirty-first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, and in the fifty-fourth year of his Majesty's reign.
In the name and on the behalf his Majesty. GEORGE, P. R. CONVENTION WITH SPAIN.] Lord Castlereagh presented, by command of the Prince Regent,
A CONVENTION between his Britannic Ma jesty and his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand the 7th. Signed at London, Feb. 5, 1814.
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity:
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Catholic Majesty, Ferdinand the 7th, being equally desirous of promoting the good understanding which happily subsists between them, and of preventing any differences which might arise respecting the disposal of vessels and goods recaptured from the enemy by either party, have judged it expedient that a Convention should be entered into upon that subject: for this purpose they have named their respective plenipotentiariesthat is to say, his royal highness the Prince Regent, acting in the name and on the behalf of his Britannic Majesty, Henry
our respective full powers, the present Convention, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.
Done at London, this 5th day of February, 1814. (L. S.) BATHURST. (L. S.) EL CONDE DE FERNAN Nunez, Duque de Montellano.
TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP AND ALLIANCE WITH SPAIN.] Lord Castlereagh also presented, by command of the Prince Regent, the following
Earl Bathurst, Baron Bathurst and Apsley, one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, a member of his Majesty's most honourable Privy Council, and a peer of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, &c. &c. &c. and the Regency of the Spains, acting in the name and on the behalf of his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand the 7th, Don Carlos Joze Gutierrez de los Rios Fernandez de Cordova Sarmiento de Sotomayor, &c. &c.; Count de Fernan Nunez and Barajas, marquis of Castel Moncayo, duke of Montellano, Arco, and Aremberg, prince of Barbanzon, and of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. &c. &c, Grandee of Spain of the First Class, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and distinguished Order of Charles the Third, Gentleman of the Chamber in actual Service, Colonel of the Regiment of Cavalry bearing his Catholic Majesty's name, and his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to his Britannic Majesty; who, having duly communicated to each other their respective full powers, drawn up in due form, have agreed upon the following article:
It is agreed that any ships or goods belonging to either of the contracting parties, which shall have been taken by the enemy, and shall be afterwards retaken by any ship or vessel belonging to either of the contracting powers, shall reciprocally, in all cases, save as hereafter excepted, be restored to the former owners or proprietors, on payment of salvage of one-eighth part of the true value thereof, if retaken by any ship of war; and of onesixth part, if retaken by any privateer, or other ship or vessel; and in case such ship or goods shall have been retaken by the joint operation of one or more ships of war, and one or more private ship or ships, then on payment also of the lastmentioned salvage of one-sixth part.
But if such ship or vessel, so retaken, shall appear to have been, after the taking by the enemy, set forth as a ship or vessel of war, the said ship or vessel shall not be restored to the former owners or proprietors; but shall. in all cases, whether retaken by any ship of war, or by any privateer or other vessel, be adjudged lawful prize for the benefit of the captors. The present Convention shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications exchanged at London in six weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof, we, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, have signed, in virtue of (VOL. XXX.)
TREATY of Friendship and Alliance be
tween his Britannic Majesty and his
In the Name of the Most Holy Trinity.
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Catholic Majesty, being equally animated by a desire to strengthen and perpetuate the union and alliance which have been the principal means of re-establishing the balance of power in Europe, and of restoring peace to the world, have constituted and appointed, that is to say; his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the right honourable sir Henry Wellesley, one of his Majesty's most honourable Privy Council, Knight Companion of the most honourable Order of the Bath, and his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to his Catholic Majesty; and his Catholic Majesty, Don Josef Miguel de Carbajal y Vargas, duke of San Carlos, count of Castillejo and of Puerto, Grandee of Spain of the First Class, Knight of the most illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Cross of the Royal and distinguished_Order of Charles 3, Commander of Esparagoza de Lares in the Order of Alcantara, chief Major-domo of the King, and Gentleman of his Chamber, Lieutenant-general in the Royal army, Counsellor of State, and First Secretary of State and of general dispatch; who, after having exchanged their respective full powers, and finding them in good and due form, have agreed to and concluded the following articles :
Art. 1.-There shall be in future a strict and intimate alliance between his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and his Catholic Ma jesty, their heirs and successors; and in consequence of this intimate union, the high contracting parties shall endeavour (૨)
to forward, by all possible means, their respective interests.
His Britannic Majesty and his Catholic Majesty declare, however, that in drawing closer the ties so happily subsisting between them, their object is by no means to injure any other state.
Art. 2.-The present alliance shall in no way derogate from the treaties and alliances which the high contracting parties may have with other powers, it being understood that the said treaties are not contrary to the friendship and good understanding, which it is the object of the present treaty to cement and perpetuate.
Art. 3.-It having been agreed by the treaty signed at London on the 14th day of January, 1809, to proceed to the negociation of treaty of commerce between Great Britain and Spain, as soon as it should be practicable so to do, and the two high contracting parties desiring mutually to protect and extend the commerce between their respective subjects, promise to proceed without delay to the formation of a definitive arrangement of commerce. Art. 4. In the event of the commerce of the Spanish American possessions being opened to foreign nations, his Catholic Majesty promises that Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with those possessions as the most favoured nation.
Art. 5. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within forty days, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of respective full powers, the present treaty of friendship and alliance, and have sealed .it with the seals of our arms.
Done in Madrid, this 5th day of July, 1814. (L. S.) H. WELlesley. Three Additional ARTICLES to the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance between his Majesty and his Catholic Majesty Ferdinand the 7th, signed at Madrid, August 25, 1814.
Art. 1.-It is agreed that, pending the negociation of a new Treaty of Commerce, Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with Spain upon the same conditions as those which existed previously to the year 1796. All the Treaties of Commerce which at that period subsisted between the two nations being hereby ratified and confirmed.
Art. 2.-His Catholic Majesty concur
ring in the fullest manner in the sentiments of his Britannic Majesty with respect to the injustice and inhumanity of the traffic in slaves, will take into consideration, with the deliberation which the state of his possessions in America demands, the means of acting in conformity with those sentiments. His Catholic Majesty promises, moreover, to prohibit his subjects from engaging in the Slave Trade, for the purpose of supplying any islands or possessions excepting those appertaining to Spain, and to prevent likewise, by: effectual measures and regulations, the protection of the Spanish flag being given to foreigners who may engage in this traffic, whether subjects of his Britannic Majesty or of any other state or power.
Art. 3.-His Britannic Majesty being anxious that the troubles and disturbances which unfortunately prevail in the dominions of his Catholic Majesty in America should entirely cease, and the subjects of those provinces should return to their obedience to their lawful sovereign, engages to take the most effectual measures for preventing his subjects from furnishing arms, ammunition, or any other warlike article to the revolted in America.
The present additional Articles shall form an integral part of the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed on the 5th day of July, and shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word, and shall be ratified within forty days, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present additional Articles, and have sealed them with the seals of our arms.
Done at Madrid, this 28th day of August, 1814.. H. WELLESLEY.
CONGRESS AT VIENNA.] Lord Castlereagh requested the right hon. baronet whose motion respecting the Alien Act stood for that evening, to postpone it.
Sir J. Newport consented to the postponement of his motion until Tuesday.
Mr. Whitbread said, that he had a motion respecting the case of Mr. Correa, which stood for that evening, and which he should also postpone. He should mention, that in the absence of the noble lord he had postponed his motion respecting the proceedings of the Congress at Vienna to Monday next; he wished to know whe