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** It is in vain that our calumniators shall interfere in any way in the internal governdare again to allege that we should not be ment of our neighbours. We wish to enjoy considered as a people aspiring to indepen- peace and tranquillity among ourselves, and cence, and collectively employed in the means to exert the same prerogatives which other of attaining it. This absurd assertion, in people have, of making laws for themselves. vented by perfidy, wickedness, and the sor. If, after the free exposition of our sentiments, did interests of slave traders, deserves the and the justice of our cause, any power profoundest contempt and indignation of should, contrary to the laws of nations, place men of property in all countries. This as- a hostile fort in our territory, then our first sertion has been sufficiently falsified during duty will be to repel such an act of aggrescleven years of independence, and its happy sion by every means in our power. results. Free in point of right, and inde. “ We solemnly declare that we will never pendent in fact, we will never renounce consent to any treaty, or any condition, that these blessings; we will never consent to shall comproinise the honour, the liberty, and behold the destruction of that edifice which independence of the Haytian people. Faithwe have cemented with our blood, until we ful to our oath, we will rather bury ourselves are buried under its ruins.

under the ruins of our country, than suffer “ We offer to commercial powers, who our political rights to sustain the slightest shall enter into relations with us, our friend injury. ship, security to their property, and our royal " Given in our palace of Sans Souci, the protection to their peaceable subjects, who 18th of September 1814, eleventh year shall come to our country with the intention of independence, and the fourth of our of carrying on their commercial affairs, and

reign. who shall conform to our laws and usages.

(Signed)

HENRY. “ The king of a free people, a soldier by By the king, the secretary of state, mihabit, we fear no war or enemy. We have nister for foreign affairs, already signified our determination not to

Count de LIMONADE;"

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CHAP. II.

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Fickleness and uncertainty of the English temper.-Dissension in the Royal Family.Exclusion of the Princess from the drawing-room.-Elopement of the Princess Charlotte.--Parliamentary grant to her mother.-Speculations on the life of Buonaparte.-, Conspiracy to raise the price of Omnium.-Trial and sentence of Lord Cochrane and his supposed co-adjutors.--His spirited defence in parliament.-"Honours and rewards paid to Lord Wellington-He is created a Duke, and receives from parliament a grant of half a million.-His reception in the House of Commons.

It has been frequently and justly remark- so violent, that a stranger might suppose ed, that the people of this country are easily some overwhelming commotion was at hand, roused to the vehement expression of their but the lapse of a few weeks, on the occursentiments, and that their enthusiasm as rence of some trivial event, diverts the poputasily subsides. Their first emotions of anger lace from the recent object of their resentor indignation on any political question are ment; and every former grievance is forgot

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ten in the contemplation of some new sub indiscretion of the Prince Regent, however,
ject of complaint or curiosity. The restora- revived the attachment and the indignation
tion to power of the Duke of York presented of the people. A short time previous to the
a singular example of that fickle and uncer- arrival of the Emperor of Russia and King
tain temper to which I have alluded. The of Prussia in this country, when, of course,
agitation of the public mind previous to his it was to be expected that the levies and
dismissal, was so great and general, that drawing rooms would be unusually splendid,
many symptoms of determined dissatisface the Princess of Wales received a letter from
tion made their appearance, but his recall to the Queen, in which her Majesty stated that
the duties of his important office was beheld she considered it “ her duty to lose no time
with indifference. The case of Walcheren is in acquainting the Princess of Wales, that
still more in point. In the expedition to she had received a communication from her
that place more circumstances had conspired son the Prince Regent, in which he declared
to disappoint, irritate, and inflame the public that he considered his presence at his own
mind, than had ever been united in one single court indispensible, and desired it might be
enterprize; • and its failure excited a very distinctly understood, for reasons of which
general and strong displeasure among the he alone could be the judge, to be his fixed
people. Yet, while the investigation was and unalterable determination not to meet
proceeding in the House of Commons, the the Princess of Wales on any occasion, pub-
case of Sir Francis Burdett occurred, and lic or private." The Queen added, that she
gave rise to a still more ardent degree of was thus placed under the painful necessity
irritation, which was itself lost in other causes of intimating to the Princess of Wales the
of popular complaint. In the sympathy ex- impossibility of receiving her Royal High-
cited by the wrongs of the Princess of Wales, ness at her drawing-room.
feelings were enlisted which could not enter To this letter the Princess of Wales repli.
into
any
of the former cases. She was a wo-

ed, by recalling to the recollection of her man and a stranger; the mother of the heir- Majesty the affectionate regard with which ess to the throne : she had been, in the opi- she had been honoured by the King, who nion of the nation, most grossly calumniated; had bestowed upon her the most gratifying and this calumny her husband rather encou- and unequivocal proofs of his attachment and raged than repelled. Sentiments arising from approbation, by publicly receiving her at these causes were blended with motives of a court, at a season of severe and unmerited public nature, and her advocates declared affliction, when his protection was most nethat they should not cease their exertions till cessary. She was now without appeal or her traducers had been punished, and she protection; she could not so far forget her herself had been restored to the protection duty to the king and to herself as to surrenand favour of her husband. Certainly nei- der her right to appear at any drawing-room ther of these events took place. A reluctant to be held by her Majesty ; yet, that she and indecisive acknowledgment of the inno- might not add to the difficulty and uneasi. cence of the Princess was indeed given in ness of her Majesty's situation, she yielded in Parliament by the ministers of his Royal the present instance to the will of his Royal Highness, but the injuries which she still Highness the Prince Regent. A letter was experienced proved that this acknowledg- at the same time transmitted to the Prince ment did not receive an echo in the Prince Regent, in which she represented the peculiar Regent's breast. Yet long before the close hardship of her case, in being treated with of 1813 the Princess was forgotten; even the this new and unprovoked indignity, at the fresh indignities she endured in the early moment when many illustrious strangers had part of the present year, produced only a arrived in England, on the eve of her daughfeeble and partial rising of public interest in ter's nuptials, and amidst the general rejoicher favour; and that interest was divided ing of the people. She reminded the Prince with the astonishrnent and curiosity excited that a time might possibly arrive when, in by the delinquency of Lord Cochrane. The the event of a coronation, she must appear.

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in public along with his Royal Highness.- ing, than of her proficiency in the intrigue No notice being taken of this letter, she ad- and hypocrisy of courts. It was determined dressed a statement to the speaker of the therefore to repress her spirit of independence, House of Commons, in which she explained and extend her knowledge of mankind by a the nature of the wrongs she had sustained, matrimonial connection with one of the and inclosed copies of the communication Princes of the continent The person selected between her Majesty and herself. The de- was the young Prince of Orange; he was bates which ensued were attended by no recommended by the length of his residence other result than a pecuniary addition to her in England, by his education at an English establishment, to be partly paid from the university, and by the connection between public purse, and partly from the coffers of his family and that of Brunswick He was the Prince Regent. It was generously pro- likewise favourably known by the courage posed by Lord Castlereagh that 50,000l. per which he had displayed in the campaign of annuin should be granted from the consoli- the Peninsula, under Lord Wellington. It dated fund, to be replaced by future arrange- never appeared, however, that he was very ments, but at the request of the Princess acceptable to the Princess Charlotte of Wales; herself the sum was afterwards reduced to but as mutual attachment is seldom deemed 35,000l. a year.

a requisite in royal marriages, it was imagin. In the parliainentary discussions respecting ed that the union would take place, notwith. the conduct of the Princess of Wales, it was standing any indifference or repugnance on vehemently contended that neither the na- her side. The real objection of the Princess tion at large nor the legislative bodies ought to her intended husband have never bech to interfere on so delicate a topic: that a perfectly understood : she certainly expressell quarrel between inan and wife was above a strong unwillingness to leave the country, the reach of public interference; and that especially at a time when her mother rean officious invasion of the privacy of do- quired her countenance and consolation.mestic life would only exasperate the feelings This objection it was endeavoured to remove, of the respective parties. It was forgotten by promising that her absence should be by by the enemies of public interference, that no means permanent, and that after her visit the object of those who supported the Prin- she should never be required to return to cess was not the reconciliation of the two Holland. In these conditions the Princess parties, for that was impossible, but to in- appeared to acquiesce, and the marriage duce the Regent to change his treatment of settlements were prepared. Suddenly, howthe Princess, and to allow her to intermix in ever, her Royal Highness expressed doubts those circles to which her rank, as his con- as to the promised security that she should sort, gave her an undisputed title. Nor can not be compelled to reside longer than she the Prince and Princess of Wales be regard- wished in Holland, and demanded that a ed as private persons. Their private de- clause should be inserted in the marriage meanour has a decisive and visible influence contract, prohibiting her from quitting the on their public conduct, and their indiscre- kingdom on any account, or for any time, tions and infidelities may frequently affect however short. To this the Prince of Orange the stability and even the inheritance of could not consent, 'as the Dutch had already kingdoms.

engaged him to obtain a complimentary visit A striking testimony of the evils occa- from the exalted female with whom it was sioned by such dissensions was presented in expected that he would form a matrimonial the behaviour of the Princess Charlotte of connection. Wales, who took a decided part in the dis- Obstacles of this description might have pute between her mother and the Regent been easily removed, but the affections of This young Princess had been educated the Princess were already pre-occupied.

In chiefly in retirement, and regarded the in the suite of the exalted visitors who now juries of her parents with an enthusiasm honoured the court and the metropolis of more indicative of native and amiable feel- England by their presence, the third son of

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the Prince of Saxe Cobourg was peculiarly tions, so remarkable for their licentious vuldistinguished by the symmetry of his person, garity of taste, and their extravagance of ex-; and the elegance of his deportiment. He was penditure. To atone for the folly and proregarded by the Princess Charlotte with no fligacy of these pageants, the impression left unapproving eye, and was received in the on the minds of the people of England by private circles of the Queen with unusual the foreign monarchs, especially the Emperor courtesy. As the Prince Regent was un- of Russia, was highly' favourable. His desuspicious of the real cause by which his meanour was at once conciliating and dignidaughter was influenced in the rejection of fied, and he and his fellow visitors, accomthe Prince of Orange, her obstinacy was as- panied by his sister, the Duchess of Oldencribed to the influence of her attendants, and burg, examined with the utmost vigilance they were all dismissed.

The Prince, ac- and activity, every useful manufacture, and companied by the bishop of Salisbury, pro every curious invention. The impressions ceeded to Warwick House, the residence of received by the monarchs and their suite the Princess Charlotte, upbraided her Royal must upon the whole have been highly faHighness with her late undutiful demeanour, vourable to the English character, and they and instructed the persons who had just been probably witnessed a greater degree of downplaced in attendance to watch her conduct right and warm honesty of heart, of manly with the strictest scrutiny. While they were confidence, and of comfort and cleanliness, thus employed the Princess took an oppor- than any part of the continent exhibits. tunity to descend the back stair-case, left the Next to the circumstances attending the house in a private manner, entered a hackney dissensions of the royal family, the delincoach, and sought refuge with her mother. quency of Lord Cochrane attracted the inShe was, however, induced the next day to terest of the public. It would be needless return, and was immediately removed from and tiresome to enter into a detailed account Warwick House to Carlton House, the man- of Lord Cochrane's case, but some observasion of her father.

tions are requisite to elucidate the nature of a In consequence of this transaction the fraud which has so repeatedly disgraced the Duke of Sussex, in the House of Lords, put annals of English history. One of the conseveral questions to the Earl of Liverpool, as sequences of the wars in which we were enprime minister, respecting the communica- gaged with revolutionary France, was a total tion of the Princess with her friends, since change in the management of our mercantile her residence in Carlton House; whether transactions. Our merchants, unlike their she would be allowed the use of the sea-baths ancestors, instead of looking forward to the which were recommended by the physicians, gradual accumulation of a fortune, by the and whether there existed any intention to exertion of a long and unwearied industry, i form a nuptial establishment adequate to her trust almost entirely to speculation, and in a station. The Earl of Liverpool declined to very short space of time are, generally speakanswer these questions, and his refusal was ing, either men of large or of no property. All sanctioned by the Lord Chancellor. The wars, by rendering regular trade difficult and Duke of Sussex then gave notice of a regu- uncertain, must in some degree produce this lar and formal motion on the subject, but was change in the character of mercantile tranafterwards induced to withdraw it.

sactions, but the late French wars rendered At this time peculiar reasons existed for this change much greater and more general refraining from every measure which might than before. It was not to be expected that disclose these lamentable and degrading dif- the transactions of the Stock Exchange ferences. I allude to the visit of the Em- would be untainted by this spirit: speculaperor Alexander, the King of Prussia, and tion, to use the mildest and most unapproother illustrious strangers to this country.- priate name, was the very element in which It is not my intention to describe the com- the members of that establishment lived, and placency of the Prince Regent on this me- the French wars were therefore particularly morable occasion, or the fetes and exhibic serviceable to their views

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At no period was there so much reason for who had purchased omnium at a very high speculation as in the spring of 1814. At this rate to sell it again at a still higher. As soon time the power and even the existence of the however as the fraud was discovered, great French government seemed on the very verge indignation was excited on the Stock Ex. of destruction, and the fall of Buonaparte was change, and measures were immediately hourly expected. If he were driven from taken to discover, if possible, all those who the throne of France, or his death took place, were concerned in it." We have stated that stocks would rise, and many enterprising the scheme was conducted with considerable speculations would prove lucrative and ad- adroitness; but the machinery employed was vantageous. It was therefore the interest of so complicated, that it was scarcely possible the stock-holders, or stock-jobbers, to give that every part of it should elude the vigicirculation and credence to every report con-' lant and active scrutiny of the Stock Excerning the fate or death of the French em- change. Accordingly it was soon ascertainperor; and more particularly in the existing ed, that the person who represented the officircumstances of the loan. At no former cial bearer of the dispatches announcing the period had omnium risen to so high a pre- death of Buonaparte had gone to the house mium, yet the purchasers were numerous of Lord Cochrane; and it was also found and adventurous. They bought under the that, on the rise of the funds occasioned by idea and the hope that it would afterwards the false rumour, his broker had sold out rise to such a premium as would render this stock to a considerable amount. These cirspeculation highly lucrative. If it did not cumstances combined, left no doubt in the by a certain time rise to that height, and minds of the Stock Exchange that he was a much more of it fell

, they would have seri- party in the scheme; and they also fixed ous cause to regret their imprudence; for as suspicious circumstances on his uncle the they were neither able, nor intended, to pay honourable Cochrane Johnstone, De Berenthe instalments when due, they would be ger, who had represented the official bearer of under the necessity of selling the omnium the dispatches, and others. A true bill having which they held, even at a loss, in order to been found against them by the grand jury, remove their responsibility before the pay- they were tried for a conspiracy, and found ments became necessary.

guilty. Lord Cochrane, with De BerenThus we perceive the extent of the temp- ger and another were sentenced to stand in tation, not only to give credit and currency the pillory, as well as to suffer the penalty to all the reports of Buonaparte's death, but and punishment inflicted on the rest. Cochalso to invent them: his fall

, or destruction, rane Johnstone had fled from the country had long seemed inevitable; there could be before the trial. little reason to doubt that it would soon oc- The sentence of Lord Cochrane to the cur. But the speculations of the jobbers in pillory excited very general surprise and inomnium would not admit of delay; they dignation throughout the country : and these might be ruined before the expected and de- feelings were increased from several causes : sirable event; unless it happened so as to in the first place, great doubts were enterraise the price of omnium before the instal- tained by many respecting his guilt: it is not ment became due, it would be of no service our intention to enter on a discussion or exto them. They therefore resolved to raise amination of the probabilities for or against the price by a false report of Buonaparte's this point; as we must candidly confess, that death.

most of the papers published by his lordship Accordingly a plan was laid with consi. for the purpose of proving his innocence, derable irapudence and adroitness to propa- tend, in our opinion, only to render the gate a seemingly official report that Buona- question more involved and intricate. It parte was assassinated: the scheme succeed- must however be admitted, that either from ed; a belief in the event, thus communicated, his own fault, or the fault of his counsel, his prevailed a sufficient length of time, before trial was not ably conducted ; there were deits falsehood was detected, to enable many ficiencies in the evidence, as well as apparent

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