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has taken up arms. Europe, faithful to its less known to us; but whatever the fears treaties, will know no other king of France may be with which it is endeavoured to inexcept ourselves. Twelve hundred thousand spire them with respect to our intentions, men are about to march, to assure the repose since our allies make war only against rebels, of the world, and, a second time, to deliver our people have nothing to dread : and we our fine country.

rejoice to think that their love for us shall “ In this state of things, a man, whose not have been altered by a short absence, whole strength is at present made up of arti nor by the calumnies of libellers, nor by the fice and delusion, endeavours to lead astray promises of the chief of a faction, too much the spirit of the nation by his fallacious pro- convinced of his weakness not to caress those mises, to raise it against its king, and to drag who burn to destroy him. it along with him into the abyss, as if to ac « On our return to our capital, a return complish his frightful prophecy of 1814 > which we consider to be near at hand, our

If I fall, it shall be known how much the first care shall be to recompense virtuous qerthrow of a great man costs.”

citizens, who have devoted themselves to the * Amid the alarms which the present dan- good cause, and to labour to banish even the ger of France has revived in our hearts, the very appearance of those disasters which may crown, which we have never looked upon have withdrawn from us some of the French

as the power of doing good, would to people. our eyes have lost all its charms, and we


“ Lewis." should have returned with pride to the exile in which twenty years of our life were spent It had been supposed, as well in France in dreaming of the happiness of the French and in the army, as in other parts of Europe, people, if our country was not menaced for that Buonaparte meant to suffer the allies to the future with all the calamities which our commit the first hostile act, by entering the restoration had terminated, and if we were French territory. And although the repunot the guarantees for France to the other tation of being the actual aggressor was of sovereigns. The sovereigns who now afford little consequenee, when both parties had so so strong a mark of their affeetion cannot be fully announced their hostile intentions, it abused by the cabinet of Buonaparte, with was still supposed that a defensive war, in the machiavelism of which they are acquaint- which he could avail himself of the natural ed. United by the friendship and interests and artificial strength of French Flanders, of their people, they march without hesita- might have worn out, as in the early part of tion to the glorious end where Heaven has the revolution, the armies and spirits of the placed the general peace and happiness of allies, and exposed them to all those privanations.

tions and calamities peculiar to an invading * Thoroughly convinced, in spite of all the army in a country which is resolutely de tricks of a policy now at its last extremity, fended. But the temper of Buonaparte, arthat the French nation, 'has not made itself dent and impetuous, always aiming at attack an accomplice in the attempts of the army, rather than defence, combined with the cirand that tlie small number of Frenchmen cumstances of his present situation to dictate who have been led astray must soon be sen a more daring system of operations. sible of their error, they regard France as


power was not yet so fully established their ally. Wherever they shall find the as to ensure him the national support during French people faithful, the fields will be a protracted war of various chances, and he l'espected, the labourer protected, and the needed now more than ever the dazzling poor succoured. They will reserve the weight blaze of decisive victory, to renew the charm of the war to let it fall on those provinces, once attached to his name and fortunes.who, at their approach, refuse to return to Considerations peculiar to the approaching

campaign, united with those which were * This restriction, directed by prudence, personal to himself. The forces now apwould sensibly afflict us if our people were proaching France greatly exceeded in num

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their duty.

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bers those which that exhausted kingdom scourge of no ordinary severity. The supe: could levy to oppose them; and it seemed riority which protracted war, and a train of almost impossible to protect her frontiers at success, had given to the military profession every vulnerable point. If the emperor had in France, over every other class of society, attempted to make head against the British totally reversed in that country the wholeand Prussians in French Flanders, he must some and pacific maxįm,

Čedant arma have left open to the armies of Russia and toga." In the public walks, the coffeeAustria the very road by which they had last houses, and the theatres of Paris, the conyear advanced to Paris, On the other hand, duct of the officers towards a Pekin (or if, trusting to the strength of the garrison peaceful citizen) was, in the highest degree, towns and fortresses on the Flanders fron- insolent and overbearing. The late events tiers, Napoleon had conducted his principal had greatly contributed to influence the selfarmy against those of the emperors of Russia importance of the soldiery. Like the præand Austria, the numerous forces of the duke torian bands of Rome, the Janizaries of Conof Wellington and Blucher might have en, stantinople, or the Strelitzes of Moscow, the abled them to mask these places by a cover army of France possessed all the real

power ing army, and either operate on the flank of of the state. They had altered the governNapoleon's forces, or strike directly at the ment of their country, deposed one monarch, root of his power, by a rapid march upon the and restored another to the throne which he capital, Such were the obvious disadvan- had abdicated. This gave them a conscioustages of a defensive system,

ness of power and importance, neither favour, A sudden irruption into Belgium, as it able to moderation of conduct nor to miliwas more suited to the daring genius of Nar tary discipline. Even while yet in France, poleon, and better calculated to encourage they did not hesitate to inflict on their felthe ardour of his troops, afforded him also a low subjects many of those severities which more reasonable prospect of success. He soldiers in general confine to the country of might, by a rapid movement, direct his whole

an enemy.

These excesses were rarely force against the army of England or Prussia, checked by the officers, some of whom inbefore its strength could be concentrated and dulged their own rapacity under cover of united to that of its ally. He might thus that of the soldiers, and the looseness of disdefeat his foes, the one after the other, as he cipline was naturally followed by dissensions had done on similar occasions, with the im- and quarrels among the troops themselves. portant certainty that one great and splendid The guards, proud of their fame in arms, victory would enable him to assemble a levy and of their title and privileges, were objects en masse, and thus bring into the field als of the jealousy of the other corps of the army, most every man in France capable of bear and this they repaid with contumely and aring arms. Such an advantage, and the im rogance, which led in many cases to bloody posing attitude in which it would place him, affairs. The cavalry and 'infantry rememmight have affected the very elements of the bered their former quarrels

, and the recolleccoalition, and secured to Buonaparte time, tion occasioned mutiny and confusion.means, and opportunity, to intimidate the Above all

, the licence of pillage led to weak and seduce the stronger members of perpetual animosities, and one regiment or the confederacy, In Belgium, also, if he body of troops who were employed in plunwere successful, he might hope to extend dering a village or a district, was frequently and recruit his army by pew levies, drawn interrupted by another who desired to share from a country which had been so lately a "in the spoils obtained by the aggression. part of his own kingdom, and which had not These abuses inay be traced to Buonaparte's yet been formally attached to the powers to total disuse in this, as in more fortunate camwhom it was assigned. The proposed ad paigns, of the ordinary precautions for mainvance into Belgium would relieve the people taining an army by the previous institution of France from the presence of an army of magazines. The evils, however, arising which, even upon its native soil

, was a from the presence of his army, were now to

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be removed into the territories of an enemy. On the 14th of June, the anniversary of the
In the same day, and almost at the same victories of Marengo and Friedland, he issued
hour, three large armies : that from Laon, a proclamation, assuring his troops that he
commanded by the emperor himself; that had fallen during former wars into the gene-
of Ardennes, headed by Vandamme; and rous error of using his conquests with too
that of the Moselle, commanded by general much lenity. He reminded his soldiers of
Gerard. The good order and combination the victory over Prussia at Jena, and expa-
with which these grand and complicated tiated on the inhumanity with which the
movements were arranged, so as to secure French prisoners had been treated during
the conjunction of the troops on the frontiers their confinement in England. He expressed
of Belgium, were received by the French his conviction that they possessed the private
officers as the certain augury of future suc- good wishes of the Belgians, Hanoverians,

and soldiers of the confederation of the Rhine,
Buonaparte having expedited all his civil although for the present forcibly united with
affairs, such as the installation of his cham- the enemy's ranks; and concluded by assert-
bers of coinmons and of peers, informed them ing that the moment was arrived for every
that his first duty called him to meet the courageous Frenchman to conquer or to die.
formidable coalition of emperors and kings These representations were repeated in the
that threatened their independence, and that speeches addressed to the troops on his jour-
the army and bimself would requite them- ney from Paris to the frontiers; and on the
selves well : recomending to their protec- morning of the 5th of June, his collected
tion the destinies of France, his own personal army was in motion to enter Belgium.
safety, and, above all, the liberty of the press.


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First advantages of the French. They are defcated at Quatre Bras.--The 42d regi

ment.-Gallantry of the 92d.--Arrival of the guards, &c.Retreat of the French
Death of the duke of Brunswick.--Battle of Liyny.Repulse of the Prussians.---Dan-
ger of Blucher.-Retreat of the duke of Wellington. Affair at Genappe. Letter of
Lord Anglesea.--Dreadful night before the battle of Waterloo.

NOTWITHSTANDING the fertility of Bel- tack along an extended frontier, it was im-
gium, the maintenance of the numerous possible to concentrate their army on any
troops which were marched into that coun. one point, leaving the other parts of the
try from Prussin, and transported thither boundary exposed to the inroads of the ene-
from England, was attended with great bur- my: and this is an advantage which an as-
thens to the inhabitants. They were there. sailant must always possess over his antago-
fore considerably dispersed in order to secure nist who holds a defensive position. Yet
their being properly supplied with provisions. the British and Prussian divisions were so
The British cavalry, in particular, were en- posted, with reference to each other, as to
camped upon the Dender, for the conveni- present the means of sudden combination
ence of forage. The Prussians held the line and mutual support. Without such an ar-
upon the Sambre, which might be considered rangement they could not have ultimately
as the advanced posts of the united armies. sustained the attack of the French, and Buo-
? Another. obvious motive contributed to naparte's scheme of invasion must have been
the division and extension of the allied force. successful at all points.
The enemy having to chuse his point of at But though these precautions were taken

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it was generally imagined that they would village, secured the bridge, and there crossing not be necessary. A strong belief prevailed the bridge, advanced towards a large village among the British officers that the campaign called Gosselies, in order to intercept the was to be conducted defensively on the part Prussian garrison of Charleroi, should it reof the French, and when the certain tidings treat in that direction. The light cavalry or of the concentration of the enemy's forces the French, following the movements of the upon the extreme frontier of Belgium threat- second corps as far as Marchienne, tumed to ened an immediate irruption into that king- their right after crossing that river, and swept dom, it was generally supposed that, as on its left bank as far as Charleroi, which they ocformer occasions, the road adopted by the cupied without giving the Prussians time to invaders would be that of Namur, which, destroy the bridge. The third corps d'armée celebrated for the sieges it had formerly un- occupied the road to Namur, and the rest or dergone, had been dismantled, like the other the troops were quartered between Charleroi fortified places in Flanders, by the impolicy and Gosselies, in the numerous villages which of Joseph II. It has been inaintained by every where occur in that rich and populous officers of judgment and experience, that country, The Prussian garrison of Charleroi, Buonaparte would have gained considerable with the other troops who had sustained this advantages by adopting that line of march sudden attack, retired m good order upon in preference to crossing at Charleroi. It is Fleurus, on which point the army of Blacher probable, however, that these were compen was now concentrating. The advantages sated by the superior advantage of appearing which the French acquired by this first suo on the point where he was least expected, cess were some magazines, taken at Charleroi

, and thus effecting a surprise,

and a few prisoners; but, above all, it conThe duke of Wellington had not neglect- 'tributed to raise the spirits and confirm the ed, upon this important occasion, the neces. confidence of their armies. Upon the 16th, sary means to procure intelligence. But, : at three in the morning, the troops which either the persons who were employed as had hitherto remained on the right of the his sources of intelligence were seduced by Sambre had crossed that river, and now Buonaparte, or false information was con- Buonaparte began to develope the daring veyed to the English general, which induced plan of attacking on the same day two oppo him to distrust his own spies. A person nents worthy of himself-Wellington and bearing to Lord Wellington's head-quarters Blucher. an authentic and detailed account of Buona:

The left wing of the French army, conparte's plan for the campaign, was actually sisting of the first and second corps, and of dispatched from Paris in time to have reach- four divisions of cavalry, was entrusted to ed Brussels before the commencement of Ney, who had been suddenly called to receive hostilities, This communication was en this mark of the emperor's confidence. He trusted to a female, who was furnished with was commanded to move upon Brussels

, by a pass from Fouché himself, and who tra Gosselies and Frasnes, overpowering such velled with due dispatch in order to accom obstacles as might be opposed to his progress plish her mission. But having been stopped by the Belgian troops, and by the British for two days on the frontiers of France, in who might advance to their support. consequence of her passport being suspected, The centre and right wing of the army, she did not arrive till after the battle of the with the imperial guards (who were kept in 16th, and the appearance of the French upon reserve), marched to the right, in the directhe Sambre was an unexpected piece of in. tion of Fleurus, against Blucher and the telligence.

Prussians, the French being under the imThe advance of Buonaparte was-as bold as mediate command of Napoleon. it was sudden. The second corps of the On the evening of the 15th of June, a French attacked the out-posts of the Prus courier arrived at Brussels, from Marshal sians, drove them in, and continued the pur- Blucher, announcing that hostilities had comsuit to Marchienne de Pont, carried that menced The duke of Wellington was sit.

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