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our knowledge will suffice to illustrate his of royal curiosity, did not enable him to brew character :-During the hard winter of 1813, so much as some other houses, yet the de while the snow interrupted the communica- mand of the public on his house was probation between different parts of the country, bly equal to that on any other; and he and he set the example of a sledge, and drove his partners contrived to meet it by purabout his neighbourhood alone, because his chasing largely the approved brewings of servants were unwilling to encounter the many other houses, which they could often risk. At this time he heard of an act of effect on better terms than they could brew cruelty committed on a pauper by the over- themselves. On this subject it may be justly seers of a parish twenty miles from Southill; said, that Whitbread's ENTIRE was as much and, conceiving that the case called for prompt approved as a stimulus for the body-natural
, correction, he immediately drove across the as his lessons of truth and liberty were adcountry, with great personal hazard, in his mired for their beneficial effects on the body. sledge, convened a parish meeting, exposed politic. the misconduct of the overseers, and procured “ The death of a patriot,” says one of his the relief of the pauper, whose life had been friends, so steady, intrepid, and zealous, in endangered. From his fire-side his vigorous the cause of his country and of human freemind extended through his house, his estate, dom, will be long, deeply, and universally his parish, his hundred, his county, and deplored. The loss of Mr. Whitbread in finally embraced the whole family of man. the British parliament is a loss to the civi. In all these relations he was equally able and lized world--for, like the exalted model of useful; and, amid so great a variety of cares, his conduct as a senator (Mr. Fox), lie was it is not to be wondered that he was some- the constant, able, and disinterested advocate times considered peremptory wlien he had of justice, freedom, and humanity, wherever occasion to arouse indifference, severe when and by whomsoever assailed. No man who it was necessary to expose and correct crime, had a claim on the virtuous for protection and stern if he found himself called upon to ever applied to him in vain. He was the
empromise with vice. Such were the ne- earnest and indefatigable friend of the opcessary results of superior virtue, of practice pressed; and in the prosecution of justice founded on rectitude, of an habitual sense of was dismayed by no combination of power, right and wrong, and of a keen insight into camour, or calumny-wearied out by no the corruptions and artifices of designing difficulties, and exhausted by no fatigue. In persons, to whom he was an INFLEXIBLE all his exertions, the only creature whose inENEMY.
terests he did not consult were his own; for
, There is one other relation in which Mr. of all public characters, we should point Mr. Whitbread was known to the public, and Whitbread out as the individual who had that was as a man of business. He inherited, the least consideration for himself, and who from his venerated father, one of the most was the least actuated by personal motives
. considerable breweries in London; and, not- His heart and mind were wholly devoted to withstanding his attention to his public the amelioration of the state of society, to duties, as a member of parliament and a ma- the maintenance of the rights which our foregistrate, he never neglected this legitimate, fathers acquired, and to the communication and in him honourable, source of wealth. of those blessings to others which we ourAs a man of principle in all things, lie con- selves enjoy. His views were all public.-stantly resisted the baneful practice of pur- He could not be diverted from the right path chasing public houses, for the purpose of by any species of influence, for he was inflexforcing upon the town an inferior and dele- ible alike to Hattery and to corruption. He terious commodity, but depended on the fair invariably objected to that system by which demand of the public, and on the free agency the burthens of Great Britain have been so of his customers. The size of the plant, dreadfully accumulated, because he believed though once the most considerable in Lon. that the object of the league of sovereigns don, and on that account 'a celebrated object was more to restrain the rising spirit of a
just liberty, than to withstand the insatiate even that of speaking in parliament. No
agitate me at the present moment. (Hear! melancholy retrospect to those who have hear! hear!) I am well aware, Sir, that a formerly dwelt with delight on the beneva great majority of this house thought his opi- lence of heart which always beat, and on the nions erroneous. But I speak it with confi- vigour of an intellect which was always emdence-I am sure that there is not one of his ployed for the benefit of his fellow creatures
. political opponents who will not lay his hand (Hear! hear! hear!) Sir, I am conscious on his heart and say that he always found in that I need not entreat pardon of the house him a manly antagonist. (Hear! hear! hear!) at large for thus indulging in the praise of "The House of Commons will, I am persuad- my lamented friend; but I owe an apology ed, ever do justice to the good intentions of to those who loved him, for the feebleness those who honestly dissent from the senti- with which it has been bestowed. (Hear! ments of the majority. Accustomed to de- hear! hear!) I move, Sir, that the speaker fend his opinions with earnestness and do issue his warrant to the clerk of the warmth, the energies of his admirable and crown, to make out a new writ for the eleccomprehensive mind would never permit tion of a burgess to serve in the present parthe least approach to tameness or indiffer- liament for the borough of Bedford, in the
But no particle of animosity ever room of Samuel Whitbread, esq. deceased. found a place in his breast; and, to use his Mr. Wilberforce expressed the gratifica. own words on another melancholy occasion, tion which he felt at the pathetic speech of * he never carried his political enmity be- the noble marquis, which afforded an addiyond the threshold of this house." (Hear! tional proof that the best eloquence was that hear! hear!) It was his uniform practice of the heart. (Hear! hear! hear!) Hewished to do justice to the motives of his political to add his testimony to the excellent qualities opponents; and I am happy to feel that the of the lamented individual whose death had same justice is done to his motives by them. rendered the present motion necessary; and, (Hear! hcar! hear!) To those, Sir, who in doing so, he could with truth declare that were more immediately acquainted with his he was only one of many thousands, rich as exalted character—who knew the directness well as poor, by whom his character had been of luis mind, his zeal for truth, his unshaken most highly estimated. Well had it been love of his country, the ardour and boldness termed by the noble marquis, “ a truly Eng. of his disposition—incapable of dismay, his lish character.” Even its defects, trifling as unaffected humanity, and his other various they were, (and what character was altogether and excellent qualities, his loss is irreparable. without defect?) were those which belonged (Hear! hear! hear!) But most of all it to the English character. Never had there will be felt by the poor in his neighbourhood. existed a more complete Englishman. (Hear! Truly might he be called " the poor man's hear! hear!) All who knew him must refriend.” Only those who, like myself
, have collect the indefatigable earnestness and per. had the opportunity of observing his conduct severance with which, during the course of nearly, can be aware of his unabating zeal in his life, he directed his talents and the whole promoting the happiness of all around him. of his time to the public interest ; and, al(Hear! hear! hear!) Thousands of indivi- though he (Mr. Wilberforce) differed from duals have benefited by the generosity of his him on many occasions, yet he always did heart; and the county, the principal town of full justice to his public spirit and love of his which he represented, contains imperishable country. (Hear hear! 'hear!) He was ca. records of his active philanthropy, as well as pable (as had been seen at various times) of that of the good man who went before him. controlling the strongest feelings of personal (Hear! hear! hear!) His eloquent appeals attachment, when he thought that his duty in this house in favour of the unfortunate
to the public compelled him to do so. (Hear! appeals exhibiting the frankness and honesty hear! kear!) It was a melancholy satis
. of the true English character-will adorn faction to those who loved him, to see that pages
of the liistoriani; although, at the those who had differed from him on many present moment, they afford a subject of political questions, nevertheless considered
him as one of those public treasures, the loss House of Commons, or in any assembly of of which must, by all parties, be deeply la- ancient or modern times, a cotemporary race mented. (Hear! hear! hear!) For bimself, so justly renowned as Fox, Burke, Grey, he (Mr. Wilberforce) could never forget the Sheridan, Whitbread, Pitt, Erskine, Wilberimportant assistance which he derived from force, Windham, and Grattan. Of this illushis zeal and ability in the great cause which trious band, it was almost the solitary glory le had so long advocated in that house. On of Mr. Whitbread not to have outlived those every occasion, indeed, in which the condi- principles on which were reared the monution of human beings was concerned-and ment of his fame; and, in the House of the lower their state the stronger their re- Commons, whatever may be the voice of commendation to his favourono one was its ministerial majorities, on ministerial quesinore anxions to apply his great powers to tions, the perceptions of truth and virtue are increase the happiness of mankind. (Hear! still strong enough to produce unanimity on hear! heur!)
indifferent subjects. Nor could it be overThe Chancellor of the Exchequer stated, looked in that house, that, after the death of that it was far from his wish to detain the Mr. Fox, it fell to the lot of Mr. Whitbread house, after the address, replete with feeling to encounter, with feeble aid and divided and propriety, which they had lieard from force, that REACTION OF POWER which the the noble marquis, (hear! hear! hcar!) and previous exertions of his party had generated; after the excellent observations of his hon. which has proved so fatal to the glory of friend. (Hear! hear! hear!) All that he several of his co-patriots, which has destroyed desired to say was, that it must be some con- public spirit, and which still endangers our solation to the noble marquis, and to the most valued liberties. Experience has shewn whole house, to feel, that, whatever differer.ce that it requires firmness, disinterestedness, of opinion might exist on political questions, and other difficult virtues, to be superadded there was no one who did not do justice to to genius and eloquence, to quality public the virtues and talents of the object of their men to die in the honourable course in which regret, or who for a moment supposed that they have lived. Alas! how many in our he was actuated in his public conduct by any times have cancelled a life of honour, to ad. other motive than a conviction of public minister to the worst passions, or flatter the duty. (Hear! hear! hear!)
weakest prejudices, for the sake of obtaining Perhaps the several parties in the House smiles, titles, places, and pensions! It was, of Commons never united more cordially in however, the rare glory of Mr. Whitbread to expressions of sorrow for the loss of a mem- die in the acmé of unsullied fame; and it is ber. But it should be recollected that Mr. the consolation of his friends to know, that Whitbread was one of the last surviving, in though, by living longer, he might have life or in political consistency, of that great been longer useful, yet that he could never school of senatorial eloquence which will for have achieved HIGHER GLORY, or more de. ever impart lustre to the age of George the servedly have secured the GRATITUDE or Third. 'Never was there before seen in the KIS COUNTRY!
Impolicy and cruelty of the Bourbon government. It denounces and banishes the most
eminent orators, patriots, and statesmen.—Establishes a commission of accusation.Conduct of Fouché.-Trial and execution of Labedoyere.-Violation by the allies of the capitulation of Paris.-Trial, defence, and execution, of marshal Ney.-The king décrecs a general amnesty.
It was not unnatural that the restored previous to the 21st of March ; ordered them dynasty should wish to punish those who to be arrested, and condemned them to be signalised themselves in the great national brought before competent councils of war in attempt to exclude them from the throne, their respective divisions. The following and if the five or six military men of rank, are the names of the individuals thus de. who were the first to declare for Napoleon nounced :on his advance to Cannes, have since been Ney, Labedoyere, the two brothers D'Alshot, disgraced, or banished, there is nothing lemand, Drouet, D'Erlon, Lefebvre Des. unusual.
nouettes, Ameith, Brayer, Gillon, Monton
Duvernet, Grouchy, Clausel, Laborde, De Treason can ne'er succeed : pray what's the reason? 'Cause when it does, no one can call it treason.
belle, Bertrand, Drouet, Cainbrone, La Va
lette, and Rovigo. An entire oblivion of offences, and a gene- The following were in three days ordered ral amnesty, would have been the wisest po- to quit Paris, and retire into the interior of licy on the part of the king. But the mild France, to places appointed by the minister and benevolent feelings of Louis were per- of police. They were permitted to cispose verted, or rendered inefficient, by the impor- of their property in the course of a year, and tunities of his family, who breathed only the to transport its produce out of France :-language of rancorous revenge. In compli- Soult, Alix Excelmans, Bassano, Marbot, ance with their pressing representations, he Felix Le Pelletier, Boulay de la Meurthe, issued a variety of arbitrary ordonances, in Mehee Tressenet, Thibaudeau, Carnot, Vanone of which he declared that the following damme, Lamarque, Lobau, Harel
, Pierre, individuals should no longer constitute a Barrere, Arnaut, Pommereuil, Regnaud de part of the house of peers :
St. Jean d'Angely, Arrighi, Dejean junior
, Counts Clement de Ris, Colchee, Cornu- Garrau, Real, Buvier, Dumolard, Merlin, det, d'Aboville; the duke of Dantzic; Durbach, Divat, Defermont, Bory Saint counts de Croix, Dedelay d'Agier, Dejean, Vincent, Felix Deportes, Garnier-de-Saintes, Fabre de l'Aude Gassendi, Lacepede, and Melliner, Holin, Cluys, Curtin, Forbin Jande Latour Maubourg; Dukes de Praslin sen the elder, and Le Lorne Diderille. and de Plaisance; marshals and dukes d'El- The other decrees suppressed the offices of chingen, Albufera, Cornegliano, and Treviso; inspectors-general of artillery and engineers, count de Barral, archbishop of Tours; count abolished the general inspection of the genBoissy d’Anglas ; duke de Cadore; counts d'armerie, re-organised the arıny, levied enor de Canclaux, Casabianca, de Montesquieu, mous sums on the people for the use of the de Pontecoulant, Rampon, de Segur, de Va- confederates, and announced the formation lence, and Belliard. From these individuals of a new house of peers, consisting of emi. none were to be excepted, unless they could grants and a few revolutionists. A comprove that they had not sat, nor wished to mission was at the same time authorised,
it, in Napoleon's chamber of peers, to which to examine “ the conduct of officers who they had been called.
served during the usurpation, and its In another ordonance, Louis proscribed functions were announced in the following the generals and officers who betrayed him decrees :