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The fortunate anıl glorious results of this slaves, was deemed an act of devotion to sanguinary victory are recorded in the sube God and Mahomet. That regular traffic joined report :

was now sappressed by the skill, the valour, Quren Charlotte, Algiers Bay, and the promptitude of the British admiral;

August 30, 1816. and the number of slaves released from GENERAL MEMORANDUM.

bondage, as related in tlie estimate subjoined, The commander-in-chief is happy to in. will evince the urgent necessity of this for form the fleet of the final termination of midable and sanguinary enterprise. their strenuous exertions, by the signature of peace, confirmed under a salute of twenty- Number of liberated slaves at Algiers. one guns, on the following conditions, dic- Neapolitans, Sicilians, and the sons tated by his royal highness the Prince Re- of English fathers and Neapolitan gent of England:

mothers.....

1,100. I. The abolition, for ever, of Christian Sardinians and Genoese... 62 slavery.

Piedmontese .....

6 II. The delivery, to my flag, of all slaves Romans...

174 in the dominions of the dey, to whatever Tuscans..

6 nation they may belong, at noon to-morrow. Spaniards.. III. To deliver also, to my flag, all money Portuguese

1 received by him for the redemption of slaves Greeks.

7 since the commencement of the year, at noon Dutch.

28 also to-morrow.

English

18 IV. Reparation has been made to the Bri- French

2 tish consul for all losses he may have sus- Austrians..

2 tained in consequence of his confinement.

1,642 V. The dey has made a public apology,

Liberated at Tunis. in presence of his ministers and officers, and Neapolitans and Sicilians ......... 524 begged pardon of the consul, in terms dic- Sardinians and Genoese... 257 tated by the captain of the Queen Charlotte.

781 The commander-in-chief takes this oppor

Liberated at Tripoli. tunity of again returning his public thanks Neapolitans and Sicilians

429 to the admirals, captains, officers, seamen, Sardinians and Genoese ........... 144 marineš, royal marine artillery, royal sap- Romans......

10 përs and miners, and the royal rocket corps, Hamburghers.. for the noble support he has received from

580 them throughout the whole of this arduous service, and he is pleased to direct, that on Total...

...3,003 Sunday next a public thanksgiving be offered up to Almighty God for the signal interposi- The more we consider the late victory tion of his

Divine Providence, during the over the Algerines, the more we are inclined conflict which took place on the 27th be- to rank it amongst the most splendid of our tween his majesty's fleet and the ferocious naval achievements. From a comparison enemies of mankind.

made with our other great naval victories

, it

appears that, taking into our view the numThe conclusion of this treaty was of the ber of men employed in those and in this

, utmost consequence to the interests of man. the loss in killed and wounded exceeds the kind, and peculiarly grateful to the Christian proportion in any of them. We take, for and philanthropist. Slavery, on the northern instance, the two victories of the 1st of June coast of Africa, and in the Mediterranean, and Trafalgar, in each of which we had had been reduced to a system; and so un- 17,000 men engaged; in the first we had blushingly assumed the mask of religion, 1,078 killed and wounded, in the second that to murder Christians, or to make them 1,594. In this action we had, including the

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Dutch frigates, 6,500 engaged, and the loss the bombardment continued with little in-
in killed and wounded was 863. Some, termission from near three till near eleven;
however, seem unwilling to rank a victory the Algerines fighting all the time with the
over this piratical power in the first line of utmost desperation, but yet with great skill
our naval achievements. But let us take and effect. · About ten it was deemed advis
into our consideration the manner in which able to take a larger offing during the night.
this piratical power was prepared ; that if It was extremely dark; but the darkness
the whole extent of its means and population was illuminated by a violent storm of light-
are not to be compared with those of the ning, with thunder, which came on suddenly,
European powers, yet that all those means, and by the incessant fire of the batteries. --
and all its troops and seamen, were assembled Nothing, say private letters, could be more
and concentrated in one point: and let us grand and awful. A land breeze sprung up
contemplate the point in which they were about half-past ten, which carried us out of
so united. Algiers rises with an awful reach of the batteries. The result is known,
abruptness above the water's edge to a great and never, we repeat, was an expedition
height. The batteries are one above another, crowned with more complete success, or the
strongly constructed and fortified. Sweep wishes of the nation more fully satisfied.
ing from the westem extremity is a tongue We think we have thus stated sufficient
of land, which defends the entrance into the reasons for justifying us in classing this
inner part of the harbour, and also the ap- amongst the most splendid of our achieve-
proach to it. Along the whole of this tongue ments. The power was a piratical one in-
of land was a range of strong batteries, which deed; but his means were great, his valour
ships must pass to take their station near the obstinate, and his science in working the
town, with the view of bombarding it. Our batteries perfectly European. If the power
fleet passed along this line. The Impreg- of a small state be so concentrated as to form
nable, from getting closer, was exposed not a post, from which it has hitherto defied, and
only to the fire of the batteries immediately securely preyed upon the greatest nations,
opposite, but to other batteries rising behind surely the conquest of such a post becomes
and above them, a circumstance which will a first rate triumph in a military point of
account for the enormous loss she sustained. view, and adds to that beneficial reputation,
At a distance behind the Impregnable, bụt which hereafter enables the politician to
parallel with the tongue of land, were our command þy a word, without a blow. The
mortar and rocket boats, which were enabled fame of an officer must depend not upon
to throw rockets, not only against the bát- general strength of the state, but upon that
teries immediately in front, but over them of the particular force against which he is
to the batteries in the rear. As we ranged successful. Let the service against Algiers
along the line, to take our station, the ene- be tried by this criterion; let batteries, rising
iny did not fire, either not thinking that we from the water in a triple range,

be

compared should venture so near the city, or wishing with the frail materials which were laid to tempt us as close as possible, to render against them, and this victory, fully consitheir fire more destructive. The Queen dered, will deserve no less admiration than Charlotte took her station off the extreme those which have brought more important point of the tongue, by which she enfiladed enemies to our feet, the whole line of batteries along it. So near The influence of this display of British was she, that every person could be distinctly prowess on the regencies of Tunis and Triseen, and voices beard from the shore. The poli was decisive and immediate, and was most advanced of the Algerine navy was a displayed in a singular instance of prompt brig, to which the Queen Charlotte lashed humanityCaptain G. L. De Haan, of the herself; closer in with the shore, in the bosom Hanoverian merchant vessel Jolin Hermann, of the harbour, were two Algerine frigates, of Embden, was taken on the 25th of Sepand the rest of the Algerine navy behind tember by a Tripolitan ship of war, which thein. The fury and tremendous nature of would not respect an English-Hanoverian

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160

HISTORY OF THE WAR, &c.

OF' η flag, and the vessel was taken to Tripoli, which the English would be, in future, exwith the flag of Hanover hoisted as a trophy cluded. The French, however, are not conhalf-way up the fore-top gallant mast. T'he tent with the enjoyment of the trade, but English consul perceiving this insult, ordered treat us with ridicule for fighting the battles the flag to be taken down, went to the bey, of the pope and the king of Naples

, to the and was followed by the captain and the detriment of our merchants. It is indeed

On their united representation they too evident, that in the negociations of the were set at liberty, and several salutes were British cabinet, these advantages are frefired from the Algerine ships when the Ha- quently lost which have been obtained at an noverians re-hoisted their flag. The captain enormous expence of blood and treasure. To of the corsair was seized and bound, and adopt our own language on the subject of then hung up for more than half an hour, at the continental treaties—having done su the same height as he had hung the ensign. much, we ought to have done more

, and have The conduct of the dey of Algiers, though stipulated on good security the continuance he carefully abstains from any piratical act of the commercial privileges we formerly against England which may justify our re- enjoyed, and which had been guaranteed by sumption of hostilities, indicates the most treaty. By the impolitic moderation of our deliberate spirit of deep revenge. He has conduct, the trade of the Mediterranean sea lately issued the most positive directions that is almost destroyed, and another expedition no supply of any description, eggs in parti- may be required to enforce those stipulations cular, shall be transported from his territories which might have been made, ratified, and

of the English possessions in the Me- secured, before the return of lord Exmouth diterranean sea. The trade, which was in to England. His lordship durst not act former times exclusively in the hands of the beyond the limits of his instructions; and English, from Algiers to the various islands, when a Bathurst officiates for the war and has been transferred to France, a circum- colonies, or a Castlereagh presides in the stance severely felt by the Maltese merchants. foreign department, the absence of energy During the attack of the British on Algiers, so conspicuous in the first, and the stipulathe captain of a French ship was an idle tions of the treaties signed with France in spectator of the scene, and refused to render the name of Englarıd by the latter, are little assistance or information.

The dey was calculated to persuade us that subsequent highly gratified by this indication of respect, negociations will be concluded with greater and seized the opportunity of assuring Louis foresight and sagacity, that he should obtain the advantages from

to any

FINIS

J. Milione, Prieur,
26, dron Wlad Suret, London

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