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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, For FEBRUARY, 1808.
Dreadful Fire in Red Lion Pafsage. IT Tis our melancholy talk to relate, that on the fatal Night of Monday the 8th of February, the Printing-office and extenfive Warehoufes of John Nichols and Son, Printers of this Magazine, with an immenfe ftock of Books, the accumulation of nearly 50 years, were overwhelmed in one calamitous ruin, by a moft aweful fire, which commenced, about a quarter before ten, in the ground-floor of a large warehouse fituated near the centre of the building. The workmen of every defcription had quitted the house, one compofitor alone excepted, who was preparing to depart, when, terrified by the appearance and the fmell of a tremendons smoke, he ran haftily down flairs, with the alarming cry of Fire! The doors were inftantly burft open; but the fire had fo rapidly fpread, and the fmoke and flench were fo intolerable, that no one could possibly enter. A good pump was on the fpot; but, from the exoefsive heat of the flames, it was not poffible to get near it. The Firemen, with the powerful Engines of their refpective Offices, and thofe of St. Bride's, St. Dunstan's, and the fur rounding parishes, were rapidly on duty; but it was fome time before a plen. tiful fupply of water could be obtain
All attempts to fave either the Warehouses or Printing-office, or any part of the property they contained, were foon found ineffectual; but their exertions were more fortunate with the Dwelling-house, which, though it had an immediate communication with the other buildings, was providentially preferved from deftruction, by the welldirected efforts of those who had the management of the principal engines, as were the adjoining houfes of Mr. Sinith (the Red Lion), of Mr. Ed. wards a printer, and the Scottish Corporation, inhabited by Mr. Dobie; with their Hall, in the occupation of Mell. Mayer and Pook, furriers. One final garret in the Dwelling-house was in ule as a tempofing-room, in which a few
of the Printing materials have been preferved, and are now the only rem nant of an Office in which they have been for nearly a century collecting. In the Dwelling-house were also preferved a confiderable number of valuable books, with a tingle copy of feveral of the articles that formed the stock in trade, and a matchlefs collection of early printed News-papers, which Mr. N. had for many years with great trouble and expence been collecting and arranging. Great part of the household furniture was allo faved by hally removal; but, what is of infinitely more confequence, no life was loft, nor material perfonal injury fulained by any individual; a circumftance in great measure owing to the prompt and active assistance of the Volunteer Corps of an extensive circle ; by whofe vigilance, depredation was in a great degree prevented.
Amongst the Books deltroyed are many of very great value, and fome that can never be re-placed. Not to mention a large quantity of handfome quarto Bibles; the Works of Swift, Pope, Young, Thomfon, Johnfon, &c. &c. the Annals of Commerce, and other works which may fill be elsewhere purchased; there are feveral confumed, which cannot now be obtained at any price. The unfold copies of the Intro duction to the fecond volume of the Sepulchral Monuments; Hutchins's Dorfetfhire; Bigland's Gloucestershire; Hutchinfon's Durham; Thorpe's Re gifirum & Cufium le Roffenfe; the few numbers which remained of the Bibliotheca Topographica; the third volume of Elizabethan Progrefses; the Illuftra tions of Antient Manners; Mr. Gough's Hiftory of Piethy, and his valuable account of the Coins of the Seleucida engraved by Bartolozzi: CoJonel De la Motte's Allufive Arms; Bishop Atterbury's Epiftolary Cor refpondence, and laft, not leaf, the whole of Six Portions of Mr. Nichols's Leicetterfhire and the Entire Stock of the Gentleman's Magazine from 1789 to 1807, are irrecoverably lot. Thefe were Works that had been completed.
Of thofe in the prefs, the most important were, the concluding Volume of Hutchins's Dorfetfhire (nearly finished); a fecond Volume of Manning's and Bray's Surrey (about half printed);
Mr. Bawdwen's Tranflation of Dome(day for Yorkshire (nearly finifhed); a new Edition of Dr.Whitaker's Hiftory of Craven; Mr. Gough's British Topography (nearly one Volume); the fixth Volume of Biographia Britannica (ready for publishing); Dr. Kelly's Dictionary of the Manks Language; Mr. Neild's Hiftory of Prifons; a genuine unpublished Comedy by Sir Richard Steele; Mr. Jofeph Reed's unpublished Tragedy of Dido; four VoJumes of the British Effayitis; Mr.Tay lor Combe's Appendix to Dr. Hun ter's Coins; Part of Dr. Hawes's Annual Report for 1808; a Part of the Biographical Anecdotes of Hogarth; two entire Volumes, and the half of wo other Volumes, of a new Edition of the Anecdotes of Mr. Bowyer ; &c.
With refpe&t to Infurance, it may Patisfy a very natural curiofity, to be told that, although that neceffary precaution had not been neglected, yet the fum infured is far below the value of the property deftroyed. In the cafe of a Printingoffice, connected as it is with a vast flock either printed, or in the progrefs of printing, it is quite impoffible by any computed Aut, or by the loofer mode of a general infurance, to repair the damage to the parties concerned. Much, it is true, that can be brought within the compafs of calculation, may be replaced by infu rance; but much alfo, and by far the greater part of what was confumed in the prefent inftance, can never be made up to the fufferer. Books printed a few years ago, and which continue to be fold at their original prices, cannot now be re-printed under an increased expenae of at least one third in paper and every article employed; and the public demand having been already in fome measure anfwered, the proprietor would have to look for a future generation of purchalers to make up his lots. Nor is this all: for who that has ever experienced this infliction of Providence has not felt at the fame time that the produce of an induftrious life has been almoft annihilated; that the chain of ufeful labour and painful refearch has been broken; and that he has to begia the world without the vigour of youth, or the profpects of accomplishment? But it is unneceffary to accumulate.regrets ar to anticipate reflections which will probably occur to every Reader, and
jeti have already produced the moft
confoling effects of fympathy, and the moft fubftantial proofs of friendship. J.N.
THE confiftent belief of the rational
Chriftian, and the fuperftition of the Fanatic, are fo oppofite, and the difference that there is in their natural operation on the human mind is fo great, that I conceive it to be of the utmost importance to hold up the one to the admiration, and the other to the abhorrence and detefiation of the pub lick; efpecially, when it is confidered, that the introduction of one fuperftition debafes the mind, and opens a way for the reception of every abfurdity that ever difgraced human nature. With this view, I herewith fend you the fol lowing collection of well authenticated facts-and hope they may tend to call forth a proper flow of gratitude to the Fountain of all good, that we live in an age and country where we have heen taught to distinguish truth from errør, and to prefer the modeft attire of rational religion, to the meretricious garb of enthufiafin and fuperftition.
There is a fect of Indians who purify themfelves with the urine of beafts, and yet confider themfelves polluted by the mere accidental touch of a heretic. This fect wear a net over their mouths, lett by accident a fly fhould be fwallowed, and they fhould thus interrupt the progrefs of a purified fpirit in its they helitate not to let a heretic peri purgatory-but, with all this humanity, with hunger, rather than relieve him.
It was a cuftom at the feftival of the Lupercalia at Rotue, for the first officers of ftate and the principal Nobles 10 prefent themfelves naked in the streets, carrying thongs of leather, with which they ran among the multitude, and firuck at those who happened to be within their reach. As this firoke was thought to be a fovereign remedy for barrenness, great number of the female fex were regularly feen rufhing through the crond to receive it.
The Tartars fhave their heads, with the exception of a tuft, about the fize of a crown piece, which is fuffered to grow to the length of feven or eight inches. It is by this tuft, that the An gel of the Tomb is to carry the elect into Paradise.
The Mahometans of the prefent day are divided into seventy-two fects. One maintains that Ali is the true fucceffor, another takes the part of Omar. The
method of washing is one of the grand points of fchifm between the partizans of thefe leaders. Suppole two Maho metans to meet on a journey, and to accoft each other with brotherly affection-the hour of prayer arrives; one begins his ablution at his fingers, the other at the elbow, and inftantly they are mortal enemies.
In a recent expedition, the English found certain idols of the Lamas, filled with facred paftils from the water-clofets of the high priest. Mr. Haftings and Colonel Pollier are living witneffes of this fact, and worthy of credit. This ceremony is connected with the fyfiem of the Metempfychofis admitted by the Lainas.
In the hiftory of fuperftition, perhaps no infiance of felf-denial can be adduced fo totally unaccountable as that of Symeon Stylites in the fifth century, who afcended a column which he had built, 5 feet diameter and fixty feet high where he spent the thirty laft years of his life. Habit and exercife inftructed him how to maintain his dangerous fituation without fear or giddinefs, and fucceffively to afiume the different poftures of devotion. After refifling the heat of thirty funniers, and the cold of as many winters, the patient hermit expired, without defcending from the column.
"All fuperftitions," as a late popular writer remarks, " "agree in afcribing to the object of worship an arbitrary character; a difpofition to derive pleafure from fomewhat feparate from the happiness and welfare of the worfhiper. The Heathen believed in many Gods; the Hebrew and the Christian have been directed to believe bat in one; but the fuperftitious profellors of all these religions have agreed together, in entertaining the notion of a Supreme Power, who is pleafed with fervices that have no tendency to promote the improvement and happiness of the fervant. As he wanted not the fruits of their fields, or the blood of their animals; neither has he any need of the pofture of our bodies, or the breath of our mouths, or the fedentary. devotion and inactive admiration of our minds. He wants no compliment, from our tongues, though accompanied by the confent of our hearts, any more than a bullock from our house, or a hegoat from our folds. But the promotion of happiness among his works communicates real fatisfaction to the
Father and Friend of all. He that eateth not "the flesh of hulls," feafts on the felicity of his creatures; He that drinks not the blood of goats is gratified by the effects of goodness. Whoever wipes another's tear, lifts another's head, or binds another's heart, performs Religion's most beautiful rite, its molt decent and moft handfome ceremony. The ufe of the offices of devotion is, to excite in the mind the feelings of devotion; the ufe of the feelings of devotion is, to produce the duties of life."
The following is one, among the many inflances that might be adduced, of the effect of Chriftian principles upon the mind. Acacius, Bishop of Amida in Mefopotamia in the beginning of the fifth century, fold all the Gold and Silver plate belonging to his Church, to enable him to redeem feven thoufand Perfian flaves, who were actually perithing with want. Having effected their deliverance, he fupplied their necellities with liberality, andthendifiifsed them to their native country, to inform their king of the true spirit of that Religion which he perfecuted. Yours, &c.
JOURNAL CONTINUED FROM P. 27. YES, the Captain's arrival ended ag aukward fituation; aukward, because, from the deceafe of the Surgeon, his place could only be filled by me; and yet days had elapfed, andno notice taken or the least intimation fent from Batavia about my appointment.
This was the first lofs of an Officer in the voyage; and our Captain now difcovered, if not fooner, that his own Commiffion, though conferring command of the Veffel and her crew, did not contain any delegated power to fill up vacancies. Such was, a ftrange omillion of the Admiralty, and furely, if intended, quite a reverie to the dou ble pay, &c. granted to the Dolphin for a mere post-haste run in feas already known! Capt. C. concealed this curtailment of power, and wifely showed in his appointments an authority fafficient. I am anticipating here what only became thoroughly known to us all ultimately in England.
The Captain, as 1 faid, came: he trufted the removal of his Batavia complaints, to my care, at the fame time prelenting a warrant of Surgeon in lieu of the late William Brougham Monkhouse; and faid fome handfome things, the more
flattering from him who was endued by Nature very fparingly with courteous and complimentary manners.
"Tis a tedious affair, when an Old Man would tell an old ftory. The fure confequence of getting on too faft is the neceffity of going back for a new des parture. I fhould have faid that up to the Ship's arrival at Batavia, Hunger and Health had held both Doctor and Doctor's Mate as perlons of very little ufe: in particular myfelf the Captain feemed to confider as one of the King's hard bargains, an eternal Idler, and like a 5th wheel to a coach, of much the fame fervice to a Ship. We could challenge however one general affection, in which medical help had been courted from flern to fern. But fome favours are cafily forgot.
The most early precept from a Surgeon to his apprentice is, Keep your patient's fecret. That has been obferved frictly; but deaths, reaching almost to the letter Z, allow my reverting now without reproach to a matter long fince objećted to the guilty Nation-the effect of French intimacy, Bougainville and crew, with the too bewitching Ilanders of Otaheite.
Your Naval Readers will laugh at a command from our quarter-deck I have never heard in his Majefty's fhips fince,
or ever read of before or fince
"Call the Boatfwain, there." "Mr. Gatheray, pipe all hands to the Do&or."
Your humble fervant was the party referred to; and my report to the Surgeon (athore with the Captain, &c.) went down to no particulars. Two words conveyed information enough. "All alike." I gained no ground however by this exploit, certainly not with our Commander, who being limfelf on the Illand, if involved in the fame mishap, had recourfe to my Principal at his elbow.
Another difagreeable thing amongft ourtelves, an unfounded fufpicion in the mind of Captain C.preffed hard upon all the petty-officers, quorum pars parva fui. That fufpicion thall be recorded in Mr. Urban's pages. 'Tis now as a story of the generation paft, and only brought forward after a retention of that maxim, nonum prematur in annum, more than four times told. No pointed allufions, if in my power, can give pain at this æra; for felf, alas! is the poor-remainder of all the parties impli cated:
A barbarous outrage had been done about 12 months before upon the Captain's Clerk, who managed the victualling department with fuch a degree of cunning, as did not at all tend to whitewash his old and known character. Various roguery had broke him years before from the poft of Purfer in the Navy, and by his own acknowledg ment the triple-tree might have born faithful witnefs to wickedness well rewarded. Adept as he was in the paltry maneuvres of the bread-room, coarfe jefts frequently fpoke out infolence of office. Hungry men can bear no jokes about short allowance. He ineffed by himfelf, and had made no man his friend. He gloried in recounting anec dotes of his own difgraces, and drunk or fober exhibited to the life a low-bred foul-mouthed black-guard. Some prefentiment of evil muft have been uppermoft from a confcioufnefs of univerfal hatred; for, whilft at an anchor during our long tay at Otaheite, when the Captain and better half the ship's company were afhore, he was always afraid to fleep in the great cabin alone. (To be continued.) W. P..
ASI obferve you have lately noticed
fome Portraits, much to my fatisfaction, I trouble you with an account of one which I have lately feen; it is the Picture of Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, of Rudyerd, co. Stafford, in the poffefthat county, a lineal defcendant. The fion of Mrs. Ackroyd, of Mayfield, in painter is unknown. His dress is after the fashion of the times; and on a fcroll beneath is the age 54, anno 1627, with the following infcription on it,
verbatim et literatim :
Could we, as here his figure, fee his mind, Words would be fpecehlefs; where a foul we find
So high, fo humble, knowledge withour pride; [his guide, With knowledge, zeal; who makes virtue Not the times; who chofe rather to be [ftood, Than great, or rich; who so well under
Yet practiz'd not court arts: for all his Found that he lov'd 'em for themselves, not [ends. Just beyond reach of bribes; fo conftant ftill [that Ill, As Fortune wants that Good, Nature Which he can with, or fear; and fo doth live
As he doth lack a foe e'en to forgive.
The picture is alfo encircled with the following infeription: "Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, Surveyor of his Ma'ty's Court of Wards and Liverys, anno Dom. 1682."
In the Pedigree of the Rudyerds in Mrs. Ackroyd's pofiellion, Sir Benjamin is defcribed as follows: "Beniamyn Rudyard, Miles, Surve'rs de Curia Wardis Ao. 1619," with a blank for his wife, who is thus defcribed, with her husband, in Lyfons's Environs, article the Parish Register of Twickenham, co. Middlefex: "Elizabeth, ladie wife of Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, buried Sept. 22, 1625."—He was a frequent fpeaker in the Parliaments of James the Firft and Charles the Firft. Several of his fpeeches are in print. Anthony Wood peaks highly of his poetical talents."
See alfo a remarkable incident of him in Sir Tho. Herbert's Memoirs, &c. &c. But to return to the picture, the painter of which is unknown: whether it might not be Mytens, as the Editor of the Beauties of England and Wales, art. Efsex, fays, "there is a picture of Sir Benjamin Rudger at Audley houfe," fuppofed to be painted by Mytens. Query, is this Sir B. Rudger, Sir B. Rudyerd? In Walpole's Anecdotes of Painters, &c. is "Daniel Mytens, of the Hague, was an admired Painter in the reigns of King James and King Charles, and was Painter in Ordinary in 1625. He left England about 1680; as none of his works are to be found after that year." Now, the date of the year (1627), with his age in the fcroll beneath the picture in Mrs. A.'s possession, correfponds with the above period; the date of his Surveyorship I fuppofe to have been added at a fubfequent period; and by the pedigree he appears to have been "fome time in that office; and perhaps it might ceafe with the power of his unfortunate Mafter, to whom he was eminently attached, as well as the real interefis of his country, patriotically labouring in Parliament to prevent that dreadful rupture he forefaw.
Walpole allo mentions, art. Hoskins, A Colonel Sotheby has a head of Sir Benjamin Rudyed by John Hoskins, a valuable after in the reign of King Charles I." Where is this picture to be feen?
If any of your Correfpondents can throw any light by which the Artist can be difcovered, it will be very
acceptable; but I am inclined to think, from the account given by Mr. Fufeli in his edition of Pilkington, that the Picture is by the latter Artist.
N reply to the Queftions of your ConAtant Reader,' in vol. LXXVII. 1194, refpecting fome old, and long dormant or extinét, Irish Peers, I fancy he will find it very difficult, if not almost impoffible, to obtain any information concerning them (unless he can procure it from the prefent Reprefentatives of their Pamilies) from Lodge or Archdall, et from any old Peerages he may be able to pick up. There are indeed fome feraps of information upon the fubje&t in three articles in your Magazines for February and March 1797. And I will communicate to him, by your permiffion, an obfervation which I copied long fince from fome Author, I know not at prefent whom: "There are in Ireland 4 Claffes of titular Peers-thofe who forteited in the troubles of 1641Act of Settlement in 1652 for their steadithose who were deprived by O. Cromwell's nefs to King Charles II. and never restoredthose who forfeited in confequence of their Attachment to King James II. and—those to whom he gave titles after his expulfion"
Page 1207, b. There must be fome blunder, which I have no means of correfting, in the account of the Population of Sutton Coldfield: a parish which contained in 1698 310 houfes, must have contained in 1721 more than 360 inhabi
In reply to your Correfpondent Lerus, James Lord Torphichen fuc ceeded his father Walter 14 Nov. 1765, and ftill retains the title. The title of Lindores was difallowed by the Houfe of Peers 16 April 1793. John Earl Wandesford died in the beginning of the year 1784, and his titles were extinct. Kenneth Earl of Seaforth appears in the Kalendar for 1786, but is omitted in that of 1787: but when he died I cannot with certainty difcover. Rodolphus the pre feat Lord Viscount Taaffe, fucceeded his grandfather Nicolas, 30 Dec. 1769.
Bernard Lord Viscount Bangor died 20 May 1781, and was fucceeded by his eldeft fon Nicolas, who is under a commiffion of lunacy. Cadwallader Davis Lord Blayney died 2 April 1784, and was fucceeded by his brother Andrew Tho