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Chancellor of the Exchequer wishing farther evidence, the Chairman obtained leave to sit again.

April 4.

Mr. C. W. Wynne moved that the minutes of the Committee appointed to try the merits of the Sussex Election Petition, be laid before the House, it being his intention to ground on them a motion for altering the standing order of the House as to the exchanging of lists. In this motion he was supported by Mr. Tierney, Lord Temple, and Mr. Ponsonby; and opposed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir T. Turton, Mr. Graham, &c. On a division, Ayes 29, Noes 56.

Mr. Biddulph moved that Mr. Wharton having been appointed Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, should be excused from farther attendance as a Member of the Committee of Finance; and that the name of the Hon. R. W. Ward be added to that Committee in his stead.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mr. H. Browne, opposed the motion; and Mr. Whitbread and Mr. Ponsonby supported it. On a division the motion was negatived, byes 21, Noes 70.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer stated it to be his intention, that not snipes and woodcocks alone, but likewise rabbits out of warren, should be subject to the Game Laws.


Lord Redesdale brought in a Bill for the better preservation of the money arising from the sale of Bankrupts Estates, and for amending the Bankrupt Laws.

On the motion of Lord Grenville, the Lord President and the two Senior Judges of the Court of Session in Scotland were directed to deliver in their answers in writing to the Lord Chancellor, to the questions put to them last year, in relation to the proposed Bill for the batter administration of justice in Scotland.

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lions and a half, and the surplus for the quar ter now ending exceeded that of the corres sponding quarter for the former year by 600,000l. He then moved for an account of the surplus of the Consolidated Fund for the year ending 5th April, 1808. Ordered. Mr. C. W. Wynne obtained leave to bring in a Bill for the better care and maintenance of Pauper and Criminal Lunatics,

1 HOUSE OF LORDS, April 7.

Counsel and evidence were heard for Mr. De Testat against the Jesuit's Bark Prohibition Bill. It appeared that the Petitioner had in his possession 1,000,0OD. pounds of this article, sufficient for 10 years consumption of this country.

A long discussion, which lasted till two in the morning, then took place on the question for the third reading of the Bill, which was supported by Lords Bathurst, Boringdon, Westmorland, Mulgrave, Redesdale, Hawkesbury, and the Lord Chancellor ; and opposed by Lords Erskine, Albemarle, Lauderdale, Holland, Gren: 'e, and Rosslyn. On a division the numbers were, Contents 56, Proxies 54-110. NonContents 22, Proxies 22-44. Majority 66.

Previous to passing the Bill, Lord Grenville moved a clause for indemnifying those who might suffer by the Bill, which was negatived without a division; when the Bill was passed.

In the Commons, the same day, Mr. Biddulph and Mr. Tierney objected to the Assessed Taxes Bill, on the ground that no New Taxes had been voted, but that this Bill imposed them, while it professed only to be a Bill of Regulation. The Bill was read a second time.

The House went into a Committee on the Bill for preventing the granting of Offices in Reversion, when several Amendments were made.

The Pauper and Criminal Lunaties* Bill was brought in, read a first and second: time, committed, reported, and the report ordered to be farther considered on Tues day the 10th May, and to be printed.


After a few words from the Lord Chancellor, Lords Grenville, Melville, and Lauderdale, the Bill touching the Administration of Justice in Scotland was read a second time, and committed.

A long debate took place on the question for the third reading of the Cotton Wool Prohibition Bill; Lords Bathurst, Redesdale, and Hawkesbury, supported the ineasure; and Lords St. John, Auckland, Lauderdale, Darnley, and Grenville, opoosed it; when the House divided, Contents 44, Non-contents 13. The Bill passed.

In the Commons, the same day, the Speaker informed the House, that he had received a Letter from Admiral Stirling, acknowledging the Thanks of that House for the capture of Monte Video.

In a Committee of Supply, a variety of sums were voted; and amongst others, 30,000 for buildings connected with the Naval Asylum, was restricted to 50007.

Mr. Whitbread moved an Address to his Majesty, praying that he would order to be laid before the House a copy of the Declaration delivered to his Majesty's Ambassador at St. Petersburg, notifying that his Imperial Majesty would instruct his Plenipotentiary, at a General Congress, to endeavour to procure a modification of such regulations in our Maritime Code as might be found to be inconsistent with justice; and likewise of a copy or abstract of a Letter or Dispatch transmitted by his Majesty's Ambassador to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, between June and November, 1807; in so far as the saine referred to an expression used on a former night by Lord G. L. Gower,-Il faut menuger Angleterre pour le moment.

Lord G. 1. Gower resisted the latter part of the motion, but agreed to the former, with the addition of all the accompanying Correspondence.

On this Amendment a debate ensued; the original motion being supported by Messrs. Windham, Herbert, Whitbread, and Dr. Lawrence; and the Amendment by Messrs. Canning, S. Bourne, and Sir T Turton. On a division the Amendment was carried-Ayes 114, Noes 50.


Lord Grenville presented a Petition from the body of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, praying to be relieved from the disabilities under which they laboured, and to be admitted to a full participation of the privileges enjoyed by their Protestant fellow-subjects.

The Earl of Moira, while he professed himself to have always been a zealous and anxious friend to the object of the Petition, could not forbear regretting that the Petitioners should have come forward at present, after the recent discussion which their case had undergone.

In the Commons, the same day, Sir C. Pole moved that an humble Address be presented to his Majesty, to prevent persons who had not served at sea, from holding Offices in the Naval Asylum. This was opposed by Messrs. Rore, Lockhart, and Perceval; and supported by Messrs. Whitbread, Biddulph, and Windham; and was negatived on a division, 46 to 71.

Sir A. Wellesley brought in Bills for enforcing the residence of spiritual persons on their benefices, and for crecting churches and building glebe houses in Ireland.

In a Committee of Supply, the usual sums were voted for the service of the year in Ireland.—In a Committee of Ways and Means, Mr. Perceval moved certain regulations as to Stamps, by which he purposed to raise part of the Ways and Means of the year. He recapitulated the different items of Supply already voted. The interest of the four Millions of Exchequer Bills, and of about eight millions as the Loan for the year, would amount to 750,000l. This would be provided for as follows: Short Annuities had fallen in to the amount of 350,0001; saving by improvements in the management of the Revenue, 65,0007; by the new arrangement in the collection of the assessed taxes, and additions thereto, 125,000.; and by a similar arrangement in the collection of the Stamp duties, he expected that a farther sum inight be gained, to the amount of 20,000 These together would make a total of 770,000l. which exceeded by 20,0007. the sum necessary to cover the interest of the Loan, and of the four millions of Exchequer Bills. The Stamp duties he had to propose consisted of an equalization of the duties on deeds iu Scotland, by adopting somewhat of the ad valorem principle. Admissions into Offices, also according to their value; an increase on the duty of Indentures of Attornies, Solicitors, Writers to the Signet, &c. An increase of the Duty on feoffments; a small duty on promissory Notes re-issued, principally affecting Country Bank Notes; a duty of one shilling on every Summons from a Master in Chancery; and an equalization of the duties on Conveyances of Land.--The several Resolutions were then agreed to; as was a Resolution, moved by Mr. Huskisson, for granting the sum of 726,000l. being the amount of the Consolidated Fund for the service of the year.


The Duke of Cumberland presented a Petition from the Corporation of the City of Dublin against the Claims of the Roman Catholics.

After a few words from Lord Auckland, who regretted that the question was again brought forward, after it had so recently been disposed of, and from Lord Holland in support of the right, and Lord Hawkesbury against it, the Petition was laid on the table.

The Reversion Bill being brought up from the Commons, the Earl of Moira repeated his objections to it. He admitted that the exercise of the right of granting Reversions was originally improper, but having existed for three hundred years, and so many offices being at present held in reversion, to tie up the hands of his Majesty all at once from the exercise of this right, would be to deprive him entirely, and for many years to come, of the power of rewarding meritorious services.



The Court of Denmark had made an alliance with France; was prepared to receive French troops in its country; collected transport vessels in its ports; fitted out all its ships in the road to Copenhagen, to cover a French expedition against Sweden, and then issues a declaration of war: Denmark accuses Sweden of being the cause of this rupture, because she did not make her compliments of condolence on the loss of the fleet; because she would not co-operate to avenge that humiliation; and especially because she sought aid from England against such an aggression. The relations of the King with his neighbouring power were those of a simple peace. There was neither alliance, nor any Convention whatever, which traced out for the two Courts any common course for their political conduct. Therefore, when Sweden, Russia, and Prussia, fought in conjunction against France, Denmark, under the shade of her neutrality, appeared the friend of all. The King witnessing this system, and convinced by some explanations, demanded in the course of the year 1806, of the impossibility of obtaining a change favourable to Sweden, could not entertain a hope that the naval force of Denmark could ever be useful to him; on the contrary, after the Peace of Tilsit he had every reason to fear, that, by the suggestions of Russia and France, it might be turned against him. His Majesty, therefore, thought it proper to preserve a pro. found silence relative to the events which passed in his vicinity last autumn, leaving to England and futurity to justify them. It is due to truth, however, to declare, that the Court of London did not invite Sweden to take part in this expedition, nor confided it to her till the moment of its being carried into execution; therefore not the least movement was made in Swe-. den on this occasion; the English fleet arrived and departed without entering into any port of Sweden, and the auxiliary troops, embarked in Pomerania, were restored in virtue of a separate article in the Convention concluded at London, relative to this object, on the 17th of June 1807, when certainly there was as yet no reference to the expedition. The following is the article:

"It is fully understood, that in case unforeseen circumstances should render impracticable the object of this Convention, or that his Britannic Majesty should find it necessary to withdraw the said troops (the German Legion) from Swedish Pomerania, the stipulation of this Convention shall in no manner prevent his Britannic Majesty from giving such orders as he may judge proper with respect to the ulterior disposition of these troops,

which are now placed under the orders of his Swedish Majesty."

The Court of London has since fully justified this enterprize, and the experionce of every day justifies it. Numerous French armies remained in Lower Saxony and over-awed the North: there were still nations to subjugate, ports to shut, and forces to direct against England: these were to penetrate thither at any rate: they would have acted in any case, and under any pretence that might have offered. At present, it is the expedition against the Danish fleet which is the rallying word of the whole league. What is remarkable is, that the Danish Government, already beset by French troops, overpowered, impelled, and even paid by France, issues a Declaration of War against Sweden, without daring even to name the power which forces it to act. It seeks, with embarrassments, grievances, and reasons, to appear to have had in this determination a will of its own. It cites the remonstrances of Sweden against the arrest of the Swedish mails as vexatious, while in its severity against English correspondence it would not suffer it to pass according to treaty, and declares that it is imperiously obliged to take these measures. It pretends to know the thoughts. of the King, and imagines them hostile, though for some months it has concerted an aggression upon Sweden. It pretends to reason on the interests of the country, though it has abandoned its own interests, and even its existence, to a foreign influence. In fine, it reproaches Sweden with having provided for her defence by a subsidiary treaty, though itself is paid for an aggression; and then it pronounces, though indeed with a kind of timidity, the word mercenary, which the Government that pays it had probably cruelly dictated to it,

It is proper here to render to his Britannic Majesty the most authentic testimony, that in all his transactions with Sweden he never demanded offensive measures, nor required any thing that was not perfectly compatible with its tranquillity and independence. The most recent and convincing proof of this is the promptitude with which his Majesty accedes to the proposition of the King for the pacification of the Baltic, by a formal promise not to send thi ther any ships of war, on conditions useful and honourable to all the North.-Let the Danish Government read in this proposition the complete refutation of the complaints of which the Manifesto against. Sweden is composed; and in the moment when it shall return to itself, let it compare the state of things which the King has desired, with that which France and Russia wishLet all the allies of France read in this consent of England the difference between


the connexions which unite the two Courts, and those which enchain them; and let them pronounce on which side is to be found a due regard for particular interests, a just moderation for the general good.-Denmark herself has been, during a long time, the object of his moderation, and did not cease to be so till she became absolutely dangerous. When the North was outraged by the devastation of Lower Saxony, by the oppression of the Hanseaue Towns, what did she to avenge them? Sweden, England, Prussia, and Russia, made war for that object; but no one thought of forcing Denmark to take part in it. She was the ally of Russia then as well as at present. Why did she not mbrace her cause? What could she then aliedge for her tranquillity, which Sweden cannot now alledge? All this is explained by the single fact, which she endeavours to conceal, that she is at present under the influence of the French Government. Had England followed the principles of this enemy, she would not ha ̈e waited the moment of her surrender to disarm her; she would have invaded her several years

before; she would have guarded her, and all this with a view to the good of the North. Her ancient alliance with Russia is made a pretext for this aggression, though all the world knows it is only defensive, and that it remained suspended during the late wars of Russia, when, perhaps, that power might have claimed it.The Court of Denmark, in order to justify its proceedings, hesitates not to make all kinds of assertions, dares to defend the injustice of Russia, and betrays a premeditated plot; and all this it does to conceal the chief, nay the only reason, which is, that Denmark is the ally of France. But injustice and falsehood find their end, honour and 'truth will triumph in their turn. His Majesty, relying on the justice of his cause, hopes, with conscious pride of his reigning over a brave and loyal people, so often tried by dangers, and always held up by the Almighty, that the same providence will vouchsafe to bless his army, and restore to his subjects a safe and honourable peace, to the confusion of his enemies.

Stockholm, March 21.

Admiralty-office, April 12. Letter to
Admiral Montagu, Commander-in-chief
of his Majesty's ships and vessels at

Meduse, Dunnore N. W. E. W.
11 leagues, April 4,
Sir, I have this morning captured L'Ac-
tif Ingger privateer, of Dieppe, of 14 guns.
There were two other French lugger priva-
teers in sight at the time, one of which
being very near to Leeward of us, I have
every reason to expect we should have ta-
ken, but that it was necessary to examine,
four merchant vessels among which the
privateers were when we first saw them:
one of these, a coasting sloop, we retook;
the others had not been boarded by the
privateers.—The three privateers left
Cherburgh together, yesterday morning:
and last night took a coasting sloop, be-
sides the abovementioned, which we have
not seen. L'Actif, as appears by her log
book, has made but one capture, a collier
brig, during her different cruizes in the
channel, since her first fit out in the be-
ginning of Dee. last. D. P. BOUVERIE.

Admiralty-office, April 19. Letter from Capt. Parker, to Vice-adm. Russell.

Stately, off Zealands Odde, March 25. Sir, It is with much satisfaction I have the honour to acquaint you with the capture and destruction of the Danish ship of the line Prince Christian Frederick, of 74 guns. Proceeding towards the Great Belt, in company with his Majesty s ship Nassau, at two p. m, on the 22d inst. we

observed a strange sail; and the signal being made to chace at four p. m. Greenall on the coast of Jutland bearing N. W. by N. distant 10 miles, we discovered that it was an enemy; and at 5 p. m. ascertained the chace to be a Danish ship of the line. I now saw that it was evidently the intention of the Enemy to run his ship ou shore; and as the night was approaching he might hope that, in our pursuit of him in the dark, we would have the same fate. This, I have since been assured, was his design. At 45 minutes past seven, p. m. Capt. Campbell, in the Nassau, got up with the Enemy, and commenced the action, and in a few minutes after the Stately closed; a running fight was now maintained for a considerable time, the Enemy fighting with great obstinacy, until we succeeded in getting very near and gave some close broadsides, on which he struck about half past nine p. m. At this moment the ships were within two cables' length of the shore of Zealand; and before my First Lieutenant, who took possession of the Danish ship, could cut away her anchor, she grounded. Fortunately this ship and the Nassau brought up near to her. During the remaining part of the night we were employed in taking out the prisoners; and at day-light of the 23d it was found impossible to get the captured ship afloat, the wind blowing strong on the shore; and that therefore the only course I could follow was to destroy her. The necessity for doing this, and for placing our own ships out of dan


ger, soon became apparent, as the Danes were preparing their artillery on the coast; and as our ships were at anchor only two cables' length from the beach, they would have done us great injury. After removing the prisoners and wounded, in doing which we experienced much difficulty from the wind blowing strong, and a good deal of sea running; the Enemy's ship was set on fire in the evening of the 23d, and in a short time blew up. I am happy to say our loss has been small. It is trifling indeed when compared with the Enemy, where the slaughter was great, he having 55 killed, and 88 wounded. We have, however, received considerable damage in our masts and rigging. The Prince Christian Frederick was a very fine ship, copper-bolted, commanded by Capt. Jayson, with a complement of 620 men, and had $76 on-board. I feel much indebted to Capt. Campbell for his zeal and ability in the commencement and during the action, and to the Officers, ship's company, and Royal Marines of his ship.

My warmest gratitude and praise is due to the Officers and seamen, and the Officers and privates of Royal Marines of this ship, for their brave and gallant conduct during the action, displaying the cool intrepidity of British seamen. The same spirit animated both ships. I beg leave to recommend in the strongest manner to the patronage of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, Mr. David Sloan, my First Lieutenant, to whom I am greatly indebted, not only for his brave and spirited conduct in the action, but also for his unwearied exertion in removing the prisoners and wounded from the Danish ship, and setting her on fire. He possesses, in an eminent degree, every quality requisite to form the officer and seaman. Herewith you will receive a return of the killed and wounded.

Yours, &c.


2 Sea

Killed and Wounded.--Stately. men, 2 Marines, killed; 26 Seamen, 2 Marines, wounded. Total 32.-Nassau, 1 Seaman killed; 11 Seamen, 5 Marines, wounded; 1 Seaman missing. Total 17.

Officers wounded. - Stately. Lieut. Cole, slightly. Mr. Lemon, Boatswain, severely. Mr. Davis, Master's-inate, slightly.-Nassau. Mr. Edward J. Johnson, Volunteer 1st class, slightly. G. P.

[This Gazette also contains a letter. transmitted by Adm. Sir E. Pellew, from Capt. Pellew, of his Majesty's ship Psyche, dated off Java, in the East Indies, Sept. 3, 1807, which mentions his having in the end of August, sent the boats into the Bay of Semerary, under Lieut. Kestermann; where they in a most gallant manner took possession of, and towed out from under a heavy fire from the batteries, an armed schooner of 8 guns, and a large merchant brig, which were afterwards destroyed;

to afford the ship an opportunity to pursue two armed ships and a brig that had sailed away from the Bay. The two ships were chased and taken, as was also the brig. On being boarded, they proved to be the Resolute armed merchant ship of 700 tons, with a valuable cargo, having on-board the colours and staff of the 23d European battalion in the Dutch service; and the Ceres, a remarkably fine brig in the Dutch Company s service, of 12 guns and 70 men, a month from Batavia, under the convoy of the Scipio corvette, of 24 guns and 150 men; the latter had sustained very considerable damage. They were all got afloat the same night without injury.]

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Admiralty-office, April 26. A Letter from Capt. P. Rainier, of the Caroline, states the capture and running on shore of the following Dutch vessels, after a sharp action, in which Lieut. Williams, of the Marines, eight seamen and marines, and four Dutch prisoners who were in the hold, were killed, and 12 seamen wounded.-List of Dutch ships taken and run on shore at Batavia, Oct. 18, by the Caroline. Zeerop, 14 guns, Capt. Groot, taken. Maria Reygersbergen, Commodore Jager, taken. Phoenix, 36 guns, Capt. Vauderzader, run on shore. Maria Wilhelmina, 6 guns, ditto. William, 20 guns, Capt. Fitters, ditto. Patriot, 18 guns, ditto. Zeeplong, 14 guns, ditto; and seven merchant-ships. A Letter transmitted by Lord Collingwood from Capt. Searle, of the Grasshopper, dated off Carthagena, states the capture of his Catholic Majesty's brig of war, St. Joseph, of twelve 24-pounders, manned with 99 men, and commanded by Don A. de T. T. de Naviro.

A Letter from Rear-adm. Purvis to Lord Collingwood, and by him transmitted, incloses the following letter:

H. M. ship Alceste, in shore

off Cadiz, April 4.

Sir, I have the honour to inform you, that when at anchor to-day with his Majesty's ship Mercury, and Grasshopper brig, Saint Sebastian's Lighthouse S. E. distance three miles, wind W. S. W. a large convoy of the Enemy was discovered coming close along shore from the Northward, under the protection of about 20 gun-boats and a numerous train of flying-artillery on the beach. At 3 p. m. I made the signal to weigh and attack the convoy, and stood directly in for the body of them, then off the town of Rota; at four the Enemy's shot and shells from the gun-boats and batteries going far over us, his Majesty's ships opened their fire, which was kept up with great vivacity until half past six, when we had taken seven of the convoy, and drove a great many others on shore on the surf, compelled the gun-boats to retreat,

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