Page images
PDF
EPUB

Lords H. Petty, Milton, and Porchester, Messrs. C. W. Wynne, Laing, Herbert, Ponsonby, Grattan, Barham, W. Smith, and Tierney, contending that 13,000!. should be the sum granted; and Sir A. Wellesley, Messrs. Perceval, Wilberforce, Stephens, and Dr. Duigenan, arguing for the smaller sum of 9,2501. The two last Gentleinen went the length of thinking that no grant whatever ought to have been made. On a division, the numbers were for the larger grant 82, for the smaller sum 106 -Majority 24.

Another division took place on the motion of Mr. Tierney, for postponing the Resolution till Wednesday, when Mr. Canning might be expected to be present. On this question the numbers were-Ayes 82, Noes 112-Majority in favour of the

INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE Admiralty-office, May 10. This Gazette contains an account of the capture of the Tropard French privateer, late his Majesty's schooner the King's Fish, or Flying Fish, of 5 guns and 62 men, by the Pheasant Sloop, Capt. J. Palmer.-It also announces that his Majesty has judged it expedient to establish the most rigorous blockade of the port of Copenhagen, and of all the other ports in the Island of Zealand.

Admiralty-office, May 14. Transmitted by Admiral Cochrane:

Cerberus, at Deseada, March 30. Sir, I have the satisfaction to announce to you the capture of the Island of Deseada by the force you did me the honour to place under my command.-On the 29th inst. I weighed from Marie Galante with the vessels named in the margin *; and on the 30th, at half past three P. M. the boats under the command of Capt. Sherriff, of his Majesty's sloop Lily, with a detachment of seamen and marines from each vessel, under their respective commanders, who gallantly volunteered their services on the occasion, stood towards the shore, which was defended by a battery of two nine-pounders, completely commanding the narrow entrance of the harbour, together with the national troops and militia, amounting to about seventy men, who opened their fire upon the boats, when I found it necessary to anchor the squadron with springs on their cables, and commence a cannonading, which soon silenced them, and at four o'clock the French flag was struck; the boats landed at half past four, hoisted the British flag, and the whole Island surrendered without

*Cerberus, Lily, Pelican, Express, Swinger, and Mosambique.

GENT. MAG. June, 1808,

Resolution 30. The Resolution for the smaller sum was accordingly agreed to.

May 6.

The Scotch Judges Salary Bill was brought in by the Lord Advocate, and read the first time.

The Bill for preventing Child-stealing, the Interment Bill, and the Irish Assessed Taxes Bill, went through Committees.

On the motion of Mr. Horner, an account of the number of appeals and writs of error brought before the House of Lords since the year 1760, was ordered to be laid before the House.

Bills for raising three millions and one million and a half by issues of Exchequer Bills, were read the first time. (To be continued.)

FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. opposition. I have the satisfaction to acquaint you, that this capture has been effected without loss; the Commandant, National Officers, and troops, are made prisoners of war, and the Militia have laid down their arms. I should not do justice to the merit of Captain Sherriff, was I not to express in the highest terms my entire approbation of his conduct, together with Captain Ward, and all the Officers and men employed on this service.

P. S. Under-mentioned is a list of the ordnance and military stores found on the Island; the whole of the great guns I have destroyed as well as the batteries; and the small arms and other military stores I have taken off the Island.

Iron Ordnance-At the principal Bata tery, three 24-pounders and two 9-pounders. At the Grand Bourg, two 9-pounders, and two dismounted 6-pounders. 50 whole barrels of powders--50 muskets. W. SELBY.

[A Letter from Capt. T. Searle, Commander of the Grasshopper sloop, Gibral tar, April 28, mentions the capture of two Spanish gun-boats, the destruction of two others, and the capture of two valuable vessels from South America. The vessels from South America anchored under a battery close in with Faro, among the shoais; he immediately anchored within range of grape-shot, and, after a very severe action of two hours and a half, the people on shore deserted their guns, two gun-boats struck, and the other two we drove ashore, and were destroyed. The cargoes on board the two Spanish vessels are worth thirty thousand pounds each, which are captured. There was one man killed, the Captain slightly, and three seamén severely wounded. The enemy's loss was very great in the two gun-boats captured; they had forty killed and wounded.--A

Letter

Letter from Charles Dashwood, Esq. Captain of his Majesty's ship Franchise, states, that the French lugger privateer Le Hazard, of 4 guns and 50 men, was taken on the 23d of February by the Franchise, twelve leagues South of Scilly.---There are in the Gazette three letters, transmitted by Admiral Dacres in the West Indies. The first is from Capt. Symonds, mentioning his having captured the Spanish schoo-ner letter of marque Santissima Trinidad, from Puerto Cavallo, bound to Cadiz, pierced for 14 guns, had four mounted, with 20 men.-The next from Lieut. Rorie, mentions the capture of a Spanish felucca letter of marque by the Fortune brig, under his command.-A second letter from Capt. Symonds, of the Tweed, states, that he had captured the French privateer schooner L'Adventure, of three guns, and 52 inen. A few days prior to her capture, he destroyed a small schooner, prize and tender to the privateer.

This Gazette also contains a Proclamation for the restitution of all Portuguese property detained by this Country.-Also a Proclamation declaring that all his Majesty's subjects may lawfully trade to and from the Islands of St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix, subject to the same duties, &c. to which the trade to and from his Majesty's Colonies in the West Indies shall be subject by Law.]

Admiralty-office, May 17. Letter from Capt. Skene, of H. M. S. Guerriere, to the Hon. W. W. Pole, dated on-board, Barbadoes, March 19.

Sir, I have the honour to acquaint you, that the French privateer brig Malvina, of Nantes, commanded by Mons. Rene Salaun, and mounting 14 guns with 60 men, together with her prize, the British ship Juliana, were captured on Feb. 15, by his Majesty's ship under my command.. ALEX. SKENE.

Admiralty-office, May 21. This Gazette contains a Letter from Capt. Mason, of the Daphne, giving an account of the boats of that vessel, and of the Tartarus, having, on the night of April 25, cut out ten vessels from Fladstrand, on the coast of Jutland, laden with provisions, and supposed to be bound to Norway. Lieut. Elliot, Mr. Stewart, Master, and three seamen were wounded. The Officers employed on the occasion, and of whose conduct Capt. Mason speaks in terms of warm commendation, were Lieut. Elliot, Mr. Stewart, Lieut. Roger (Marines); and Messrs. Beazeley, Durell, Elliot, Moore, and Ayton, Midshipmen of the Daphne; and Lieuts. Gittens and Patterson, and Midshipmen Septford, Lussman, and Andrews, of the Tartarus. Five of the prizes are brigs of 130 to 190 tons, deeply

laden with grain, &c. three galliots of 110 tons, ditto, a schooner of 80, and a sloop of 90 tons, ditto.

Mr J. T. Curry, Commander of the Royal George revenue yatch, in a Letter to the Commissioners of the Excise, Edinburgh, announces his having proceeded in quest of the French privateer Passe Partout, of 16 four and eight-pounders and 68 men, which he heard to be on the coast, and after a chase of seven hours, got alongside, when, on firing a couple of broadsides she struck.

Capt. Bathurst, of the Salsette, communicates to Sir S. Hood, the capture of the Danish privateer Kratbesminde, of eight guns and 31 men, out five days from Copenhagen, and had made no capture.

Admiralty-office, May 24. A letter has been received by the Hon. W. W. Pole, from Mr. J. Kinsman, commander of the Active Excise cutter, dated at Falmouth the 19th inst. stating that, on the 17th, he had captured in the said cutter, after a chace of some hours, the Deux Freres French privateer of St. Maloes, armed with two carriage-guns, and manned with 29 She had been out four days, and had taken two vessels, one of which was retaken by the Active, and the other by the Betsy privateer of Plymouth.

men.

Admiralty-office, May 28. Letter transmitted by Rear-admiral Purvis.

Redwing, at Sea, May 7.

Sir, This morning at day-light, Cape Trafalgar bearing W. N. W. about six miles, an enemy's convoy was discovered coming down along shore. The winds being very light and variable, I was not enabled to close with them before seven o'clock; at that time, being within pointblank shot, the armed vessels handed their sails, and forming a close line, swept towards us, indicating an intention to board. The just confidence I place in the officers and men that I have the honour to command, induced me to meet the enemy upon his own terms; and I endeavoured to close, to decide the business as quick as possible, in order to secure the merchantinen. Upon arriving within musket-shot, a quick and well-directed fire was opened, our guns doing great execution. At nine o'clock, the enemy, completely panicstruck and beaten, pushed their vessels into a heavy surf, sacrificing all their wounded. I instantly sent a boat to try to save as many as I could, as it was distressing to see their situation, but our men were unable to rescue one of them. merchant vessels, seeing the fate of their convoy, attempted to disperse; some we sunk, others ran into the surf, and in a short time disappeared; the rest were captured, excepting three (two of which

The

were

:

were armed) that it was not, in my power to come up with, owing to our crippled state, having two 24-pounders shot through the foremast, one through the mainmast, and one through the gammoning of the bowsprit, that likewise cut the knee of the head asunder. The steady and cool conduct of the officers and men throughout deserve my warmest praise and had the enemy possessed resolution enough to have boarded, I could not doubt of the result, though opposed to such superior numbers. My First Lieut. Ferguson, on this as well as on many other occasions, was a good assistant to me. Nothing can excel his cool determined conduct, which I have so often witnessed. Lieut. Webster likewise executed his duty entirely to my satisfaction, as well as Mr. Davis, Master, and Mr. Horniman, Purser, who were both wounded; the latter, I fear, will lose an eye.

It is with the most heartfelt gratification I acquaint you our loss in men is small, as herewith annexed. I am now on my way to Gibraltar, as our masts must be taken out; but I shall lose no time in refitting, and resuming my station.

T. USHER.

Killed and Wounded in the boats.Killed, J. Carter, seaman. Wounded, E. Jacobson, seaman, severely; (who was also wounded on board the sloop.) Mr. Davis, Master, slightly; Mr. Horniman, Purser, severely.

List of the Convoy. The Diligent of two 24-pounders, and two 8-pounders, and 60 men, sunk; the Boreas of two 24pounders and two 8-pounders, and 60 men, sunk; No. 3, of two 24-pounders and one 36-pounder, and 36 men, sunk; No. 6, of one 24 pounder and 40 men, sunk; No 107, of two 6-pounders and 35 men, escaped ; a Mistico, of four 6pounders and 20 men, taken; a Felucca, of four 3-pounders and 20 men, escaped. -Merchantmen : 7 captured, 4 sunk, and 1 escaped.

This Gazette likewise contains a Letter from Capt. Campbell, of the Unite, announcing the capture of the Etoile de Buonaparte, of six guns and 21 men, (15 having deserted previous to her sailing,) having an Aide de Camp of Gen. Berthier on board, with dispatches from Corfu to Ancona, which he destroyed previous to her capture.-A Letter from Capt. Harvey, of the Standard, stating the capture of the Italian brig Friedland, of 16 guns, and

having on board Don Amilear Paolucci, commanding in chief the Italian Marine, and Knight of the Iron Crown.--Another Letter from Sir T. Livingstone mentions the capture of two armed vessels, of six guns each, under the protection of the Torre de Estacio, on the night of the 6th November, by the boats of the Renommee and Grasshopper, under the able conduct of Lieut. Webster. Mr. Barton, Purser of the Grasshopper, and a seaman of the Renommee, were badly wounded on the occasion. The prizes being aground, and being impossible to take out the people, including several women and children, they were abandoned without being destroyed, as would otherwise have been done.

Admiralty-office, June 11. Letter from Lieut. Lucas to Sir S. Hood. Hired Cutter Swan, off Bornholm, May 24.

Sir, I beg leave to acquaint you, to day, at noon, I observed a cutter-rigged vessel standing from the Land towards me. I hove-to, and hoisted a Danish Jack for a pilot, which decoyed her so far from the shore that I was enabled to come up with her before she could reach the land. At two I gave chase, and at four had the satisfaction of getting within gun-shot of her. She then commenced her fire; immediately on which the battery on the shore opened their fire, being about a mile from the beach. The enemy attempting to get a long gun in her stern to bear on me, she was caught in the wind, which enabled me to get within musket-shot; and, after an action of 20 minutes, she blew up and sunk. The state of the weather, being nearly calm under the land, the fire of the batteries and several of the boats-coming from the shore, I was under the necessity of quitting the wreck without saving the life of a single one of her crew. The Danish cutter appeared to be a vessel of about 120 tons, and mounting 8 or 10 guns, and apparently full of men. I am happy to add, not a man under my command, or the vessel, received the least damage. M. R. LUCAS.

[This Gazette likewise contains a Letter from Lieut. Price, acting Commander of the Falcon, of whose exertions Sir J. Saumarez speaks in terms of the warmest commendation, announcing the capture and destruction of 27 Danish boats off the Islands of Thunoe, Samsoe, &c. in the Belt.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Madrid, May 20. The King, the Prince of Asturias, their Royal Highnesses the Infanta Don Carlos and Don Antonio, have abdicated the Crown and their right thereto, as appears by the following documents, viz.

"I have thought proper to give my beloved subjects this last proof of my paternal love. Their happiness, tranquillity, prosperity, and preservation, and integrity of the dominions that Divine Providence had placed under my sway, have been the sole objects of my constant care during my reign. Every step and measure that have been adopted since my exaltation to the '' throne of my august ancestors have been directed to those just purposes, and could not be directed to any other. This day, in the extraordinary circumstances in which I am placed, my conscience, my honour, and the good name I onght to leave to posterity, imperiously require of me, that the last act of my sovereignty should be solely pointed to that end, viz. to the tranquillity, prosperity, security, and integrity of the monarchy, whose throne I quit, to the greatest happiness of my subjects of both hemispheres. Therefore, by a treaty, signed and ratified, I have ceded to my ally and dear friend, the Emperor of the French, all my rights to Spain and the Indias, having stipulated that the Crown of Spain and the Indias is always to be independent and entire, as it was under my rule, and likewise that our holy religion is not only to be the predominant one in Spain, but the only one to be observed in all the dominions of the monarchy. Of all which you will take due notice, and communicate it to all the Councils and Tribunals of the Kingdom, Chiefs of Provinces, Civil, Military, and Ecclesiastical, and to all the Justices of Districts, in order that this last act of my sovereignty may be notorious to all and every one in my dominions of Spain and Indias; and you are all to concur and assist in carrying into effect the dispositions of my dear friend the Emperor Napoleon, as they are directed to preserve the peace, friendship, and union between France and Spain, avoiding disorder and popular commotions, the effects of which can only be havock and destruction of families, and the ruin of all.-Given in Bayonne, in the Imperial Palace of the Government, the 5th May, 1808,

day plunged in the greatest confusion,
and threatened with the most direful cala-
mities resulting therefrom; and knowing
that it arises in the major part of them,
from the ignorance they are in of the
causes of the conduct their Royal High-
nesses have hitherto observed, and of the
plans now chalked out for the greatest
happiness of their country, they can do
no less than endeavour to undeceive them,
in order that its execution may suffer no
impediment, and, at the same time, to
testify to them the sincere affection they
profess for them.-They cannot conse-
quently avoid manifesting to them, that
the circumstances in which the Prince,
by the abdication of the King his Father,
took the reins of government, many pro-
vinces of the kingdom, and all the fron-
tier garrisons being occupied by a great
number of French troops, and more than
60,000 men of the same nation situated
in the Metropolis and its neighbourhood,
and many other data that no other per-
son could possess; all conspired to per-
suade them, that being surrounded by
rocks aud quicksands, they had no other
remedy, but to choose, among many evils,
the one that would be the least productive
of calamity-as such, they fixed upon a
journey to Bayonne.-On their Royal
Highnesses arrival at Bayonne, the Prince,
then King, unexpectedly found, that the
King his Father had protested against his
abdication, pretending it had not been
voluntary. Not having accepted the Crown
but in the good faith that the abdication
was voluntary, he had scarcely ascer
tained the existence of the protest, when,
through filial respect, he restored the
Crown; and shortly after, the King his
Father renounced it in his name, and in
that of all the dynasty, in favour of the
Emperor of the French, in order that,
looking to the welfare of the nation, he
should elect the person and dynasty who
are to occupy it hereafter.-In this state
of things, their Royal Highnesses, con-
sidering the situation they are in, the
critical circumstances of Spain, in which
all the efforts of its inhabitants in favour
of their rights will not only be useless,
but mournful, as they would only cause
rivers of blood to flow, and cause the loss
at least of a great part of the Provinces,
and of all their ultra-marine possessions;
and reflecting on the other hand that it
would be a most efficacious remedy against
so many evils for each of their Royal
Highnesses to adhere by himself separate-
-ly, to the cession of their rights to the
throne already made by the King their
Father; reflecting also, that the said
Emperor of the French binds himself in
this case to preserve the absolute inde-
pendence and integrity of the Spanish
Monarchy, and of all ultra-marine pos-
sessions,

I, THE KING." "To the Governor, ad interim, of my Council of Castile."

"Don Fernando, Prince of Asturias, and the Infantas, Don Carlos and Don Antonio, grateful for the love and constant fidelity that all Spaniards have manifested towards them, with the most poignant grief see them in the present

sessions, without reserving to himself, nor dismembering, the least part of its dominions, to maintain the unity of the Catholic Religion, property, laws, and usages, which he secures for the future, and on a sound basis; also the power and prosperity of the Spanish Nation: Their Royal Highnesses believe they give the greatest proof of their generosity, love, and gratitude, for the affection they have experienced, in sacrificing as much as is in their power, their personal interest, for the benefit of the Country; adhering, as they have done, by a particular agreement, to the cession of their rights to the Throne, absolving all Spaniards from their duty in this respect, and exhorting them to look to the interest of their country, remaining tranquil, and expecting their happiness from the sage disposition and power of the Emperor Napoleon; and by shewing their readiness to conform thereto, they will give their Prince and the two Infantas, the greatest testimony of their loyalty, as their Royal Highnesses give them of their fatherly love and affection, by giving up all their rights, and forgetting their own interests to make them happy, which is the sole object of their wishes. I, THE PRINCE, CARLOS. ANTONIO.

"Bourdeaux, 10th May, 1808." Madrid, May 30. This day the Council of Castile held an extraordinary Assembly, in pursuance of a command from his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Berg, Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom, in order to proceed to the execution of a Decree and a Proclamation of his Majesty the Emperor of the French, King of Italy, and Protector of the Confederacy of the Rhine.

The Imperial Decree was to the following effect:

"NAPOLEON, Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Protector of the Confederacy of the Rhine, &c.

"The King and the Princes of the House of Spain having ceded their rights to the Crown*, as is known by their treaties of the 5th and 10th of May, and by their proclamations published by the Junta and the Council of Castile, we have decreed, and do decree, ordered, and do order, as follows:

Art. I. The Assembly of the Notables, which has already been convened by the Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom, shall be held on the 15th of June, at Bayonne,

*If Buonaparte, however, attaches any importance to a formal act of renunciation by the reigning Family, his object is yet not attained; as Don Pedro, who is nephew to the old King, is gone with the Portuguese Family to the Brazils.

"The deputies shall be charged with the sentiments, desires, and complaints of those they represent; and also with full power to fix the basis of the new Government for the kingdom.

"II. Our cousin, the Grand Duke of Berg, shall continue to fulfil the functions of Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom.

"III. The Ministers, the Council of State, the Council of Castile, and all civil, ecclesiastical, and military authorities are, as far as is requisite, confirmed. Justice shall be administered under the same forms, and in the same manner as is usual.

"IV. The Council of Castile is charged with the publication of this Decree, and with the affixing it on all places where it may be necessary, that no one may pretend ignorance of the same.

"Given in our Imperial and Royal Palace at Bayonne, the 25th of May, 1808. (Signed) NAPOLEON." Madrid, June 3. This day was published, in the name of his Majesty the Emperor of France, &c. a

PROCLAMATION TO THE SPANISH NATION. The following is a translation of the more important passages:

“Spaniards! After a long lingering disease, your nation sunk into decay. I have seen your sufferings; I will relieve them, Your greatness makes a part of mine.-Your Princes have ceded to me all their rights to the Spanish Crown. I will not reign over your provinces, but I will acquire an eternal right to the love and gratitude of your posterity.-Your monarchy is old; it must be renovated, that you may enjoy the blessings of a renovation which shall not be purchased by civil war or desolation.

"Spaniards! I have convened a General Assembly of the Deputies of your Provinces and Towns, that I may know your desires and wants.

"I shall lay down my rights, and place your illustrious Crown upon the head of one who resembles me: securing you a Constitution which will unite the. salutary power of the Sovereign with the liberties and rights of the Spanish nation. It is my will, that my memory shall be blessed by your latest posterity, and that they shall say--he was the Restorer of our Country.

"Given at Bayonne, 25 h May, 1808," By virtue of a mandate of his Imperial and Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Berg, dated the 22d inst. the existing Commission of Consolidation of the Royal Vales is abolished. The Commission is in future to be composed of the President of Government, of the Supreme Council of Castile, two Ministers of the same Coancil, a Minister of the Council of the Indies, and of the Council of the Factory, and a Secretary. The functions intrusted

to

« PreviousContinue »