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faft as to make it impoffible to fave her; ine Mafter and crew were found on board L'Egle lugger, which I have ordered to Yarmouth with the other prize, and purpofe feeing them in fafety to that port. A. FARQUHAR.

[Tis Gazette alfo announces the capture of the French National Brig La Jafeur, of 12 guns and 55 men, and commanded by a Lieutenant de Vaiffeau (the Little Andaman N. W. eight leagues), after a chace of nine hours, by H. M. S. BomPay, Capt. W. J. Lye.]

LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. Downing-freet, Jan. 20. Extract of a Difpatch from Major-General Beresford, to Viscount Caftlereagh, dated Madeira, Funchall, Dec. 29.

I have the fatisfaction to communicate to your Lordfhip the furrender of the Ifland of Madeira, on the 24th inft. to his Majefty's arms. We had, previously to the fhips coming to anchor, fent to the Governor to furrender the Ifland to his Britannic Majefty, offering the terms we were authorized, which were acceded to. The troops were immediately landed; and before dark were in poffeffion of all the forts, and had the 3d and 11th Regiments encamped with their field-pieces, a little to the Weft of the town. In regard to unanimity and co-operation, it is fufficient to fay, it was Sir Samuel Hood I had to act with; and the object, the fervice of his country. His ardent zeal communicated to all the fame fentiments; and the utmoft unanimity prevailed.-I had the fulleft reafon to be fatisfied with the zeal and ardour of all the officers and troops under my orders. I have the honour to inclose the Articles of Capitulation which have been agreed upon.--Captain Murphy of the 38th regiment, BrigadeMajor to the Forces, will be the bearer, and can communicate any further particulars your Lordship may be defirous of knowing; and I humbly recommend him to his Majefty's moft gracious confideration.

TERMS OF CAPITULATION.

ART. I. That on the figning of the prefent Treaty, the island of Madeira and its dependencies fhall be delivered up to the Commanders of his Britannic Majefty's forces, and to be held and enjoyed by his faid Majefty, with all the rights and privileges, and jurifdiétions, which heretofore belonged to the Crown of Portugal.II. That it is agreed the faid Ifland fhall be evacuated and re-delivered to the Prince Regent of Portugal, or to his heirs and fucceffors, when the free ingrefs and egrefs to the ports of Portugal and its Colonies fhall be re-established as heretofore; and when the Sovereignty of Por

tugal fhall be emancipated from the controul or influence of France.-III. For the prefent the arms and ammunition of all kinds to be delivered and placed under the poffeffion of the British.-IV. Public property fhall be refpected, and re-delivered at the fame time, and under the fame circumftances, with the Ifland. His Britannic Majefty, during the period his troops fhail occupy the Island, referving the ufe of all fuch Property, and the revenues of the Island, to be applied to the maintenance of its religious, civil, and military establishments. For the above purpofe all the public property, of whatever defeription, to be formally delivered up, and received by the Commiffaries refpectively appointed for that object.-V.All private property on the ifland of Madeira, belonging to the Prince Regent of Portugal, to be refpected.--VI. The free exercife of all religious worship to be maintained and protected as at prefent established. VII. The inhabitants to remain in the enjoyment of the Civil Conftitution, and of their laws, as at prefent established and adminiftered. Done at the Palace of St. Lorenzo, Funchal, Madeira, Dec. 26, 1807. PEDRO FACUNDES BACELAR D'ANTAS E MENERES, Governor and Capt. General. SAM. HOOD, Rear-Admiral, K. B. W. C. BERESFORD, Major-General.

[Sir S. Hood, in a Letter to the Secretary of the Admiralty, announces the furrender of the Ifland, and speaks in terms of warm commendation of the Officers and men of the fquadron (which confifted of the Centaur, York, Captain, Intrepid, Africaine, Shannon, Alcefte, and Succefs), particularly Lieut. Henderfon, bearer of the dispatch; and obferves, "from the cordial good understanding that has fubfifted between us, as well as between the whole of the Army and Navy, had there been a refiftance, every thing we could have defired was to be expected from both fervices."]

Admiralty-office, Jan. 23. This Gazette contains a letter tranfmitted by Adm. Montagu, from Lieut. Tracey, of the Linnet brig, giving an account of the capture of La Courier French lugger privateer on the evening of the 16th inft. off Cape Barfleur, after a fharp refiftance. The lugger mounted 18 guns, with a complement of 60 men; the Second Captain of which was killed, and three feamen wounded; fails remarkably faft; out four days; made no capture. The Linnet fuftained no lofs.-Another letter tranfmitted by Admiral Rowley, from Capt. Spence, of H. M.'s floop Pandora, announces the capture of the French lugger privateer L'Entreprenant, of 16 guns and 58 men, on the 13th inft. oppofite Folk

ftone,

fone, within two miles of the French fore, Cape Grifnez bearing South. From his being fo very clofe to his own coaft (the batteries firing over the Pandora), the enemy perfevered in his attempt to fcape, till our mufketry had wounded the Captain, the Second Captain, and four or five men. She has been out three days from Calais, and has taken the Mary

brig of Sunderland. She is a very fine large new lugger, and fails exceedingly faft. The Active cutter joined in the chace, and affifted in removing the prifoners. This Gazette alfo contains Addreffes from Edinburgh and Glasgow, expreffive of approbation of the conduct of the prefent Minifters.. (To be continued.)

ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.

FRANCE.

Buonaparte returned to Paris rather fuddenly from his excurfion to Italy.

A Decree has been iffued by Napoleon, in refentment for our late Orders in Council, reftricting the trade of Neutrals. This Decree, which is dated the 17th of December, and was published in the Moniteur of the 24th, ftates, that as the restrictive meafures adopted by England has denationalifed the fhips of every European harbour, he will denationalife them in his turn; and in confequence he orders, that whatever hip fhall allow itself to be searched by an English fhip, or fhall make a voyage to England, or pay any tax to the English Government, flail be deemed lawful prize, by being confidered as English property. The decree concludes with a philippic on the barbarous fyftem adopted by England, which affimilates its legiflation to that of Algiers.

The English prifoners now remaining at Verdun are chiefly Naval or Military Offcers, with the British travellers who were arrefted by the order of Buonaparte. The main body of our captive foldiers and sailors are at Arras, and an adjoining town, to the amount of about 800. Mr. C. Sturt, when the laft accounts left Verdun, continued a close prifoner in the dungeon of a caftle, fleeping upon ftraw.

Switzerland, it is stated, is to be erected into a Kingdom, under (Berthier) Prince of Neufchatel; Portugal to be added to Spain; and Sardinia, Majorca, Minorca, and Yvica, given to the Queen of Etruria in lieu of her prefent dominions.

A reform, we are told, is about to take place in the Catholic Church, by which the Celibacy of the Clergy will be difpensed with.

Paris, Dec. 24. The Moniteur of this date contains feveral Notes upon the news extracted from the English Papers. Upon a paragraph in one of them, relative to the rife of the Funds in confequence of the arrival of a Flag of Truce, it obferves: "No Flag of Truce has been fent from France to England. Veffels have been placed at the difpofition of M. De Metternich, the Auftrian Ambaffador, to communicate with England. Of what ufe would Flags of Truce from France be?

Do we not know that the prefent Miniftry have proclaimed the principle of per-. petual war? The refufal of the mediation of Ruffia, the maffacre of Copenhagen, the prefent infamous Decree by which England affimilates herfelf to the Dey of Algiers,-do they not fufficiently make known that no peace is poffible whilft this Club of furious Oligarchs fhall be at the head of the English Administration?"

Refpecting a paragraph relative to the recognition of Chriftophe as Prefident of Hayti, the Moniteur remarks, "That the Brigands who have maffacred the Whites at Copenhagen Thould ally themfelves with the Brigands who have maffacred the Whites at St. Domingo, would not surprise any one. Both are equally the enemies of Europe."

On a paragraph in the English papers refpecting the difpofition of Ruffia not being favourable to us, the Moniteur. obferves:"Search the Continent, the whole World, which the atrocious conduct of your oligarchs has roufed against you, you will not find a Nation that does not curfe the British name. We muft except, however, the Negroes of St, Dơmingo and the Dey of Algiers. The latter has explained himself categorically. He has declared your law founded upon juftice and the law of nations."

An article in one of the English Papers having ftated that Mr. Hill, who is going to Sardinia, is the bearer of difpatches for the Auftrian Government, announcing the acceptance of the Auftrian and Ruffian Mediation; the Moniteur fays, " that it is true that the Emperor of Auftria, upon the firft intelligence of the events at Copenhagen, demanded explanations from England; and, as the Emperor of Ruffia did, demanded how far fhe intended to make the world groan under the miferies of the prefent war, and whether the imagined that all the Governments of the Continent would longer fuffer the vexations offered to their Commerce, and the violation of their flags? To this Declara tion, worthy of a great Sovereign, what did England reply? She replied by the Decrees of the 11th November. At London, as at Vienna, and at Petersburg, the people defire the termination of this

infernal

infernal war, which is profitable only to pirates; but the Minifters of perpetual war will laugh at the evils which Europe is fuffering, until the avenging blow from the hands of the English themselves, tired with the odious part they are made to play, or from the hands of the Continental Pow ers*, fhall at length rid the world of them."

Paris, Dec. 28. The Moniteur of this date contains feveral Decrees, dated from Milan on the 31ft.-By the firft, a Senate is appointed. The fecond increases the number of Counfellors in the Section of the Legislative Body in the Council of State. The third adds fifteen Dignitaries, fifty Commanders, and 300 Knights, to the number of Members of the Order of the Iron Crown, fixed by the Statute creating that Order.-On the 20th his Majefty appointed the Duke of Lodi Prefident of the Commune to be extraordinarily convoked at Milan for the 23d.

MILAN, DEC. 19-FOURTH CONSTI-
TUTIONAL STATUTE.

We, Napoleon, by the Grace of God, and the Conftitution of the Empire, Emperor of the French, and King of Italy, decree as follows:

Art 1. We adopt for our Son Prince Eugene Beauharnois, Arch-chancellor of State of our Empire of France, and Viceroy of our Kingdom of Italy.

2. The Crown of Italy fhall be, after us, and in default of our children, and male legitimate defcendants, hereditary in the person of Prince Eugene, and his direct legitimate defcendants from male to male by order of primogeniture, to the perpetual exclufion of women and their defcendants.

3. In default of our fons and male defcendants, and the fons and male defcendants of Prince Eugene, the Crown of Italy fhall devolve to the fon and nearest

relative of fuch of the Princes of our blood as fhall then reign in France.

4. Prince Eugene, our fon, fhall enjoy all the honours attached to our adoption. 5. The right which our adoption gives him hall never, in any cafe, authorize him or his defcendants to urge any pretensions to the Crown of France, the fucceffion to which is invariably fixed. NAPOLEON.

(Signed)

A Decree of the 20th confers upon Prince Eugene Napoleon, the title of Prince of Venice.-Another Decree confers upon our well-beloved Granddaughter, Princess Jofephine, as a mark of our fatisfaction to our good City of Bologna," the title of Princess of Bologna. -Another Decree declares the Chancellor Melzi, Duke of Lodi.-After the above Decrees had been read, the Emperor made the following fpeech:

"Gentlemen, Poffidenti, Dotti, and Commercianti, I fee you with pleasure about my Throne.-Returned after three* years abfence, I am pleased at remarking the progrefs which my people have made -but how many things remain to be done, to efface the faults of our forefathers, and to render you worthy of the destiny I am preparing for you!

"The inteftine divifions of our ancertors, their miferable egotifm to particular cities, paved the way for the lofs of all our rights. The country was difinherited of its rank and its dignity; that country which in more diftant ages had carried fo far the honour of its arms and the eclat of its virtues. I will make my glory confift in regaining that eclat and thofe virtues. "Citizens of Italy, I have done much for you; I will do much more. But, on your fide, united in heart as you are in intereft with my people of France, confider them as an elder brother. Always behold the fource of our profperity, the guarantee

* We are again affailed by rumours of preparations in the Enemy's ports, and told that every veffel from the Baltic to the Atlantic, that competent to the conveyance of troops, has been put in requifition for the long-menaced invafion of thefe Islands. A Gentleman, who, after a refidence of fome months in Holland, left Rotterdam on the 16th inft. declares, that there is not the flighteft armament going forward either at that port or at Amfterdam. At Flushing and Antwerp, the fhips built during the laft year are equipping, and the accuftomed activity prevailed in their Dock-yards, but nothing farther.

That Buonaparte may endeavour, by reviving our alarms for our internal fafety, to reftrain us from offenfive operations, is probable; but we are inclined to think he will be cautious in again committing himself, by any ferious demonftration, to an enterprife, for the accomplishment of which he knows his means to be inadequate. At the fame time, however, that we would gladly diffipate unneceffary fears, we wish to urge the Country to increafed exertions-Buonaparte is no common enemy, and his power is almoft as unbounded as his ambition-he regards his followers no farther than as miniftering to his paffions, and has never fuffered confiderations for their fafety to interfere with his projects of aggrandifement or revenge. To inflict injury on us, he may overlook the dangers, the facrifices of the enterprise; and we fhould be amply prepared, ither to punish the temerity of invafion, or, by the magnitude and energy of our armaments, to point out the impotence of his war, and his neceffities for peace.

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of our inftitutions, and that of our independence in the union of the Iron Crown with that of my Imperial Crown."

Milan, Dec. 22. Yesterday Deputations from the three Electoral Colleges were introduced to His Majefty, who was feated on his throne, with the Viceroy, the Grand Duke of Berg, and the Prince of Neufchatel, by his fide. To the addrefs of the Duke de Lodi, Prefident of the College of Poffidenti, he replied, "Gentlemen of the College of Poffidenti, I am pleafed with the fentiments you have expreffed-the laws of property form the compact between the Sovereign and the People. Rely always upon myprotection." -To the addrefs of the College of Dotti, he replied, "Gentlemen of the College of Dotti, your talents give you a great influence over the nation-employ them for the advantage of the Throne, and the Laws, which are the fupport of it. Your profperity is equally neceffary to my people and my glory. It will always pleate me to give you proofs of my benevolence."-To the College of Commercianti, he faid, "The greatnefs of a State is particularly advantageous to the profperity of Commerce, fo neceffary to the good of agriculture. The Laws on which my Empire is founded are efpecially ufeful and honourable to you. I fhall conftantly watch over your interefts. I am pleafed with the fentiments you have juft expreffed."

In the Moniteur of the 7th inftant, we find a tranflation of the English Declaration againft Ruffia; to which are fubjoined a great variety of comments.-The writer denies, by authority, that any fecret engagement was formed, during the conferences at Tilfit, which in any way concerned England. The British State Paper commenced with an affertion, that his Majefty knew the hoftile nature of the private engagements at Tilfit. This the French Commentator difproves, by our omitting to attack Cronstadt as well as Copenhagen; by our fuffering the Ruffian feet to pafs the Straits of Gibraltar, and three Ruffian fhips to fail through the blockading fquadron in the Sound; by our requiring the mediation of Ruffia between us and Denmark; and, laftly, by an affertion contained in this very Declaration, which is fuppofed to be contradictory to the one above-mentioned. To all this, however, it may be replied, that if the fecret ftipulations of the Treaty of Tilfit only went fo far as to declare the new fyftem of maritime law, and to pledge the Emperor Alexander to affift Buonaparte in the enforcement of it, that muft have been confidered as a measure highly prejudicial to this country, though not fufficient to provoke immediate hoftilities, till it appeared that both the contracting

powers were pofitively engaged in the execution of it.

The obfervations contained in the notes enfuing, relate to paft events-the conduct of the Auftrian war, the treaties exifting between Pruffia and Ruffia, the unexecuted treaty figned by D'Oubril; and, laftly, the little affiftance we have afforded our allies. It is afferted, that if we had joined the Ruffians in Corfu with the 10,000 men who were defeated in Egypt, we might have occafioned an efficacious diverfion at Conftantinople: if we had added the 12,000 men who furrendered their arms in the streets of Buenos Ayres to the 15,000 who fet fire to Copenhagen, we might have fuccoured Dantzic. "But," fays the annotator, "what fignifies it to the Cabinet of London, that two Nations of the Continent were flaughtering each other upon the Viftula? The treafures of Monte Video and Buenos Ayres engaged its avarice, and Dantzic fell." The arrival of the 6000 Hanoverians in the Ifle Rugen, a month after the war was ended, occafions this queftion: "Is it not evident that to miferable an expedition was planned only with a view of occupying Hanover, if the Ruffian army had been victorious?"

All the other paffages of the Declaration are commented upon in a fimilar way; and the Cabinet of London is accufed of throwing the only obftacles that could be made in the way of a negotiation. SPAIN.

Madrid, Nov. 26. Don Liniers has fent to his Excellency the Prince Generaliffimo, the official account of the events which took place at Buenos Ayres. His Majefty, as a reward for the extraordinary proofs of loyalty given by that city, as well as for the fervices rendered by Don Liniers and by feveral officers, has declared that the city of Buenos Ayres is to have the title of Excellence, and that its magiftrates are to be called Seigniors; that Don Liniers is to receive the rank of Field Marshal, and is appointed Viceroy ; that all the officers who ferved under him are to be promoted; and that the Viceroy is to name the rewards which are to be beftowed on them.

It appears that the conduct of the Prince of Afturias underwent an official inveftigation relative to the plot of which he was accufed, before he received the King's pardon; and the following account is given of the Prince's examination. Inftead of acknowledging any offence, his Royal Highnefs is faid to have vindicated himfelf in a very manly manner, and with confiderable ingenuity. At the examination of the Prince, which took place before a Commiffion appoint to inquire into the confpiracy, four questions were

put

put to him, which, with their anfwers, are ftated to have been to the following effect. Is it true that your Royal Highness has confpired against the life of your Royal Father and King? A. I am a Chriftian; I fear God, and cannot but hudder at the mention of an accufation to horrible. Such a thought never entered my mind.-Q. What use did you mean to make of the cyphers of correfpondence found in the lining of your coat? A. The cyphers you fpeak of were found the first day I wore that drefs. Thofe who made the coat can beit anfwer your queftion.-Q. For what purpofe did your Royal Highnefs correfpond with the Emperor Napoleon; and what was the object of that correfpondence? A. I have no hesitation in owning that I have kept up a correfpondence with that auguft Sovereign; but it contained nothing prejudicial to the interefts of my country, and nothing that could provoke the difpleafere of my Royal Father the King.-Q. Why did your Royal Highness order, and keep ready, four horfes, under circumftances which indicated an intention, to escape; A. It is true, the horfes were ordered to be kept in readiness; but this was not done with the intention of flying from Spain, but for the purpofe of joining the French army: after which I intended to make known to my Royal Father the unhappy fituation to which the country is reduced, by the truly bad administration and defpotic measures of the Prince of the Peace.

The American Minifter at Madrid has received an exprefs from his colleague at Algiers, ftating that the Dey had taken offence at the non-payment of his annual tribute, and had commencedhoftilities against the American fhipping in the Mediterranean, to indemnify himself; that a few American veffels had been captured in confequence, but that they were to be released, and hoftilities were to ceafe, provided a draft for 35,000 dollars was immediately honoured. The Minifter at Madrid fent back an exprefs, that the terms fhould be acceded to, which it was fuppofed would prove fatisfactory.

PORTUGAL.

In addition to the particulars in the Gazette (fee vol. LXXVH. p. 1156, &c.) the following intelligence has been brought by private letters:

After the embarkation of the Royal Family, the Solebay was employed in carrying marines to occupy Bugio Fort, a pofition of confiderable importance to the British forces, and which has fome influence over Fort St. Julian. Refpe&ting the latter, it however appears, that the Commandant had received directions from

GENT. MAG. January, 1808,

the Prince Regent, under his own fignature, that the guns fhould be immediately fpiked; and it was fuppofed that the or der had been complied with, previous to the Embarkation of the Royal Emigrants.

Before the Portuguese fleet left their moorings, it was generally understood that they were to proceed to Madeira'; but as foon as the fleet had got out of the Tagus, the perfons on board were informed of the real deftination of the Prince and Royal Family; and that fuch of them as did not with to proceed to the Brazils, would be conveyed back to the Portu→ guefe fhore. About 200 only, and thofe of no property or confequence whatever, (out of the immenfe number determined to follow the fortunes of their Prince) availed themselves of this offer, and were accordingly put into boats, and carefully difembarked.

Not a fingle barrel of gunpowder was left in the magazines. An immenfe quantity of that article was conveyed away in the fleet; and fuch as could not conver niently be carried off, was thrown into the fea. The Ruffian fleet, therefore, which was greatly in want of this, as well as every other article, could not be expected to oppose any formidable refiftance to our fquadron.

When the Prince Regent took leave of Lord Strangford, he prefented his Lordship with a very valuable ring. The centre ftone is worth 100 guineas, and is fet round with brilliants. His Royal Highnefs alfo gave him nine pipes of the choiceft Port wine.

The Prince Regent, previous to leaving Lisbon, published the following Procla

mation: PROCLAMATION OF THE PRINCE REGENT OF PORTUGAL. (Translation.)

Having tried by all poffible means to preferve the neutrality hitherto enjoyed by my faithful and beloved fubjects; having exhaufted my Royal Treafury, and made innumerable facrifices, even going to the extremity of fhutting the ports of my dominions to the subjects of my antient and Royal Ally, the King of Great Britain, thus exposing the commerce of my pcople to total ruin, and confequently fuffering the greateft loffes in the collection of my Royal Revenues of the Crown; I find that troops of the Emperor of the French and King of Italy, to whom I had united myself on the Continent, in the hope of being no more difturbed, are actually marching into the interior of my kingdom, and are even on their way to this capital; and defiring to avoid the fatal confequences of a defence, which would be far more dangerous than profitable, ferving only to create an effufion o blood dreadful to humanity, and to in

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