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the critical period when by Francis's un, the present system, and bis very name so batural desertion of his son-in-law-a de- seldom occurs, execpt wlien he triniself sertion so totally unlooked for, that it introduces it, that there is every appearproduced, as it could not fail to do, the ance of his sinking fast, as I fervently inost decisive consequences. I say, the hope he will, isto liis old denorcination Emperor Francis must have been greatly of Bishop of Rome; when Pope, constimulated to this act, by the jealousy clave, and carimals would

be with which he viewed the Iron Crown on forgotten, was it not for the persethe head of Napoleon; shutting out, as cutions thiichi rchgion, from

time it did for ever, all his Italian prospects. immemoriál, lias brought upon mankind. The information from Italy is rather bar- --In Spain, the velored Ferdinand lias ren; but no doubt can be entertained that outrageil every feeling, which the Austria, tinding Murat necessary to her laws of policy and bumanity ought to views, has entered into a secret alliance have dictated. llis friends and bis foes with him to secure his throne, on condi- have fallen in one universal conscription. tion that tlıě upper part of Italy shall be- Neither age ror sex is spared. Tho come Austriat. Insurmountable difficul- reign of priesthood is revived, in all its ties have been thrown in the way of this horrors. That bloody tribunal the lus project. Among others, the sudden re-quisition, is proceeding wiib gigantic vival of the King of Sardinia, who, in the strides. Torror and desolation mark iis firesént rage for the resuscitation of legi- progress, and universal destruction is the timate monarchs, hás, of course, asserted only trace, it leares behind. In France, his claim to his " lawful possessions." little of tranquillity appears to have beca But great part of the former kingdom of established. Louis XIII. whe'm all paiSardima hari so often changed owners, ties agree to be a mild, beviticeni, and that it was impossible alınost to recollect good man, appears to be too much under its dispersed masters. Austria has there the influence of the priests to be as popufore been contented to secure at préseat lar as he might be, if he would shake off that she could lay hold of, leaving to their odious yoke. The revolution in that tune and fortune the completion of her country, 'unexampled as it has been in tiltimul views. The sacrifice of the free extent, both of moral and political influstate of Genoa to the Sardinian thrope ence, has so completely opened the eyes has been a part vf this system. This of all mankind, that the delusions of measare is said, jų almost all our news religion now excite little else than ridipapers, to be tyrannical and oppressive; cule.

If I am to believe the Times in be ir palpabile contradiction to every newspaper which, 10 use an approprideclaration of the allied powers; and ate phrase on this subjeet, is always aproviolatory of every profession they made cryphal, a most serious convulsion was as to the literating of Europe. True, or on the point of lately breaking forth false, as these accusations may be, I have in Paris, in consequence of a fanatic little doubt the poor Genoese must submit monk, wishing, and emneavouring, 10 to "existing circumstances." I have also revive one of those monstrois absurélities

muv fears that Murat hinself will ultimate- which disgraced the dark and barbarons * {v fatt. Alone as he stuuds among the periods of ignorance and super:tition. Byttinate mouarelis, can it be supposed Nor was it prevented until we king bad that this inferice will be endured, re- been twice sent to, and, from its increasing mindig tem of the great man by whom violence, the most alarming consequence they were set up, and rat down at plea- were to be appreltended; and ill uris sure? Consiant repruits and bints are because a wretched priest thought procirculater in all the contiuental papers, of per to devy the rights of sepulclire to a the advantar ons exchanges offered 10 respectable woman, who lack fur sixty

hivi for his jaesent kingdom ; and if, like fears been an artist in a profession cers · Leduharnois, he should not choose to go tainly more'larmless, if not more ratiem,

with a good grace, he bas every reason thun his own!. From every thing which to dreact the result. It may not bappen I caa pereeive in that country, her abar's immediately; but if the new organization are in a most unsettled state. Soult, of Lurope remain, his eventual tate may who wishes to out Herod-Herod, bus ve considered as already sealed. As to excited a fane in the matter of General the Pope, he is so little thought of under tacelmans, which will require more skill

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and ability than he possesses, to extin-1 the monstrous aggression which all Euguish.---Proceeding northward, the affairs rope, and, I lament to say, Great Britain of Holland next meet the eye, Here, we also, have committed against the brave find the most unnatural union between the Norwegiaus. The historian will blush, Dutchman and the Brabanter : men as when he indites the page in which Ire opposite in their pursuits, composition, records the detestable fact, that a British and constitution as two animals of the Fleet blockaded the Norwegian ports, to same species can possible be. An army

An army starve that wretched country into subof 75,000 troops, 'in the pay of England, mission to their new masters, by one half our own countrymen, is in gar- preventing the entry of all the common risou in that country. Where the people articles of necessidy, even to food; are satisfied, such an army is unnecessary, and this in viol tion of the general wish and if they are not satisfied, twice the of the whole country, expressed in the number will not make them so.-It is ut- strongest manner almost by acclamation. terly impossible to describe the state of The mind revolts at a picture like this; Germany, for here calculation is perfectly and yet this is the state of peace and haplost. Report contradicts report, in end-piness which the allied Sovereigns have less variety. One thing alone is clear, so pompously sounded throughout Europe that the allied sovereigns, who established they were about to conter upon mankind. the late crusade, in the niost solemn It remains to say a few words as to our professions of the most pure disinte- own favoured country. In the year 1792, restedness are now adopting the very when the heaven-burn minister involved system of Napoleon, even to the expres- us in twenty-tuo years war, bad any man sions he made use of in that system. / ventured to assert, that in the year 1815, The ear is fatigued with the word " In- we should have incurred a dorit of nearly " demnity,” and I was in hopes that, in a HOUSAND MILLIONS, and that the commou decency, it would have been left boasted “free Englishman,” should be out of the vocabulary of the Allie On subject to a tax by which his most secret the contrary, it appears that the Vienna concerns were luid open to investigation, -Congress is occupied, day and night, in be would liave been treated either as a carding out fresh “inilemnities" for the tool, or a madman. Yet so it is, and so conquerors of their great prototype, the it will continue, anless something like the fallen Sapoleon. Russia and Prussia pablic spirit of former times is revived. are said to be deterniined on seizing their The operation of corruption bas been so defenceless prey, and to possess them- general, that it has extended its banetul selves by force of wbat is denied to them inftience, more or less, in every quarter. by reason, justice, and common honesty. The vile hiireling press has had its fuil Has there a single act in the whole life of share of the mischief. Men's minds, durthe French Emperor so base and atrocious ing the continuance of the late war, were as the attempt attributed to these monarchs too much occupied with foreign politics, to root out the whole family of the King to devote sutticieut of their time and atof Saxony?' The deposition of Ferdinand tention to what was passing at home. of Spain, was but child's play to ibis.--- The evil, therefore, has taken deep root, He sigued his abdication, and Joseph lad", and it will require all our energies to root a pretence at least to his throne, not only it up. It is a sacred duty every one owes by this act of Ferdinand, but by the will to the country, and I cordially' hope that of at least one balf of the population of duty may be fulfilled. the country. But, in Saxony, the whole rration, to a man, coucur in abhorring this

FINANCE. tartar-like usurpation; and it never can be carried but by the loss of my h hu- Mr. CODBETT.- have read with peman blood. The same argument precise- cular attention an account in the Mornly applies to Poland. That ill-fuíců counting Chronicle, purporting to be a detail try has been ever the prey to iawless of the proceedings of the late Winchester violence and ambition; and the magna- Micting ou the subject of the Property nimous Alexander is accused wi foliowing, Tax. I have looked this over in the mot svitha mdeviating accuracy, the blood- careful manner, and am of opinion, from stained steps of bis ancestor, ihe immor. its internal evidence, that this must be a Haf Cathecuç. But huis skull describe : garbled staiereat, and that Mr. Perry has not givenítasit really took place. I very | but remain there to take care of our friend much lament this, because in the present the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands, degraded state of the British Press, the or whatever he is called, and to proteet Morning Chronicle and Statesman are him and his new dominions from the apthe only daily newspapers in which the prehensions he entertains from his new public has a chance of finding any thing subjects and his old neighbours. It seems like the truth; and if Mr. Perry, no to be totally forgotten also, that Commismatter from what motives, is to be in- sary General Sir Hugh Robert Kennedy, duced to withhold from us any thing of Knight, and Cominissary General Sir importance on our side of the question, Charles Henry Dalrymple, Knight, and and Mr. Lovell is to be continued in liis Commissary General Sir Charles Edward imprisonment in Newgate, no matter how Eylmir, Knight, (one Scotch, one Irish, or why; in these cases, the only two and one English, to properly represent sources we have of genuine information Mr. John Bull in his triple capacity) are will be completely shut up, and we must at present most actively occupied in, what look to the polluted streams of the Times is called according to the techaical phrase and the Courier, for whatever filth and of office, winding up the accounts of the falsehood they choose to cram down Peninsula, where a sum of no less than our throats-However, taking Mr. Perry's thirteen millions, for which bills either account (for we have no other,) to be an are or will be drawn upon the English accurate one, I beg leave to trouble you treasury, remains to be provided for. with a few observations, that occur to me The enormous expence which must ateren from so imperfect an account of the tend the bringing home of our American proceedings of that day.

army; the unsettled Ordinance accounts; The publie cannot but be much in the charges of Transport, and various debted to you for the manly manuer in otßer branches of the public service, which you met the question, and, with which, supposing the ratification of peace out reference either Whigs or to arrive in the earliest possible time, Tories, without thinking either of Lord must of necessity continue so long, that Grey or Lord Grenville, or Mr. Pitt's six this year will probably expire before any per cent. or Mr. Fox's ten per cent. at effectual reduction can take place, will once declaring openly and above aboard, obviously create an expence so enormous, that in the present state of our expendi- that not only will the Property Tax, or ure, this tax must go on, or a substitute some other equally productive, be neces. for it be provided. The fact is, the Go-sary to meet it, but a loan of at least vernment cannot go on without resources twenty millions will be required for the to the amouut which it produces. It is service of the current year.-The trifling understood that the war with America reduction which has taken place in the cost upon an average a million a month. navy, can hardly be said at all to diminish Speaking from memory only, I believe our expence in that branch of service; ihe Property Tax produced about twenty and I am quite satisfied that the Prince millions a year. Thus, therefore, at the Regent's week's metry making at Jubilee fosi blusli, it would appear that even fair, and the feasting and dancing of the during the continuance of the American Allied Sovereigns, who honoured us with **er, this tax produced a surplus of cight their company last Summer, will cost a scillions, and that, therefore, when the much greater sum than will have been war ceased, of course the Properiy Tax saved by the paying off the few ships ought to cease also. But the very oppo- that have been placed in ordinary. site is the fact; and although by the fa- No effectual reduction has certainly raturable issue of the negociations at taken place at home. If we except the Ghent, a very considerable saving will no reduction of the Militia, and a few superFloubt be made; yet it appears to be numary officers of the line placed on balf totally forgoiten, that we have an army pay, nothing that can be called an imin America of from 30 to 40,000 men, portant saving ļras been made. It is ud another in llolland of nearly twice trne, a few srcond battalions have been that amount. The army in America can reduced. But how? Why by drafting not be brought home for at least six the men to their respective first batta months to conic; and that in Belgium, 1 lions; and thus the only diminution uppose, will noi be brolight home at all, expence is the mese difference between

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the full and half pay of a set of meritorious | paid by the consciousness that the and deserving officers, who are sent to sentiments are the offspring of an bothe right-about now they are no longer nourable feeling, and consequently will wanted; while all the extraordinary and meet your approbation. I am, &c. expensive establishments of the Treasury,

Buckingham kire.

R. H. M. and the Horse Guards, remain untouched, and, I suppose, will be untouchable. The third Secretary of State-ship was expressly created as a mere war establish

ON AMERICA. ment. A variety of corps of difierent

ITAIL! happy land—the blest abode, sorts and descriptions, such as the Royal Artillery Drivers, the Royal Staff Corps, | Of those, indignant al Oppression’roj se'; the Royal Waggon Train, and various With thee a hospitable home they find; other similar non-descripts were all uur establishnnents. Sir Digby Hamilton,

Where no proud Tyrant dares maintain, Knight, Waggon Master General, and In haughty pemp, his iron reign; temporary rank Major General, was, as

Where ro vain titles are conterr'd,
his very designation purports, only a war
establishment. Yet this colossus, as well Upon Corruption's servile herd;
in size as in expence, still lovers about But where EQUALITY alone
the Horse Guards, shedding his baneful
influence in all directions.

Has built upon a rock its throne;
How is it possible then that the In- They fly, America, to thee,
cone Tax can be dispensed with, while

To taste the sweets of LIBERTY;
such tremendous draughts as these are
made upon the public purse? We begin

Undaunted plough tl'Atlantic wavem at the wrong end. Instead of mecting to

And buoy'd by llope, all dangers brave; petition for the repeal of this tax, we should petition for the diminution of the They leave the grov'ing slaves of Courts expence which occasions its recessity.

behind,
lo that case we should have reason on | To seek the promis'd land, thi’ Asylum of
our side, for it is palpable and apparent

mankind.
that while the present most frightful ex-
penditure is suffered to contimue, it is im-

Ilail! land of FREEDON,-Genius there
possible to suppose but that a sy tem of protected, thrives beneath thy fostring
taxation sutticiently productive inust be
adapted to oneet it. I remain, &c.

care, CIVIS. The mird unshackied, and restraints un

knguni; AMERICA.

TRIGHTS OF NANare there displayed SIR, -The acquaintance I consider Of no despotic law afraid ; myself to have formed with you, ihrougi: the chatunel of your valuable Register, and

Tieligion, I.cav'nly Haid, is rAEE, feeling confident you will pardon my pre

And teaches zure Morality; sumption, insluce me to introde the en

No subtle Priest3 with Tyrants join'd, closed on your attention; and if not con

Endeavour to easlare Mankind;
frary to your regulations, and you should
deem it worthy of insertion in your use- Dit tree in action as in word,
til pnblication, I can only say it will par-

The voice of JUSTICE there is heard ;
ticularly oblige a young inan, who has
iurbiled from your instruction and exam- Who executes, with even hand,
płe an arueni love of liberty, and who

Theequal iaws, which Wisponplavn'd; has witnessed the late efforts of the Americans to maintain their independ-Vay thy example, to surrounding Nations eirce, with admiration, and thie termination

shewn, of the contest with the greatest satisfac- lurraiesterast to the dust, and Despotisms ton. Should iny request be tonight teo presumptrous, I shall at any rare be re

from is throne,

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as

THE CONGRESS.

in no slight degree to confirm the opinion MR. COBBETT.-Although it may be

which so many entertain upon this subhazardous to canvass, at present, the

ject with mvself, that the only monarch motives of our generous, and just allies,

who has uniformly been the decided eneyet I think that their proceedings form my of Napoleon, remains the victim of a very prominent subject for general the friendly commiseration, or the notice

his sincere hostility, without exciting either animadversion. Perhaps, previously to

of those monarchs to whom he set the entering into any review of their conduct, it may be as well to say a few first erample of resistance and resolution. words relative to the exaggerated expec- too fond of war, and perhaps deranged:

I am not justifying bis conduct; he was tations, generally formed as to the result of the deliberations of these digni. for the deposition of legitimate kings, the

but God knows if these are just reasons fied and immaculate characters. It

“ decks would soon be swabbed," of half rity of those who huzzaed and attended, the regal list of former times. The person

is from morning to night, every movement of our receni royal visitors, that every which ourselves and our magnanimous

has lost his own kingdom in the cause for the "fairest and most honorable basis. allies pretend to have been fighting--the The applauses bestowed upon them

restoration of the old order of things ou were intended as much to reprobate the the continent. Now, Sir, has not this conduct of him whom fate had overthrown,

Gustavus a much greater right to claim in approbation of those who had indemnity" than any of them? And been the secondary agents of his ruin. would it not do more credit to the charac

ter of the Russian Autocrat, to set the We gave credit for their professions; we

crown of Poland upon the head of Gusanticipated a generous and most magnapinious policy from the Liberator Alex- tavus, than to pocket it himself

, or give

it to his brother? It was my intention ander, and Frederick, the wise and the sedate. It is now said, however, by to have seriously canvassed the claims of the Courier, the Times, and almost all Russia to Poland; but, really, Sir, it would our Newspapers, that a little Bona

be paying them a compliment which they

do not deserve. Reason need not compartcan leaven is mixed, even in the coinposition of these legitimate Kings. but power—no right but force. Juvenis, coinposition of these legitimate Kings. bat the principles that have no foundation There appears, say these journals, to be a singular assimulation to the politi

PUBLIC REJOICING. cal system of the recent Ruler of France. in all the proceedings of the Congress. Mr. COBBETT.---The public who so Their ideas of regal justice seem not greedily rejoiced, and feasted, and illuvery distant from the policy of usurpa- minated, and were beyoud measure elated tion. Aggrandisement is the word with at the downfall of Buonaparte, as an event all of them. They seem almost inclined that could not fail to do for England all to dispute the climax of injustice with their liearts conld desire; (in which, by Napoleo, and to pay as little regard as the ly, they now begin to see they were himself to the rights of their interiors. mistaken, that public having suffered the His audacity, they add, is wanting ; but late happy peace will America, which I lis rapacity is not left far behind. I have consider to be far more beneficial to often lieard it remarked, that the views the true interests of our country and the of Buonaparte completely identified hiin world, to pass by without any illumination, with the legitimate and hereditary sove- or other more rational mode of expressing je gns of the day. He was as fond of their joy, I, who am sorry for the omisgoverning imperiously, as careless of the sion, have considered what it would have rights and welfare of his subjects, and cost me to illuminate on that occasion, the rights of his neighbours, as if his an- and determined to devute that sum as far cestors had sat for centuries on thrones, as it will go to the purchase of your and the sceptre had descended to himn valuable Register. By so doing, I shall from some ancient robber, instead of h - materially gratify myself

, pay the debt of ving been forcibly grasped by the rude ratitude to thinse principles, whose aim hands of a modern one. And it seems it has always been to bring about that

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