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peace, and as far as humble efforts go, to eontribute to their spread and encourage- No. 1.---Copy of a Letter from Messrs. Adam, ment. I shall also shew my admiration
Bayard, Clay, Russell, and Gallatin, to the Secreof the writer, whom I consider to be the
tary of State, dated Ghent, Oct. 95, 1814. only one I know, that has set the matter of America in its true light; and whom
SIR ---We have the honour of transmitting hereI respect, as far as I know, which is only with, copies of all our correspondence with the by his Register, as a sound patriot, clear British Plenipotentiaries, since the departure of Mr. writer, and an honest man. If you were Dallas. Although the negociation has not terto publish this in your Register, perhaps minated so abruptly as we expected at that period it might induce others to do the same, or
that it would, we have no reason to retract the opisomething like it; and it is an opportunity nion which we then expressed, that no hopes of for the friends of freedom, to encourage peace as likely to result from it, could be enterher cause, without any extra expence to ained. It is true, that the terms which the British themselves. For few, or none, of the Goverr:ment had so percmptorily prescribed at that friends of peace, I presume, (save those
time, have been apparently abandoned, and that who abstain from principle,) would have the sine qua non then required as a preliminary declined to light up, if it had been gene- to all discussion upon other topics, has been rerally the case. I speak wore particularly duced to an article securing nuerely an Indian pato the inhabitants of towns. Those in
cification, which we have agreed to accept, subject the country, who would have spent money
to the ratification or rej ction of our Government. on the occasion, in other
will perceive that our request for the exnot, because they had not the opportuuity, change of a projet of a Treaty has been eluded, may also adopt the same plan. I embrace and viut in their last note, the British Plenipotetithis occasion, Sir, to thank you for your liaries have advanced a demand not only new and past efforts, for your country's good. Go inadmissible, but totally incompatible with their on, I entreat you, in the useful work you uniform previous declarations, that Great Britain have so long, and so admirably conducied. had no view in this negociation to any acquisition
The time is coming, I hope, when your of territory. It will be perceived that this new labours will be justly appreciated, and produce good fruit. War liaving ceased, the accounts had been received cliat a British force
pretension was brought forward immediately after corruption has lost half its food. The ne
had iakon possession of all that part of the State Çessity of strict economy, and the ill effects of extravagant expenditure, and of Massilehusetis
, situate Euse of Penobscot river.
The Britisii Plenipotentiaries have invariably rethe chimerital ideas we have entertained,
ferred 10 licir Government every note received will occasion reflection, and that must shew us the true causes of the mischief, com ex, and waited the return of tlu ir tuessenger and dispose the whole community to ad-belore they have transmitted to us their answer ; mire, and imitate those principles which
and the whole tenor of the correspondence, as well
üs the manner in which it has been conducted on would have prevented it; and to follow which affords now the best chance of re
the pail vi ihe British Government, have concurred
lo convince us, that their uluject has been delay; storation to that happy state we were once in Heartily wishing this cousun
their mulives for this policy we presume to have mation, I am your admiter and well been, to keep the alternative of peace or a pro: racted wisher,
War in their oiva hanıls, until a general arrangement of European atfairs should be accomplished
at the Congress of Vienna, and until they could STATE PAPERS,
avail iheiaselves of the advantages, which they have
anicipisicd troia the success of their arnis, during Message to the Senate and Ilonse of Rin the prescut campaign in America. Alilough the
presentatives of the United States. Suvereigus uko hud determined to be present at I transinit, for the information of Congress, the
the Congress of Vienna have been already severa,
weeks assembled there, it does not appear by the communications last received from the Ministero
last advices from that place that the Congress lias Extraordinary and Plenipotentiasy of llie United
buen formally openerl. On the contrary, by States of Glent, explaining the course and ućival state of their negociation with the Plenipotentiaries
caularation from the Plenipotentiaries of the Pow. of Great Britain.
115, who were parties to the peace of Paris ol' 30tia JAMES MADISON,
May last, the opening of the Congreso appears Dec 1, 1814.
!o have bien postponed to the first of November, A memorial is said to have been presented by the vernment of the United States, a more satisfacto:y Fiench Ambassador Talleyrand, in which it is de proof of the conciliatory spirit of his Majesty's: clured, that France having returned to her boun. Government cannot be given, than by not requiring daries in 1792, can recognize none of the aggran ang stipulation on thuse subjects, which, though diseinants of the other great Powers of Europe most important in themselves, un longer, in consesince that perio'l, although not intending to oppose quence of the maritime pacification of Europe, them by war. These circumstances indicate that produce the same practical results. On the subibe new basis for the political system of Europe, ject of the Fisheries, the undersigned expressed will not be so specdily setied us had been expected, with so much frankness, at the couference already The principle thus assumed by France is very ex- referred to, the views of their Government, that tensive in its etfects, and opens a field for negocia- they consider any further observations on that topic tion inch wider than had been anticipated. We as unnecessary at the present time. On the questhink it does not promise en aspect of immediate tion of the bouqdary between the dominions of his tranquillity 10 this Contincul, and that it will dis- Majesty and those of the United States, the underconcert particularly the measures which Grent Brio signed are lcd to expect from the discussion whicle taip has been taking with regard to the future desti- this subject has already undergone, that the North nation of this country, among others, and to which Westeru boundary, froin the Lake of the Woods to $lic has attached apparently much importance. the Mississipipe (the intended arrangeinent of 1803) We have the lionour to be, with great respect, Sir, will be adınitted without objectiou. In regard your very humble servants, Joun QUINCY ADAMS, to other boundaries, the American PlenipotenJ. A. BAYARN, H. Clay, Jond. Russell, Liaries, in their noic of August 24, appeared in some ALBERT GALLATIN.
measure, tu object to the propositions then made by the undersigneil, as not being on the basis of
uti possidetis. The undersigned are willing to No. [X-NOTE from the British to the American
trcal on that basis, subject to such "modifications Ministers.-October 21, 1814.
as mutual convenience may be found to require ; The undersigned 'lave had the lionour of receiving and they trust the the American Plenipotentiaries the note of the American Pleniporentiaries, of the will shew, by their ready acceptance of this basis, 13th instant, communicating the acceptance of their that they duly appreciate the moderation of his article, which the undersigned had prepared on the Majesty's Government in sy far consulting the bonoe subject of the pacificas o:) and rights of the Indian and fair pretensions of the United States, -as in the Nations. The undersigned are liappy in being relative situation of vie iwo countries, to authorise thuis relieved from the necessity of securring to such a proposition. The undersigued avail themseveral topics, which tiwugh they arose in the selves of this opportunity to renew to the American course of their discussions, liave only an incidental Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their bigh cona connection with the differences remaining to be sideraiion. (Sigued) GAMBIER, Hendy Goula adjusted between the two countries. Witli a view
BORN, WILLIAM ADAM. 10 this adjustment, the undersigned preterring, in the present state of the negotiation, a general state
No. X.-VOTE from the American to the Brio ment to the formal arrangement of articles, are
uisli Ministers ---Oct. 24, 1814. willing so far to comply will the request of the American Plenipotentiaries, contained in their last Thc wodersigned have the honour to acknowledge rivle, as 10 waive the advantage to which they think the receipt of the Note of the British Plenipoten, they were fairly entitled, or' requising from them tiaries of the 21st instant. Amongst the general the first projel of a treaty. The undersi nedd have observations which the undersigned, in their Note ving stated at the first conference the points, trpion of the 24ih August, made on the propositions then w!sich his Majosty's Government considered the wronght forward on the part of the British Govern. discussions between the two countries as likely to ment, they remarked that those propositions were turn, cannot letter satisfy the request of the founded neither on the basis of uti possidetis, nor Anericu Plezipotenturies than by referring ilien on that oi status ante bellum. But so far were they 10 ha conference for a statement of the points, from suggesting the uti possidetis as the basis on wisich in the opinion of lois Majesty's Governinent, which they were dispused to creat, that in the same yet renain to be adju text. With respect to the sole they espressly stated, that they had been forcible seizure of masines from on board merchunt instructed to conclude a peace on the principle vesstis on the high seas, and the right of the of buth parties restoring whatever territory, they King of Great Britain to the allegiance vi all his might have taken. The undersigned also declared, Bikiive subjects, and with respect to the maritime in that Nort, that they had no authority to ceda ziglots of the British Empire, the undersigned con. any part of the territory of the United States, and ceive, thu nter the pretensiops asserted by the Go- that io no stipulatiou lo that effect would they sube
scribe ; and in tlie Vole of the 9th September, after ceived. We have the honour to be, with perfect having shewn that the basis of uti possidetis, such respect, your ubedient servants, Jous QUINCY as it was known to exist at the commencement of | ADAMS, J. A. BAYARD, H. CLAY, Joxa, Ros. Wie negociation, gave no claim 10 his Britannic SELI, A. GALLATIN. Majesty to cessions of territory founded upon the right of conquest; they added, that even if the No. XII.---NOTE from the British to the Amechances of war should give to the British arms
rican Ministers.--October 31, 1814. a momentary possession of other parts of the terri
The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge tory of the United Siates, such events would not
the receipt of the note addressed to them by the alier iheir views with regard to the terms of peace | Anwrican Plenipotentiaries on the 24th instant, in to which they would give their consent.
The undersigned can now only repeat those declarutions, which they object to the basis of uti possidetis proand decline treating upon the basis of uti possidetis
, posed by the undersigued, as that on which they
are willing to treat in regard to part of the boundaor upon any other principle involving a cession of any part of the territory of the United States. As ries between the do:inions of liis MInjesty and those
of the United States. The American Plenipotentiathey have unitornily sta:ed, iliey can treat only upon ries in their note of the 13th instaut, requested the the principles of a mutual restoration of whatever
undersigned to communicate 10 cm the projet of territory may have been taken by either party.
a treaty, embracing all the points insisted on by From this principle they cannot recede; and the
Great Britain, engaging on their part to deliver undersigned, after the repeated declarations of the
immediately after a contra projet as to all the British Plenipotentiaries, that Great Britain bad
articles to which they might not agree, and as to uld do view to acquisition of territory in this negocia- the subjects deenied inuterial by the United States, tion, decm it necessary to add, that the utility of and onitted in the projet of the undersigned. The its comingance depends on their adherence to this principle. The undersigned having declared in ondersigned were accordingly instructed to waive
the question of etiquette, and the advantage wbich. ileir Nore' of the 21st of August, that might result fron receiving the first communication, although instructed and prepared
and confiding in the engagegent of the American into an amicable discussion of all the points,
Plenipotcntiaries, communicuted in their 104cs of on which differences or uncertainty had existed,
the 21st instant, all the points upon wluch they ars and which might hereafter tend to interrupt the instructed to insist
. The Ansericau Plenipotensiaharmony of the two countries, they would not make ries, have obječted.w.ene essential part of the pas the conclusion of the peace at all depend upon a successful result of the discussiur ; and having since jet thus communicated, but before the undersigned
can enter into the discussion of this objection, they agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the British Government, had believed that the negotia- inal, pursuant to their engagement, they will dci
must require from the American Plenipotentiaries tion, already su long protracted, could not be brought
ver a contra-projet containing all their vhjections to in early cobielusion otherwise ihan by the conimunication of a projet, embracing all the other ther with a statement of such further points as ibe.
1o the points submitted by the undersigned, logespecific propositions which Great Britain intended Government of the United Sinies consider to be W ofer. They repeat their request in that repell, material. The undersigned are authorised to stato and will have no objecijou to a simulaneous ex.
distinc.ly, thai the article as ro‘ihe pacification, change of the projets of both parties. This course will bring fairly into discussion the other topics, ed, they have brought forward their note of the
and rights of the Indian nations having been acceptembraced in the last nule of the British. Plenipotens 1st instant, all the propositions they have to offer. tiaríes, to which the undersigned liare twort it They have no fur:lier in demands io wake, na oldier sadecessary to advert at ile present simne. The undersigried review to the British Plenipotentia:ies and they are empowered io sign a Treaty of Peace
stipulations on which they are iustructed to intist, the assurance of their ligho consideration. (Signed) furthwith in conformity with idiose stated in ideia
Jon's QUINCY ADAMS, JAMES A. BAYABD, HENRY CLAY, JUNATHAN Russell, d. Cak i at the American I'lenipulentiaries will no louger
former vote. The undersigned Irust, theretipre.
hesitate to bring forward, in form of nucles or No. XI.---Copy of a Leiter from the American sitions upon which they are empowered 10 sign a
otherwise as they may prefer, those specific propoCutomissioners to the Secretary of State, dated Treaty of Peace between the iwo comotries. I'he Ghent, October 31, 1814.
undersigned avail themselves of the pseut,opporlila 812,---The detention of the Chauncey.at Osteno, nity to renew to the Plenipotentinries of the United enables us to send the inclosed Note from the
states the assurance of their high consideration, British Plenipotentiarics, which we have just reo (Signed) Gambler, 11. GOUIZURI, W AL, Abx.
Capt. Blakeley's official Account. felt myself compelled to forego the satisfaction of
Uustroying the prize. Our braces having been Cupy of a Letter from Jounsov BLAREL1Y, Esq. cut away, we kept off the wind until others could,
Commander of the United States sloop of war be rove, and with the expectation of drawing the Wasp, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated second bing from his companions, but in the last United States' ship. Wasp. September 11, 1814,
We were disappointed. The second brig cominged
to apprvach us until she came close to our stern, lat. 40. N. long. 16. W.
when she hauled by the wind, ficed her broadside, Srr ---After a protracted and tedious stay at
which cut our rigning and sails considerably, and, L'Orient, I had at last the pleasure of leaving that shot asay a lower main cross tree, and retraced place on Saturday the 27th August. Ou the 3811
her steps to join her ccnsort, when we were neces. captarer the British brig Lentice, flenry Cockbaiu, si:ated abandon the prize; he appeared in abaster, and 31st August The British brig Bum every respect a total wreck. He continued for Accord, Adam Purny, niaster. In the morning of some time fring guns of distress, until probably the 1st September discovered a convoy of ten sail delivered by the two last vessels who made their 10 leeward, in charge of the Armada, 74, and a
appearance. The second brig could have engaged bomb ship; stood for them, and succeeded in cut
us if he bad thought proper, as be neared us ting out the British brig Mary, John D. Allen, mas
fast, but contented himseif with firing a broadside, ter, laden with brass cannon taken froin the Spa and immediately returned ':0 liis companions. rriards, imp cannon and military stores, from Gibral. It is willi real satisfaction I have again the pleasure car to England, renoved the prisoners, set her on
of bearing testimony 10 thic merits of Lieutenant fire, and endeavouredd to capture another of the , Reilly, Tillinghurst, Baury, and sailing-master Carr: couvoy, but was chased off by the Armada. On and to the goud conduct of every officer and man the evening of the same day, at hali-past six, on board the Wasp. Their divisions and deparswhile going free, discovered four vessels nearly at
ments were attended and supplied with the utmost the same time, two on the starboard, and two on
regularity and abundance, which, with the good the larvoard by huuled up for the one most on the order ruaintained, together with the vivacity apd starboard buw, 'bearibiest to windward. At precision of their lire, reflects on them the greatest seven the chace (i brig) commenced making sig- credit. Our loss is two killed and one slightly nals with flugs, which could not be distinguished wounded with a wad.. The hull received four round. fus want of light, and soon after wade various ones
sliut, and the furemast many grape shot, Qur rig. with lanterns, rockets and guns. Al 26 minutes sing and sails suffered a great deal. Evety damage arier nine, having the chace under our lee bow, the
was repaired the day atier, with the exception of 12 pound carronade was directed to be tired into
our sails. Of the vessel with whom we were engahin, which he returned; ran under liis lee to pre-ged, nothing pusitive can be said, with regard to sent his escaping, and at nine minutes after nine her yenye er force. While hailing him previous ty commenced the action. At 10 o'clock believing his being fired into, it was blowing feesh (and thien The enemy lo' be silenced, orders were given to going ten knots) and the name was not distinctly, cease firing, when I hailed and asked if he had understood. Of her force, the four shot which surrendercd. No answer bring given to this and struck us are all thirty-two lbs, in weight, being gis fore having recomnienced, it was again returned.
a pound and three quarters heavier than any we had Al 12 minutes after 10, the cnemy having suikered belonging to our vessel. From this circumstance, greatly and baving inade no return to our two last the number of men in her tops, her general appuasbroadsides, 1 hailed him the sccond tirne, to know
ance and great length, she is beliered to one of if he had surrendered, when he answered in the the largest briys in the British navy. I have this affitmalive. The guns wero then ordered to be honour, &c. &c. secered, and the boat lowered to take possessiun,
J. BLAKELEY. In she act of lowering the boat a second brig was discovered a line distance a stern and standing for P. s. I am told the enemy, after his surrendere us. Sent the crew to their quarters, prepared asked for assistance, and said he wus sinking. The erety thing for another action, and awaited his probability of this is confirmed by his firing signala coming up; at 36 minutes afier ?0, discovered two guns for some time after his capture. The uclivg mute sail A-stern standing towards ys. I now took place in lat. 47. 30. N. long. 11 W.
Printed and Published by G. Houston: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to the
Editor are requested to be forwarded,
VOL. XXVII. No. 5.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.
HAMPSHIRE MEETING. that it first reached the High Sheriff,
notwithstanding that, in all other cases, Property Ten-Trick of the London an application to the former is looked Press,
upon, and, in law, is an application to HAVING taken a part personally at this the latter. meeting in my own county, it was not These circumstances would have been my intention to have made its proceed- almost unworthy of notice, if they had ings a subject of observation in print, not had an effect upon the proceedings because it secins rather unfair to avail of the day; but, as will be seen presentmyself of an advantage, not possessed ly, they had a very material effect upon by those gentlemen, from whom I had those proceedings, and tended to shent, the misfortune to differ in opinion. But, in no very amiable light, the character I am compelled to do this, on the present and real views of the party, by whom eccasion, in my owa defence, seeing that the second Requisition was urged forthe London daily news-papers have ward. For my part, I signed neither of wholly misrepresented the proceedings; the Requisitions, and, until my arrival at bave garbled every thing that they have Winchester, had had no communication touched; have suppressed the Petition with any one upon the subject. I had which I moved; have exbibited me as determined upon the course to pursue, guilty of the most glaring inconsistency, and left co-operation to chance, bead as having behaved in a disorderly ing ten thousand times more anxious to and even ridiculous manner. I shall, I inculcate a sound principle of two, as to trust, therefore, be excused for giving the rights and liberties of my couatry, an account of the Proceedings, through than to relieve myself from the Property the only channel that I have access to, Tax, and all the other taxes put togeespecially as the discussion embraced ther! some great political principles, in which About eleven o'clock that is to say,about the nation are, of course, deeply inter- an hour before the Meeting took place, some ested. When I have given an account of gentlemen joined me at the inn where I
the Proceedings, I will give an account was. Sometime after this, I drew up a lof the Trick of the London daily Press, petition to offer to the Meeting, in case and endeavour to open the eyes of the the one to be presented by the Whigs, public to the true character of that ve should not be such as I approved of. So nal instrument of all that is hypocritical far was I from having time to copy the and corrupt.
paper, I was drying the ink at the fire, Before we come to the Meeting itself, when word was brought us, that the We ought to notice the previous steps. A Meeting was begun. Cramming the paRequisition to the Sheriff, signed by 53 per into my pocket, without reading it gentlemen, was left with the Deputy even once over, I hastened to the Castle, Sheriff at Winchester. These gentlemen and entered the Court-house in the midWere, principally, land-owners as well as dle of a speech of Mr. PORTALL, wlto, farmers, but none of them distinguished I learnt, had opened the business of the as belonging to either of the Parties, as day. The fairest way for me to act as to they are usually termed. After this Re- this Speech, is to insert the report of it quisition was set on foot, another was put as I find it in the Times newspaper of the in circulation by what is, ludicrously 25th of January. The speech was an enough, called the Whigs; and, though hour long; but, really, the reporter has the former petition was first in the hands had the ability to bring into about ten of the Deputy Sheriff, the Meeting was minutes compags all the material points called upon the latter, on the ground, of it. The Speech was delivered with