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have been a fabrication ; but the publica-1" sistent with ou selves, we must in like tion of it never was complained of in the “ manner' maintain the doctrine of NO House; the

report was never contradicted “ PEACE WITH JAMES MADI. in the newspapers; and, at any rate, when “SON............ coupled with the Proclamation of the Ad- “ Can we doubt, that a vigorous effort on miralty, Mr. Madison could not help look- our part will annihilate the power of a ing upon it as very nearly proof positive of “ faction, alike hostile to Britain, and fatal our Government's determination to depose to America? Is not the time propitious him; that is to say, to destroy the Consti- “ for WINNING AT LEAST THE tution of the Republic.

“ SOUNDER AND BETTER PART Besides, these documents went to Ame- “ OF THE AMERICANS TO AN rica accompanied with the menacing lan- " UNION OF INTERESTS WITH guage of our press; or, at least, all that "THE COUNTRY FROM WHENCE part of the press which was most in vogue,

“ THEY SPRUNG?”. which was most cherished by the rich, and

........ Again, in the same which was looked upon as speaking the paper of a date a few months later :-“The voice of persons having great influence. * * ill-organized association, is on the eve The prints of this description, the moment of dissolution ;' and the world is speedily

Napoleon was down, changed, all at once, "to be delivered of the mischievous extheir tone with regard to America. They “ ample of the existence of a Government had before talked of our maritime rights; “ FOUNDED ON DEMOCRATIC they had apologized for the war; they had “REBELLION.” called it a war of necessity; they had affected I need insert no more.

This was the to lament that necessity; they had been ex- language of the favoured and patronised pressing their hopes of the return of peace part of the English press. It is impossible with our misled brethren in America. But no to efface these passages. They speak in sooner was Napoleon put down, than these language which can neither be misundersame prints proclaimed the necessity of con- stood nor misrepresented. tinuing the war for the purpose of subduing

In addition to these clear unequivocal the Republic; of bringing her to subjection; indications, we must not omit to bear in of putting down her Government; of bring- mind the article, which appeared in all our ing to an union with us a part, at least, of London prints, some weeks after the peace the States; of rooting out her democratical of Paris, statiny, that there was a secret principles. They declared, that no peace article in that treaty, pledging the Contiwas to be made with James Madison, whom wental Powers not to interfere in the war, they called a TRAITOR and a REBEL. or the dispute, between England and AmeBut observe well, that the main object con- rica. This was something very remarkstantly kept in view by these prints was able ; for the article was given as an exthe necessity of delivering the world of the tract from the Vienna Gazette. How EXAMPLE of the existence of a Go- could it get into that Gazette, which, all vernment founded on DEMOCRATICthe world knows, contains nothing disaprebellion. To quote all, or a hundredth proved of by the Government? Ilow could part, of the instances that I am here speak the article get there? It related to a mating of, would fill a large volume. I will, ter of very great importance. Uncommonly therefore, content myself with a few pas- important it was. The editor, the mere sages from the Times newspaper of the last editor of a Paper at Vienna was not likely two weeks of the month of April, 1814. to think much, or care much, about Ame

“It is understood that part of our army roc., or her dispute. Why should be invent Wir France will be immediately trans- the story of such a secret article ? Be the

ferred to America, to FINISH the war cause of this article what it might, the ef“there with the same glory as in Europe, fect certainly was very great. The fact, " and to place the peace on a foundation which was taken for granted by the eneequally firm and lasting.”.

mies of liberty hcre, encouraged them to “ The American Government proceed in urging the continuance of the "is, in point of fact, is inuch a tyranny war; they told the people, that there was

(though we are far from saying it is so no danger now, that all the Powers of " horrible a one) as was that of Bonaparte: Europe were of one mind ; that there was " and as we firmly urged the principle of no fear, in the present state of France, of

no perce with Bonaparte; so, to be con- her leading the Americans any assistance;

that all the maritime powers were

ex- to see JIr. Nadison deposed; therefore they hausted by the war ; that they stood in wished to see an aristocratical fiction ceed of long repose to recover themselves ; raised up against the Republican Go:ernthat, in fact, their feet and seamen were ment; they thought, that war, necessarily pearly all gone; that now! now! NOW producing taxes leavier than the RepubOR NEVER! was the motto; that, by licans had ever been used to, would fura good hearty exertion, this Republic, this wish the aristocratical faction with a plaudangerous example to the world, might be sible ground of complaint; they were in for ever got rid of. There were many hopes of thus producing, first, violent oppoamongst these publishers and their patrons, sition to the war ; next, something like who hoped for, who expected, and who en-open REBELLION; next u division on couraged the notion of, a re-colonization of the States ; and, last, the conquest or overthe Republican States. They openly pro- throw of the whole. This was the main claimed this; and, indeed, I verily believe, ground of hope with these malignant pubthat, about four months ago, a great part lishers; these enemies of real freedom; of the nation had been persuaded, that the these sons and daughters of Bribery and project would be accomplished very speedily. Corruption, whose hearts overflowed with Thus was the war rendered popular; and gall, whose eye-balls wec seared by the 50 popular, that, even in the city of London, sight of a people, who chose their represenand at a Commion Hall, a motion for a pe- tatives every twenty-four months, in the tition against the continuance of the Ame- choosing of whom cvery man paying taxes rican war, though coupled with a call for had a voice, whose chief magistrate even the discontinuance of the Income Tax, was chosen from amongst his fellow-citiwbich that war rendered indispensable, zens every four years, without any pecucould not obtain a moment's hearing. The niary or religious qualification; and whose people were worked up to a senscless spirit whole Government, civil, judicial, military, of resentment, while those who had so and naval, did not cost above a tenth part worked them up, had in view the utter sub- as much as the amount of the Civil List version of the American Republic, and alone in England, though the population with her, the last remains of political lic of the country was nearly equal to that of berty.

England. This was an object that blasted Here, then, we have the real objects of their sight. They could not endure it. They the friends of tyranny; the sons and were mad at the thought of its being left danghters of corruption; the race who never in existence. They saw that, wbile this

can be at heart's case while the sun spectacle was in the world, they were irver • shines upon one free country; upon one safe. It was useless, in their view of the nation happy in the enjoyment of liberty. matter, to have restored the Bourbons, the These people had seen liberty, and the very Pope, the Dominicans, and the Inquisition, hope of liberty, destroyed in France; their while America remained an example and long existing hopes of seeing that object an asylum for the oppressed of all nations. accomplished had been just fully gratified; Hence these malignant writers left nobut they, who are as eunning as they are thing undone to urge the nation on to a wicked, clearly saw that nothing, and, per- continuation of the war. Every art was haps, worse than nothing, was done, unless made use of to encourage an acquiescence the free Constitution of the American Re- in the project. Mr. Madison was held op public could be destroyed. The sons and as the basest of men ; as a traitor, who, daughters of corruption foresaw, that, while at a moment when England was in great this Republic existed, nothing was done; 1 danger from the designs and the power of that the “ example,to use the words of Napoleon, took advantage of our embarthe Times, of the existence of such a Go- rassment, and declared war with a design “ vernment,” would keep Bribery and Cor. to assist him in totally ruining us. . But raption in constant dread and constant the great inducement, the great ground danger; that the example of a people living of hope of anal success was, the expected under a Government such as that of Ame- division of the States. It was well known rica, without tumults, without commotions, that there was an aristocratical faction in would always be a handle for the friends the four States, called the New England, of reform to lay hold of; and, therefore, or Eastern Staies; that some very artsul they anxiously wished for the overthrow of men, in that part of the Union, had stirred that Government; therefore they wished up a sort of rebellion. The influence of

these men was magnified ; and a belief pay my part of it with a great deal less tvas created, that a division would take dissatisfaction. The following is the ar's place. This hope, however, has failed; ticle :-" The reports of the intended mare and you will have the pleasure to see, in " riage of Mrs. Percevat are, we believe, a short time, this faction plunged into irre-"quite unfounded. They have arisen from trievable disgrace and ruin.

“ her intercourse with a neighbour's faHaving now endeavoured to place in a “mily, that of the Rev. Mr. Carr, the clear light, the cause of the war, and the "Clergyman of Ealing, where Mrs. Percauses of its continuance after the Euro- “ ceval lives. Mr. Carr has some charmpean peace, I shall, in another letter, state ing daughters, and to them Mrs. Perthe causes of the peace, and its probable " ceval has within the last two months important consequences.

" shewn particular attention, visiting, and In the meanwhile I remain, with the “having them at home with her frequently. . greatest respect, and most sincere attach- “ The Rev. Mr. Carr has two sons, one a nient, your faithful and obedient servant, “ Colonel, the other a Major in the Army. WM. COBBETT.“ The latter, now at home, is a remark-,

"ably handsome man, about thirty, and he MRS. SPENCER PERCEVAL. “ is the person whom the town taule has

“ destined as the bridegroom, merely beYe lovers of cant! Ye hypocrites, “ cause, on his sisters' account, he has religious, moral, and political ! Draw" shown becoming respect, which has been near and regale yourselves with a treat. becoming!y received by Mrs. Perceval. Here is one who surpasses you all." But Mrs. Perceval is twelve years older The following paragraph from the Courier" than he is, with twelve children, the of the 4th instant, on the subject of " children of our late excellent Prime this lady's reported intended marriage, “ Minister, who fell by the hands of an will make every man of sense and sincerity “ assassin. Mrs. Perceval's love of her laugh. It is clearly discernable, that the children, her reverence for the memory of canting fellow believes the report to be an adored husband, whom she lost under true, and that his object is to frighten the “ circumstances so awful, would be sure safelady with the condemnation of public opi-" guards for her condact, even if it were posnion. Ladies, in such cases, are not so “sible to forget the exalted place she occų. easily frighteneil, let me tell him; and “pies in the eve of society. The heavy grief, they would be fools if they were. “ The “ turning her almost to stone, which she felt * Country lias voted a large pension." He “ for the loss of her husband, the conspimeans the Members of Parliament. But “

cuous part

she has taken among the most what then? Was it made a condition, that “ religious, moral, and amiable class; the exshe should not fall in love with a " hand- ample her conduct has set in all respects,

some liajor .?” Away, you paltry, snivel- “ rendcrs it impossible to bclieve she will ling hypocrite, whoever you may be ; and, take a stop so contrary to the course she perhaps, you may be a rival of the lady. " has hitherto pursued. The Country has Things much more unlikely have been “ done every thing kind and honourable tricko more strange have been played off" to her, voting her a large pension during through the press of London, which has “ life, providing for her children, &c.frequentiy been made the tool in the hands “ Among the children of her late Lord, of those who wished to break ofl, or to " she finds the highest consolation for his make matches. - Well, Madam, (for, “ loss, and she is the last person who will I am se, you are no mun) suppose the “ forget him so far as to throw herself into lady is twelve years older than the Major," the arms of

any other Gentleman, howcould you not have left him to find that

ever deserving." ont? And suppose she has twelve children, did not the Major know that, think vou ?

GERMAN Troors. No ; no ; you'll never persuade the lady, Mr. COLBETT, -To comment upon the that her reputation will suffer from marry employmeat of German troops is liable, in ing a handsome young man. The public some cases, to give offence; but a bare lewill pay her pension as cheerfully when shecital of facts, without observations, surely is Mrs. Carr, as if she had remained Mrs. / no reasonable being can object to. IniPERCEVAL; and, for my own part, I shall pressed with this idea, I conceive I may be

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permitted to state, that the people of this riot in question. And it ought to be fur-
torra did not show any extraordinary ther ricorded, that the sailors contined
syptoms of joy, on the arrival bere of the their proceedings solely to the objects
Brasswick Hussars, who were called in connected with their dispute ; namely, the
by the Jayor to assist in quelling the late preventing marioers from proceeding to
rint ;-and several very respectable inha- sea at the reduced wages, and the liberat-
bitants, who had been summoned, and had ing their comrades who had been taken
attended, in aid of the civil power, declined into custody ; and that, in every other re-
giving uny further assistance when the spect, they avoided offering the slightest
foreign iroops arrived, assigning, as the insult or molestation ; for when, in the
reason, their disapprobatinn of the mea- struggle to effect the release of their com-
sure. I do not pretend to say, whether panions, they had overcome every effort of
these persons thought or acted right or not; the civil power to resist them; when they
neither shall I undertake to decide with bad thus become, as it were, masters of the
whom originated the several disputes in place, they immediately retired with their
which the Germans were engaged wbilst rescued brethren, and the town became as
here; but shall conclude my narrative by peaccable as if nothing had occurred. It
stating; ibat some very unpleasant occurs is but justice to make these facts public;
rences having taken place in the evening for, though the circumstance of breaking
of Tuesday, December 13th, the Hussars open the prison cannot be denied, yet it is
kustily and unexpectedly took their final boped the above considerations may plead,
(but very abrupt) depariure from the town and plead strongly, in mitigation of punish-
about midnight! To the events of that ment. The writer in thc Courier observes,
evening is to be ascribed the circumstance that the Mayor and other Magistrates
alluded to in the following paragraph which deserve, from every peaceable and well-
appeared this day in the Norfolk Chronicle disposed inhabitant, the most sincere
and Norwich Biercury newspapers, under " thanks, as their conduct was greatly to
the head of Lyon news :-“ 'l'he private "be admired.”—Now, Sir, thougli all
“ belonging to the 5th Dragoon Guards, this may be true, and though I believe the
“who was seriously wounded here a short mass of the inhabitants of this town to be
" time since, in a fray with the Brunswick as paccable and well-disposed as most
“ Hussars, we are glad to find is in a fair people, yet they seem not, at present, to
way of recovery." -I am, &c.

have caught the enthusiasn of the Courier's Lynn, Dec. 31st. A BY-STANDER. correspondent. They feel attached to the

character of the British seaman, with all RIOT AT Lynn.

his faults, and with all his errors, they enMR. COBBET 1,-In your second Letter tertain a respect for some political opinions “ to the Cossack Priesthood of the State of their ancestors; but the

sincere " of Massachusetts," inserted in your * thanksfor the much-to-be-admired conRegister of Dec. 24th, you favoured duct above-mentioned, are yet to come. them, and the world at large, with two ex- 'Though by no means deficient in the rights tracts from the Courier newspaper, respect of hospitality, yet 10 expressions of their ing the late riot in this town. -Though admiration have hitherto burst forth at the all due deference should be paid to the jovial entertainment given by the diayor Courier's Lynn Correspondent, who evi-Mat bis own house) to the German Oficers, dently writes in a .tone of dignified hatcur, the day after their arrival.--Now, Sir, and with a proper contempt for those below as animadverting upon certain local politihim, yet certainly the great majority of the cal occurrences, is sometimes a ticklish inhabitants of this populous town, do not point, which no man can more feelingly deappear to bave imbibed his conception of scribe than yourself; and as placards and the subject.-As some of the sailors, or, sarcastic hand-bills are posting and flying (as this writer calls them) “ poor deluded about here in various directions, it would

FELLOWS," are to be tried for their lives, be friendly in you to act as a Monitor to it should be made known, that the mer- the “de!uded” inhabitants of this town, chans and ship-owners have voluntaril, lest, peradventure, through any mistaken acceded to the terms which these “ deluded zeal for the constitutional notions of their “ FELLOWS" first demanded, and the re- ancestors, they sliould fall into perilous fusal to comply with which occasioned the error, by murmuring when they should

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offer their “most sincere thanks,” and by them, ought we not to have a still greater censuring proceedings which are " greatly tenderness for what we consider their lost to be admired!"-remain, Sir, a condition, instead of despising, rejecting, friend to the rea! British Constitution, and punishing them?

Priests may say and to social order, though

what they please, but disinterested men Lynn, Jan. 2, 1815. No GERMAN. will never agree to their positions as to

people " turning a deaf ear," being “ wilON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION. fully blind," or “ hardening their own LETTER IV.

hearts against the truth.” It would be the Nothing is more conirary to Religion than con

grossest presumption in us to arrogate

guch straini." JUSTIN MARTYR; Lib. 5.

power over ourselves. Whatever

appertains to must be an effect, of SIR,- -HELVETIUS remarks “ That which God, or the Devil by his permisu Governments are the judges of actions, sion, is the cause. And would it not be " and not of opinions. If FAITH (says he) much more consistent with Christian cha“ be a gift of Heaven, they who have it rity, to view the different notions of our

not, deserve to be pitied; and not pit- brethren in this favourable light? Those “ nished ;” and adds, “it is the excess of who avow sentiments contrary to popular “ inhumanity to persecute an unfortunate superstitions, and thus incur that contempt "person.” Every age and country far and opprobrium which the bigotry of the nish us with proois, that it is possible for vulgar always bestows, are by far more persons of opposite opinions to live in har- likely to be in earnest than they who conmony together, and with abundant testi- form to general customs and commonly monics that people entertaining the great- leccived opinions; and what impartial est diversity of tenets have been alike man can doubt the sincerity of the Dcists good husbands, fathers, chiidren, and citi- in their religious professions more than zens.--Governments are instituted for the any ciber class of people ? preservation of social order, consequently The reason why the mass of mankind they have a right to look to our conduct; doubt whether there be such persons as which, if they are wise, they can suffi- ferrent Deists, is because they are not ciently regulate by proper civil laws aware of their mode of reasoning; or, if founded on the nature of man, his inte- they are, they do not feel its force; and, rests, and bis wants. If we deport our- like the Deists, cannot diaw the same conselves in a manner compatible with the clusions from the same premises that they good of society, neither legislatures nor do. Duism lias bad nearly as long standindividuals have a just pretence, authori- ing in this country, as the Reformation. tatively, to interfere with our opinions, let It was first promulgated in the reign of them be ever so ridiculous or absurd. As Queen Elizabeth, and is said to bave to Faith, I would say the same of it as Labeen imported from Italy, perhaps from Rochefoucault says of Lore, it is perfectly the circumstance of this country being involuntary, and therefore it is no more in about that time honoured by the visit of our power to believe or disbelieve, than it several eminent Italian philosophers, among is to love or to let it alone. Why, then, per- whom we can name the celebrated Doctors secute a person for a defect in the under-Lucilio Vanini and Giordano Bruno, both standing, or a bias he cannot help? --Will of whom were ultimately led to the stake any reasonable person assert that man and received the crown of martyrdom ; the ever chooses evil for tlie sake of evil? or first at Toulouse, through the good offices of erbraces error because it is error? No! an Attorney-General, and the last at Venice, Fe make choice of bad through our de- from the hands of Inquisitors, for stedprired taste, and tre receive false doe- | fastly adhering to the Doctrines they had trine because we think it true. If this be broached.* The first English writer upon aclmitted, ought not those who deem others the subject was Lord Herbert, of Cherbury, wrang, and conceive themselves to be whose book, “ De l'entate," was published blessed with a knowledge of what is right, in 1624; since which they have had to tare compassion for such as have the mis among their sumber many of the greatest fartire to be deluled with mistaken notions? anit if their fienlties should be so benumbed

* See the Lives of Bruno, Vanini, Spinozit,

Rolin, and Campanella, iu Dayle's General Dicwith prejudice that we cannot convince

tionary.

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