Page images
[ocr errors]

contracted in 1795, subject, however, to modi- | boundary line between the lands of the United fications. After the declaration, publicly made States and those of the Indian Nations, is therein to those Indian Nations, by the Governor-General expressly defined. The general character of the of Canada, that Great Britain would not desert treaty, is that of a treaty with independent nations ; them, could the American Government really and the very stipulation which the American Pleni. persuade itself that no proposition relating to those potentiaries refer to that the Indian nations «hould Nations would be advanced ; and did Lord Castle- sell their lands only to the Cnited States, tends 10 jeagle's Note of the 4th November, 1813, imply so prove that, but for that stipulation, the Indians had great a sucrifice of honour, or exclude from discus- a general rizli to dispose of them. The American sioa erery subject, excepting what immediately re. Governinent, has now for the first time, in eifect lated to the maritime questions referred to in it? declared that all Indian Nations within its line of When the undersignrd assured the American Ple- demarcation are iis subjects, living there upon sufnu potentiaries of the anxious wish of the British ferance, on lands, which it also claims the exclusivo Government that the negociation might terminate right of acquiring, thereby menacing the final in a peace honourable to both parties, it could not extinction of those nations. Against such a sysien, have bien imagined that the American Plenipoten- the undersigned must formally protest. The untiuries would thence conclude that his Majesty's dersiyned repeat, that llie ierius on ubich the proGovernment was prepared to abandon the Indian position has been made for assigning to the Indian Nations to their f#e, nor could it have been fore- Nations sunc boundary, manifest no unwillingness seen that the American Government would have to discuss any other proposition directed to the considered it as derogatory in its honour io admit samc object, or even a modification of that wlicia a proposition by which the tranquillity of those is offered. Great Britain is ready to emer into Nations might be secured. The British Plenipo- the same engagements with respect to the Indiang tentiaries have yel to learn, that it is contrary to living within her line of demarcation, as that the acknowledged principles of public law to in- which is proposed to itie United Staies. It :an, clude Allies in a negociation for peace, or that it is tberefore, only be from a complete misappreliencontrary to the prac:ice of all civilized nations to sion of the proposition that it can be represented propose that a provision should be made for their as being not reciprocal. Neither can it, wiih any future security. The Treaty of Greuville established truth; be represented as contrary to the acknowthe boundaries between the United States and the ledged principles of public law, as derogatory to Indian Nations. The American Plenipotentiaries the honour, or inconsistent with the rigues of the must be aware, Ihat the war which has since broken American Government, nor as a demand required ou: has abrogated that treaty. Is it contrary to the

to be admitted without discussions. After this full established principles of public law for the British exposition of the sentiments of his Majesty's GoGovernment to propose, on behalf of its Allies, | vemment on the points above stated, it will be for that this treaty shall, on the pacification, be con- the American Plenipotentiaries tu dctermine, whesidered sulject to such modifications as the case ilier they are ready now lo coprinue the negociamuy render necessary? Or, is it unreasonable lotions; wliether they are disposed 10 reter io their piropose, that this stipulation should be amended, Goverument for further instructions; or lasıly, and that on that foundation some arrangement whether they will take upon themselves the responshould be made which would provide for the exist-sibility of breaking off the negociation altogether. ence of a Neutral Power between Great Britain The undersigned request the American Plenipoand the United States, calculated to secure to both tentiasies to accept the assurances of their high a longer continuance of the blessings of peace?

consideration. (Signed) GAMBER, HENRY " So far was that specific proposition respecting GOOLBURN, William Adam.” the Indian boundaries from being insisted upon in the note, or in the confereuce which preceded it, as one to be admitted without discussion, that it Cheni Sept. 9, 1814.-"The undersigned have would have been difficult to use terms of greater had the honour to receive the note of his Britannic latitude, or which appeared more adapted, not only Majesty's Plenipotentiaries, dated the 4th instant. not to preclude but to invite discussion. If the If, in the lone or substance of the former note of the bases proposed could convey away oue thisd of the undersigned, the British Commissioners bave perterritory of the United States, the American Go-ceived little proof of any disposition on the part of verument itself must have conveyed it away by the the American Goverument, for a discussion of some of Greuville Treaty of 1793. It is impossible to read the propositions advanced in the first note, which that treaty without remarking how insuusistent the undersigned had the honour of receiving from the present pretensions of the American Guvern hem, they will ascribe it to the nature of the pro-ment are, will its preamble and provisious, be positions thenusedres, to their apparent incompa


iibility with the assurances in Lord Castlereagli's the United States, been the declared object of their leiter to the American Secretary of State, proposing Government. From the commencement of the war this negociation, and with the solemn assurances of to the present time, the American Government the British Plenipotentiaries themselves, to the has been always willing to make, peace, without undersigned at their first conferences with them. obtaining any cession of territory, and on the sule The undersigned, in reference to an observation of condition that the maritime questions might be sathe British Plenipotentiaries, must be allowed 10 tisfactorily arranged. Such was their disposition say, that the objects which the Government of the in the month of July, 1812, when they instructed United States had in view, lave not been withheld. Mr. Russell 10 make the proposal of an arnsistice; The subjects considered is suitable for discussion in the month of October of the sanje year, when were fülrly brought forward in conferences of the Mr. Monroe answered Admiral Warren's proposals 9th ult. and the terms on which the United States to the same effect; in April, 1813, when instrucwere willing in conclude the peace, were frankly tions were given to three of the undersigned, thep and expressly declared in the Note of the under appointed to treat of peace, under the mediation of signed, dated the 24th ultimo. It had been confia Russia ; and in January, 1814, when the instrucdently hoped that the nature of those terms, so

tions under which the undersigned are now acting, evidently framed in a sincere spirit of conciliation, were prepared. would bàve induced Great Britain to adopt them The proposition of the British Plenipotentiaries as tlie basis of a treaty: and it is with deep regret is

, that in order to secure the frontiers of Canada ilial. the undersigned, if they liave rightly under against attack, the United States should lease their * stood the meaning of the last Note of the British

own without defence : and it seems to be for · Plenipotentiaries, perceive that they still insist on gouten, ihat if their superior population, and the the exclusive military possession of the Lakes, and proximity of their resources give them any adyanon a permanent boundary and independent territory tage in that quarter, it is balanced by the great dil for the Indians residing within the dominions of the ference between the military establishments of the United States. The first demand is grounded on the two nations. No sidden invasion of Canada by supposition, that tho American Government has the United States could be made, without leaving manifesied, by its proceedings towards Spani, by the

on their dilantic sliores, and on the ocean exposed acquisition of Louisiana, by purchase of Indian

10 the great superiority of the British force, a mass "lands, and by an avowed intention of permanently, of American property, far more valuable than Cam

nada. annexing the Canadas to the United States, a spirit

In - her relativé superior-force to that of of aggrandisement and conquest, which justifies the the United States in every other quarter. Great

Britain demands of extraordinary sacrifices from them, to

may find a pledge much more efficacious provide for the security of the British Possessions for the safety of a single vulne able point, than in America. In the observations which the under- in stipulations ruinous to the interests and degrad. signed felt it their duty to make on the new de- ing to the honour of Aine:ica. The best secutity mands of the British Government, they confined for the possessions of both countries will, however, their animadversions to the nature of the demands be found in an equal and solid peace; in a mutual themselves; they did not seek for illustrations of respect for the rights of each other, and in the cultithe policy of Great Britain in her conduct, in various vation of a friendly understanding between them. quarters of the globe, towards other nations, for she If there be any source of jealousy in relation to was not accountable to the United States. Yet the Canada itself, it will be found to exist solely in undersigned 'will say, that their Government has the undue interference of traders and agents, which ever been ready to arrange in the most amicable may be easily removed by proper restraints. The mander with Spain, the ques’ions respecting the only American forts on the Lakes known to have boundaries of Louisiana and Floridas, and ihat of been at the commencement of the negociation held indemnities acknowledged by Spain due to American by British forte are Michillimackinac and Niagara. citizens. Ilow the peaceable acquisition of Loui. As the United States were, at the same time, in siaua, or the purchase of lands within the acknow- possession of Amherstburg and the adjacent counledged territory of the United States, both made urg, it is not perceived that the mere occupation by tair and voluntary treaties for satisfactory cqui- of those two forts could give any claim to lis Brivalents, can be ascribed to a spirit of conquest dan, tannic Majesty to large cessions of territory, founded gerous to their neighbours, the undersigned are alto. upon the right of conquest; and the undersigued gether at a loss to understand, Nor has the coriquest of Canada, and its permanent annexation to

(To be continued.)

[ocr errors]

Printed and Published by G. HOUSTON: No. 192, Strand ; where all Communications addressed to the

Iditor üre requested iu be forwarded.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

To the Knights Grand Crosses, Com | BULWARK 'man, seems to have been

minders ond Companions of the Orders applied to by this BULWARK Spaniard of the BULWARK and the HEN-) in preference to the Government here, ŘIADE, lately assembled in fullthough one would have thought, that he Chapter, at HERTFORD, in New would fly to his old friends to be received England.

with open arms.

Mr. WHITBREAD has Botly, 22 Feb. 1815. made several very eloquent speeches GENTLEMEN,

upon the subject; but, to say the truth, As your occupation appears to have they have produced but little effect upon been suddenly put an end to by the me, and this for two reasons: First, peace, which our Government has had these Bulwark men fought and wrote for the wisdom to make with yours, it may Ferdinand; they called every one a traiamuse and please you to be informed how tor and a miscreant, who did not wishi the glorious work of deliverance proceeds for the restoration of the ancient family, in Europe. I was highly delighted to the venerable institutions. In the course perceive, that you were very careful to of their proceedings, they levelled their avail yourselves of the aid of the Cossack swords and their pens against the lives Priesthood, during your lale delibera- of all those, who wished not to be deli tions. The long prayers, which it was vered; they drew foril thic sweat au resolved those gent.y should put up, two blood of their country against him who or three times a day, was not the least had put down the Monks and the Inquiinteresting part of your measures. It sition ; they persecuted every man, who must glad your hearts to hear, that the acro: as if he dreaded the deliverance Pope, the Jesuils, all the monks (except of Spain. In their turn they are persein disorganized France) have been not cuteil; they are sent to jails and galleys ; only delivered, but fully re-established by an:, you will please to observe, that they the efforts of the BULIVARK; and that, sufic: this from those for whom they had in Spain, the HOLY INQUISITION has fought, in whose behalf they bad persebeen so corapletely delivered from the cuted vihers, and are delivered up, too, * feli grasp," as Mr. RANDOLPA calls it, by an English (overnor. I think, may of Napoleon ; that it is now under the it please your Knighthoorls, that ihisi paternal sway of “Terdinand the veloved," | as suitable, as fit, as exemplary, as any in full vigor of operation for the support human occurrence can well be. My of “ Social Order, and of ancient and other reason for taking litile interest in * venerable establishments." In this the fate of these men, is, that I feel more operation, it has laid hold of --who, think for persons in our English, Scotch, and you? Why of those men, who, for se- Irish jails. The patriot, who is sent to Teral years, were figliting and writing the galleys, was charged with the crime for " Ferdipand the beloved:” that is to of LIBEL. lie, it is acknowledgerda say, for the BULWARK against the de- wrote a letter to the beloved Ferdinand, strøver of venerable institutions. Some advising him to adopt a new gorernment of these " Patriots,” as they were called, in Spain; that is to say, io consent to a having takeu refuge in our fortress of revolution, that horrid ihing, which is so Gibraltar, bave been given up by our contrary to those ancient and venerable Goverior to the beloved Ferdiriand, institutions, to restore which so mucha whose Government has sent one of them blood and movey has been expanded; to work in the galleys for ten years. and for the restoration of which you have Another of them has escaped to England, so long and so ferventiy prayed through Where his cause has been espoused by the nose, with your eyes turned up toMr. WAIBREAD, who, though not a wards the ceiling Now, while there aa

so many men in our jails for writing Jin favour of this law, tell us, or, rather, telt bels; while I recollect that so many Gen- the Parliament, that our farmers cannot tlemen were sent from Scotland to Botany sell so cheap as those who pay no tythes, Bay, on the charge of attempting a revo- poor-rates, and, comparatively, very lution in our Government; and, while I little in taxes of any sort. What is this hear no word from Mr. WHITEREAD in but attacking tythes, one of the most their behalf, that gentleman must excuse ancient and venerable institutions in the me, if I am very little moved by his elo-whole world! and these are Bulwark quence, great as it is, in behalf of these men, too, who petition in these terms ! Spaniards. There is a Mr. LOVELI., who in France they have not been able to bas been in our jail of Newgate about restore tythes; or, in your language, to four years and a half. His offences deliver the country from the want of were, copying a short paragraph from a tythes. They liave not been able to restore country paper relative to the operation of the gabelles, the corvées, the feudal the PROPERTY Tax, and publishing courts, laws and rights, nor have they another paragraph, or letter, relative to yet seen a Monk in France since the the conduct of the Transport Board to-days of Brissot. They have put up the wards French prisoners of war. He Bourbons ; bat, they have not put dow! ntight be in error in both instances; but, the code Nspoleon.- At the same time his affidavits shewed, that he was the I am reminded of an occurrence that will author of neither publication ; that he give you both pleasure and pain: I mean copied one, inadvertently, from a country the attempt to assassinate Napoleon by newspaper, and that he did not examine the hand of some bired villain. It will the other with sufficient care. He was give you pleasure that a villain has been sentenced to eighteen months imprison- found to attempt the deed, and pain to ment for each, and was fined besides; know that it has not s&cceeded. Your and he is now in jail, where he has been manifesto has excited a great deal of for a year and a half, wanting ability to anger in cui Bulwer's newspapers, one of pay his fines. Mr. Houston is suffering which observes, that it was

hoped and two years imprisonment and five for a “expected, that the Herrtord Delegates book on religion. Away, then, with the “would have declared a separation of the complaints of Don Carrea and Don Puig- “ union at once.” On the other hand, you blanc and all the Dous in the universe, are held in the utmost contempt. 'till Mr. Lovell and Mr. Houston and had courage to menace, but not enough to others find somebody to feel and to strike.--If any of you were, however, to spcok for them.---It will vex you rery do here what you have actually done in much to know, that the French revolution America; that is, to endeavour 10 overane has produced remarkably beneficial the King and Parliament, you would be consequences to the commitry. It is now banged, have your bowels ripped out acknowledged, and even proclained, by and flung in your faces, have your bodies our Bulwark newspapers, that France cut in quarters, and the quarters placed has greatly improred in agriculture, at the king's disposal.----llow foolish during whiat is called her state of that would make Hinriade men look! disorganization, though we were told

Yours to command, by ibiese save newspapers, and

WILLIAM COBBETT our insipid and hireling Mr. Walse, that Napoleon had left none bnt old

TIIE BUDGET. men, women, and children to cultivale the land. These poor, feeble creatures This is now a most interesting topic. have got the land into such a fine state, I shall, therefore, insert the Bullget-Speech that we are compelled to resort 10 a lax at full length, and when I have so done, to protect our farmers against their corn, I shall offer thercon such remarks as apin which article they undersell us in our pear to me likely to be useful. own markets. The truth is, that, in addition to this great improvement in the The Chancellor of the Exchiquit, in state of France, the Bulwark var has callilig the attention of the Ceni niittee to left us a load of taxes, which the land the l'ilancial measures of lihich lie bad cannot pay without high prices. The given notice, stated that ihe House was petitions, which have been presented in aware that the Property Tax would r8



pire on the 5th of April next, and that he believed that the Commissioners enseveral other war taxes would also ex-ployed in its collection had been actuated pire three months afterwards, in July. by the purest and most patriotic motives. It was an important consideration whe- They were not a set of men appointed ther the renewal of those taxes should and paid by the crown. They were the be contemplated, or the sums necessary same gentlemen to whom the country to pay off the expences of the war should was indebted for the preservation of be levied in a different manner. It was peace, and whose attention and exertions not his intention as he had already stated in the gratuitous dispensation of justice on a former occasion, to propose the re- did them the greatest honour. There newal of the Property Tax; not merely were certainly many provisions in the because that tax was to expire on the Act about to expire, which should not 6th of April next, or the war with Ame- be adopted at a future period without the rica was terminated; for though it was deepest consideration. He could not a war impost, he did not consider the refer to times when liberty was better House precluded from again resorting understood than to those that followed to it, should circumstances render it ex- the revolution.--Yet let the House look pedient. He did not consider that the at the 1st of Queen Anne, second sec. transactions of 1806 on this subject tion, chapter fifty-three, enacted at the could bind future Parliaments against renewal of the French, war, and they the interest of the country. He did not would find what duties were then ima understand a compact between the Com- posed. Amongst others, there was one mons at large and Parliament. On this of four shillings in the pound, on pensions subject, whatever had been stated in the and annuities, and one of tive shillings petitions laid before the House would in the pound, on the produce of profeshave had no effect, had more powerful sions. The Commissioners, or the major considerations, required the renewal of part of them, were empowered to exathis impost. He recollected having heard mine or inform upon oath, and all traa Right Hon. Gentleman begging pardon ders compelled to give returns, sigued by of the House, for the part which he had themselves, of the whole quantity and taken in 1806, in the increase of the Pro- value of their stock in trade. The Comperty Tax. For bimself, there was nothing missioners were besides authorised to which he considered with more satisfac- enter their premises at any hour. With tion than the share which lie had in main- respect to the Property Tax, whenever taining that impost. He believed that it had been possible to make the assessthe Property Tax had been the means ment without personal injury it had been of rescuing the land from its difficulties, done. The property in the funds was of supporting the exertions made in the assessed to its full amount, without any cause of European independence, and difficulty. That in land was also pretty effecting the delivery of nations.--( Hear, clearly ascertained, but that engaged in hear, hear !)—It had saved the country trade was of a less tangible shape, angl a funded debt of 303 millions. It had its assessment could not be very correct. produced in money 150 millions, and if, on the revival of the tax, a new mode saved a capital of unfunded debt of 180 of assessment could be found in that parmillions, and near nine millions of per- ticular branch, it would probably contrimanent taxes. Yet however productive bute to render it more productive. He it had been, and however useful it might then alluded to a clause included in the have proved at a time when large sums Act in 1803, for allowing private examiwould be wanted, he did not think proper nations, but which did not fully answer te revive it, but considered it more ex- the end proposed. Having thus entered pedient to preserve it as a resource, in into a defence of the provisions of the case of the future renewal of war, to be Property Tax, to prevent that odium resorted to enly in the greatest emergen- from being left, which had been ex cies, as the firm basis of our public cre- pressed against it, and which it so little dit. (Hear, hear!) He had been told deserved, he would now proceed to state of thc inqnisitorial nature of this tax, and the reasons which induced him to think nuany complaints had been uttered in its renewal unadvisable; though in the the House a., ainst the vexaions which present year, when large sums would be it was said to occasion. For his own part, I wanted to liquidate arrears, such a mea


« PreviousContinue »