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and first instituted, as the almanacks | flourished in the early ages of the Gospel tell us, about 1815 years ago.
dispensation, may, with perfect consisWhatever might have been the opin- tency, despise the pretensions of Johanna, ion of the early professors of this reli- because they reject the miraculous congion, we ar the present day, that is, the ception of Mary, the divinity of Jesus, great buit of Christians in this country, and the sublime mystery of the Trinity; believe, trai the great Author of Nature, but 'we, who stake our salvation upon in order to redeei liis creatures from a our faith in these things, cannot consistportion of the disgrace :ntailed upon ently, or without great danger to our holy them, in consequence of their first pa- religion, appear hostile to the opinions rents eating some fruit from a forbidden of this new sect.-If these Millenarians tree, lie begot, in a supernatural manner, had denied any part of our sacred wria son upon the body of a young woman, tings, and proved some characters, which who was beirothed to an old man. That we greatly admire, to be bad ones; if this immaculate conception was brought they had abused our church, reviled its about by the instrumentality of the Holy ministry, or breathed a spirit of JacoGhost,an incorporeal spiritual personage, binism, we might then have found some sometimes represented as appearing in pretext for persecuting them with all the the shape of a Dove, and sometimes in fury of religious monsters just let loose various other forms. We believe also from hell; but, on the contrary, they adin a doctrine called the Trinity, said to mit the whole of our Scriptures to be have been established about the third true, and, so far from disrespecting the centuryofChristianity, which representsthe State Religion, they read the whole of its Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, 10 forms in their Meetings.--Now the diffie partake equally of divinity, and, in fact, culty we laboured under in opposing to be three Gods and one Goul at the their system was this, that we admit same time; three in one, and one com- all things to be possible with God, that posing three, and yet not one God but the ways of providence are often dark three, and not three separate Gods but and mysterious, and that he does not
It is true, our enemies ridicule this consult either ourselves or our underineffable mystery of our holy religion, but standings in the government of the uniwe implicitly believe it, though so inscru- verse, or the means he shall use to carry table that we cannot comprehend it. It | his designs into execution ; all this we .30 ust also be recollected, that we believe acknowledge when we give him the attriour Saviour Jesus Christ to have been bute of “ Omuipotence.” Is it net palthe promised Messiah mentioned in the pable then, that by doubting the superancient traditions and prophecies of the natural pregnancy of Mrs. Southcott, Jews, who, when he came, was to bring and hastily determining it to be impossible, about such wonderful things that the we called in question the power of the carth was to be a sort of paradise. The Almighty? Was not her ease strictly Jews will not agree to this. They say analagous to that of the blessed Virgin Iliat our Messiah was executed without Mary, whom the Catholies always bonor liaving accomplished what was predicted with the appellation of “ Mother of of liin; that we misrepresent their scrip- God ?" We own that the Lord has tures, and contrive, by means of forged worked bundreds and thousands of genealogies, and other insidious arts, to Miracles, and are pigmies like us to say graft our system on theirs to give it a bet- when he shall cease to work them ? if fer foundation : but we, as Christians, this would have been a greater Miracle consider them mistaker, and give no than the birth of Christ, might it not be credit to aspersions so injurious to our more necessary, at a period like this, holy faith.
when, instead of the ignorant idolatry These being some of the leading points of those days, the earth is over-run with of our religion, and indeed being the an enlightened infidelity, and when, in very foundation stones upon which the fact, the progress of knowledge has only superstructure is reared, does it not be- facilitated the march of materialism and love us to be particularly cautious how scepticism? But where can be the difwe meddle with the mission and ihe doc- ference to the Almighty ?-Is le not trines of Mrs. Southcott ?-Such Chris- as capable of commanding an aged vårdians as many, or most of the sects who I gio io bring forth, without connection
with man, as he was a young woman? |
How often have I heard persons erHas the period of 1800 years, diminished claim" | wonder how any one can be so his strength, or is he a man that lie credulous as to be lead away by that should have grown imbecile through age? woman."-In the same manner i have -How often do we call the Jews a set of heard a gaping clown, when staring at bard bearted and blood thirsty villains the lofty fabric of St. Paul, express his for not believing what took place in their astonishment, that human ingenuity could own day, but executing the Son of God plan and erect so stupendous a pile; but as an impostor. Everv impartial person the skilful architect views it with far less must acknowledge, that the great bulk amazement, because he knows the prinof the English place themselves just in ciples upon which the temple was dethe same situation as the Jews, when signed, and the means by which that they ridiculed the Prophetess, and would design was carried into execution, and hare persecuted her if our Prince had could linself, perhaps, rise as grand bees as weak as Pontius Pilate, and had a structure, if he had the same opportulsieided to their senseless murder brea-nity of displaying his abilities - Does thing clamour. It would have been much not this prove, that all our wonder arises more becoming in such insignificant from our ignorance, and that the only animals as we are, to have waited with reason why we are surprised at the weakpatient submission to the Decrees of sness of the Southcoterians is, that we are Heaven, and not presumptuously attempt nnacquainted with the theory of the huto scan the ways of providence by man mind in general, and with our own judging and determining before the ap- faculties in particular? If we were capointed time. We called these people pable of divesting ourselves of the presuperstitious, weak, and stupid, for cre- judices of eciucation, the trammels of diting that which was not more wonder- superstition, and all the shackles which ful than what we firmly believe, though surrounding circumstances impose upona it took place rear 2000 years since, and us; if we could disseet our brain, anais handed down to us by tradition, thro' lyse our ideas, and make an inventory of the dark ages and a variety of mediums our knowledge, we should find the porAlich we often take a pleasure in pro- tion of it obtained by thinking, exaininving to be suspicious. Does not all this ing, and judging for our elves, so small open a door to the scoffs and jeers of as barilly to be viscernible in the mass Infidels ? Does it not give thein a glo- of rubbish that we have received withrious opportunity of making our foolish out investigation, from our curse, our conduct in this respect, a powerful en schoolmaster, and our priest.---'I he irgine wherewith to strike at the very struction we imbibed from these, was ront of our holy religion, by shewing is considered as the dictatus of truth and how easily we can
errors and reason by our intantine capacities. We absurdities of others, and wonder at their grow up in rererence of what we have being so besotted, when, if we were ca- learned from parents, ellers, and supepable of asking ourselves a few close riors, falsely conceiving it the result of questions, we might perhaps find that our own conviction, and, whether right we were cherishing in our own minds dog- or wrong, becoming more obstinutely mas equally repugnant to common sense. bigotted to it the longer we continue it. Our prince is aware, that if the discus- Our self love, pride, and vanity, prompt sion of these topies had been pushed still us to attach a peculiar importance to our further by the misguided zeal of religious own opinions, and to attribuie them in persecution, it would give scope to a our judgment and discrimination, or to thousand such illnatured observations any cause but that of chance, or accident, and inferences as those I have just men- which threw is in the way of the educationed; therefore I look up to him with tion we have received, whether good or veneration, as an experienced Father, bad. To set our kaowledge of, or our whose judgement is not blinded by his fondness for, particular dos mas to their affection for his children, but who has account, instead of to our own election, is the resolution to deny such of their re- not suficiently faitering to human nilquests as his superior knowledge, and ture. Is it tien to be wondered at that foresicht, convinces him will militate the more ignorant we are, the more obagainst their happiness.
Istinate we shall be is adhering to aar
ridiculous notion we may have embraced ? | out having read her works, or examiu. And is it not evident, that the proper ed the passages in holy writ upon reason the balk of ma kind ought to which she rested her divine mission. assign for their profession of a particular I have that zeal and enthusiasm in the religion is, that I am a good Mahoru- cause of truth, that I will make no scrumetan, because I was born at Constanti- plein declaring my opinion on this case, nople, and a true Christian, hecause even
even though I should be thought a was born at London ?-When we reflect Southcoterian in disguise, and be loaded upon the history of man, can we be sur- with every species of opprobrium. I do prised at any thing he does under the
roundly assert, without the fear of influence of religion ?--There is no prin contradiction, that the texts selected ciple so powerful over the human mind | by Mrs. Southcott for the ilusiration as superstition, when enforced and di-ot lier doctrines, are as pointed and as rected by a Priest. It is quite immaterial applicable as any of those upon which whether it is the worship of ihe most we ground the christian system. To bideous idol to which the poor benighted those who say that her death proved ludian bows ihe kue,or the more ration- the fallacy of her scheine, aud her folal addration of a Sunieme being, as the lowers will no longer exist as a sect, Author of Ncture.--Their effects will be it is answered that ber disciples know the same wherever a Priestliood liave the the Almighty has changed bis mind beliberty of modifying them to answer their fore; he had repented that he had made own interested purposes--Let us then man, that he called Jesus Christ to heabe moderate and charitable, and avoid ven before he had caused the Lion and exposing our shallow knowledge of self, the Lamb to lay down together, and by abusing others, even if they should the land to flow with milk and honey; be in error.
But God forbid that I and may be not, say the true believers, should say they are because they see have some wise and mysterious enil in more in iny Bible than I have been view in taking the holy prophetess to taught to see. Is every other science himself, without blessing us with the to be extended and improved, and Shiloh. Perhaps the crying sins of this not that of religion ?--The Jew's never great Babylon have offended him. But discovered that our system was predicted be this as it may, whatever is, is right; in their books and will not believe it to it is all for the best, and must at last this day. The language of oracles and work together for good. Let us then prophecies has never been direct and cordially unite in offering up those senperspicuous, but, on the contrary, dark timents of praise, which are the emanaand mysterious. The fertile imagination tiou of a true and loyal heart, to our of St. Angustine could see the whole of good and gracious Prince Regent, for his the New Testament in the 014: he dis- mild and generous conduct towards this covered that even the piece of red rag new sect of christians, which, I have held out as a signal by a harlot, was no doubt will tourish to the end of tine'; typical of the blood of our blessed Sa- it being my most serious persuasion, viour, and the two wives of Abraham that, according to critical evidence, this meant the synagogue and the catholic system and our own only holy and in'church. We protestants, in our expo- tallible faith must stand or fall together. sitions, 'make the niau of sin to be the
his second coming in the child Shiloh, The American Documents to be continued
in the next Number.
Printed and Published bs G. Hor'ston: No. 192, Srand; where all Communications addressed to the
"Laitofare requested to be for udd.
VOL. XXVII. No. 9.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1815.
[ 258 DELIVERANCE OF SPAIN. dare
say, it will be pursued all over Eu.
rope. Napoleon put down the InquisiThe following REFLECTIONS place in tion and drove out the Monks. Those a clear right the Changes, which have who now suffer from having fought and taken place in Spain, since the return of wrote against Napoleon and for FerdiFerdinand, the beloved, in consequence naud must take the fruit of their exertion's of the Deliverance of that country. For for their pains. Spain is Delivered; we my part, I have very little feeling for were, as we say, ber Deliverers. I will those, who endeavoured to restore bim. pity no one, who was for the Delivera They well knew him and his family; ance, and who yet complains of its conse they well knew the sort of government quences. which they had under that family; they bad no reason to expect better govern
REFLECTIONS meut than before they wrote and fought for him; they have him; and much good on the Political Changes which havetaker may le do them. There were many per
place in Spain since the return of Fer
dinand. sons, of whom I was one, who did not wish to see Europe under the sway of My object in presenting these reflecNapoleon, but who feared, that his be- tions to the public, is to throw some ing overthrown would produce evil, by light on a subject of the greatest importreplacing all the nations of Europe under ance to the tranquillity of Europe. their old masters, with a despotism, on My homage is due only to justice and the part of the latter, to rule the people to virtue, for in whatever country or in with a rod of iron. As to supposing, as dividual they may be found, the friend of some men did, that the old families would liberty must honour and respect them. be more mild in their goverument than Wishing to divest myself of all national formerly; that the lesson, as it was called, and party spirit, which never fail to blind would make them, gentle in future, and the eyes of those who are under their inallow their people anore liberty than they fluence, I will express with the utmost enjoyed before, nothing could, it ap- frankness, my ideas on events of such peared to me, be more foolish, nothing importance as those which have lately,
more opposite to the general practice of happened in Spain, and which, in my marktid. Who, as I once before asked, opinion, have not yet been considered in
as cattle or sheep which break over, their true light. For this purpose I will or through his fences, lower or weaken the give a brief historical recapitulation of fences upon bringing back the flock or the them, without which it will be impossible herd ? Does a horse break
bis halter? We to form a just opinion of their origin and put a chain in its stead. I havea gang of future consequences.
leaping Mares and Colts, which have The Spanish Nation, invaded by Nam : broken out, several times this winter, poleon and deserted by Ferdinand in * from rough pasture into my meadows and way, if not the most criminal
, at least the fields, allured by the sight of better most impolitic, nobly resisted so upjust living. What have I done? Have 1 an aggression. That this desertion was patted them and caressed them? Have contrary to the wish of the Spaniards, is 1 given them a greater and farther range? evident from the means taken by the peoNot I, faith! I have sought out the places ple of Vittoria to binder bis ill-judged of their escape ; and having driven them journey, for they unharnessed his carback, have constantly redoubled the bar-riage, botwithstanding his utmost remonTier; and have, at läst, made it imposa strances, and those of bis stupid advisers sible for them to get out with their lives, and followers. In order to oppose the Ferdinand is pursuing my plan, and, I' most effectual resistance to the invasion
of Napoleon, the people appointed new monstrous phenomenon, the Treaty of authorities, because the former were cor- Valency, a treaty so shameful and inderupted or intimidated by the orders of cent, that Ferdinand himself, in order to Ferdinand bimself, and as such, unwil hide the ignominy of it, pretended that ling to resist the yoke that was about to he had no other intention than to outwit be imposed on them by the conqueror. Bonaparte: (see the puerile and ridicuAll the authorities, established during this lous Pamphlet of the Canon Escoiquiz, a period of the revolution, were recognized worthy companion of Ferdinand, and his by England and by all the other powers counsellor in making the above treaty) of Europe, whoʻdared to oppose the arms as if following Bonaparte on his throne, of Napoleon, and they sliewed not the he who had so often degraded himself by least hesitation to form treaties of alliance submission, was now bold enough not to and friendship with them. In short, to fulfil the stipulations, or as if foreseeing doubt the legality of the new Spanish his fall, he would have given the world Government, would be to condemn a re-sufficient ground to suspect his veracity, volution, niore generally approved than merely to anticipate his freedom by 15 any one of which we have any example. days, if that life can be called freedom Nothing could more strongly prove the which is spent among nuns, in passing legitimacy of the goveriment, than the from convent to convent. elections for representatives which took In order to guard against the effects of place in all the provinces unoccupied by so sharneful a treaty, in which Ferdinand the enemy, and among the individuals of bound binself without delay, to restore those that were, who met at Cadiz, then to Bonaparte all the prisoners made by the capital of the Spanish Empire, in the Spaniards, which were either in the order to form the extraordinary Cortes ; Peninsula, England, or America, and to an assembly which the government of this cause those English troops who were then country, by its agent the Marquis of tighting so gloriously for his personal Wellesley, wisely promoted, knowing that liberty, to evacuate Spain, the ordinary the Spaniards could make no progress in Cortez issøed the decree of the 2d of Fee defending their independence, without bruary, 1814, to annull the said convention, procuring at the same time their interiral. The decree was immediately transliberty. This assembly, notwithstanding mitted to all the Spanish authorities, the desertion of Ferdinand and bis base and to Lord Wellington, who, nominated acts of submission, as those of soliciting by the Cortez generalissimo of the Spato be adopted a son of Napoleon, and nish Armies, was, above all other persons, asking him the command of a division in responsible for its being complied with; his armies for his brother Charles, while because, by a charge of such importance, Spain was suffering under every sacrifice the safety and defence of the Cortez, and to redeem him from captivity, decreed even the vational liberty, were committed that he was their King, that a Regency to his care, and the représentatives of should be appointed in bis room, but that the Spanish people had shewn theinselves on bis return he should not be recognized satisfied with this confidence, inasmuch till he had sworn to the Constitution in as they had honoured him with titles, the bøsom of the Cortez, and that any estates and distinctions. The decree act or treaty he might make, should be was also communicated to the English pull and void, till the said condition | Ambassador, and by means of the Spashould be performed. The Extraordinary nisl Ambassadors, to all the Allied PowCortez ordered the Constitution to be ers; they all, as well as Lord Wellington, transmitted to all the Allied Powers, and expressed themselves satistied with a de by whom the different Regencies were cree so honorable to the representatives recognized legitimate, Napoleon who had issued it, as well as useful to the pressed by the entrance of the A Hies into powers who were interested in the inde. France, sought to diminish the number pendence of Europe. And how could it of lais enemies and increase that of bis be otherwise, when they saw themselves friends : as he well knew the meanness freed from so shameful and dangerous à and baseness of Ferdinand, he took care compromise, as that of furnishing Napo to make him an ally of his own, and the leon with a numerous and warlike army,
who were defending his diminishing the number of his enemies
eost followed that and increasing that of bis allies, com