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VOL. XXVII. No. 11.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1815. [Price 1s.

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[ 328 CORN BILL.

upon the subject, my hatred, my abhorrence of this Bill have only been

more strongly confirmed. I shall, there: TO THE PEOPLE OF HAMPSHIRE. fore, continue to do every lawful aut in On the 9th inst. I delivered to MR. It only one Gentleman from every town,

my power to prevent it becoming a law. BOSANQUET, the High Sheriff of this and from every considerable village, were County, a Requisition for a County to attend at Botley, the work of signing Meeting, signed by myself and by 581 Petitions might be very easily and speeother freeholders, and others, the place dily accomplished, of abode of each of whom was written

WM, COBBETT. against his name. MR. BOSANQUET, on the 11th inst, informed me, by letter, that he should not comply with the re

NAPOLEON'S RETURN. quest of the persons who had signed the If ever there was news that struck like said Request. This his letter, together a thunder-bolt, this was that news.. with a proposition for further proceed- Many persons seem to be out of their ings, shall be published next week, after wits at it. After having seen the deliverI have had an opportunity of consulting ance of Europe accomplished, they really personally with some of the Gentlemen appear to be delivered of their senses. who signed the Requisition. And, for --For my part, I am wholly unable to this purpose, I beg leave to invite such judge of the probabilities that exist in of these Gentlemen as may have leisure, favour, or against Napoleon's enterprise; to meet me at THE DOLPHIN INN, but, after viewing what the people of AT BOTLEY, on Saturday next, the Italy, Genoa, Switzerland, Spain, and 25th inst. at 12 o'clock in ihe day. It even France have experienced, in consewill be as convenient to every body else quence of his fall, I cannot say, that his to go to Botley as to go to Winchester, restoration would, to me, be matter of and much more convenient to me to re- surprise, especially when I consider bow main at home, especially as I have al- large a part of the soldiers and of the ready been much from home on the bu- people of Franưe were, and always apsiness. When met, we shall be able to pear to have continued firmly attached to adopt some plan for the signing of peti- him.--As to wishes, they avail nothing ; tions in all parts of the county. No one but we are now all free to express those will deny, that we have a RIGHT to Pe- which we entertain. Our country is at tition, that is, to say, to PRAY. The peace with the Emperor of Elba as well poorest of us may PRAY even to God; as with the King of France. My wishes and, surely, we may PRAY to the Par- are, that the Jesuits, the Dominicans, liament ! in our Church service, in our and the Inquisition may be put down Common Prayer Book, there are prayers again. I do not care auch by whom ; against DEARTH, and thanksgivings but these ancient and venerable insti. for plenty, or cheapness; and, surely, “tutions," as the Cossacks of New when corn is cheap, we may PAAY to England call them, I wish to see comthe Parliament not to pass a law, tend-pletely destroyed. Louis the desired ing to make it dear! The moment that has not done what was promised. He the Corn Bill appeared in the House of has not abolished the heaviest taxes; he Commons, that moment I declared, that has not left religion as he found it; he if there was but one man in all England has not adhered to the Cotle Napoleon; to petition against it, I would be that he has not left the press free. i do not man. After very attentively listening to know, that, surrounded us he has been, every thing that I have seen or beard that he could have done more than de

has done ; but, he has not done all thail Farewell Blockheads, unless in cases of was expected, and bas done some thing: actual investiture!--I shall be told, that which were not expected.—It is quite we have not stipulated with America to impossible for me to know, whether, refrain from any of these impediments to or ne, Napoleon, is best calculated to neutral commerce. Oh, no! There needs make France happy; but, to him who is no stipulation. The events on Lakes most disposed to make her happy and Ontario and Champlain, at New Orfree, I most sincerely wish success.- leans and Mobile, at Fayal, and on the At any rate, with the same earnestness, Ocean itself, will, I am very certain adwith the same anxiety, with the same monish our ministers of the danger of forebodings of evil if my prayer be re- bringing the Republic on our backs, while jected, which I felt when I so often be we have to look France in the face. The sought our Government not to embark, war, the war which I so laboured to and, when embarked, not to persevere, prevent; that war, which was to divide in the war against the Republic of Ame- and subjugate the Republic according to rica, I now beseech, I implore them, not, the predictions of our Cossack writers; on any account, to draw the sword, to that war has left the Republic on the waste the treasure and pour out the tripple pinnacle of military, naval, and blood of our beloved and long suffering political g!ory: happy for her, if it has country in this new quarrel.–We all also left her with a deep horror for all now feel the sorrows of a twenty years war, not necessary to the preservation war, in the taxes and troubles which of her independence, rights, honour and have trod upon its heels. If a new war liberty! But, secing what has passed, were now to be undertaken, and that, do our Cossack writers expect to see her too, for the sake of the Bourbons, what again acting the humble and the degradmust be our fate? The question would ing part which she acted before ? Do now be cleared of all the rubbish of they not see, that the very first infringe1792. If the king of France stand in ment on her neutral rights will be the need of no foreign aid, why should we draw signal for our seeing her “ Bits of striped the sword to give him aid? If he do “ Bunting" fying and our learing the stand in need of foreign aid, is it not sound of her cannon in the English clear, that the people of France are Channel ? What, then, would be the against him? If we, in the former case, other consequence of war? Why, we interfere, we do it unnecessarily; if it should see the ocean covered with Amein the latter case, we make war to force rican merchant ships.

The Republic upon a foreign nation a Government would carry on half the trade of which it does not like. Therefore, it the whole world. France would be appears to me, that it is impossible to supplied with colonial produce. Her Justify war against Napoleon upon any trade would nourish in the midst of ground that, at present, exists.--Besides, war. We should make few prizes. Our have the writers, who already begin to prize-courts would have nothing to do. cry for war, considered at all of the There would be liule for our navy 10 consequences ? All the taxes hitherto col- gain. Our mercantile marine would have lected must be continued ? The Debt little employment. Tirat of the Ameriand the taxes must go on augmenting, can Republic would swell to an enormous till, at last, it will be impossible to go on. amount. Her military marine would inBut, is this all ? Is this all ? Would not crease in the like proportion. And, at our situation be very different indeed the end of a few years (many would not from what it was during the war? Then, I be wanted), it would not be at all wona thorigh our expenses enormous, derful, if she were able to step in and dethey were, in some degree, balanced by cide the war.-Reader; am I talking foolthat nionopoly of trade and commerce, ishly? Am I rattling ou? Am I exaggewhich put our hands into the purse of rating the danger ? Look back to the pages all the world, and which, atier destroy of the Register, in the year 1812, while I ing all the military fieets in Europe, we was yet in prison for writing about the so easily maintained. Nou, what would logging of Local militia-men and the prebe the ci se? Farewell Licences ! Fare- sence of German troops on the ocasion, well Order's in Council ! Farewell In:- and just before I paid the Prince Regent pressments on board of American Ships! a thousand pounds line, in the name and behalf of the King. Look back to those them to the continuation and augmentapages, and there you will find, that I was tion of that force. It will assuredly go treated as a fool, or a traitor, because I on increasing Dock yards, arsenals, besought the government not to go to will be formed. In short, a great navy war, and not to proceed in the war, against will speedily grow up; and this will proAmerica ; because I asserted that it would duce a great change in our situation with be productive of great expense, loss, and regard to warlike means. If we go to disgrace, and would cause America to war with Napoleon, he has now seen the become a great and formidable naval vast importance of American friendship. power. How often did I repeat this. | America will keep at peace while we sufHow tired were my readers at the seem- | fer her unmolested to carry on her trade ingly endless repetition! How many all over the world. That would ruin us. people wrote to me to advise me to de- But, on the other hand, if we attempt to sist! How many sincere friends be- prevent it, we shall have to fight her sought me, for the love of my own charac- both by land and by sea. Here is a ter as a writer, not to proceed! How choice of evils ; but I am not like Sir many, whose principles were with mine Francis Burdett's gentlemen, who preon all points, differed with me on the fact sent him, as he most justly complains, as to this point !--Yet, all I foreboded with a choice of evils, and nothing else ; has already come to pass, and that, too, for, 1 say, that both these evils may be to the very letter. Many persons say, avoided by our remaining at peace, and and I believe the fact, that I assisted leaving the French, and the Italians, and greatly in producing the peace with the Neapolitans, and the Swiss, and the America. Oir no act of my life do I Belgians, and the Russians, and the look with greater satisfaction than on Spaniards, and the Prussians, and the this. But, bow much happier would it Austrians, and the Hungarians, and the have been for my country, if I could Dutch, and the Hanoverians, to settle bave succeeded in preventing the war! their own affairs in their own good time The evils of this war, short as it has and manner. And the Portuguese. I been, I have no scruple to say, are greater had nearly forgotten the Portuguese ; than those of the late wars against and, faith, they ought not to be forgotFrance. I mean the evils to our Govern- ten ; for they have not been a trifle in ment particularly. It was a war against the list of our expenses, whether of mofreemen. It was a war against a Repub- ney or of men. Let us leave them all to lic. She was pitted single-handed against themselves. Let us leave the Dutcli our undivided power. The world were Presbyterians to supply the Portuguese the spectators. They have followed us and Spaniards with wooden Gods, and with their eyes in the contest, and Prive Virgins and Saints. Let us receive the now witnessed the, to us, lamentable re- corn of France when we want it, and the sult.----Ratifed the treaty! To be sure wine and oil which we always want ; the President and Senate would ratify the and let her receive our steel, copper, tin, treaty; a treaty which covered with im- cloth, and other things. But, let who mortal honour, the President, the Con- will be the Ruler, LET US HAVE gress, the Negotiators, the Army, the PEACE WITH HIM. Navy, every man in the land ; and, above all, the Constitution of Government,

were

TREATY WITH NAPOLEON. which the war had put upon its trial, which bas come out of it like pure gold ALTHOUGH in the present state out of the fire, and which will now be of matters, with little else to guide not only more dear than ever to the hearts one's opinions than the ex parte and of Americans, but will present itself as partial statements of his enemies, it an object of admiration and attraction would not be well advised to specuto every oppressed people in the world. late on the views and intentions of --I am afraid I have been digressing. Napoleon, I cannot permit the opportuLet me come back, then, to the main nity, which ofiers itself, to pass, without drift of the present article by observing, making a few remarks on the treaty conthat the events of this war have taught cluded between him and the allied powe the Republicans the great value of a na- ers on the 11th April, 1914; by which val force, while they have encouraged treaty, Napoleon, on the one hand, re

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signed the Crowns of France and Italy, His Empress was to be put in possession and the allies, on the other, guaranteed of three duchies in Italy, which were the fulfilment of certain conditions by to pass to her son, and his des sendLouis the XVIII, the nonfulfilment of ants. The members of his family were which, it is said, has occasioned Napo- to receive an annual allowance of two leon's return to France.-By this treaty, million five hundred thousand francs ; a copv of which I have given below, it and to Prince Eugene, then Viceroy of will be seen that the island of Elba, Italy, was to be given a suitable estabwhich was selected by Napoleon him- lishment, in consideration of his relinself as his future residence, was declar- quishing all claims upon that country. ed by the allied powers, to form " dur. It is well known, that Napoleon, and all

ing his life," a separate principality, the members of his house, were strict in “which shall be possessed by him in full their adherence to the conditions incum. “ sovereignty and property."--All our bent upon them by this treaty It is newspapers, in servileimitation of the min- now said to be equally notorious, that isters of Louis, have been extremely for- they have been almost all violated by the ward in denouncing Napoleon a "trai- other contracting party. The annual " tor and rebel to his country," because allowances in money, which were to bave he dared to set foot on the territory of been paid by the court of France, lave, France. In this they have shewn them- we are told, been withheld; the Empress selves utterly unacquainted with the po Maria Louisa not put in possession of litical relations in which Napoleon stood Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla ; and no to the surrounding nations. The mo- establishment provided for the Viceroy ment he relinquished the crown of France, of Italy. If all this be true, Napoleon she was no longer his country; he owed has to complain of a manifest violation her no allegiance because he had sworn of the contract by which be relinquished no fealty to her. He had made choice of his former authority; and to me he apthe isle of Elba, for his country. It pears to have a right to reclaim those was declared a separate principality by crowns, which lie surrendered on the solemn treaty, subseribed by all the great faith of the treaty being fulfilled in every powers of Europe, and these same powers particular. To say nothing of the wishes had guaranteed Napoleon's right and title of the people of France, who, I have no to reign over it " in full screeignty.”- doubt, are almost to a man for Napoleon, However circumscribed the island of El- it would seem that he has an undeniable ba, however limited the number of its title to assert his claims in the manner he inhabitants, Napoleon was as mnch 'an is now doing, I know of no instance, independent Sorereign, as any of the mo- where a sovereign abdicated a throne narchs who entered into treaty with him. with the same inherent right to resume

-But this was not the only consequence possession of it. His predecessors were of the recognition of the sovereignty of generally at the mercy of those wbo exNapoleon.--He did not merely owe no pelled them. They were not in a conallegiance to France, or any other power. (ition to stipulate for any thing, not even He was entitled, in case of any violation for the safety of their persons. How of treaty on the part of his neighbours, very different was the situation of to punish every infraction of that treaty Napoleon. In place of accepting terms to the utmost of his ability, This is a from his supposed victors, he dictated principle acknowledged by all writers on them; and the prompt mayner with which the law of nations, It was upon this the Allied Powers agreed to these terms, principle that the allies justified the was no small proof ihat they considered invasion of France, and even defended him still a formidable object, He retired their conduct when they refused to treat from the contest under the faith and sowith Napoleon in the character of Sove- lemnity of a treaty; he returns to it, bereiga ef that empire. Has Napoleon cause that treaty, as is said, has been then done more than attempt to punish broken. This being the state of the the infraction of a treaty? Not ouly case, Napoleon appears to me to have was his title to the “ full sovereignty done nothing more than all other indeof Elba acknowledged by solemo treaty, pendent sovereigns have a right to do, but he was to receive for his own use an if placed in similar cireumstances. He anual revenue of two millions of francs. Thas appealed to the sword; and as those

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who refused to listen to his claims Art. 2. Their Majesties the Emperor
seem to shelter themselves under the Napoleon and Maria Louisa shall retain
courtier plea that “might gives right," their titles and runk, to be enjoyed
he is willing that the question should during their lives. The mother, the
be decided on ithat principle. But brothers, sisters, nephews, and nieces of
it is said, “ that France never became the Emperor, shall also retain, wherever
" a party to the treaty by which Napo- they may reside, the titles of Princes of
“ leon's independence and pensions were bis family.
“ sanctioned."-It should rather be Art. 3. The Isle of Elba, adopted by
said, that the Bourbons have refused to his Majesty the Emperor Napole va as
concur in this, the people of France, the place of his residence, shall form,
it is pretty evident, never having been during his life, a separate principality;
consulted in the matter

. But what is it which shall be possessed by him in full
to the purpose although all France were Sovereignty and property, there shall
hostile to this measure ? It was in con- be besides granted, in full property, to
sequence of the treaty and by virtue of the Emperor Napoleon, an annual re-
that treaty alone, that Louis the Desired venue of 2,000,000 francs, in rent charge,
was restored to them. Had Napoleon in the great book of France, of which
not consented to give up his claims to 1,000,000 shall be in reversion to the
the throne of France, a civil war might | Empress.
have been the consequence, and who can Art. 4. The Ducbies of Parma, Pla-
saywhether this might not have terminated centia, and Guastalla, shall be granted,
fatally to the Bourbons ? ---Besides, by in full property and sovereignty, to her
the 20th article of the treaty " the high Majesty the Empress Maria Louisa ; they
" allied powers guarantee the execution shall pass, to ber son, and to the descend-
" of all the articles of the present treaty, ants in the right line. The prince her
" and engage to obtain that it shall be son shall from henceforth take the title of
" adopted and guaranteed by France," Prince of Parma, Placentia and Guastalla.
That treaty therefore which placed Louis Art. 5. All the powers engage to eme-
upon the throne, required of France the ploy their good offices to cause to be res-
performance of certain conditions to pected by the Barbary powers the flag
Napoleon and his family. It was by this and territory of the Isle of Elba, for which
tenure that the former resumed the crown purpose the relations with the Barbary
of his ancestors, and if it has uot been powers shall be assimilated to those with
strictly adhered to, everything naturally France,
reverts back to that state, when it was Art. 6, There shall be reserved in the
in the power of the latter to present ob- territories hereby renounced, to his Ma-
stacles to the return of his rival. It may jesty the Emperor. Napoleon, for him-
be thought that the allies are bound to selfo and his family, domains or rent-
interfere, and to compel Louis, in conse charges in the great book of France,
quence of their guarantee, to do justice producing a revenue, clear of all deduc-
to Napoleon. Of this, however, there is tions and charges, of 2,500,000 francs.
little hope; although from what we have These domains or rents shall belong, in
seen take place during the late war, it will full property, and to be disposed of
be no way extraordinary to find the as they shall think fit, to the Princes
soldiers of Russia, of Prussia, or of Aus- and Princesses of his family, and sball
tria, again fighting in the ranks with be divided amongst them in such man-
those of Napoleon.

ner that the revenue of each sball be in the following proportion, viz.

France. Articles of the treaty between the ellied

400,000 power, and his Majesty the Emperor To Madame Mere . Napoleon.

To King Joseph and his Queen 500,000 Art. 1. His Majesty the Emperor Na To King Louis ..

200,000 poleon rebounces for himself, his suc- To the Queen Hortense and ber cessori, and descendants, as well as for

children,

400,000 all the members of his family, all right of To King Jerome and his Qucen 400,000 sovereigaty and dominion, as well to the

300,000 French. En pire and the Kingdom of Italy, To the Princess Eliza . .

To the Princess Paulina 300,00 as over every other country.

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