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The Princes and Princesses of the necessary passports for the free passage House of the Emperor Napoleon shall of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, setain besides their property, moveable or of the Empress, the Princes, and and immoveable, of whatever nature it Princesses, and all the persons of their may be, which they shall possess by in-suites who wish to accompany them, or dividual and public right, and the rents to establish themselves out of France, as of which they shall enjoy (also as indi- well as for the passage of all the equividuals.)

pages, horses, and effects belongArt. 7. The annual pension of the ing to them. The allied powers shall in Empress Josephine shall be reduced to consequence furnish Officers and men for 1,000,000, in domains, or in inscriptions escorts. in the great book of France; she shall Art. 15. The French imperial guard continue to enjoy in full property, all shall furnish a detachment of from 1,200 her private property, moveable and im- to 1,500 men, of all arms, to serve as an moveable, with power to dispose of it escort to the Emperor Napoleon to St, conformably to the French laws. Tropes, the place of his embarkation.

Art. 8. There shall be granted to Art. 16. There shall be furnished a Prince Eugene, Viceroy of Italy, a suit- corvette, and the necessary transport able establishment out of France. vessels, to convey to the place of his des

Art. 9. The property which bis Ma- tination bis Majesty the Emperor Napa
jesty the Emperor Napoleon possesses leon and his household; and the corvette
in France, either as extraordinary do- shall belong, in full property, to his Ma-
main, or of private domain attached to jesty the Emperor.
the crown, the funds placed by the Em- Art. 17. The Emperor Napoleon
peror, either in the great book of France, shall be allowed to take with him and
in the Bank of France, in the Actions des retain as his guard 400 men, volun-

Forets, or in any other manner, and teers, as well officers, as sub-officers and
which his Majesty abandons to the soldiers.
erown, shall be reserved as a capital, Art. 18. No Frenchman, who slal!
which shall not exceed 2,000,000, to be have followed the Emperor Napolcou
expended in gratifications iu favour of or his family, shall be held to have for-
such persons, whose names shall be feited his rights as such, by not return-
contained in a list to be signed by the ing to France, within three years; at
Emperor Napoleon, and shall be trans- least they shall not be comprised in the
mitted to the French Government, exceptions which the French Goveru-

Art. 10. All the crown diamonds sball ment reserves to itself to grant after the
femain in France.

expiration of that term.
Art. 11. His Majesty the Emperor Art. 10. The Polish troops of all arms,
Napoleon shall return to the treasury, in the service of France, shall be at di
and tý the other public chests, all the berty to reiurn home, and shall retaiir
sums and effects that shall have been rlreir arms and baggage, as a testinrony
taken out by his orders, with the excep- of their honourable services. The otheers,
fion of wbat has been appropsated front sub-officers, and soldiers, shall retaig
the Civil List

the decorations which have been granted
Art. 12. The debts of the household to them, and the pensions annexed to
of luis Majesty the Emperor Napoleon these decorations.
such as titey were on the day of the signa- Art. 20. The kigh allied powers gues
fare of the present treaty, shall be im- ran'ie the execution of all the articles of
mediately discharged out of the arrears the present treaty, and engage to obtain
due by the public treasury to the Civil that it shall be adopted and guaranteed
List, according to a list, which shall by France,
he sigoed by a Coinmissioner appointed Art. 21, The present act shall be ra-
for that purpose.

tified, and the ratineations exchanyed at
Avt, 18. The obligations of the Mont- Paris within two days, or sooner if posu
Napoleon, of Milan, towards all the sible.
ereditors, whether Frenchñen or foreign- Done at Paris, tlre 11th of April, 1815.
ers, shall be exactly fulfilled, tunless there (L. S.) 7 ke Prince de Metternich.
i Bears Clange made in this respect, L. S.) J. P. Compte de Stadion.

hele shat! be given all the tis. S.) Andre Conte de Revoxacusaky,

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(L. S.) Charles Robert Comte de Nes-y the head, he very civilly tuok me by the selrode.

-nose:--this so enraged me, although (L. S.) Castlereagh.

one of the mildest of men, that I cudgelled (L. S.) Charles Auguste Baron de Hard- him, both to his and to my own perenberg

fect satisfaction. For this affront on a (L. S.) Marshal Ney, gentleman, and a man of honour, I was (L, S.) Caulincourt,

dismissed as a low bred, unfashiovable fellow, greatly deficient in the Ton.

Not yet intimidated, I next waited upon THE BACHELORS' TAX.

a demure looking creature, who lamented SIR.—The Minister having given the the depravity of the age from morning contents of his budget for our digestion, to night, Here I am suited, thought I, allow me, through the medium of your no fear of red-coats ;---when, as I was paper, to enter my protest against a tax one night going to hear her rail against that falls peculiarly heavy on a very res- the forwardness of the little misses in pectable body of his Majesty's most loyal their teens, I entered upon her too sudsubjeets, called old Bachelors. That denly, and found ber demonstrating the the tax in question is oppressive, as a attraction and adhesiou of ladies, to her legislative act, my history will sufficiently footman.--I next became enamoured of prove; for with every disposition to the accomplished daughter of a rich old connubial happiness, I have hitherto farmer; who, feeling his own great deficompletely failed in my attempts; and ciency in all human learning, was reI doubt not that numbers, besides my- solved to make his daughter a prodigy. self, stand in the same predicament.—To She could read a page of Walter Scott begin with my history: you must know without lisping more than a dozen misthat I first addressed myself to a most takes; she could recite a passage in a prudent young lady, with whom I inter-play with all the grace of the amateur of changed vows of eternal constancy; and fashion; she could thump a Sonata on was near being made the happiest of men, the Piano with most discordant fascina. when an uncle died, from whom I had tion; and she could draw without any fear great expectations, leaving me only a of punishment from the breach of the small legacy. This circumstance, and second commandment. These rare acthe advances of a rich fox-hunting squire, complishments won my heart; when an. wrought so much to my disadvantage, ticipating my union with the accomthat I was dismissed by her friends, plished phenomenon, she cruelly deand at their suggestion, she very duti- serted me for the irresistible attractions fully yielded to the son of the chace.- of a strolling player.--Dissatisfied with Time, that best soother of human woe, poems and plays, pianos and paint, I soon performs a cure; and I next next bowed down to a learned lady, figured away with a lady in the fashiona- who could harangue in Latin with all ble world. ---Like the owl, I sunk down the eloquence of a college professor ; to repose at the approach of the sun, and who could spout Greek with parsonic arose at his departure. Every thing purity; who could write a criticism on seemed to be in a most favourable train, a plain passage in a Greek or Latin auwhen imprudently settling some future thor, until it became unintelligible; who plans of domestic economy, I was dis- could unriddle all the dark meanings of missed with the epithet of a mean, ava- Aristotle; and who could prove, to a dericious wretch.-My next adventure was monstration, that the ancients with a young lady, who, with a mode sages, and the moderns, blockheads rate fortune, and a handsome person, had well versed in the philosophy of 1. secured to herself, at least, a score of schools, both ancient and modern. Inhumble admirers, when I fortunately sensible to externals, even to stoicism; stepped in, and she very condescendingly for so far bad she carried her apathy, reduced the number to half a dozen, that she had actually written a treatise besides myself. I believe I should have against the passions, and was one night carried the prize, had not a tall man of reading to me the chapter against anger, blood, yc!ept captain, have come in be- when the maid servant coming in to pretween; and on my excusing myself from pare supper, unfortunately overturned standing to be honourably shot through the inkstand upon some critical notes


on & Greek author, and thus spoiled the were Bachelors ; and if they were ing La bours of a whole fortnight. This was ended as examples for our imitation, foo much for the mild follower of Zeno.- urely we ought to hesitate on so imporThe inkstand 'was expelled at the head tant a point. That great apostle of the of the terrified Abigail, with philosophic entiles, St. Paul, not only discounterages, and op my iunocently requesting Lanced matrimony by his practice, but ber to conclude the chapter on anger, she expressly recommended a life of celibacy, gave a practical illustration of her system, as a virtue; and with such authority, all by furiously dispatching the treatise parliamentary arguments vanish like füll is my face.- Perfectly satisfied with smoke. That the ladies should not coinlady philosophers, I next offered my-cide with the wholesome advice-giving, self to a devotee; trusting that christia. and' woman-silencing apostle, is no ways. pity would teach a milder behaviour. extraordinary; but that Mr. Vansittari-, Here I was dragged to the conventicle, the zealous supporter of the Bible So, every Lord's-day, three times at least; ciety, should, by the tax in questions besides attending conferences, night meet- set aside the authority of St. Paul, ie ings, dc. on the week day; and if I had truly surprising. Notwithstanding the not indulged a little mistimed scepticism, seeming proofs of bis piety, unless he I might have been united to the most withdraw this most unchristian tax, we devout lady in Christendom : but bap- shall be led to judge, that lie has allowpening to doubt of Serpent-logicians, and ed his gallantry to get the better of his A'ss-orators, I was dismissed as an infidel christianity. Yours, &c. whom, for the glory of God, it would

AN OLD BACHELOR. be well to roast into the faith..So anxious was I to become a Benedict, that I Lincolnshire, March, 12th. 1815.

. next became the humble suppliabt of

CORS LAWS. my oryn housemaid ; a tall, stout, mahogany faced damsel, whom I believe I SIR.I wish to argue the subject on should have taken for betteror for worse: reasonable grounds, and as there is so Frut indiscreetly offending her on the much noise about ihe Cori bill; I trust auch dieaded pasting day, the enraged you, wili y've place to shese few observaAmazon, with ponderous fist, so ob- tions.- Letore tbe war, bread was od. the , scured my pereeption, that I was ever quartern loar; and pray whai makes it: after itind to her qualikeations.-llaving dear now? Have we not the same porbad safhereut experience of the mid- tion of land to grow coron, as we had derus, as a last resowoc, Ti pourred forth before the war? Nay, I will answer, a my passion to a rich old Spinster, whom considerable deal more, by the immense I was rear leading to the altar, when the inclosure of waste land which, I may' grim tyrant death intruded, and snatched say, has been taken from the poor; and her away from the enamoured swain. given to the rich. They have deprived I could willingly have engaged with some them of the land, and now they have the other antique, but with the mourntul inpudenee to say, that they will not grow: everit before me, of the instability of life corn on it, unless you give thein what in the aged, I was fearful of too soon price they choose to ask. Have we not being tett in a widowed state. Growu equally as good farmers as we had before grey in a life of fimitless importunity, the war; and is not the land as produchi reconcilee myself to my fute, with tive? What then is the reason they caufhiosopbical fortirade, when lo! the not grow as much corn now, as did Minister opened bis budget, and ibus before the war?. It is because of the prevented me ap indulgence so necessary enormous load of tares with which we to my declining years.Ifl be tbenght are oppressed. I consider all the noise to have failed in praving the oppres- now making by the supporters of the corps sion of the tax, by my history, shall bill, as pong! but a bug-bear to frighten appeal to -ripture, trusting that every us~* false alarm--an invention to auFood christiat will coineide with a

my as

thorise the establishment of a despotismo guments.

To search for names whenjnrious to the liberties and bappmess bvé atio ef a lustre tus that of Bachelor, of tlie people. The fact is, the warwould be an endless Fusk : suffice it to whoop faction. Irave got rid of the proav, krat lesus Christ, said huis: die eijides, Iperty tax, and liave already laid it op the shoulders of the mercaòtile people. back parlour and the piano; the men Should this bill pass through the house for having changed the smock-frock, and of their " noble-mindednesses,” the bur- carters whip, for the military cut, superthen, with the head and all, will be too fine coat, lined with silk, his We!lington heavy for the shoulders. But supposing boots, bis jenimy rattan, and bit of blood. the land holder was formerly necessitated Dumplins too are forsaken for dainties; to raise his tenant's rent, to enable him and it is reckoned among the number of to pay the Goverument demand of 101. the farmer's high crimes and misdemeanper cent. property-tax, the land holder ours, that they feed no longer om ox

was not even then the loser, as it all came cheek and beef legs. I request you my · out of the loaf. Now that that demand brother farmers to note this. You are

is over, let the landholder lake off the to be clothed with the smock-frock, go 101. per cent. which he put on his tenant, in bigh shoes and hob nails, feed on the and let Government reduce the most op- ofal of your produce, send all your poulpressive part of the farıner's taxes. This try, eggs, butter, cream, &c. to market, would be the most equitable way of en- that the appetite of those who have burcouraging the growth of corn, and giving thened you wiil excessive taxation may us bread at a moderate price. If we be pampered at a cheap rate, fare sumpmusth ave taxes, let us ļiave them on any tuously every day, roli along the street thing else but the loaf.' By these means, n splendid equipages, and mock and and ihese only, we will be enable:l to pro- deride the clow nisi awkwardness which, cure a foreign market for our manufac- in their prejudiced eyes, is necessary to tures, without wbich there is no chance the selling of cheap com. It may perof reducing the price of bread, and of haps be thought illiberal to accuse Aris restoring England to its former prospe- tides of wilfully setting one class of the rity. Although I like your reasoning in community against another. I must, general, Nr. Cobbeti, I wish to know therefore, impute the false description how we are likely, (if passive obedience he has given, io a complete ignorance of be the order of the day) to get redress the mode and habits of life of so respectin the event of their " noble minded-able a class of the community as the “nesses” rejecting the voice of the peo- generality of British farmers. "It is not ple in their petition against the obnoxious unlikely he may have been entertained corn bill. If the only constitutional mode by the military fop hie has pourtrayed; of petitioning should be rejected, and and if such ckaracters are to be found the intimidating force of an arnıy of sol- amongst farmers, Aristides should have diers be resorted to, I should like you to been charitable enough to have acknowpoint out the remedy, as I am at a loss ledged the real cause of their creation to imagine one. I am, &c.

and existence, which he must know to March 12, 1815.

W. P. R. have arisen out of the late wicked, unjust,

and unnectssary wur. If be had on this DEFENCE OF THE FARMERS. subject reusol.ed with his accustumed

acuteness, he must have known that Mr. COBBETT — Amongst the various noie put on the military babit with more opinions which have lately appeared on reluctanee than the farnier; that he was the subject of Cora Laws, scarcely any induced to become a volunteer by the have been free from an admixture of ili intiuence of government, thro' the meberal abuse of the farmers of England, dium of the magistrate and his landlord, and some of your correspondents have by whom he was in many instauces, fallen into that vulgar error, för so ci mest threatened with notice to quit his farm be allowed to consider it; and ny sur- if he didi uot coinply with the military prise is much encreased to find your requisition. His fawily, tuo, were often otherwise sensible correspondent Aristi- invited to the festive board, to join the des urned accuser of the farmers in your merry dance ;and# ilie female part imiRegister of the 25th uit. Amongst some tated the dress and manners of their bew plausible reasons for the bigli price of associates, the colonel's and the squire's corn, he assigns the principle one to be lady; if they were tenpted to learn the the bigla and luxuriant living of the fär- martial air, and tbe jocund" song on the mer, whose family he describes as having piano, can this possibly be assigned by førsaken the dairy and the churn, for the lany sound reason as the true cause v boy.

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they cannot sell their corn cheap? Corn this convenience is looked for in vain.
has not risen in price more than the oak It is replaced, in some instances, with
tree, the deal board, or the tallow can the humblest buggy, but more frequently
dle, and till it can be proved that the with the taxed cart; and the appearance
increased price of these articles is owing of the farmer now, when compared with
10 the luxuriant living of the tim ber mer- his grand-father, is that of a pauper being
chant, the carpenter, and the tallow passed bome to his parish; he now rides
chandler, the advance in the price of to market or to worship, gingling and
corn cannot be attributed to the extrava- shaking and gnashing of teeth.
gant living of the farmer. But, Sir, I But why are these comforts Aed ? It
deny the fact that the generality of the cannot be unknown to Aristides, that
farmers, or their wives and daughters, they are laid aside to answer the demands
are what Aristides has described them of the tar-gatherer, who threatens to
to be; or that their situation is improved swallow up all oar comforts, and deprive
by an increase of either their luxuries or us of all our conveniences, to enrich
comforts. More than a century ago that those who are partakers and dividers of
facetious poet Pryor described the situa- the spoil. I ain told that farmers drink,
tion of tas mers (not as living on ox cheek and get drunk too.

So does the parson, or beef legs but) as living hospitably, and the lawyer, the senator, and the statesbeing surrounded with plenty:

But are we, on that account, to Large oxen in the field were lowing,

accuse the whole of those classes with

this nauseous vice, and charge them with Good grain was sowil, good fruit was growing;

all the mischief and calamity that awaits Of last year's corn in barns good store,

this once happy country? Such a mode Fat turkies gobbling at the door ;

of reasoning would be accounted illiberal How strong the beer, how good the meat,

and inconclusive. It must be equally so How loud they laughd, how much they cat.

if the whole body of farmers are to be

judged by the indiscretion of a few fops Many other authorities might be and sots. It should also be taken into quoted within the compass of a farmer's consideration, who have turned farmers? reading, to prove their situation to have It must be allowed, before the character been that of plenty and comfort, and of the English farmer is truly appreciated, that they could entertain their friends that all retired merchants, military genwith true hospitality; nay even jovially, tlemen out of employ, disappointed and without incurring the reproach of making unsuccessful speculators, with the rem. corn dear. Who can enter a farm house bants of their broken fortunes, must be in the present day, without seeing in struck from the list; then I may safely the corner cupboard the punch bowl of aver that the farmers of England have his grand-father, which, when in his not abated one jot or titue in the habits possession was often replenished to wel- of industry, economy, or frugality, or come the coming guest and cheer the increased in luxuries. It must likewise weary traveller; but is now only an arti- be granted, that farmers of enterprise, cle of old china to be wiped of its dust, who have made large fortunes, cannot be and set up as an ornament of ancient considered a fair sample of the generality times. The untaxed ale, which cheered of farmers. If they have got too rich by the countenance, and made glad the turning the desert into a garden, tho’ heart of man, is now no more. It, alas! they may in common with other successis obliged to give way to a thinner liquor, ful classes of society, live luxuriantly, I more endangering the visitor with the cannot see how they have made corn gripes than the gout. Leaving, however, dear by growing abundance where none the description of the poets, and calling grew before. It is a fact universally in aid personal recollection, I could admitted, that where several farms have state instances of farmer's keepingcomfort- been laid together, cultivation has imable carriages, principally employed for proved and the quantum of corn much carrying their families to worship, giving increased; a sufficient proof that this them a jaunt to the market, or conveying cannot contribute to raise the price of them to a family party at christmas; but corn. tho' I am now acquainted with a hundred Having combated these false notions times as many farmers as I was then, of your correspondent, and others of like


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