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opinion, may I be allowed to state what | let the pen of Aristides be directed I conceive to be the real cause of creating against the common enemy taration and a necessity for making corn dear. It corruption, those co-partners in mischief must be attributed by every considerate and misery. Then may we be brought mind to increased rents and overwhelm- back to the enjoyment of the blessings ing taxation. All our political econom- of o ancient constitution and the conists have ascribed the progressive rise in stable's staff, instead of a large military the various articles of life to these causes; force, and an embroidered militia in time but there is no occasion for quotations; of peace. While economy and retrenchwe can cast a sum in addition or snbtrae- ment are recommended to the farmer, tion: multiplication is brought to our we will kindly return the good advice, recollection by a increase of evils; and and recommend it to government also as the result of our little arithmetic may be the only etlicient remedy for our aggrasolved by a simple question in the rule of vated evils. Yes, while we are curtailing three ; if an advance in ient and taxes comfort after comfort, convenience after has increased our expences fourfold, convenience, we advise those above us what price must corn be at to enable us to share in the like privations; and while to hold our farms and retain our situa- our laborers are bearing with patience tions? The answer is obvious. It is a reduction of 2d. or 3d. in the shilling, also clear, that if a large abatement on account of the reduced price of proof rent cannot be obtained, a considera- visions, let us demand also that the serble diminution of taxation, and a total vants of the state should be reduced in riddance of the tythe system, so mons- the same rate. I could easily point out trous, so oppressive and vexatious, there what a load of taxation the good people will be no alternative but emigration or a of England might be relieved of from jail. It is equally evident, that there are this just and well-founded claim being not enly one but many countries where, adopted, from the prince on the tiirone in mercy to mankind, tythes are abothio' every department of the state and lished, rents one fourth of the rents of every servant in office; but I shall leave England, taxes comparatively none; and this to abler pens, and as my chief obaliho' it is our wish and our pleasure to ject was to defend the farmers from those raise corn in abundance, and sell it cheap ill-founded and precipitate cbarges of exto the good people of England, we cannot travagance and luxury which have been perform impossibilities. If we are taxed brought against them, arising no doubt and tea zed out anú obliged to abandon from gross misconception, I shall conour native soil, we must cross the chian- clude with subscribing myself their deDel in such numbers ihat it might pliz- voted friend and servant. z!e a long keaded chancellor to raise his revenues from those who remain. The
R. F. Jandlords also will find it dificult to obtain tenants for their arms. As to the Corn Bill now proceeding in Parliament, * America Triumphant. and which excites such dreadful agitation, I an free to declare that a large lrose vile slaves of corruption, what now will portion of farmers do not wish it to pass, they say, because they consider it to be instru- who assur'd us, the Yankees would all run away, mental in advancing the price of their soon as ever they came within sight of our mera kabour, keeping up rents, and perpetua. And that England would make them her subjects ting teres, which ought to be repealed. again. They are truly alarmed at a peace estab-One would think, they believed these American lishment of nineteen millions a year, elves, and believe with you, Sir, that there is were compos'd of such dastardly stuff as themselves. ho necessity for such an expenditure; They for us, that their busons beat bigla in the that this excessire tandtion is the rich pasiure un which corruption feeds, fations of true L'BERTT, Justice, Religion, and Laws, and grows insolent. Why then infame and that one common spirit pervaded ihe land, the public mind against the farmer? To resist th: Aygiessions, Injustice bad plam'd. Why not, to use a farnti's expression, lay Alas! had vir Rulers wie measures observ'd, the saddle on the right lorse! Rather | 11. Wieg ne'er isolu a just line of policy swervid;
Had they treated as men, whom they treated with canal on which they had effected their scorn ;
disembarkation. In my encanıpment The beams of our glory had never been shorn ; every thing was ready for action, when, We should never llave suffered disgrace or defeat, early on the morning of the 8th, the Nor from those we despis'u been oblig'd to retreat. enemy, after throwing a heavy shower of Frors what height of power las England been bombs and Congreve rockets, advanced hurld,
their columns on my right'and left, to storm By tl' example these Yankees have slewn to the my entrenchments. I cannot speak sufworld ;
ficiently in praise of the firmness and deWhut a blow to our greatness, low humbled our liberation with which my whole line repride,
ceived their approach--more could not To be beaten by those we so often defied ; be expected from veterans inured to war, Theurident ot Neptune, our glory and boast,
For an hour the fire of the small arms was By injustice, and weakness, for ever is lost. incessant and severe as can be imagined. Could our furefathers know, could they rise from The artillery, too, directed by officers
who displayed equal skill and courage, Aud belield that their souls cau submit 10 be did great execution. Yet the columns of slaves;
the enemy continued to advance with a That the country, for which so much blood has been firmuess which reflects upon them the shed,
greatest credit. Twice the column which Is now govern'd by those whom Corruption has approached me on my left was repulsed,
by the troops of General Carroll, those With wliat feelings indignant their bosoms would of Gen. Coffee, and a division of Kenglow,
tucky militia,and twice they formed again With what grief they would see we were fallen su
and renewed the assault. At length, howlow.
ever, cut to pieces, they fled in confusion And are we so falien, so regardless of shame,
from the field, leaving it covered with As to lamely submit to the loss of our face?
their dead and wounded. The loss which Is the spirit of Brilons become so deprcsu'd ?
the enemy sustained on this occasion, Are those sentiments lost, our forefathers possess'd?
cannot be estimated at less than 1500 in Shall we never awake, 'uill our ruin is seal'd ?
killed, wounded and prisoners. Upwards Can the wounds of our Country never be heai'd ?
of 300 have already been delivered over Ob! let us avert, whilst we're able, the storm,
for burial ; and my men are still engaged And abudish Corruption, by peaceful Reform;
in picking them up within my lines and Let the voice of the people be rais'd through the carrying them to the point where the land,
enemy are to receive them. This is in And our Rulers must grant what we firmly demand; addition to the dead and wounded whom L’t us tell them the Rights that to Britons are due, from the field during and since the action,
the enemy have been enabled to carry That the Many no more will be slaves to the Few.
and to those who have since died of
the wounds they received. We have AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.
taken about 500 prisoners, upwards of
300 of whom are wounded, and a great General Jackson's Account of the Oper exceeded and I believe has not amount
part of them mortally. My loss has not rations at New Orleans.
ed to 70 killed and as many wounded.
The entire destruction of the enemy's Copy of a Letter from Major-General army was now inevitable, bad it not been Jackson to the Secretary of War dated for an unfortunate occurrence which Camp, four miles below Orleans, 9th at this moment took place on the other
side of the river. Simultaneously with Jan. 1815. Sie--During the days of the 6th, and his advance upon my lines he had thrown
over in his boats a force to the other th; the enemy had been actively employ- side of the river. These having landed, ed in making preparations for an aitack on my lines. With infinite labour they the works of Gen. Morgan; and, what.
were liardy enough to advance against had succeeded, on the night of the 7th, is strange and difficult to account for, in getting their boats across the lake to at the very moment when their entire disthe river by widening and deepening the
comfiture was looked. for. with a. confi.
dence approaching to a certainty, the, Copy of a Letter from Major-General Kentucky reinforcements, in whom so
Jackson, to the Secretary of War, damuch reliance had been placed, inglori
ted Head-quarters, 7th Military disously fled, drawing after them, by their
trict. example, the remainder of the forces; and thus yielded to the enemy that Camp, 4 miles below N. Orlean, 19th most fortunate position. The batteries,
Jan. 1815. which had rendered me for many days Last night, at twelve o'clock, the the most important service, though enemy precipitately decamped and rebravely defended, were of course now turned to his boats, leaving behind 'sim, abandoned ; not however until the guns under medical attendance, eighty of his had beon spiked. This unfortunate wounded, including two officers, fourroute had totally ehanged the aspect of teen pieces of his heavy artillery, and affairs. The enemy now occupied a po- a quantity of shot, having destroyed sition from which they might annoy us much of his powder. Such was the siwithout hazard, and by means of which tuation of the ground which he abanthey might have been able to defeat, doned, and of that through which be rein a great measure, the effects of our tired, protected by canals, redoubts, en
this side of the river. It trenchments, and swamps, on his right, tecime therefore an object of the first and the river on his beft, that I could consequence to dislodge him as soon as not, without encountering a risk, which possible. For this object, all the means in true policy did not seem to require, or my power, which I could with any safety to authorize, attempt to annoy him much use, were immediately put in preparation in his retreat. We took only eight priPerhaps, however, it was owing some- soners. Whether it is the purpose of the what to another cause that I succeeded enemy to abandon the expedition altoeven beyond my expectations. In nego-gether, or renew his efforts at some other ciating the terms of a temporary suspen- points, I do not pretend to letermine sion of hostilities to enable the enemy to with positiveness. In my own mind, bury their deed and provide for their however, there is but little doubt that wounded, I had required certain proposi- his last exertions have been made in this tions to be acceeded to as a basis ; quarter, at any rate for the present seaamong which this was one—that al- son, and by the next I hope we shall though hostilities should cease on this be fully prepared for him. In this beside of the river until 12 o'clock of this lief I am strengthened not only by the day, yet it is not to be understood that prodigious loss he has sustained at the they should cease on the other side; but position he has just quitted, but by the that po reinforcements should be sent failure of his fleet to pass Fort St. Pbilip. across by either aroy until the expira- His loss on this ground, since the de. tion of that day. His Excellency Major- barkation of his troops as stated by all General Lambert begged time to consi- the last prisoners and deserters, and as der of those propositions until 10 o'clock confirmed by many additional circumof to-day, and in the mean time re-cros- stances, must have exceeded 4000 ; and sed his troops. I need not tell you with was greater in the action of the 8th than how much eagerness I immediately re- was estimated, from the most correct gained possession of the position he had data then in his possession, by the Inihus hastily quitted. The enemy having spector Geueral, whose report has been concentrated his forces, may again at- forwarded to you. We succeeded, on tempt to drive me from my position by the 8th, in getting from the enemy about storm.
Whenever he does, I have no 1000 stand of arms, of various descripdoubt my nien will act with their usual tions.-Since the action of the 8th, the firmness, and sustain a character now enemy have been allowed very little resbecome dear to them. I have the honor pite---my artillery from both sides of to be, with great respect, your obedient the river being constantly employed, till servant,
the night, and indeed until the hour of
doubt they thought it quite time to quit
a position in which so little rest could Hon. James Monroe Secretary of War, be found. -Iam adviseri by Major Over
ton, who commands at Fort St. Philips, the Right Honourable James Lord Gamin a letter of the 18th, that the enemy ha
bier late Admiral of the White, now ving bombarded his fort, for eight or Admiral of the Red Squadron of his nine days, from 13 inch mortars without Majesty's Fleet, Henry Goulburn, Eseffect, had, on the morning of that day quire, a Member of the Imperial Parliaretired. I have little doubt that he ment, and Under Secretary of State, and would have been able to have sunk their William Adams, Esquire, Doctor of Civil vessels had they attempted to run by.
Laws:-And the President of the United I have the honour to be, &c. States, by and with the advice and conANDREW JACKSON, Major-Gen. Com. sent of the Senate thereof, has appointed
P.S. On the 101h our prisoners on John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, shu're were delivered to us, an exchange Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, and Al having beer previously agreed to. Those bert Gallatin, Citizens of the United who a're on board the fleet will be deli- States, who after a reciprocal communivered , at Petit Coquille-after which I cation of their respective full powers, shall still have in my hands, an excess have agreed upon the following Articles: of several hundred.
Article 1. That there shall be a firm 20th- Mr. Shields, Parser in the Na- and universal Peace between his Britauvy, has to-e'ay, taken 54 prisoners, among nic Majesty and the United States, and them are fonir officers.
A. J. between their respective countries, terri. Hon. Jamė: Monroe; Secretary of War. tories, cities, towns, and people, of every
degree, without exception, of places or TREATY of PEACE WITXI AMERICA. land, shall cease so soon as this Treaty
persons. Alt hostilities, both by sea and
shall have been ratitied by both parties, JAMES MADISON, President of the as hereafter mentioned.
All territory, United States of America, to all and places, and possessions, whatsoever, tasingular to whom these presents shall ken from either party, by the other,
come, greeting :-Whereas a treaty of during the war, or which may be taken Peace and Amity between the United after the signing of this Treaty, excepting States of America and his Britannic Ma- only the Islands hereinafter mentioned, jesty, was signed at Ghent, on the 24th shall be restored without delay, and with day of December, one thousand eight out causing any destruction, or carrying hundred and fourteen, by Plenipotenti- away any of the artillery or other public aries respectively appointed for that pur- property originally captured in the said pose; and the said treaty having been, forts or places, and which shall remain by and with the advice and consent of therein upon the exchange in the ratiticathe Senate of the United States, duly |tions of this Treaty, or any slaves or accepted, ratified and confirmed, on the other private property. And all archives, seventeenth day of February, one thou- records, deeds, and papers, either of a sand eight hundred and tifteen, and ra- public nature, or belonging to private tified copies thereof having been ex- persons, which, in the course of the year, changed agreeably to the tenor of the may have fallen into the hands of the said treaty, which is in the words follow- Oificers of either party, shall be, as far ing to wit;
as may be practicable, forthwith restored Treaty of peace and amity between his and delivered to the proper authorities
and persons to whom they respectively Britannic Majesty and the United States belong. Such of the islands in the Bay of America,
of Passamaquoddy as are claimed by His Britanic Majesty and the Uuited both parties shall remain in the possession States of America, desirous of terminat- of the party in whose occupation they ing the war which has unhappily subsisted may be at the time of the exchange of between the two countries, and of restor- the Ratification of this Treaty, until the ing; upon principles of perfect recipro- the decision respecting the title to the city, peace, friendship and good under- said islands shall have been made in constanding between them, have, for that formity with the 4th article of this Treaty. purpose, appointed their respective Ple- No disposition made by this Treaty, a nipotentiaries, that is to say: His Bri- to snch possession of the islands and tertannic Majesty, on his part, bas appoiuted (ritories claimed by both parties, shall.
in any manner whatever, be construed | Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, to affect the right of either.
excepting such islands as now are, or Art 2. Immediately after the Ratifica- heretofore have been, within the limits tion of this treaty by both parties, as of Nova Scotia ; and whereas the sevehereinafter mentioned, orders shall be ral islands in the bay of Passamaquoddy, sent to the armies, squadrons, officers, which is part of the Bay of Fundy, and subjects, and citizens of the two powers the Island of Grand Monan, in the said to cease from all hostilities : And to pre- Bay of Fundy, are claimed by the Uniter vent all causes of complaint that might States as being comprehended within arise on account of the prizes which may their aforesaid boundaries, which said be taken at sea after the said ratifications islands are claimed as belonging to liis of this treaty, it is reciprocally agreed, Britannic Majesty, as having been at that all vessels and effects which may be the time of and previous to the aforesaid taken after the space of twelve days from Treaty of 1783, within the limits of the the said ratifications, upon all parts of province of Nova Scotia. In order, the coast of North America, from the theretore, finally to decide upon these latitude of twenty-three degrees north to claims, it is agreed that they shall tbe latitude of fifty degrees north, and as be referred to two Commissioners to be far eastward in the Atlantic ocean, as the appointed in the following manner, viz, 36th degree of west longitude, from the one Commissioner shall be appointed by meridian of Greenwich, shall be restored his Britannie Majesty, and one by the on each side: That the time shall be 30 President of the United States, by and days in all other parts of the Atlantic with the advice and consent of the Seocean, north of the equinoctial line or nate thereof; and the said two Commisequator, and the same time for the Bri- sioners so appointed shall be sworn imtish and Irish Channels, for the Gulpb partially to examine and decide upon of Mexico, and parts of the West Indies; the said claims according to such evi40 days for the North Seas, for the Bal- dence as shall be laid before them ou tic, and for all parts of the Mediterra- the part of bis Britannic Majesty and of nean; 60 days for the Atlantic Ocean the United States respectively. The said south of the equator as far as the lati- Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's tude of the Cape of Good Hope; 90 in the province of New Brunswick, and days for every part of the world soutlı shall have power to adjourn to such other of the equator ; aud 120 days for all place or places as they shall think fit. other parts of the world without ox- The said Commissioners shall, by a deception.
claration or report under their bands and Art 3. All prisoners of war taken on seals, decide to which of the two coneither side, as well by land as by sea, tracting parties the several islands aforeshall be restored soon as practicable after said do respectively belong, in conforthe Ratification of this treaty as hereinaf- mity with the true intent of the said ter mentioned, on their paying all debts Treaty of Peace of one thousand seren which they may have contracted during hundred and eighty-three. And if the their captivity. The two contracting par- said Commissioners shall agree in their ties respectively engage to discharge in decision, both parties shall consider specie, the advances which may have such a decision as final and conclusive. been made by the other for the suste-| --It is further agreed, that in the event nance and maintenance of such prisoners of the two Commissioners differing upon
Art 4. Whereas it was stipulated by all or any of the matters so referred to the second Article in the Treaty of Peace them, or in the event of both or either of 1783, between his Britannic Majesty of the said Commissioners refusing, or and the United States of America, that declining, or wilfully omitting, to act as the boundary of the United States should such, they shall make jointly or sepacomprehend all islands within twenty rately, a report or reports, as well to the leagues of auy part of the shores of the Government of his Britannic Majesty as United States, and lying between lines to to that of the United States, stating in debe drawn due east from the points where tail the points on which they differ, and the aforesaid boundaries, between Nova the grounds upon which their respective Scofia on the one part, and East Florida opinions have been formed, or the on the other, shall respectively touch the grounds upon which they, or either of