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writer who has taken a just and mas- contracting parties the several islands lying within terly view of this subject; and you were

the said river, lakes, and water cominunications perfectly right in following your own du respectively belong, in conformity with the true judgment, and in not taking the advice intent of the said treaty of 1783. And both parof those who wrote to you to desist. ties agree to consider such designation and decision The government and people of this coun- as final and conclusive. And in the event of the try are not yet aware of the consequences said two Commissioners differing, or buth, or of This war against free men; and Napo- either of thein, refusing, declining, or wilfully leon's return is calculated to absorb all omitting to act, sucir reports, declarations or stale. attention for the present. If war should ments, shall be made by them, or either of thrai, be revived against France, will the peo- and such refereuce to is friendly sovereign or state ple of England be ready to petition shall be made in all respects as in the latter pure. agaiost it as they did against the Pro- of the 4th article is contained, and in us full a perty Tax, whieh tax was only the effect manner as if the same was lacrein repeated. of the war? A short time will determine Ari. 7. It is further agreed that the said iwo this and many other questions.

Let the last-mentioned Commissioners, after wey shall people remember that the war is the cause have executed the duties assigned to them in the of the taxes; that if the war is renewed, preceding article, shall be, and they are hereing taxes must be collected; the debt will authorised, upon their oaths impartially to fix and increase every day, and fresh taxes must deseruine according to the true intent of the said be levied to meet the increasing interest Treaty of Peace, of 1793, that part of the bonne of the debt. It is foolish and absurd to vary between the dominions of the iwo powers, petition against taxes, and not to peti- which extends from the water communication betion against the cause of the taxes. tween lake lluion and lake Superior, to the inost Your's &c. G. G. Fordham. nurih.western point of the lukic of the Woods, in

decide to which of the two parties the several Sandon, March 20th, 1815.

islands lying in the lakes, water communications, and rivers, forming the said boundary, do respec

tively. Lelong, in, cursurnity with ile truc intent AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.

of the said treaty of peace, of 1783, and to

cuuse such parts of the said boundary, as require it, Treaty of Peace between his Britannic to be surveyed and marked. The said CommissionMajesty and the United States of lands and seals, designate the lwundary aturczuid,

ers shall, by a report or declaration under there America.

slate their decision on the points ilus referred to (Continned from Page 359.) thein, and particularize the latitude and longitude zhrouch ile niddle of suid Jake umil it art res at of the most north-western point of the lake of the the water communication into the “ Lake Iluron, Woods, and of such other parts of the said boun. thence through the siddle of said lake to the dary as they my vicem proper. din both parties water communication between that take and lake aree to consider such designation and decision as Superiur." And whereas doubts have arisen, what

final and conclusive. And, in the event of the was the middle of said river, lakes, and water said iwo Commissioners ditřiring, or both, or eitless conimunications, and whether certain islands lying of thein refusing, declining, or wilfulls omitting in the same were within the dominions of his Bri- 10 act, such reporis, declarations, or staiements, Cannic Majesty or of the United States : ln order, sall be made by them, or either of them, ani therefore, finally to decide these doubis, they shall such reference to a friendly sorervind or state, be referred to iwo Comwissioners, io be appointed, shall be made in all respects as in die lieder pitt sxorn and authorised to act exactly in the wamer di- of the fourth arricle is container, and in as full rected, with respect to those nientioned in the next a manner as it ihe same was herein repralel. prcceding article, unless otherwise specified in this Art. 8. . The several boards of two) Cuinwissinn. present article. The said Commissioners shall ers inentioned in the four preceding articles, alia!! meet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the state of respectively bave power to appoint a secretary, New York, and shall have power 10 adjuurus and to employ such surveyors or other persons as to such other place or places as they shall think fit : they shall jadje necessary. Duplicates of all their The said Corumissioners shall, by a report, or decla- respective reports, declaratious, (slalements and. ration, under their hands and seals, designate the decisions, and of their accounts, and of the jouren boundary through the said river, lakes, and water nals of their proceedings, shall be delivered by FUm wunications, and decide to which of the two them to the aber is of his britannic Majesty, und

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to the agents of the United States, who may be such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all respectively appointed and authorised 10 manage ostilities against liis Britannic Majesty, md Lis the business on behalf of their respective govern- subjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty ments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively being nutitied to sucb uribes oqations, and shall paid in such manner as shall be agreed between the desist accordingly.

Art. 10. Whereas the traffic in slaves is irreiwo contracting parties, such agreeinent being to le seuiled at the time of the exchange of the ratifi- concileable with the principles of humanity and cations of this treaty. And all other expenses a:

justice, and whereas both his Alajesty , and the tenling the said Commissioners'shall be defrayed United States are desirous of continuing their ef. equally by the iwo parties. And! in case of deali, forts lu pronie its cuire abolition, it is hereby sickness, resignatiou, of necessary absence, the agreed that both the entracing parties shall use place of every such Commissioner respectively their best endcavours tu accenuplisti so desirable s!u!l be supplied in the same manner as such Com

au ubject. Inicejoner was appointed, and the new Commissioner

Art. 11. This treaty, when the same shall have shall take the same oath or affirmation, and do the

been ratified on both sides, without alteration same duties. It is furtber agreed between the by either of the contracing parties, and the rationo contracting parties, that in case any of the

fications mulually exchanged, shall be binding islands mentioned in any of the preceding articles,

on both parties; and the ratititicativns shall, which were in the possession of one of the parties be exchanged at Washington, in the space of four

months from this day, or sooner is practicabic, prior to the commencement of the present war

In faith whereof, we the respective Plenipotenbetween the Iwo countries, should, by the decision of any of the Boards of Commissioners aforesaid, tiaries have signed this treaty, and have thereusio

affixed our seals. or of the sovereign or state so referred 10, as in the

Dove in triplicate, at Gheut, the 24th day of four next preceding articles contained, fall within

Dečeniber, '1814. the dominions of the other party, all grants of Jand made prerious to the commencement of the

(L. S.) GAXBIER, (L. S.) Henry Gouleurx. war, by the party. liaving had such possession, (LS) WALLAN Adams, (I.S.) John QUINCY shall be as valid is if such island or islands, liad Adams, (... S.) J. A, Bayarp, H. Cyny, (!. 5.) by sucli decision or decisions, been adjudged to be Jona. RosseLI, (L. $ ) ALBERT GALLATIN. within the dominions of the party having had sucii

Now, therefore, to the end that the said possession. Ari. 9. The l'nited States of America engage served, with good faith on the part of

treaty of peace and awity may be ob 10 put an end imruediately after the ratification of the United States, I, James Madison, The present treaty to hostilities will all the tribes

president as aforesaid, have caused the 9 nations of Indiuns,' with wliom ihey may be premises to be made public; and I do nt war at the time of such ratification ; irad forth- hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, wita 10 restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, civilor military, within the United States, sll the possessions, rights and privileges, which and all others, citilens or inhabitants they may have cajoyed or been entiiled to in 1811, thereof, or being within the same, faithpyretions to such livstilities; provided always, that fully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, sich tribes or nativris shall agree to desist from and every clause and article thereof;—in ::!| hostilities, against the United Srates of Ame- testimony whereof, I have caused the sica, their citizens and subjects, opon the ratib seal of the United States to be affixed cution of the present treaty being notified 10 snch to these presents, and signed the same tribes or nations, and shell so desist aconetlingly. with my hand. Done at the City of And luis Brisaonic Majesty engages, on his part, to Washington, this eighteenth day of Feput an end iumediately after the ratification of bruary, in the year of our Lord one thous tile present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of or nations of Indians' with whom he may be at the sovereignty and independence of the war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith United States the thirty-ninth. 10 resture to such tribes or nations, respectively,

JAMES MADISON, all the posscssions, rights, and privileges, which They may bave enjoyed or been entitled to, in 1811,

By the President, previous to such hustilities; provided always, that JAMES MUNRO, Acting Secretary of State,

Printed and Published by G. Houston: No. 192, Strand ; whiere all Comerunications addressed to

Editor are requested to be fermarone,

+

.L. XXVII. No. 13.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1815,

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PEACE! PEACE!

put down James Madison, and “ DELI-
VERED THE WORLD of the 'exis.

tence of that EXAMPLE of the success To LORD CASTLEREAGH. of PEMOCRATIC REBELLION.".“ NO MY LORD,

prace with Madisor," was their cry.

Kill! kill! keep killing, till be is put down, The grand event, which has just taken in like manner as Napoleon is put down! place in France, and which is so well cal. This was their incessant cry.' And, in culated to convince all' mankind of the a short time after Napoleon was exiled folly as well, as the injustice, of using fo- to the Isle of Eiba, these literary Cossacks reiga force for the purpose of dictating published a paragraph, which they into a great nation who they shall have serted in the report of the debates in the for their rulers, or what shall be the form liouse of Conions, as the report of the of their Government; this grand event, speech of Sir JOSEPH YORKE, then insical of prodlucing such conviction in and now one of the Lords of the Admi the minds of those persons connecied ralty, in the following words; to wit.with the Loulou Newspapers, Naga- Sir J. YORKE observed, that although zmes aud Reviews, who are called ('os- one great enemy of this country, Bonasack writers : so far from producing such parte, had been deposed, there was conviction in their minds, this grand another gentleman whose DEPOSITI. erent seems to bave made them more ON was also necessary to cur interest; cager than cver for interference in the " lie meant Mr. President Madison ; domestic affairs of France; and, while " and with a view to THAT DEPOSIthe cries of our countrymen at New Or-“ TION, a considerable naval force must leans are yet vibrating on our ears, these “ be kept up, especially in the Atlantic, Tien are endeavouring to urge you and “ But as to his honorable friend's opiniparcelleagues on to the sending of thou on respecting the reduction of the sands upon thousands more of our men, Nary, he wished it to be consideresh and to expend hundreds of millious more " that a number of shipping were enof our money, in order to overset a Gio-" ployed in conveying French prisoners vernment which the French vation love, to France, and bringing biome our own and to compel them to submit to one " countrymen. So much for the necuwhich they hate, or, at leasi, despise, pation of our navy on the home statifrom the bottom of their hearts, and with " on.--But from the Mediterranean for inal unanimity absolutely unparalleled. “ stance, several three deckers were or

My Lord, if my advice had been fol- “ dered home, and he could swear that loncii

, we should have had in American no practical exertion would be remitted War; the 20 or 30,000 men and the 50 to reduce the expence of our Naval 0p 60 millions of money, which that un- Department.” fortunate war has cost us, and which Wiih what shame! with what 'sorrow, have only, as it turns out, created an would these writers, if they had not lost American Navy, and exalted the Repub- all sense of shame, and all teeling for their lic anongst the nations of the world, country, now look back on their conduct pould all have been saved. The literary at the time to which I am referring! InCossacks of London, were, I verily.be-stead, however, of feeling shame for that lieve, the chief cause of that war. They conduct, they are now acting the same urger you and your colleagues on to the part over again; they are now reviving all destruction of ihe American FORM OF ineir old calumnies against the Emperor GOVERNMENT. Napoleon being, as Napoleon; they are abusing the French they thought, down, never to rise again, army and the French pe pie ; they are they urged you to make war, till you baul bestowing on them appellations almost

and ..

too infamous to be repeated; and they (pentine River, the crawling worshippers are calling upon you and your colleagues of Whiskers and of Jack-boots:I am aware, to make a war of extermination upon that my Lord, how difficult it must be for people, unless they will receive aud adopt these persons, comprising no very small the ruler and the Government appointed, part of those who call themselves the or pointed out, by England. These men UPPER ORDERS, now to look each called Mr. Madison à TRAITOR and other in the face. I am well aware of the e REBEL; and they are now calling Na- fire that must burn in their bosoms, and poleon a TRAITOR and a REBEL. I pity them accordingly. I am aware, They called the Americans slaves, vil- too, of the situation of those public men, lains, thieves; and these appellations who, since the exile of Napoleon, have with many others, not excepting cowards, expressed “their sorrow, that those great they are now bestowing on the French "statesmen, Burke, Pitt, and Perceval, people. They now see that you and were not alive to witness, and to paryour colleagues have found it necessary “ ticipate in the general joy at the triot make a treaty of peace and amity with "umph of their principles." "I am aware Mr. Madison, whom they called a traitor of the situatioa of those (amongst wborn and a rebel; but, these men are of that is the Chancellor of the Exchequer) description of fools to whom experience who have so recently eulogized the Incannot teach wisdom, and they are now come, or Property Tax, upon the ground repeating their cry, no peace with Napo- of the complete triumple which it had leon: no peace till the Bourbons are enabled us to obtain over Napoleon, and again on the throne of France; war with of the fair prospect which it had given the French until they adopt a ruler in us of a long and prosperous peace. I am, whom we have confidence.

above all, aware of the feelings of yourThere is something so uvjust in this self, my Lord, who have acted so high a proposition: something so savage in the part in the exiling of Napoleon, wlic very idea of making war for such a pur- have been so loudly cheered on that acpose : something so arrogant, so impu-count; who, after detailing the grand dent, so insolent, that, were it not for views and proceedings of the diferent the impotence of the rersons wlio make it, powers at the Congress of Vienna, told it could not fail to fill every Frenchman's the House of Commons, on MONDAY, breast with indigration inexpressible. the 201h of this month of March, that Nevertheless, having seen the effect of our great and enormous sacrifices had the writings of these men as to the Ame- purchased a fair prospect of bappy tranrican War; having seen how completely quillity for us and for Europe, for twenty they succeeded in causing the people of vears to come: and who learnt, on the Englaud to believe, that it was just and NEXT WEDNESDAY, that Napoleon wise to make war for the purpose of was again at the head of the Frenci nadeposing Mé. MADISON, there is reason tion, Louis le Desire, having already to fear, that their present labours will reached Abbeville on his way out of not be wholly ineffectual: that, inileed, France ! I am well aware of the existence it is possible, that they may again suc- and of the powerful effect of all these ceed in their mischievous objects: and, feelings : but, still I do not abandon the therefore, I shall endeavour to shew, hope, that the disappointment, the motthat the war, which they recommendi, titication, the shame, the blind rage of would be injust and hateful in its ob- the lierd of Napoleon's haters will not be jects, and, in its consequences, likely to able to ivdnee you and your collcagues be fatal to our country.

to listen to thie dictates of passion inI ant aware, my Lord, of the morti- stead of those of reason, and to plunge fication which is now felt in England : 1 your country into a new and fatel war. am aware of the acufeness of the sting: There are too objecis very distinct, for I see liow dillicult it must be for the re- which the literary Cossacks are calling joicers of April last, the wearers of law for war: the first is, to put down and rel, and white cockades, the roasters of destroy Napoleon and to compel the Salutors (female as well as French people to submit to the Bour

and the Gallant bons: ike second is, to secure Belgium 10 stane at the Temple in the new king of the Netherlands, who,

heroes of die Ser- I only on the 16th of this present month,

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took upon himself, formally, the sove, they opposed him. This step enraged the reignty of the Belgian provinces. I am people; they soon after put the king and against war for either of these objects. queen to death. They marched against I think, that, for neither of them, nor for the Duke of Brunswick and bisGermans; both together, we ought to go to war; beat them, and began that series of conand, I now proceed to state the reasons quests, which have made France so upon which that opinion is founded. famous and so much feared in the world,

As to the first of these proposed ob- It is well known, that divers changes in jects of war, the case is this. For more the internal government of France had than a century, the French people had taken place previously to the time when been objects of contempt with the people Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of of England, because the former patiently that country. It is also well known, that submitted to arbitrary and oppressive he was exiled in April 1814; and, that, government, ecclesiastical as well as civil, while the Capital of France was occupied I appeal, not to our songs and theatrical by an army of Austrians, Prussians and pieces (though no bad criterion), nor to Russians, subsidized by us, the eldest our paintings and prints ; but, to the brother of the late king of France was most approved historical, political, and brought to Paris from England, put moral writings in our language, and to upon the throne, and made ruler of the speeches in both Houses of Parlia- France instead of Napoleon. ment. I appeal to these for proof of Now, then, my lord, let us take a view the fact ; that, up to the year 1789, the of our conduct,' through this series of English nation held the French nation in years, as far as relates to the internal contempt on account of their patient sub- government of France. At the out-set, mission to an arbitrary king, who could the French expected us to be the first imprison or exile any of them at pleasure, people on earth to congratulate them and to a cormorant priesthood, who, in on their newly-acquired freedom, and a great degree, devoured the f... 'zof men's the very last in the world to find fault labour. In short, it is notorious, that, with them for over-stepping the real previous to the year 1789, Frenchman bounds of liberty. They soon found and Slave and even Coward were, in the their mistake; for, Mr. Burke, whose minds of Englishmen, almost synonymous profound wisdom the Chancellor of the terms. In 1789, the French nation began Exchequer has, within a few weeks, so to make a change, or revolution, in their highly extolled, attacked the French peoGovernment, and expressed their deter-ple, in speeches in Parliament and in mination to have perfect freedom. Be- pamphlets, so early as 1791, two years tween the beginning of this year and the before the king was put to death. Mr. summer of 1791, many schemes of Go- Burke called upon England and all vernment were proposed : and, at last, other powers of Europe to make war one was agreed on and formally accepted upon the French people; and, Mr. Burke, by the king. But, in spite of the king's soon after this, had a pension granted acceptance, his BROTHERS, Louis le him of 3,000 pounds sterling a year. Desire, and the Comte d'Artois, together When France was invaded in 1792, with the other Princes of the family, went and a great emigration took place from out of France, and, from places on the that country, the emigrant nobles and borders of that kingdom, issued their priests were received in no country with protests against the King's acceptance of so much kindness as in England: and, it the Constitution. In these protests they is notorious, that we paid them pensions declared their resolution to overset the from that time to the time of their death, constitution by force of arms if they or their return last year. It is equally sould, and if force should be necessary, notorious, that we have employed many At length, iu 1792, the Emperor of Ger- of these emigrants, as officers, or solmany and the King of Prussia marched diers, in our wars against France. an army into France, under the late Duke When we began our tirst war, in 1793, we of Brunswick, who issued a proclamation, professed to have no desire to interfere in stating it to be his intention to“ restore the internal government of France. We

the King of France to his legitimate complained of her disorganizing principower," and threatening to inflict on ples, which, we said, threatened the the people the most terrible punishments if overthrow of all"regular governments;

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