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“ a small inn for a few minutes, about Feeble as my pen is, when compared “ 25 miles from Dieppe; ai thedoor there with your herculean labours, and the

crowds of persons amusing powerful energies of your mind, I feel it themselves with remarks upon the to be my duty to raise my voice, at this

English passengers. The news just awful moment, against the prosecution of then arrived of Bonaparte's approach measures which bave already proved so " to Paris, and probable entry in a few fatal to our national prosperity, that, “ hours--all was veliemence and confu- in place of Great Britain now occupying “sion, and unbounded joy expressed. the proud eminence, from which she " Notre Empercur," Napoleon,” | commanded the homage of nations, she

Napoleon le Grand," appeared to elec- appears, alas! to be fast verging to a state

trify and fill their hearts with joy." of irretrievable ruin, and to have become --Here, then, my Lord, in spite of all an object of contempt amongst those their fabrications, peeps out the fact, who formerly envied her

greatness. that THE PEOPLE in France as well as Whal a terrible, what a useful lesson has the army are filled with joy at Napoleon's the American war taught our rulers, if return. And why should the " poor they are at all capable of being taught

English be in trouble and have melan- by misfortunes! -Only a few short

choly trces” at this event? Strange in- months before, they formed the resolutideell, that they shoul! sorrow for them on of overthrowing democracy, of exselves: it is ileir annoyance; it is their tinguishing republicanism or the otker izsolence, which has thus been repaid side the Atlantic, we bad acquired the with ridicule and scorn. They had the renown of having defeated, in numeaudacity, io icok upon France as a sort rous battles, the soldiers of a nation of colony of Englanil; and in their sorrow, that liad, for twenty years, overawed the their melancholy faces, at Napoleon's re- Continent of Europe, and that had dicturn, the people of France saw no feeble tated terms, in their very capitals, to all proof, that that return was for the good its sovereigns, who considered themand for the holour of France,

selves happy in being permitted to hold Thus, my Lord, have I given you my

their crowns by the suffrance of the reasons for objecting to a war with victors. Not only so, but to our powerFrance, either for the purpose of restor- ful exertions, it was owing that the greating the Bourbons, or for that of securing est captain of the age, the man who Belgium to the new King of the Nether-could boast that victory had never delands. I do not, I must confess, enter-serted his standard, was so completely tain very sanguine hopes, that this my subdued as to seek for safety in retireadvice will be attended with better suc- ment, leaving the field of battle, the cess than that which I offered as to the scene of all his glory, and that of the commencement and prolongation of the people who had so long exulted in his unfortunate and disgraceful war against and their triumphs, in our full and unthe American States ; and, if, in spite of disputed possession! What an elevated what I deem the plain dictates of sense rank to hold in the scale of nations ! and reason and love of country, this What an enviable situation! Had the helin new war is to be waged, I have only to of the State been guided by pruadd my sincere wishes, that my predicdence; bad moderation influenced tions may not, in this case, as in the for- our national councils, we never could mer, be so completely fulfilled.

have been driven from this lofty

pinnacle. Ages might have passed I am, &c. WM. COBBEIT.

away, but Great Britain would have Botley, 30th March, 1815.

remained the admiration and the envy

of the world. Pride, hatred and ambi. WAR WITH FRANCE.

tion bas subverted the stately fabric.

Nothing would satisfy us but the overMr. COBBETT.--The praiseworthy, throw of American independence. In the patriotic and honourable exertions place of attributing our successes here which you are now making, to avert the to a fortunate concurrence of circumcalamities consequent on a renewal of stances, we fancied ourselves inrincible. the war with France, call for the sup- We entered the contest vaunting of our port of every real friend to his country. omnipotence. We despised the enemy

we had to encounter. Already we had double that number in the course of one made preparations for putting the sea bort mouth, is so tremendous a force upon the final subjugation of the Anieri- was necessary to give stability 10 his rican continent. Every friend of liberty throne, or even to extend bis conquests.

at the derico attempt. It is impossible at present to divine his Every lover of his native laid sighed, intentions. Circunstances may justify and his spirits sunk within him, when the opinion, that he will insist upon be conteinplated the probability of making the Rhine the boundary of its success.

But, the charm of our France. If he should, it would be a invincibility bas been broken; the wise policy in the allied powers not to talisman of our omnipotence, bas bee' oppose this. They have accused Napodis ipateu; and Britain, prond Britain, leon of being unbounded in his ambition. has fallen from the summit of her great Mouid it not be worth ihe trial, to give Dess! A band of freimin, whose Govern him those limits which nature has so ment she threatened to overtbroiv, to clearly pointed out as belonging to the whom she arrogated the privilege of dic. French Enpire ? Should he pass these, tating the law, rushed forward in defence without cause of provocation, he might of obeir rights. The country which had then be apposed as the common enemy been invaded, becanie the grave of the of mankind. To war against him, in bis invaders. Even the ocea:1, on which she present favourable situation in créer to had so long ridden triumphant, was des- prevent bis obtaining that object, would tined to witness ber defeat and her dis- be folly; but to draw the sword for the grace.

A reverse so inexpected, a purpose of reinstating the Bourbons, çhange so sudden and extraordinary, na- would be the extrenle of madness.- 11 turally produced a correspondent feeling. the former case the chances are two to The nations of Europe, who were fois de against his opponents : In the latter merly awed by the splendour of our vie. they are ten to one. If we calculate on tories, now leson to question our pre- the victories of Marquis Wellington, they tensions. They no longer regarded us 3s will be met liy our defeats at Fort Erie invincible: they were indignant that the and New Orleans. If we speak of the should have so long vielded us the rank entry of the Alies into Paris, we shall which sie possessel. This indignation, be told that treason no longer exists at wisat they coasidered their own weak in the French army; that Napoleon ness and ly, gare birth to feelings of never was defeated when the soldiers batred and contempt. The eagerness be led to battle

were true to their with which we sought an opportunity to colours. Our naval and military glory enter into negociations with America, having been so greatly tarnished by the was no way calculated to counteract contest with America, and the foriunes this impression; and it only remained of Napoleon having so greatly improved, to complete the degradation, by finally it is lamentable to observe with what making concessions 10 the foe we despi- eagerne:s our ministerial newspapers are sed, nilich no other could expert or ex- endeavouring to involve this couniry iu a act but one that bad frustrated our de- new war with France. Have these tools signs, and driven us from the field.--- At of corruption forgotten the arguments this critical moment, when vlir fame for which they made use of, in the end of deeds of arms has so fatally declined, the the year 1813, to dissuade the allies from adrerary, whom we had overtorowa), and giving peace to Europe ? Are they not

re-appearance we never calcu- aware that the conclusions they then crew lated, stands again into viek.--He comes as to the favourable effect this would arrayed with tenfort! more terrors than at have upon France, now operate with any former period. If ever it was a double force against our taking up arms matter of doubt that Napoleon possessed against her ? The language of the Courier the hearts of the people of france; the at that time was parucularly striking and reception ubicle they have now given bima remarkable. in that journal of 25th must effectuaily remove it. Aveady he December, it was said,

By peace, is said to bave an army at his command “ France will gain every thing. She of 50“,600 veterans; and such is the at- “ will regain at least 300,000 of her best fachweat and devotion to his person troops, one half of her best officers, which pervades all. France, that he might " and seamen sutficient to mau 50 sail of

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“ the line.--- In six months after a peace, , willing aid to corruption to keep her 'in “ France may have fifty sail of the line, ber seat; and now, forsooth, you pout “well manged, and an army of half a and whine like way-ward Children.

million of men, commanded by a great |--A person of no small abilities, yet “ military genits. One victory may espousing the canse of the Corn Bill,

again give him possezsion of Vienna." uses the following most excellent remark, ---The event here anticipated has actu- whichi, as it suits the cause of the peopleally happened. Napoleon bas regained, inuch better than the one in the service by the peace, all bis best troops, the of which it is enlisted, you will permit greatest part of his best officers, and all me liere to quote. The writer says lis seamen. He possesses more than tifty and says justly, tliat,

Equal prosail of the live, and he has at his com- “ tection is the right of all vader a mand half a million of armed men. If free government. All must participate then the allied powers should provoke “ in the benefiis of society, otherwise : him to hostilities, let tiem beware that “ the bond of association) loses its legiti(.7victory does not again give him “ mate force, as in Asia, where a tyrannic possession of Tinna."

"partiality nakes favouree Casis, and H.

treats others as if they were not

of the human species; or, to use the Psic FRUERS.

“ words of the poet, Nature's basMr. COBBETT.--, letter, under the " tards not her sons.' Such favour signature of Aristides, las, it sceins,

“aud affection may do in Asiatic gogiven offence to sury of your Corres- vernments, but not ia England pondents, who seen impressed with this argument be just, let the ministhe idea of Ins being liostile to farniers in teits explain upon what funndation they general, whereas the contrary is the case; proceed with regard to the Corn Bill; for while deprecating the row pendig for certainly the land-bolders and farmers Corn Bill, as an arbitrary, partial, and form but a comparatively small part of unjust measure, no man entertains inore the community: --The manufacturers allection, respect, aad, I may say, vevera-exceed them greatly in mumber. Betion for the plain, roughi, honest true old sides these, there is a multitude who English Farmer, than Aristides ; neither belong to neither of the above classes: does any one more ardently wish, or Yet all are to be nppressed, that the would niore earnestly endeavour, (over- farmer may be enabled to pay a racka whelmed as the nation is with Lords, rent to the land-holder, and therefore Baronets, Knights, and Nabobs,) the the land-holder seated in power; most renovation and multiplication of the an- unfeelingly lays it on. Having, in the cient British Yeomanry.-But monopoli- above quotation, mentioned Asia, give zers of land, speculators and vile imita- me leave, Mr Cobbelt, to ask some little tors of the luxuries of a court, cannot information as to a transaction meet the approbation of a well wisher to tioned to have happened there some his country; the more especially when, years ago. I mean a monopoly of rice, to enable themselves to continue such, said to have caused the death of several they wish to put every wouth' in that millions of persons, who may be presiCountry under tribute. Honest indigna- med to have been neither lånd- huriers tion in the cause of the poor, may then nor farmers, but of nearly a similar dete allowed to burst forth.

scription with our manufacturers and laAristides agrees with the bulk, and bouring poor. Perhaps the cori bill hetter part of the nation, that Corruption may be meant as a: experiment upon and Taxation have gone hand in hand a smaller scale) to take place here, acfor a number of years; but wherefore cording to an idea held by an author of good people of Englaud do you now the fashionable world, that there may cry out against them ?---You were in at times be political wisdom in diminishuse to discourage, by all the means in ing the population; and for iliat perhaps Four power, those who sought to rid you could be found no better expedient than of the oppression; nay you lent your ) the Corn Bill. ARISTIDES.

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Prinies ar priblingu by W. HUUSTON: N0.192. Strand; where all Communications ads.cssed in

Edilus are regiested to be forward de

Vol. XXVII. No. 14.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1815.

[ Price ls.

*you had

4171

[ 418 TO LOUIS.

that it was not; but, it is impossible to

blame the people of France for having OX THE REAL CAUSES OF HIS LATE believed that which every man in Eng

EXPULSION, AND ON THE FUTURE land believed, and especially when overt
PROSPECTS OF HIMSELF AND FA- acts of a nature so-striking, and so hu-

miliating to France, accompanied this MILY.

memorable declaration. You had, ex SIR,-While I feel, in common with pressed your resolution to owe your resmost of my countrymen, compassion for toration solely to the people of France ; you, under the present circumstances, and the people of France saw you escorta i ihink it right to address you my ed from the Prince Regent's palace, to thoughts on the real causes of your late Dover by English Guards ; <they saw. you expulsion from France, and on the pros- conveyed across the Channel in an Fng. peets which now present themselves to lish ship commanded by an English yourself and family. To do this I think Prince; they saw you received on French myself

, the more fully entitled, as the ground and conducted to : Paris by Geradvice, which I offered, you upon your man and Prussian soldiers, subsidized by restoration was not followed, and, as it England: they saw: Paris filled with now appears, the acting in opposition to those troops ; they saw those troops.rethat advice bas furnished the grounds main there until Napoleon was landed of numerous accusations against you and on the rock of Elba, and until your Government. It appears to me new-organized the army and the civil very clear, *that the House of Bourbon authorities of France; they, in short, saw never can reign agaiu in France. A war, 1 you put upon the throne by foreign arin which all the rest of Europe, with the mies, and they heard England, who had purse of England,emptied into their hands, been the constant enemy of France should league, against France, might pro- under all her forms of Government, held duce great revolutions in that country; up, as entitled to all the merit of having but, I am convinced, that it is wholly accomplished this event. impossible for any combination of power, Was it likely; was it possible, that a or of events, to make your House again nation like the French should not burn for any lengch of time, the sovereigns of with desire to wipe away this broad, this France. The reasons for this --opinion staring -stain on its character ? To see will become apparent when I shave «des the English regiments of horse traverse cribed what I deem to have been the real almost the whole of France, when they causes of your late espulsion.

might have been embarked very nearly In the Proclamation to the French at the spot where the war bad closed; people, which you issued in England in to see the studied parade of Engliska the early part of 1814, you said, that you conquerors," as they were called, in the were resolved to owe your restoration streets of Paris ; to be told, as they solely to the people of France. But, you were through our news-papers, that you were hardly arrived in France, when it had, at the request of our Government, was stated in the Moniteur and in the forcibly detained American armed ships English news-papers, that you had, under in the ports of France, and that you had, your own band, declared to the Prince by special command, prevented FrenchRegent of England, that you owed your men from sailing to America, test they Crown to kim; and the substance, if not should enter into the service of that con copies, of the letter, containing this de- try: to see and hear these things must claration, were published in these same bave added greatly to the mortification papers. I do not pretend to say, that and resentment of the French people, this was the fact I would fain believe who, always remarkable for their loved

military glory, would under such circum- the ancient rules with regard to the stances, naturally be ready to burst forth Sunday; rules never, perhaps, very against your authority upon the first wise, and now hostile to the habits of the fair occasion.

whole of the generation whom they were Yet, if you had returned unaccom- to affect. This measure of itself was panied by the ancient Noblesse, and the sufficient to produce a shock. It would Clergy, things might possibly have settled naturally create a belief, that all was to down into something like content. But, be attempted to be restored, as far as loaded with a numerous class of persons, religion was concerned. Nine tenths of all on the tiptoe of expectation; all expect the actire men in France are, perhaps, ing employments and honours; all eager to no more Catholics than I am, having, be restored, as well as yourself, to power with their mothers' milk, imbibed a disand to wealth ; and, all having, which like, and even a hatred, of that Church you bad not, in contend with rivals for and its clergy. The effect of such meathat power and that wealth, and with sures must be to fill thein with disconrivals, too, whom they found in posses- tent, alarm, and resentmentment; for sion; loaded with this almost numberless every man living soon hates whatever class, who, to say the truth, had claims makes him uneasy. If measures of this as fair as your own to a restoration, it kind, which I can allow to have been required wisdom and energy that do not adopted by you from motives of real fall to the lot of mankind to prevent piety, were calculated to revive all the those heart-burnings which arose from apprehensions of religious persecution, this cause, and the effects of which we the re-burial of the late king and queen's now so clearly trace, not in speculation, remains marked out not a few of the but in decisive facts. A man bereft of greatest men in the country for regicides. power or profit, always becomes a bitter The funeral service upon that occasion; enemy of him who has displaced him. the amual humiliation appointed; the But if such changes become pretty gene- language of the noblesse, ihe clergy, the ral throughout a whole country: if a sort Royalist pamphleteers, the official jour. of proscription be set on foot; and espe-nal, clearly showed, that there was, in cially if the grounds of that proscription the end, io be neitlier oblivion nor forbe such as almost every man in the com- giveness for what was called the “ murmunity will naturally see level,in some de- der " of the late king and queen. And, gree, against bim, and even against his thus another list of proscription was prochildren; it is manifest that a convulsion mulgated, written in characters of blood. can be prevented by the bayonet alone. But, if it bad been possible for you And, if the danger; if the suffering, ex- to remain upon the throne amidst the tend itself to the military as well as to hostility excited against you by all these all other persons in power, who can ex- causes, your power must have been des pect that any thing short of a great, an stroyed, and yourself deuironed, by the overwhelmiug, foreign force, constantly attacks upon property, which were made present in the country, will be able to in so open a manner. The notion wbich support the ruler on bis throne ?

the presses in this country are so very While these changes were at work, anxious to inculate is, that your overs producing hostility in every part of the throw is to be artributed solely to the country, the priesthood seem not to have army, who, we are told, gorerns the peobeen idle. I am not blaming them for ple of France, and forces upon theni their endeavours to bring back the peo- whatever laws and government it pleases. ple to their former sentiments. They We are told, in one column of these might deem it their duty. But, as was papers, that Napoleon is unable to collect to be expected, they proceeded with very a large army: that he has been compelled little caution. The people, who had, to lower bis tone because he wants an arin general, long set aside the old way my; that he has expressed bis willingness of thinking along with the tythes and the to abide by the Treaty of Paris because he convents, saw with great jealousy and wants an arıny; that he has abolished alarm the crucifixes re-hoisted at every the Slave Trade, which you would not corner in the towns, and on the sides of abolish, because he wants an army; that the high-ways; and, as if you scorned to lie pays his court to the people and proapproact by thes, Iyou re-established Imises thein liberty of the press and free

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