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ice, and Genoa, on the other hand, as miralty to the Fleet, directly after the
an improvenant in the state of Europe ; abdication of Napoleon, expressed a con-
then, it must be confessed, that the suc 6deiit expectation, that the war against
cesses of the Allies had improved the America would end in a way to give
state of this importạnt quarter of the lasting iranquillity to the civilized
globe; but, there was another quarter of wcrlıl.
ihe globe, which your lordship wholly Now, my Loril, what would I give to
omitied, at which I greatly marvel; be know, wheiher you look upon the state
cause the merit of endeavouring 10 re. of things in America as coming within
“ store the natural and social systemi" your view, when you talk about the
in that country; the merit of endea “ Social System !" Because the state of
vouring to improve the state of America, ibings there Lears a strong resemblance
was exclusively our own; unless, in to the state of things now existing, or,
deed, the Allies did, as it was asserted, at least, fast approaching, in France. A
by our 'news-papers, they had done, Chief Magistrate, a Legislature, elected
make a secret contract not to interfere by the people; no sovereignty acknow-
in our war with the transatlantic repub- ledged but that which proceeds from and
licans; and, even in that cas“, their resides in the people; po feudal rights ;
share of the merit was very small indeed. no superiority claimed by birth; to pri-

My Lord, what would I give to know | vileged orders; no dominaut church;
precisely the meaning of your words, no compulsory payments to ministers of
n ben you talk of the SOCIAL SYSTEM! religiou; no religious tests ; no restraint
Until we know this, however, there is no on the press as to masters of opinion ;
such thing as approving of any of your perfect equality of civil rights. So that,
conclusions. We have seen you at war if this state of things do not belong to
against NAPOLEON, and against Nir. the “ Social System,” it would seem,
MADISON, at one and the same time. that the world would still be in a very
We have seen, within the space of four unsatisfactory stale, though tlie Bour-
months, troops in the pay of England in- bons were again on the throne of France.
vading both France and America; in Does your Lordship mean, that the
possession of the cities of Paris and " Social System" is restored in Spaiu ?
Washington. Were both of these Chief In Italy? At Genoa ? It would be coa-
Alagistrates enemies of the “Social Sys- ferring a great favour on the pation to
“tem?" I must again remind you, that let us bave have a zlú or nay answer to
the press in England denominated Mr. this question; because we should then
Madisou a rebel and a traitor, as iliey kuow, if we are !o go to war, precisely
now denominate Napoleon ; that they what we are fighting and tuiling to re-
declared that no peace could be made store and estabiish.
with James Madison, as they now de- Your Lorelolip's next positions are:
clare for the second time, that no peace that the retira of Napoleon ta power
can be made with Napoleon Bonapirte; is hy 110 incans the effect of the wili 98
that they insisted on the necessity of the wiss of the perple of France, ani,
carrying on the war till ihe mischievous that it is quite chiar, that the event is to
example of a Government, founded on a he aseribed wholiy to artifice and the
democratical rebellion, shoula be de-overwhelming int uence of a military chief
stroyed; that they urged the necessity and his army! You are a cool, a very
of prosecuting the war against America ceol man, my Lord, or I should think,
upon the same principle as it bad been that this must have lieen a niisrepresenta-
so successfully prosecuted against France; tion of your words. What! believe that
and, that they published with impunity a Napoleon, an exile in Elbo, corild land
declaration, which they ascribed to one with 660 followers, and go 500 miles
of the Lords of the Admiralty, and gave along the high road, and then enter
it as if delivered by him in parliament: Paris, witbout a single band raised
in which declaration it was stated, that agripst hini, through many very populvys
we must carry on the war till James Nia- and strongly fortified, towns, withouy the
dison should be cloposed in like nanner good wishes of the people Really this.

as Napokon had been deposed. It is ve- must be that sort of faith which is able Dilo cessarg that I also remind you, that a to remove mountains. In my last lelter

teules address of the Lords of the Ad- to you and in my letter to the late king

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for us

of France, I have proved, that the peo-j ger sufficient to justify eren preparation, ple of France oud wish, beca ue their it was, however, necessary for you to iuune rests compelled them to wish, foor ist upou this wonderful aitachment of propean's re urs; but, jew strange. is in the arnıy to Nap iron; an attachment

Dow to be 4.d, thai tie az mi not to be weakencu by his reverses in war aline wisted it, when it is not more tiru Hor by their own personal sufferings unten Ruthe ani, taat we were assuredt der his command, nor by his abdication, thai ile army bed him in the utmost nor by his exile; an atiachment such as contem! Call this nation stil believe few men in the whole world have ever al tiene cultriiclierery assertion? It is sad the happiness to experience. It nuiorious, that time Saglis alion were, vas necessary for you to iusist unor this for years, indietro i clieve, initiie Freuch :lmost miraculous attachment iu order to army wais Esspureseti, isi of Volunteers; mahe out your case of donger to the rpwot of men engaged in var for the love pise of Europe. But, it appears to be, of glory; but of mell, drar ned to the at you, in your anxiety to establish this tanks in chains. How was y voluiuen print, overlovked the danger of apother have we rear ou the furors of the Con sort: namely, the danger to le apprehenscription! Did 1904 this whole nation befod from this very attachment, in case we lieve, that the array of Napoleon were a attack Napolruz. We all know, that set of par souls, who had been led even a small army, finnly attached to captive into the service; wuo had been their chiei, is a formidable object. What, couplead together on their way like enn then, must a large arany be ocund togevicts going to our Hulls ? Was not this ther and urged on by such a feeling? our belief? Had not the English press

That it must be large, and very large succeeded in waking us believe, that this indeed, is, according to you, certain; for, svas the description of men serving iv the unless it were such, it could not have French armies; and, that these unfor- kept in awe Thirty millions of people, setuvate, beings sighed for ide moment, veral hundred of thousands of whow - when they should be restored to their were armed national guards, and not a homes, where their miserable parents ew of whom had devoted like and fortune avere kursiøg the cruelty of their Chief ? to the defence of the King. Yet, strange Aud yet, Oh! strange to record, you 10 say, we are told, that this army is very now jell us, that

this same

Chif weak as to numbers, and discipline: comes fron exile and thrusts out a mind that it has neither caunon nos stores; and benevolent sovereigir, solely by the and that it wants what is called the mateattackment borne, towards him, by this rinl. Well

, when, my Lord, take the tung same aray! What, then; these people this way: allow the army to be weak and lored chains and thumb-screws. They insatfiriert; and, iden, sky.necd we be pot only followed all over Europe ; they a'armed? If Napoleon bas the army and not only vertured their lives the ser- the army clone, is for him,nai, ir jhai arıy vice of ile awar, who ikad dragged them be weas, how can we wish to see France from their homes in chains and put them in a better state for our interests ? to the torlære ; but, baviog leeu released, Your Lordstip. appears to assume 25 having been delivered from his power, and a fact adnitter, that irasce is now wler taken into the service of a paternal, suve- the absolute sway of a military chif reign, they briug back into tbeir country, "did his arvy,” which you are pleased to and place in command over themsejres, call the System of France. But ! de ay him wbo bad treated thesa niw all sorts of this suct, en in the truth of wbich all you cruelties. Riaily, my Lord, elucugi! have subsequent reasoning depeods. Napoca often read of people who have been slip ou bas simulared, that he rules only by ped, ibumis screwed, chained, and wiber- virtue of the people's choice; de espeitwise tortured by their tyrants, I never ly disavows all riction of mutiary unilo did before, either read, bear, or dream of rity; he says he is to govern for, cod by people so treated, avdy were attached 10 the will of the people. He was called ile said tyrants, who wished to keep such info power men known to be depuizaly tyrants in authority;or,Who would not, ifbosule to the very system gou describes they lead the power, wear such tyrauis io these que:2 have declared to him, that he pieces.

is to how his power upon these conditie order to maks put the case of dan: 1.031$. the has made uvertures provjeg har sincerity of his declarations. In short," ancient state of sound policy and it is manifest, that to hold his place in « social feeling, he certainly never had the Republic, he must seek peace, and participated in that precipitate judy. pursue it, unless he be first attacked. “ ment that there would be no other

I think that it is clear that the system transition than from a state of war of France is a system of peace, and of a " with France to a state of peace. The disinclination to foreign conquest. A “ danger which threatened Europe, from Frenchman, who reflects, ie ust perceive, “ the military character of France, was that the extension of the pundaries of more deeply rooted in the state of

France can be no benefit to her; that, if things which made France murely a : the French empire were again extended werlile nation; which sunk all the

to Rome, Hamburgh, and Cadiz, France other classes of society there in suborwould become little in proportion. Paris dination with respect to the army: and could take no pleasure in seeing Rome “ it was obvious that if France should and Amsterdam and Madrid dividke her suddenly endeavour to break from that greatness with her. And, such men as “6 anorlid and unnatural corudition in Carnot and Roederci would not fail to “ which she was, a re-action of lier arperceive, that the liberties of France mies was to be expected, which would could never exist, while herChief was also “ perhaps place that country politically the Chief of so many other nations. In some " at the feet of her soldiery. And had part or other of an empire so stretched " not such been actually the case ? Who out, there must always be cause for the “ would say that the return of Bonaparte presence and operation of armies. The to the capital of France had taken Chief must have enormous powers. Despo- place with the wis!cs of the French tism is alone capable of keeping internal “ people? (hear, hear!) Who, on the peace and order amongst the people of " contrary, would hesitate to say that it an empire like that of Napoleon; and," was in violation of the recorded feeltherefore, to secure those liberties, and all ings of the nation, unequivocally in je. those inestimable advantages, which have " doair of the ancient dynasiy? It was been the consequence of the French re- “ one of those revolutions produced by volution, France must refrain from exten- an army which could only hope, in ding her boundaries to any considerable “ such a revolution, to find iis usual redistance. And, my lord, does not all the “ wards in the blood and plunder of intelligence we receive from France clear- “ other nations. That army had, lowly shew, that this is the principle, upon,' ever, disgraced itself by violating all which the French government is now “ those oaths to its lawful Sovereiga acting? We may talk of the army as long “ which would have had weight upou boas we please, but is it the army that liave “ pouralle minds. Watever might be. called for the declarations against foreign the ultimaie decision, of this Governconquest ? Hias not their Chief toici " ment and its Allies, it appeared to bim them, that they must forget their fo rmer “ that the only calculation which Europe conquests? Has he not told them, that “ had to make was, whether it would be he shall confine bimxeif to the old French mote for her interests to meet the powe frontier? And, if he had thought, that “ er Ulat now threatened her,at its outset, he had been received back merely as the "" before it was established in the full ..means of leading France to foreign con- vigour of its resources, or to remaia quest, would be have inade such decla- “ united in a state of inilitary organizarations ? To answer this question in the " tion as a necessary precaution against affirmative, would be to set human na- dinget.---'le confessed he was not dure as well as common sense at detiance. " then in a state to communicate to the

Your Lordship is made to describe " Ilouse all that would be necessary to France as

being " merely a warlike enable it to judge upon the whole of nation." But, I will transcribe the “ that question, and therefore he thought si bole passage, einbracing as it does se- “ he acied more in the spirit of the conVeral.ponts which call for remark. It is stitution, and in what became him as reported in Ibese words: “ However san a Minister of the Crown, in leaving that " guine lie might have been in his hopes topic to stand upon its own ground as " that the ultimate issue of the late is it might appear bereafter from the •' events would lead the world back to its

of events. The Noble Lord



“ then adverted to what ought to be the lares, partridges, pheasants, deers and “ line of policy which this country should wild boars, which waste their " adopt with respect to the continent, fields and devoured their crops: instead. " and deprecating the ilea of hur- if that wretched, cowed-down race, who, “ rying, or goading the continer or ages, were the butt of English scorn • into a war, maintained that we should und ridicule, you would, if you had turwait to watch the spirit and feeling ned your eyes tirat way, have beheld in " which mighi manifest themselves France the country spread over wittı.

throughout Europe in this great crisis proprietors of small parcels of land, well" “. At the same tine, if the case turner | Tressed, well-fed, bold in their manners, merely upon

dit ulties, he trus'e::ensible in their remarks, understanding " that as we had sared the world in con heir rights and ther duties, fearing no

currence with the continental powers, natioil, brit anxious for peace with all. " with the same concurrence we shoule. ilris, perhaps, your loralship would have "be ready to preserve it. (hear, lear! regarded as "a MORBID and unnatural " It was a proud reflection for this coun condition". At ang ate, such IS the "try. that ül the end of so long a war condition of France, let the fact excite

kelad at'he present momeni, accommortification and envy where it may.

plished every thing which was desira- You are pleased to describe the return “ ble for securing the balance of Europe of the Emperor Napoleon to the capital " and the independence of State;; and of France as being “ in violation of the " bad established more in fact, than had recorried feelings of the nation uncqui“ been done at any former period." “ vocally expressed in favour of the an

Really, your lorciship appeal to me to “cient dynasty." When, my lord ? bave profited very little of the opportu. When 500,000 Russians and Gernians vity of judging of the state of France were quartered on the French Soil? when and of what, in such an event as the the Prussians and Russians garrisoned present, was likely to be the predomi- Paris, and its environs ? when an En. nant feeling in that country; or it ap- glish army, at the same time, was, stapears to ine impossible, thai you should loped in Bourdeaux and on the banks of not have seen in France all the elemen's the Garonne ? Was it then that the people of lasting peace and of repugnance to of France hailed so unequivocally the mere military sway. If, igricell, you had return of the old dynasty? Buto supseen France before the revolution, you pose. they did? did this shew, that would have found her essentially sub- France was a mere military nation; ordinate to the army; for then, the or, that it was inclined to peace, and the noblesse, who ownell the land, and who arts of peace? The truth is, that the exercisest all sorts of poners under the French nation sighed for peace; and if fenilal system, were military mea in virtue ihe Bourbons had kept their pronrise ; of their very titles. They were del sol- or, rather, if they could have kept their diers, and all the people were their vas- promise, the nation would have resals. The noblesse were born to fight as mained satisfied; or at least quiet. But, officers and the people were born to firlit when the people saw, that continual inunder them, without even the possibility roads were made upon their liberties and of promotion. This, perhaps, was that their properly; when they could hardly • social system,” after which your lordi hope to escape being driven back to the ship appears so profoundly to sich. Bit

, slavery of 1709, then they opened the this systein of military chiefs, and their way for Napoleon, who, say what we Fassals is no more. No man in France wili, was hailed as a real deriverer of his is now born to command another man. country. Their feudal rights are annibilated. The You say, that “the only calculation land of France is distributed in small" which Europe has to make is, whether parcels amongst the great mass of the “ it be more fur her interest in meet the population; and those who have land to


which now threatens ber, at its till are never prone to wander from it. outset, before it be established in the Instead of a miserable peasantry, toiling “ full vigour of its resources, or to remain along under all sorts of burdens, hemmed - united in a stute of military organizain by restrictions on every side, sub- tion, as a necessarr precaution against jected to peiil despots in almost every danger. That is to say, whether we square mile, daring hardly to look at they are. to march at once. toibe attack i

France, or lie upon our arms to be our pockets, or a shirt to our backs, while teady to fight her at any moment. The the “ regicieles” of France were suffered laiter, by all means, my lord, if we have

to put

i forth blured sheets of paper only this choice; but, I do not thias “about the lights of Man.” If we have this superabundant preeau'ion üt al LOW peace with France; if we are epaadvisable. I do not like the idea of a blend to reduce our military and naval

income tar and loans in time of peace; establislıments to 4,000,000 of pounds and neither will they be necessary, if we a vear; and if we obtain a mnost fivourmake a cordial peace with the Emperor able commercial freáty with France, we of France, and enter into those relation shall have accomplished nothing by the ships of commerce, which will be mu


our lweive bu sxer:d millions of tually advantageous, and which, I dare money and our bundierts of thousands say, we may enter into if we choose. of lives will have brougnt us notuing in However, if this be our only alternative. run. But, if we are to lie upon our If we must have war: or peace as expen- arms, our luss is nicatewable. sive as war; if this be the state to wliids Tucre is one Uzing, which I aelnowwe have come at last, I really cannot iedere als vorläs done; and that is, see much greund for the boast contained positivere ledi karta ? pariiuisontary rxin the close of yur speech:: panely that formi savard for 25 year's the Borough we have saved the world; tot vie ean system, which is, verläns, a component pres rre the world: and that it is a part tijftie "social system.” And, I wilt paciente reflection, that we hare accon- tranhty own in your Lordisbiy, that, ibongle pliscd curru thing tai is to be desirent I can discover no darrer to anything else jor securing the balance met Europe and in a peace with fronde, at this time I do the independence of soils. If ye have discoverin il solid peilee warn thai corstene :) this, what a fully is it to be afraid Iry great sanger lollie Borough sjongera of France? Vynece! we care who sits aeri jheir trasie, Ha szii sce in i mnce on the tirose of the cou ry? Tihvinend a $dem, ülkel, I dare say, an admirable we keep on foot a war estantishoit), (

Istem of representative governel!l. li , at once, io war? The tratt is, if me Bhey wt be food practicable, in that must either 14 38 go to wor, or live in a elativ, 19 entend tile rig dit ofseting so

10 o ailleus troce, le lave aus widciy as it is essensiell in; slit plisleri rodink, tacepting 31 mil- kesbali, akr all the camerierte si dhe hous ster! as a rear tu llie axts tee:- last 25 Fars, see something dirue whicha sary to be la for the paymee? Of die ill give ihe peeple a seni security for mitérest of the Ott. lieneni to war sie ir liberties and lineis preferia nek

gainst the Hepublican ot France, in : we do see such a goveritehti tain's his 1733, to keep seir cusep 2012 septek iction for sene Jewys; if we have an i:ries frole spreading, andinou iese citesin. tercourse njil i rase; if fire press in Carnot; Roederer, Gieguise, Francuso, al county De tree fir wie 43389bens, 1e+ Canalzaceres, Beizsy D'Anglas, dic. again logous as well as politici, taistel, his. at" work upon the Rights mit 3!!n. poerist, and corrupten wist begia io Two-and-twenty years of war and bloce look sharply about thru. and the expenditure of 609,607,000 of In an article which be sul joined to kortowed petnes aird as many role nii fihileiie's, your Lordshup wii sulla roca Lions in türos have cols brought us as prime si live person siitne of France, to the point at issile, in the very spot aren betere she began stuitely 10 choy Hience ve siarted. Tokie are the rolose.

Vollwitture steile excellen, Bourbons again on the frontiers of Prince, jinak hondertill criceto risi the jepublican Ellecting their emigrants about 12em; revestirsi irs laya, jis esialbes Bielisa

na yonder are the Geria: pones, fire-fle i'ubority is questionabie; the sea pariin, if they get our inane, i0 101 ante lucily, ir tie judgment of the alithers #vat same France, and in die Sonne suar. at isa dingduind will doubl. #r. To boosts there fore; that we base | INKBK(K is OBD to be wie of lie

accomplished” ous obijeel, es lo greatest and best farmers in all togland; me, thy fond, to be periecily rickuious; one of ihe mess ise very best (tantiee 10 $11, if you countryma: BURKF, were aske ös esimale uishe state of society;

1:1 alive; ive would raveriike a Bedianuse kerge his work sher's win 10 be a mari of at ibu thought of leaving us a penny in great fulentas a usiler. We are therefore

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