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Vol. XXVII. No. 16.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1815. [Price 1s.



TO THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND. “ want to force the French to put down On the approaching War against France.

6 their present chief." That is to say,

we, modest people! do not wish, God fora The last war against France swelled the bid! to interfere in the internal affairs of annual taxes on account of the National France; we do not wish to force a chief Debt from 9 millions of pounds to 11 upon her; but, she having a chief whom millions of pounds; it caused, besides we do not like, we will make war upon this, 600 millions of pounds to be her, until she put him away. That is all! raised, during the war, in other taxes; it Our modesty will not let us go an inch has reduced us to such a state, that, even further. in peace, loans were become necessary, In order that you may clearly see what besides taxes almost as heavy as in time of is the light, in which the French govern. war. Such, in short, in a pecuniary view, ment view the matter, I shall subjoin to were the effects of that war, that the go- this address the Oficial Documents pubvernment found it expedient to resort to a lished in France, relative to it. In these Corn-Bill, in order to raise and keep up you will find the answer, which France the price of the first necessary of life, that gives to all her enemies. Here you will the owners and Tillers of the soil might find a clear description of the grounds, on be able to pay the taxes which that go- which she rests. The first document con. vernment wanted to pay the interest of the tains an answer to the charges against her Debt and to maintain the military esta- and her chief; the second contains the blishments.

reasons for her preparing for her defence. These facts being undeniable, have we To these documents I have prefixed the zot reason to dread the consequences of memorable Declaration of the Allies,

ther war against France ? Ought we dated at Viennd on the 13th of March. to run head-long into such a war? I hard, This was the first stone hurled at the in my four last Numbers, strenuously la- French nation. A careful perusal, and boured to prevent this calamity; but, I an occasional reference, to these Docu. now really begin to fear, that the wishes ments, will keep fresh in the memory of of the enemies of peace and freedom may every man the REAL CAUSES of the finally prevail. The Income or Properly war, if war should now take place. Tax is again to be brought forward, and, The Borough-faction, who are now if the news-papers be correct, on the same crying out for war through the columns of principle as before. The Alien Act is our vile news-papers, tell us, that we canagain to be proposed, if we are to rely not live in safety, while Napoleon is at the upon the same sources of information. head of the government of France. This In short, if the accounts of proceedings in has, under all changes, been their cry for Parliament be true, we shall very soon be the last 22 years. We could not live at thrown back to the state of 1813 as to peace with the National Assembly. We expence, and to 1793 as to principle of could have no peace and safety with the action.

Convention. We could not have peace In my late Numbers I have, I think, and safety with the Corsuls. We could very clearly shown, that, if we now make have no peace and safety with the Em. War upon France, it will be out of the peror before; no, por can we have it power of any human being to dispute the with him now. The BOURBONS: these fact; that the war, on our part, is a war are the people, with whom alone our of aggression, and of aggression, too, of Borough-faction think they can enjoy the most odious and intolerable kind, sez- pace. We must, therefore, depos. Vapor ing that even its openly professed object leon : yes, as we deposed Mr. Madisoux must be to force a government, or a chief, The peace of Europe and the worid ;, upon France. It is said : “ No: we only especially our own safety, require, uth





told, this deposition. But, just so we were, and social relations; and that as an enetold in the case of Mr. Madison. “No my and disturber of the tranquillity of the a peace! No peace! No peace with JAMES world he has rendered himself liable to “Madison !" was the cry of this faction. public vengeance. They declare at the Down with him! Send Duke Wellington! same time, that firmly resolved to main. Kill! kill! kill! Keep killing; keep bom- tain entire the Treaty of Paris of the barding; keep burning; keep on till James 30th May, 1814, and the dispositions sancMadison be deposed; 'till that “rebel tioned by that Treaty, and those which and traitor;" 'till that “ mischievous ex- they have resolved on, or shall hereafter 6 ample of the success of democratic re- resolve on, to complete and to consolidate bellion be destroyed.” They said our it, they will employ all their means, and work was but half done, 'till this was ac- will unite all their efforts ; that the genecomplished; and, they have become al ral peace, the object of the wishes of Eamost mad since their scheme was defeated. rope, and the constant purpose of their

Well, then, Englishmen, can you be- labours, may not again be troubled; and lieve, that these same men ; that this same to guarantee against every attempt which wicked faction, wish to put down Napo- shall threaten to replonge the world into leon for the love of freedom? W it for the disorders and miseries of revolutions. the love of freedom that they wished to And although entirely persuaded that all depose Mr. Madison ? Can you believe, France, rallying roond its legitimate Sove. that it is from the fear of our safety being reign, will immediately annihilate this last put in danger by Napoleon ? Was it attempt of a criminal and impotent deliri. from the fear of our safety being endan- um; all the Sovereigns of Europe anigered by Mr. Madison that they wished mated by the same sentiments, and guided to depose him? Do you think, that they by the same principles, declare that if, conwere afraid, that Mr. Madison would trary to all calculations, there should reover-run Europe with his armies? Alas! sult from this event any real danger, they do you not see what is their real fear? will be ready to give to the King of France, Do you not see, that it is liberty; that it and to the French nation, or to any other is free government ; that it is the rights Government that shall be attacked, as of mankind, which they wish to see de- soon as they shall be called upon, all the posed? Some patriot said : " where liberty assistance requisite to restore public tran. is, there is my country.” If this faction quillity, and to make a common cause were to speak out honestly, they would against all those who should undertake say:“ where liberty is, there is our Hell.” to compromise it. The present Declara

tion inserted in the Register of the Con. DECLARATION OF THE ALLIES. gress'assembled at Vienna, on the 13th

March, 1815, shall be made public. Done The Powers who have signed the Treaty and attested by the Plenipotentiaries of the of Paris, assembled at the Congress at Vi- High Powers who signed the Treaty of enna, being informed of the escape of NA- Paris, Vienna, 13th March, 1815. POLEON BONAPARTE, and of his entrance Austria - Prince Metternich, Baron is. into France with an armed force, owe it to their own dignity and the interest of

senberg. social order, to make a solemn declara- France-Prince Talleyrand, the Duke of tion of the sentiments which this event Dulberg, Latour du Pin, Count Alexis bas excited in them. By thus breaking and Noailles. the convention which has established him Great Britain.-Wellington, Clancarty, in the island of Elba, Bonaparte destroys the only legal title on which his existence

Cathcart, Stewart. depended-by appenring again in France Portugal. -Count Pamella Saldanku Lobs. with projects of confusion and disorder, Prussia.- Prince Hardenberg, Baron he has deprived himself of the protection Humboldt. of the law, and has manifested to the uni.

Russia.- Count Rasumowsky, Count porse, that there cau be neither peace nor time with him. The Powers consequently

Staeckelberg, Gount Nesselrode. dektedre, that Napoleon Bonaparte has Spain.-P. Gomez Labrador. plad himself without the pale of civil Sweden. Lafmenhclm.

ws, 44.

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ANSWER OF THE FRENCH GO- and as a Sorereign Prince by all the Powers, VERNMENT.

wis no more than any olie triable hy the

Congress of Vieona. An oblivion of those REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF PRESIDESTS

principles, which it is impossible to ascribe OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE, APRIL 2.

to Pienipotentiaries who weigh the rights In consequence of the remit which has of nations witli deliberation and prudence, been made to it, the Committee, composed has in it nothing a tonishing when tis disof Presidents of Sections of the Council of played by some French ministers, whose State, has examined the Declaration of the consciences reproach them with more than 13th of March, the report of the Minister one act of treason, in whom fear ha, proof Gencral Police, and the documents duced rage, and whom remorse deprives thereto subjoined. The Declaration is in of reason. Such persons might have riska form so unusual, conceived in terms so ed the fabrication, the publication of a strange, expresses ideas so anti-social, that document like the pret nded declaration the Committee was ready to consider it as of the 13th of March, in the hope of topone of those forgeries by which despicable ping the rrogress of Napoleon, and mismen seek to mislead the people, and pro- leading the French people as to the true duce a change in public opinion. But the principles of for

But the principles of foreign powers. But such verification of legal minutes drawn up at men are not qualified, like the latter, tọ Metz and of the examinations of couriers, judge of the merit of a nation which they has left no ground for doubt that the trans- I have misconceived, betrayed, delivered up mission of this declaration was made by to the arms of foreigners. That nation, the Members of the French Legation at brave and generous, revolts against every Vienna, and it must, therefore, be regard thing bearing the character of baseness and ed as adopted and signed by them. It was oppression; its affections become enthuin this first point of view that the Com-siastic when their object is threatened or mittee thought it their duty to examine, attacked by a great injustice; and the as. in the first instance, this production, which sassination to which the declaration of the is without precedent in the annals of dip- 13th of March incites, will find an aim for lomacy, and in which Frenchmen, men its execution neither among the 25 mil. iovested with a public character the most lions of Frenchmen, the majority of whom respectable, begin by a sort of placing followed, guarded, protected Napoleon without the law, or, to speak more pre from the Mediterranean to the capital, por cisely, by an incitement to the assassination among the 18 millions of Italians, the 6 of the Emperor Napoleon. We say with millions of Belgians and Rhenish, nor the the Minister of Police that this Declara- numerous nations of Germany, who, at tion is the work of the French Plenipoten- this solemn crisis, have not pronounced tiaries; because those of Austria, Russia, his name but with respectful recollections; Prussia, and England, could not have nor amidst the indignant English nation, signed a dead which the Sovereigns and the whose honourable sentiments disavow the nations to which they belong will hasten language which has been audaciously to disavow. For in the first place these put into the mouths of Sovereigns. The Plenipotentiaries, most of whom co-opera- nations of Europe are enlightened; they ted in the treaty of Paris, know that Na- judge the rights of the Allied Princes, and poleon was there recognised as retaining those of the Bourbons. They know that the title of Emperor, and as Sovereign of the convention of Fontainbleau was a the isle of Elba: they would have desig- treaty among Sovereigns; its violation, nated him by these titles, nor would have the entrance of Napoleon on the French departed, either in substance or form, from territory, like every infraction of a diplo. the respectful potice which they impose. matic act, like every hostile invasion, could They would have felt that, according to only lead to an ordinary war, the result the law of nations, the Prince least power- of which can only be, in respect of persons, ful from the extent or population of his that of being conqueror or conquered, free, States, enjoys, in regard to his political or a prisoner of war; in respect of posand civil character, the rights belonging sessions, that of being either preserved or to every Sovereign Prince equally with the lost, increased or diminished; and that most powerful Monarch ; and Napoleon, every thought, every threat, every attempt recognized under the title of Emperor, I against the life of a Prince at war with another, is a thing unheard of in the his. , wife from the husband, the son from the father, tory of nations and the cabinets of Eu- and that during distressing circumstances, when rope. In the violence, the rage, the ob- the firmest soul las need ot' looking for consolalivion of principles whichi characterise the tion and sapport to the bosom of its family, and Declaration of the 13th of March, we re- douvestic affectious. cognise the envoys of the same Prince, the Secondly-The safety of Napoleon, of his imorgans of the same Councils, which, by perial family, and of their attendants, was gniathe Ordinance of the 9th of March, also ranteed (141h article of treaty), by all the placed Napoleon without the law, also in- Powers; and bands of assassins have beeu or. vited against him the poniards of assassins, ganised in France under the eyes of the Frencii and promised a reward to the bringer of Government, and even by its orders, as will his head. What, however, did Napoleon soon be proved by the solemn process against do? He did honour by his confidence to the Sieur Demoutbreuil, for the purpose of atthe men of all nations, insulted by the in- tacking the Emperor and his brothers and their famous mission to which it was wished to wives: in default of the success which was exinvite them; he shewed himself moderate, pected from this first baneh of the plot, a come generous, the protector even of those who motion load been planned at Orgon, on the had devoted him to death. When he spoke Emperor's road, to attempt an attack on his to General Excelmans, marching towards life by the hands of some brigands : they sent as the column which closely followed Louis goveruor to Corrica an assassiu of George's, the Stanislas Xavier; to Count D'Erlon, Sieur Brulart, raised purposely to the rank of who had to receive him at Lille; to General Marshal-de-Camp, kuuwo in Britany, in Anjou, Clausel, who went to Bordeaux, where in Norinandy, in La Vendee, iu all Englaud, by was the Duchess D'Angouleme; to Gene- the blood which he liad shed, that he miglit preral Grouchy, dispatched to put a period pare and make sure the crime: and in fact seveto the civil dissensions excited by the Duke ral isolated assassins attempted, in the Isle of D'Angouleme-everywhere, in short, or- Elba, to gain by the murder of Napoleon the ders were given by the Einperor that per: guiity and disgraceful salary which was promised sons should be protected and sheltered

lo them. from every attack, every danger, every violence, while on the French territory,

Thirdly-The Duchies of Parma and Pla. and when they quitted it. Nations and centia were given in full property to Maria posterity will judge on which side, at this Louisa for herself, her son, and her descendants ;

and after long refusals to put her in possession, great conjuucture, has been respect for the rights of the people and of sovereigns, they gave the finish to their injustiee by an ab. for the laws of war, the principles of civi-solute spoliation, ander the delnsive pretext of lization, the maxims of laws, civil and reli

a change without valuation, without proportion, gious. They will decide between Napo

without sovereignty, without cousent: and do. leon and the House of Bourbon.

cuments existing in the Foreigu-office, which If, after having examined the pretended have been submitted to us, prove that it was on the Declaration of the Congress under this solicitations, at the instance, and by the intrigues first view, it is discussed in its relations to of the Prince of Benevent, that Maria Luuisa diplomatic conventions, and to tlie trcaty and her son bave been plundered. of Fontainbleau of the 11th of April, 1814, Fourthly-There should have been given to the ratified by the French government, it will Prince Eugene, adopted son of the Emperor, be found that its violation is only imputa- who has done honour to France, which gave ble to the very persons who reproach Na- bim birth, and who has conquered the affectiou poleon there with. The treaty of Fontain of Italy, which adupted him, a snitable estab. bleau has been violated by the Allied lishment out of France, and he has obtained po. Powers, and the House of Bourbon, in thing. what regards the Emperor Napoleon and

Fifthly-The Emperor had (art. 9, of the his family, in what regards the interests treaty) stipulated in favour of the beroes of the and the rights of the French nation.

army, for the preservation of their endowments First — The Empress. Dlaria-Louisa and her son on the Monte Napoleone : he had reserved on the daght to have obtained passports, and au escort extraordinary domains, and on the funds of the do repair to the Emperor; aud far from execut. civil list, means of recompensing his servants, ing this promisc, they separated violcntly the l of payiwg the soldiers who attached themselves

to his destiny: all was carried away and kept, could Napoleon do? Ought he, after back by the Ministers of the Bourbons. An having endured so many affronts, supagent for the French Military, M. Bresson, went ported so many injuries, to have consented in vain to Vienna, to claim for them the most to the complete violation of the engagesacred of properties—ibe price of their couragements made with him, and resigning himand blood.

self personally to the lot which was preSixthly The preservation of the goods, pared for him, abandon once more his wife, mioveable and immoveable, of the family of the his son, his family, his faithful servants to Emperor, is stipulated by the same treaty (art. their frightful destiny ? Such a resolution 6): and they have been plamered of one and appears abore kuman strength; and yet of the other ; that is to say, by main force in Napoleon would have taken it, if peace France, by commissioned brigands; in Italy, by and the happiness of France had been the the violence of the military chiefs ; in the two price of this new sacrifice. He would have countries, by sequestrations, and by seizures so- devoted himself again for the French peokmuly decreed

ple, of whom, as he wishes to declare to Serenthly--The Emperor Napoleon was to Europe, he makes it his glory to hold kave receiveu 2,000,001), and his family 2,5(4),000 every thing, to whom he wishes to ascribe francs per annum, according to the arrangement every thing, to whom alone he wishes to established in the 6th article of the treaty: and answer for all his actions, and to devote the French Government has constantly refused to his life. It was for France alone, and to fulfil this engagement, and Napoleon would soon avert from it the misfortune of civil war, have been reduced to dismiss his faithful guard for that he abdicated the crown in 1814. He want of means to secure their pay, it lie had not restored to the French people the rights found in the grateful recollections of the bank which he held of them: he left it free to ers, and merchants of Genoa and of Italy, the choose for itself a new monarch, and to honourable resource if a loan of 12 millious establish its liberty and its happiness on which was offered to him.

institutions which might protect both. He Eighthly-- In short, it was not withont a reason hoped for the nation the preservation of that they wished by all means to separate from all which he had acquired by 25 years of Napoleon those compavious of liis glory, models combats and of glory, the exercise of its of devotedness and constancy, the mushaken

sovereignty in the choice of a dynasty, guarantees of his safety aid of his life. The and in the stipulation of the conditions on island of Elba was secured to liim in fuil pro- Ile expected from the new government

which it would be called upon to reigr. perty (art. 3, of the treaty) and the resolution to spoil him of it, whicle was desired loy the respect for the glory of the armies, the Bourbons, and solicited by their agents, had rights of the brave, the guarantee of all been taken at the Congre-s.

the new interests, of those interests which

had arisen and been maintained for a quarAnd if Providence had not in its justice ter of a century, resulting from all the provided for him, Forope won!d have seen laws political and civil, observed, revered an attack made on the person on the li. during this period, because they were idenberty of Napoleon, banished for the future tified with the manners, the habits, the to the mercy of his enemies, far from his wants of the nation. Far from that, all family, and separated from his servants, idea of the sovereignty of the people was either to Saint Lucia, or St. Helena, which discarded. The principle on which all was intended for his prison. And when legislation, political and civil, since the the Allied Powers, yielding to the impru. Revolution, had rested, was equally disdent wishes, to the cruel importunities of carded. France has been treated by the the house of Bourbon, had condescended Bourbons like a revolted country, re-conto violate the solemn contract, on the faith quered by the arms of its ancient masters, of which Napoleon had released the and subjected anew to a feudal dominion. French nation from its oaths : when him-Louis Stanislas Xavier did not recognise self and the members of his family saw the treaty, which alone made the 'Throne of themselves threatened, attacked in their France vacant, and the abdication which persons, in their property, in their affec- alone permitted him to ascend it. He pretions, in the rights stipulated in their fa- tended to have reigned 19 years, thus inrour, as Princes, even in those rights se- sulting both the governments which had cured hy the laws to simple citizens, what'bcen established in this period, and the

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