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able to bring forward double this number;, thousand reasons which might be given. supposing that so large a body of Russians, He was the upholder of those laws to which Austrians, Prussians, Saxons, Bavarians, they looked for security and happiness Belgians, English, Swedes, Danes, and the in the undisturbed enjoyment of those Lord knows what; supposing that so he advantages which the Revolution had given terogeneous a mass could be brought into them. The majority were strangers to the field, to co-operate cordially with each the Bourbons, and had grown up with other; that a general could be found ca- Napoleon, whose brilliaot exploits agaiost pable of giving so vast an accumulation of the enemies of France reflecting its lustre discordant materials a proper direction; on his subjects, completely identified this that he was in no risk of being counter- susceptible people with their Emperor, acted in his schemes by the jealousy of whose successes and misfortunes they felt other generals, of equal rank and talents, to be their own. But to shew why Boover whom he might be placed. Supposing naparte is popular in France would be only all this likely to happen, we find that Na- to repeat, what you, Sir, so clearly proved poleon is sufficiently prepared for it.—“If must be the case, in your letter addressed

the enemies of France,” says he, "bring to Louis the 18th. Every where, and

600,000 men against her, she will meet among all classes, I found admirers of Na" them with two millions.”_Laying out poleon. At Paris, I was told by a Merof view, therefore, the probability that chant, at whose house I visited, (an asserBelgium, that Italy, that Swisserland, that tion which was confirmed by many of his Saxony, that Poland, and that Denmark, guests,) that an immense number of young are friendly to France, and may be prepa- men in that city applied for arms to defend ring to assist her. Making no account of it against the Allies, but that none could this, or of the military operations, already be obtained. Their number was stated at begun, of Murat king of Naples, France 100,000. In several companies, where I has, in my opinion, the means within her- afterwards mentioned this circumstance, self of maintaining her independence; and the answers were, Oui, Monsieur, c'est directed, as these means will be, by the bier vrai.” At Fontainbleau, their exiled only man in the world possessing talents Emperor was the subject of the most unfor so great an exertion, France must ul- qualified panegyric. " Ah, Monsieur! c'est timately triumph.-Yours, &c.

“ un grand Homme. La France est bien May 2, 1815.

ARISTIDES. 66 malheureuse de l'avoir perdu," was

the universal answer to any questions

concerning him. At a Table d'Ilote in THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON.

that town, I frequently met an elderly MR. COBBETT,- I was in France last Captain who had made the campaign of summer nearly ten weeks, and as far as Russia with Napoleon; he had narrowly my observations extended, I can bear tes- escaped with life, and was covered with timony to the truth of Mr, Birkbeck's wounds. The enthusiasm of this veteran statements respecting the condition of her soldier for his master, it is impossible to do peasantry and the cultivation of her soil.justice to; but as his popularity with the It is, therefore, with much pleasure I find military bas been never called in question, this interesting publication is now in its it is needless to retail the words of the third edition, and that you have enriched Captain.-Why should we not make peace 'your Register by such copious extracts with Bonaparte - But he is a violator of from it. Mr. A. Young's account of the treaties, and no confidence can be safely state of France under Louis the 16th, and reposed in him.

This only appears Mr. B's book, ought to be read by every clear to those who have never read the person in Great Britain, since a want of suf- French side of the question. How does ficient information on this subject, coupled it appear that he broke the peace of Amiens, with the ceaseless attempts of a lying press to which we concluded with him? Was it blacken the character of Napoleon, have not the refusal of the English to give up the unfortunate effect of reconciling the Malta, after that Island had been conceded people to a renewal of the war against to France, which occasioned the renewal that celebrated character. It is impossible of the war?--Aided by English money, that Napoleon should not be popular with were not the continental powers continu. the present race of Frenchmen, for alally leaguing against their conqueror, and


angry tail

breaking the treaties they had sworn to to a most happy conclusion, and when preserve with France ? To wage the great balance of Europe was about to against prospective ambition is proclaim- be adjusted to the nicety of a hair; behold ing interminable hostilities. All Sove-out crept the great Rat from his rock in reigns are more or less ambitious, and cir- the ocean, and twirling his tail about, it cumstances will ever occur to bring this unluckily struck against one of the evenpassion into action.--Bonaparte is not of poized scales of the great balance that royal origin, and it appears that adversity hung over Europe ; which scale then has taught him moderation. His enemies, kicked the beam, and in a moment overon the contrary, have profited nothing turned the beautiful “order of things so from their former reverses; they have com- 6 happily established for the tranquillity of pletely disappointed the raised expectations nations." And now, how shall I venof Europe; and viewed as the promoters ture to describe the astonishment of the of assassination, have forfeited all claims august assembly! It requires a master's on the respect of their people. Let us, how- hand, and the poet's fire. Each illustrious ever, by all means dictate to the French member of the grand council, with lightnation and appoint them a ruler, but at ning in his eyes, reared up

his the same time let us be prepared for a na-in the affrighted air, and swore by all the tional Bankruptcy as the reward of our gods at once, that he would never pare his interference. Yours, &c.

claws, nor ever shear his whiskers, unW. R. H. til the best blood of the great Rat had

copiously flowed, and he was for ever in

“ capacitated from doing further mis, Tile Cats in COUNCIL.

66 chief.”

Ever since this memorable Mr. COBYETT,-- It happened once upon event, loud cries, and tremendous cata time, that there lived in the French calls, have been heard from the cold recountry, a great Rat, which soon became gions of the North to the warm shores of the terror of almost all the world. Where- the Mediterranean. What will be the reupon all the Tom Cats of Europe met sult, let no one presume to imagine. It together in grand council, and resolved, is sufficient for my ambition that I have to spend their last drop of blood in a war lived to be the simple Historian of these against the great Rat of France. It so extraordinary facts.-Yours, &c. fell out, however, that the great Rat was

A Mouse. too powerful for the Allied Powers, during May 2, 1815. several years, till at length the great Rat himself, having been burnt out of his hole in the city of Moscow, was conquered in

Cats, RATS, AND OTHER VERMINE. his turn, and condemned to become an Mr. COBBETT,-As you are sometimes exile in the Island of Elba. The High very minute in your observations, you will Allied Cats now mewed most gloriously, not (I hope) be offended with me for the and resolved once again to assemble, in remark I have to make on the debate of order, for the last time, to settle the affairs Monday. An Honourable Member is reof Europe, and to restore liberty and ported to have broken out into a very sehappiness to a long-afllicted world. All vere censure upon the charge for cats the Mice in Europe were to be divided in the Navy estimates, deeming it " into exact numbers, and the extent of ter- strous extravagance.”—Now if a man ritories was to be marked out by pencil out of the Honourable House may be and compasses. The like to this never allowed to pass his opinion upon this before entered into the imagination even article, I for one, do not think it a of man ! So much wisdom and justice were monstrous charge by any means; very never before exhibited! One would have much the contrary, for I know that thought it was an assembly of Gods! the rats are very plenty in some of the Each of their High Mightinesses moved Dock-yards. I hope no one will be offorth in a most pathetic manner, how much fended with me for saying so, because it is he had at heart whatever tended to the the truth; and if two guineas' worth of public weal! But, alas! how soon the Cats will be a means of clearing them, I glory of this world fadeth away! Sad to am sure the public need not grumble at the relate, when all things were nearly brought expense. Bu the Honourable Secretary


of the Admiralty is reported to have ex- Tliat glory now, thou hast resign'd, plained the matter very intelligibly, so as Deaf to thy People's voice, to sad experience to shut out all further difficulty upon it :

bliud. he informed us that the Cats were in one

Could not thy bapless Brother's fate yard, the Rats in another.-Your papers,

Instruct thee, make thee wise ; Sir, are so full of importance, that I am

Didst thou believe their humbled state thankful to you for the least possible space Had clos'd the People's eyes; to promulgate my opinions ; but I hope

That they would, tainely, bear the yoke you will indulge me with one other remark.

Their Fathers had so nobly broke, - I observe you frequently calling the war

And Liberty despise ? faction prints, especially the Times, to ac- If to such weakness thou didst trast, count for their most immoderate abuse of The world, thyself, must owo, thy punishment is the present Ruler of France as they style

just. him, and I must allow that their abuse is most low, disgusting, and disgraceful to

Hadst thou but kept thy plighted word, the country by which they are permitted,

To France but Freedom given ; or perhaps prompted, to deal it out. You Napoleon ne'er had been preferr'd, call them the miscreant hirelings of the

His cause had never thriven : press.--Now, whether they are really so

An Exile now in Peace remain; or not, I do not take upon me to say; but

Nor seek the daug'rous height again, this I am sure of, that if they were hired

Doom’d, by the will of Heav'ri, by the Emperor himself, they could not

Thy kingly honours to resign, take more effectual means to unite and sup- No more to be possess'd by thy degen'rate line. port his influence over the whole people of Buckinghamshire.

VOX POPULI. France ; and the strong hold these hirelings have given him, is to him worth any premium he could bestow upon them.-, PETITION OF THE LIVERY OF LONDON. If the war, which they so strenuously call for, should take place, they have fortified

The petition of this numerous and rehim, beyond all other possible means, to spectable body against the threatened war withstand it. From what motives they with France, was read at length in the do all this, I shall not inquire, but I am

House of Commons on the night of its repositive as to the effect.-Yours truly, jection; but I do not find that it has been Muy 1, 1815.


published in any of our newspapers. I observe that the Courier did not even

publish the resolutions passed at the ComODE TO LOUIS.

mon Hall, though all the other hireling “ 'Tis done! but yesterday a King, moet papers did. Is this to be held a proof of To-day, from power hurl?d ;

the superiority of our liberty of the press For He—that " abject, pameless thing," over that of France, of which the Curier His standard has unfurld.

is constantly vaunting? Is it in suppressThrough Gallia's land, triumphant gov'd, ing the reasons against the war, and in By Gallia's warlike sons belov'd;

publishing those for the war, that this And to th' astonish'd world,

boasted liberty consists? The Editor of Had this important truth made known, the Moniteur has given notice, that he Nought but the People's love secures a Monarch's will publish every declaration of foreigu throne,

powers, however hostile to France, or to And seek'st thou, Louis, to regain

the Emperor, whenever they please to

transmit them. This looks something like By force, thy falleu power; Couldst thon, by foreign atms, maintain

liberty of the press : but with our base

and corrupted newspapers, nothing must The throne secore, an hour?

be admitted into their columns that savours Hadst thot on Freedom's friends relied,

in the least of censure of public measures; The storm thiou might'st have then defied,

while a place is always readily given to In safety, seen it lower;

every thing, no matter how false and con.

temptible, that may any way detract from Vide Lord Byron's Ode to Napoleon.

the character of the people and governo

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ment of France. Whenever an exception / was, that all interference with the domesfrom this rule occurs, it is interest alonc tic affairs of any other country ought to that causes the insertion. The suppression be disclaimed, because it was on that prio. of the Petition of the Livery of London, is ciple the British Constitution, proceeding not, however, in the present case, so much from the glorious revolution, was establishto be regretted, because in the resolutions ed. Mr. Waithman then adverted to the of the Commou Hall we have essentially treaty of Vienna, and expressed his conthe substance of what it may be supposed cern on finding the name of a British Mito have been. Thesc resolutions I have nister affixed to it all interference with given below; with a report of the speeches, the affairs of France could not be too which I have taken from the Morning much deprecated. When this country Herald; not because I consider this the thought proper to drive King James from best report that might have been given; the throne, and to establish the present but because it is the fullest of any that has family, what would Englishmen hare said appeared. I have likewise subjoined a had foreign nations interfered? The prelist of the minorities in the llouse of Com sent family was established by the revomons who voted for receiving the Petition, lution, and what foreigner dared interfere and also in support of Mr. Whitbread's with our form of government. It was motion for peace with Napoleon. Of all curious to see among the Powers signing the critical periods during the two and the treaty, the Ministers of Austria, Spain, twenty years' struggle with France, none Portugal, Denmark, and Sweden. Some of them was so pregnant with consequences of these had not only restored the loquiso favourable, or so prejudicial, to the sition, but had sanctioned the separation of cause of general freedom, as the period in Norway from Denmark, Genoa from its which we now live. It is of the utmost ancient constitution, and Saxony from its consequence, therefore, that those who legitimate monarch Such persons were have hithertó borne the weight of carrying unfit to reform other States; they wanted on the war, and must again bear the burden reformation at home. Mr. Waithman reof the new contest, should not only have minded the Livery that they had petitions, their eyes opened to the true state of mat- ed against the Property Tax and the Corn ters, but that they should be acquainted Bill; and though their prayers had not with the names of those Members of Par- been heard, it was most essential they liament, who have endeavoured to stem should petition Parliament against the war. the torrent which threatens to overwhelm He condemned the conduct of the Allies Europe.

in putting Bonaparte out of the pale of The Common IIall was held on Thurs- the law. They had no right, he said, to day the 27th ult. The Lord Mayor, after proscribe any individual; sych a power. the requisition had been read, addressed belonged only to the Supreme Being. the Livery, and intimated, that as far as [Here a most violent clamour ensued; a his authority would go, he should endea-great number of persons hissed and invour to procure each speaker silence and terrupted Mr. Waithman, exclaimingorderly attention. Mr. Waithman then of, off! No friends of Bonaparte! &c.] stood forward, and said, he had never ap- The Lord Mayor then came forward, and peared before the Livery on a more impor- silence being obtained, said the Livery tant subject than that he had to propose would recallect that he was sworn to preto them. He did not appear for the pur- serve the peace and public tranquillity, pose of discussing any particular form of and he was determined to maintain it. As government, or the rights of individuals, the meeting had been called for a quiet but it was to recognize the great basis of discussion of the subject, they would the Constitution. Twenty years ago, he doubtless give the Speakers on both sides said, he addressed them on the same ques. the question an equal chance of being tion, namely, on the principle of engaging heard. If they did not observe order he in war without just cause of war. What should be under the necessity of putting ever might be said in other quarters, he an end to the Common Hall. Mr. Waithe could venture to say, the citizens of Lon- man then resumed his arguments against don did not see the cause of war. The the war, and having condemned the re. principle he should endeavour to inculcate newal of the Property Tas, and all the

war arrangements, concluded amidst loud | to interfere in ons internal concerns, we cannot uproar and interruption, by moving the but consider auy attempt to dietate to France, of following resolutions, which embodied to any other country, the form or mode of its Go. Dearly the whole of his speech.

vernment--the person who shall or shall not be

at the head of such Government, or in any way Resolved, --That this Common Hall, having re to interfere in its internal policy and regulatiuns, cently witnessed the marked disregard shown to as highly impolitic, and manifestly anjust, and thie Petitions from this city, and those of the na. deprecate all attempts to involve tbis country in tion at large, are the more strongly confirmed in a war for such an object—a war agaiost those the conviction of the corrupt state of the repre-principles, which this uation has ever maintained sentation, and the total want of sympathy it opi- and acted npon. nion and feeling between the House of Commons Torn by the miseries and calamities of the late and the people.

devastating war; still tasting the bitter fruits of · That these considerations would, under circum- that protracted conflict; and no means liaving stances of less importance, have deterred os from beeu adopted to lessen our national burtuens, by the exercise of a right which appears to have been those necessary retrenchiments in the national ex. rendered nngatory; but hopeless as we foar it is penditure so earnestly and so repeatedly called again to address that Hon. House, yet, at a crisis for by the people; but, on the contrary, an Act so momentous—when a determination appears to has been passed, restricting the importation of have been so strongly manifested by the Ministers corn, by which a tax is virtually imposed of seves of the Crown again to plunge this devoted counral millions per annum upon food, and entailing try into the horrors of war-we feel it to be an upon us in times of peace one of the greatest evils imperious daty to our country, onrselves, and produced by the war. Before, therefore, we are posterity, to use every constitutional means to plonged into another war, and in support of such wards averting from the nation the overwhelming principles, we might ask what lias been gaiued by calamities with which it is menaced.

the immense sacrifices we have already made? That the Livery of London have seen, withi and, contemplating the disastrous consequences feelings of abhorrence, the Declarations and Trea of a failure in this new contest, the people liave a ties of the Allied Powers, and to which are af. right to demand what advantages are proposed fixed the names of British Ministers, wherein are even in the event of its success, or at least to be arowed and promalgated the monstrous and on-satisfied ilut liostilities are unavoidable, and that beard-of principles, that the breach of a Con every means of fair avd honourable negociatiou vention by a Sovereign “ destroys the only legal have been exerted, and liad proved ineffectual. “ title on which bis existence depended-places That to enter into such a contest in the present “ him without the pale of civil and sucial relations state of the country, with all our national funds " -reuders him liable to pnblic vengeance”—ard mortgaged to their utmost bearing, and that with. that, consequently, “ there can be peither peace out an effort at negociation : or to refuse to cop. “ nor trace with him;" —principles revolting to the clude a treaty with any power, under the pres feelings of civilized society-repugnant to the sumption that such treaty may, at some remote riglits, liberties, and security of all States--and period, be broken, appears to us an act of insaevincing a combination, or rather a conspiracy, nity-putting to hazard not only the property and which, if once sanctioned, would lead to conse. happiness of families, but the very existence of

quences the most dreadful and alarming, and for the British Empire, and tending to exclude for · which there is no parallel in the history of the ever from the world the blessings of peace. world.

Were the impolicy of a new war npon such : That, recollecting the noble struggles which principles, aud under such circumstances, at all our ancestors have made for re-establishing and doubtful, or were Government at all to be benepreserving their liberties-recollecting the fre- fited by the result of experience, we need but re. quent reformations they have made in the Go cal to recollection the memorable Manifesto of verumpent that they have always maintained and the Duke of Brunswick at the commencement of exercised this right- and that the august family the late contest--a Manifesto which had the effect now upon the throne, derived the right to the of arousing and uniting all the energies of the Crown, not by hereditary claims, bat upon the le-Freuch natiou, and gave that victorious impulse gitimate foundation of all anthority, the choice of to her arms which codaugered the liberties of the people--and indignantly disclaiming, as our Enrope; we need but call to recollection, that ancestors have done, all right in Foreign Powers during the progress of that war, notwithstanding

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