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the immense sacrifices of British blood, and wan. Resolved--That the said Petition be fairly ton waste of Britisht treasure, lavished in subsi- transcribed, and signed, by the Right Hon. the dizing Allies to fight in their own canse, we have Lord Mayor, two Aldermen, and twelve Livery. not nnfrequently seen those powers, who entered men, and presented to the Honourahle House of into the contest in alliance with this conntry, Commons, by the Representatives of this City in abandon that alliance, and joined in league wille Parliament. France, endeavouring to exclude us from the Resolved Unanimously-That the thanks of Continent of Enrope.

this Meeting be given to the Right Hon, the Lord That, after all our sacrifices, and all our exer- Mayor, for bis readiness in calling this Common tions, in the common cause, we failed to procare Hall, and for his strict impartiality in presiding from one Sovereign that tribute to Humanity- over the debates of this day. the Abolition of the Slave Trade ; and beheld an.

Resolved-That the thanks of this Common other Monarch commence bis career by re-esta.

Hall be given to Mr. Robert Waithinian and Mr. blishing the Inquisition, persecuting the best pa. Samnel Favel, for their zeal and ability shewn triots of the country, and eveu prohibiting the upon all occasions conducive to the public wel. introduction of British manufactures into his do. fare, and so conspicuously manifested this day. minions.

Mr. Favel condemned the Declaration That the Livery of London have ever been, of the Allies, the Property Tax, the Corn and now are, ready to support the honour, the Bill, and the policy on which the war character, and the interests of the British Empire, was to be renewed.--Mr. Perring pro. and to resist every act of aggression; but, seeing fessed himself unable to comprehend the all the consequences of the late war, looking at nature of resolutions which seemed to him the depressed state of the country, the burthens to wander far from the object in view ; the and privations of the people, the financial diffi- language, however, of the requisition was culties, the uncertainty and hazards of war, seeing intelligible, and to that he would confine likewise that France lias disclaimed all intention himself. If he understood the question, of interfering in the concerns of other nations, it was to decide whether the country that she has declared her determination to adhere should or not, under the present circumto the Treaty of Paris, that slıe las made pacific stances, enter on a war against the Goovertures to the different Allied Powers, has vernment of France. He was not prealready abolished the Slave Trade, and given other pared to afford any sanction to such a indications of returning to principles of eqnity and war. Although he cordially agreed with moderation; and holding, as we do, all wars to a Right Hon. Gentleman, whom he consi. be unjust, unless the injury sustained is clearly dered not only the most eloquent, but one defined, and redress by negociation cannot be ob of the soundest statesmen (Mr. Plùnkett,) tained ; and more particularly holding in abhior that we should be justified in such a war rence all attempts to dictate to, or interfere with, so far as the right went; it by no means other nations in their internal concerns, we can followed that it would be expedient to not bnt protest against the renewal of hostilities, exercise such a right. He entertained as neither founded in justice nor necessity. great doubts of such expedieney. lle

That it is with feelings of indignation we per distrusted the elements of which the pro. ceive bis Majesty's Ministers have proposed the posed alliance was composed :-let it not renewal of that most galling, oppressive, and be imagined, that although it consisted of hateful Inquisition, the Tax upon Income, an In- the same nations, that only twelve months quisition which had, in consequence of the uni- since drove France within nearly her anversal execration it excited, been recently and cient limits, it was therefore formed of the reluctantly abandoned, and wlich we had hoped same materials; he feared that the Concould never have been again renewed, at least gress at Vienna had effected a lamentable daring the existence of that generation who rechange in its composition (applause). membered its oppressions.

The league against France had been irre. That a Petition be presented to the House of sistible, because the people felt the cause Commons; praying them to interpose their au- their own, and every heart beat in unison thority to stop a weak, rasli, and infatnated Ad. with the Government. Would the people ministration in their mad and frightful career, of this country feel that they had now and to adopt such measures as may best pre such an interest in the contest, as to inserve the peace and promote the prosperity of duce them to submit with chearsulness to the nation,

the sacrifices it would require? That our

resources were ample to maintain any con- rulers and laws by which they were to be test in which our honour and real interests governed. Louis XVIII. was

as much were felt to be at stake, he was well con- the legitimate heir to the Crown of Engvifced (loud chcoring); but it was neces- land as France, being in some degree resary that there should be an unanimity on lated to the Stuarts. Ile contended, amidst the point, which did not appear to exist Ioud groans, hissing, and interruption, on the present subject. Mr. Perring con- which continued some time, that war was sidered that there was but one safe course unjust and impolitic.--Mr. Thompson, anto pursue--which was to be prepared :- other vehement orator, supported the Refor whatever other. Gentlemen might solutions, and eulogized his friend Mr. think, he suspected Bonaparte, notwith Waithman.-Mr. S. Dizon opposed the standing all his professions of moderation, sentiments averse to war. The advocates and he should as soon expect the Ethio. of Bonaparte were so deluded by their pian to change his skin or the leopard his idol, that they lost all recollection that he spots, as that Bonaparte would prove was a man who had never kept one engagedifferent from what the last twenty years ment in his life. lle was a man who had had shewn him to be. He gave his assent violated every oath, every declaration he to the proposed Resolutions so far as they had made. Would any man among them went to prevent the country being preci- make a contract with a person who had pitated into a war, of the policy of which broken his faith as Bonaparte had? He he confessed himself doubtful.--Mr. Hunt, expressed a hope that the Livery of Lonof Bristol, gave his decided support to the don would not disgrace themselves by Resolutions, and contended with uncom- agreeing to the resolutions, which would mon assurance, that there was no pretence prove a precious morsel for Bonaparte for war.

French messengers had proved and his friends. lle protested against the that the intentions of France were peace- resolutions. ' A most violent clamour able; they were ready to abide by the again rendered the appearance of the Chief peace of Paris ; although it was forced Magistrate necessary, The Lord Mayor on them, they were willing to continué having again , restored order, Mr. Dixon at peace on those terms. It was his concluded by recommending the Livery opinion, if the war was renewed, that it to oppose a proceeding established on would be a war of unjust aggression. It theory and abstract reasoning. Mr. was a war to set the Bourbons on the Flower (a printer) entered a long train of throne. Some years ago a crusade was objections to the conduct of the Allied undertaken by the Powers of Europe Sovereigns. The Emperor of Austria against the rights of man, and if the peo- had been as much the enemy of his counple went to war now it would be for the try as Bonaparte, and by breaking his same object. He denied that Louis the treaties, had shewn himself actuated by Eighteenth was the legitimate King of the same policy as his son-in-law. Have France. He was descended from Ilugh ing contended that the French had the Capet, who forfeited the throne; the peo- right of making their own rules and rulers, ple having decreed that the Bourbons he gave his support to the resolutions. should cease to reign, none of that Flouse Mr. Waithman made a reply. The resocould be called legitimate heirs to the lutions were then read and agreed to by

The people had not only the a large majority of hands. It was next right of dethroning kings, but of taking off agreed, that the resolutions should be emtheir heads, if they despised the laws. The bodied in a Petition to be presented to the people of England not only took off the House of Commons by the City Members. head of Charles the First, but drove the Mr. Waithman then moved the Thanks Stuarts from the throne. The Sovereigns of the Meeting to the Lord Mayor, for of England had since held their govern- his readiness in granting the Meeting, &c.; ment by law. They were legitimate sove- and the same being unanimously carried, reigns, but if they were to disobey the the Lord Mayor returned thanks. Mr. laws of the people they govern, and were lunt then moved the Thanks of the Meetdeprived by the nation of their rights, they ing to Mr. Waithman, for the able manwould cease to be legitimate. The people ner in which he had conducted the busihad the sole and absoluto right of electing ness of the day. Mr. Thompson seconded

crown.

the motion, which was carried; and, after LIST OF THE MINORITY a speech in return from Mr. Waithman,

ON MR. WHITBREAD'S MOTION FOR PEACE. the Common llall was dissolved. The proceedings on this occasion (concludes Abetcrombie, Hn. J. Langtot, W. G. the reporter) were of the most clamorous Althorpe, Lord Maddox, W. A. description, and Guildhall was not unlike Atherley, Aribar Martin, J. a bear-garden.

Aubrey, Sir John Martin, H.

Astell, William Monck, Sir C. LIST OF THE MINORITY IN THE HOUSE Barnard, Viscount Moore, Peter OF COMMONS,

Bewick, C.

Mackintosh, Sir J.
FOR 1:ECEIVING THE CITY PETIT:ON.

Birch, Josepla Montgomery, Sir 11.
Brand, Hon. Thos. Newport, Sir J.

Løng, George Osborne, Lord F.
Abercrombie, Hon. J. Kemp,

Buller, James Pierse, H.
Burdett, Sir F. King, Sir J. D.

Burdelt, Sir F. Phillips, G.
Byng, G.
Littleton, Hon. H.

Calvert, Charles Piggott, Sir A,
Baring, H.
Lubbock, Ju.

Cavendish, Ld. G. Prittie, Hon. F. A.
Berkeley, H.
Martin, J.

Cavendislı, Henry

Plumer, W. Bennett, Hon. H. Milton, Ld. i

Cavendislı, Charles Ponsonby, Right Ho. G. Baring, Sir T. Montgoniety, Sir H.

Chaloner, R.

Pym, Francis
Barham, J. F.
Newport, Sir J.

Coke, Thomas

Paullet, Honourable H.
Broadhurst, J.
Neville, Hon.

Campbell, Hon. J. Vane
Brand, Hon. T.
Nugent, Ld.

Carew, R.S.

Ramsden, S. C.
Calvert, C.
Osborne, Lord F.

Dundas, Charles Romilly, Sir S.
Cavendish, Ld. G. Preston, R.

Dnudas, blon. L. Rowley, Sir Wm. Cavendish Charles, Ponsonby, Right

Duncannon, Vist. Scudamore, R. P. Calcraft, Jn.

Hob. G.

Fergnson, Sir R. Smyth, J. H.
Drake, W. S.
Proby, Ld.

Foley, Hon. A. Smith, w.
Fitzroy, Ld. Jn.
Phillips, G.

Foley, Col. T. Smith, J.
Ferguson, Sir R. Protheroe, E.

Gordon, R.

Seabright, Sir J. Lefevre, Shaw Rowley, Sir Wm.

Grant, J. P.

Tavistock, Marquis
Finlay, K.
Ridley, Sir M. W.

Guise, Sir William Taylor, M. Angelo
Forbes, Cl.
Robinson, A.

Horner, F.

Tierley, Rt. Hon. G. Grant, P. Smith, w.

Halsey, J.

Wellesley, R. Fordon, Wm. Smyth, J. H.

Hornby, Edward Western, C. C. Guise, Sir William Smith, R.

Howorth, H.

Wharton, Jolio Dascoigne, Gen. Sendamore, R.

Latouche, R.

Whitbread, S.
Gaskell, B.
Tierney, Rt. Hon. G.

Littleton, Hon. w. Wilkins, Walter
Hornby, Edward
Tavistock, Marquis

Leach, J.

Winniogton, Sir E. Bforner, F. Whitbread, S.

Lemon, Sir W. Webster, Sir G Hammersley, H. Wortley, Sh.

TELLERS.-Hon. H. Bennett avd Sir M. Ridley, Hamilton, L. A. Wellesley, H.

PAIRED OF Jervoise, G. P. Wilkins, w.

Fraukland, T.

Stanley, Lard TELLERS-Aldermav 'Alkios and Sir William Lefevre, C. Shaw Swann, Henry Cartis.

Neville, Hon. R.

Printed and Publislied by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand, where all Communications addressed (@

the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

Vol. XXVII. No. 19.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1815. [Price 1s.

577]

578 LETTER VII.

subject. I shall here deal in prophecies To the EARL of LIVERPOOL,

again; and shall not be at all afraid of

proving, in the end, to have been a false On is part which America is likely to prophet. You appear to me now to be in

tal in a War between England and a very fair way of adding another six hunFrance.

dred millions to our debt, and of bringing

the guinea up to forty shillings, instead of My LORD,-From several parts of twenty-eight shillings, at which point it America I have received thanks for my is now arrived. I wish to prevent this; Letters to your Lordship on the subject of and, if I do not succeed, I shall, at any the American war, The people in Ame- rate, have these pages to refer to, when rica think, or, at least, many of them the mischief has ta} ii place, and when think, that those Letters had great weight few besides myself willible to say that in producing the peace of Ghent, than they did all in their per to prevent it. which you and your colleagues never I am of opinion, that France alone is ádopted any measure more wise nor in pow, as she was in 1793, more than a better time. Yet, you have never thanked match for the coalition against her. But, me for my advice. You, to whom thc | I am further of opinion, that, before the peace was much more necessary than to war against her be six months old, you DIr. Madison, have never acknowledged will see America taking a part in it, uniess your obligations to me. You have ap- you carefully abstain from every thing peared to be sulky with me, though I that can be construed into a violation of taught you so exactly what to do, in order neutral maritime rights. to avoid the great evils which were coming War, or peace, with America, will deupon you from all quarters. The conse- pend upon the opinions of the people in quences of the American war were fore- that country. The people there are really told by me nearly two years before the and truly represented in the Congress. war began. I told you that you would There are no vile sham elections in the have war, if you persevered in seizing United States. That which the people men on board of American ships on the wills will be done. The Americans are a high seas. You did persevere; and you sensible people; they all read from a press

I told yoo that the Americans wbich is really free; they discuss all poliwould beat you in fighting, if you con- tical matters freely. They love peace; tinued the war for two years. You con- they would prefer peace; they would tinued the far, and they did beat you. make some sacrifices to peace; but they I told you, that you would never have will never hesitate a moment in preferring peace, if you demanded any concession war to slavery or dependance. from America. You insisted on great Now, then, what is likely to be the vicw concessions on he: part as a sine qua non which the Americans will take of the preof peace; and, after three months more, sent scene in Europe? And what are likeyou male peace by giving up every thing, ly to be their feelings with regard to what not excepting the sine qua non itself. In is passing in this quarter of the world ? It short, you expended fifty millions of mo. is very easy for our corrupt press to perney, and lost, I dare say, thirty thousand suade the alarmed and selfish part of Engmen, in accomplishing nothing, except land that it is necessary to plunge the creating a navy in America, causing her country into war, in order to root out the manufactures to flourish, and implanting present government of France. But, it in the hearts of Americans, for ages, a will not be so easy for any body to perhatred of the English government. suade the American people that such an

I remind you of these thiogs, in order undertaking is just. They will see the matto bespeak your atlention on the present ter iu its true light. They will see that

T

had war.

on.

Napoleon has been replaced at the head of the alledged traitors took shelter in of the government by the will of the peo- Gibraltar, they were given up to tlieir ple of France; they will see that he has hupters, and that when complaint of this had the wisdom and virtue to abandon his was made in our parliametit, the reply ambitious projects; they will see that he was, that we had no right to interfer: bas voluntarily confined himself within the in the domestic affairs of Spain." The ancient limits of France; they will see Americans will ask, why this principle is that he has tendered the olive branch to all not applied to the domestic affairs of surrounding nations; they will see that he France. They will ask, not for rile, means to contend solely for the independ- Toul-mouthed abuse of Napoleon and the ence of France; they will see that he French people; but for some proofviour has returned, as nearly as circumstances right to interfere against him. will permit, to the principles of 1789; Ilaving scen all these things; having they will see that he has provided for the seen what we and our Allies have been at people being really represented in the Le in every part of Europe; having scen that gislature; they will see that there is to be the people of France is the only people in no religious persecution, and no predomi- Europe living under a government apo rant church in France; they will see that proaching towards a resemblance to their the French people have derived great be-own, they will want very little to assit nefits from the revolution, and that now them in forming a correct opinion as to all these benefits are to be confirmed to the real object of the war against Fracce, them; in France they will see a free pco- if such war should now, without proveo plc, and in Napoleon they will see the cation on the part of France, be resolveu Soldier of Freedom.

On the other hand, they will ask what It appears to me, therefore, that the right England, or any other power, can American people will, at least, feel great inhave to interfere in the internal affairs of terest in this war, much greater than they Fiance; they will ask why England felt in the last war; and, that as they baie should not treat with him now as well as just laid down their arms, after a contest at Amiens; why not treat with him as in defence of their maritime rights, they well as with the Directory at Lille. They will, the moment they hear of this wars will ask why England should refuse to prepare again for that defence. America, treat with him, from whom she received in all likelihood, will again be the only the Islands of Ceylon and Trinidad. They neutral nation. There will be no Alilan will ask what can be the real object, the and Berlin Decrees to give a pretence for ultimate object, of a coalition of those Orders in Council. So that, if we trencha powers who were assembled at Vienna, upon her rights, her ground of war will and who were disposing of states at their be cleared of all confusion. She will pleasure.

stand upon her indisputable rights. And, The Americans have seen the republic if she be left in the full and free enjoymeat of Genoa given to the King of Sardinia ; of her advantages as a neutral power, sle they have seen Poland parcelled out be will carry on three-fourths of the comtiveen Prussia, Russia, and Austria; they merce of the world. Our cruizers ma v have seen the fleet of Denmark taken keep at sea, but it will be only to witness away; they have scen the people of the the increase of her mercantile marine, and Republic of Holland sunk into the sub- all the proofs of her wonderful prosperity. jects of a King ; tlrey have seen the Re- France will receive all that she wants from public of Venice transferred to the Em- foreign countries by American ships. Ame. peror of Austria ; they have seen the Pope rica will supply her with colonial produce, Ieplaced with the Jesuits at his heels; and with certain articles of manufacture: they have seen, that, in Spain, where a The latter will, through the same chap. free constitution had been formed by men nel, find an outlet for much of her abund. who had been fighting on our side, the ant produce. These two countries will King has been brought back; that he has become much more closely connected than destroyed this Constitution, that he has ever, and we should come out of the war treated the makers of it as traitors; that shorn of our means, while the means of all jie has re-established the inquisition which sorts of Ameriea would be found to be Napoleon had abolished; that when two prodigiously iucrcased.

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