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French, there ceased to be any pretext for nothing to have been able, with her infant impressment; and that being the case, navy, to have resisted with success the maAmerica was willing to make peace immeritime power of England single-handed ? diately, without any stipulation about im- Is it nothing to have called forth the admipressment, because the war in Europe, ration of the world by acts of bravery like having ceased, her character of neutral that of the General Armstrong privateer at would have ceased, and our impressments Fayal? Is it nothing to bave made her would also have ceased. She wanted no implacable enemies in England express stipulation to protect her against what she their mortification at seeing her citizens in always asserted to be a wrong, and which Europe complimented wherever they go, in wrong she had resisted by arms, until it consequence of bier success against such a ceased. Accordingly, we find Mr. Monroe mighty Power? Is it nothing to have instructing the Republican negociators not prosed to the world, that, iet wlio will atto bring forward the subject, it being quite tack her, she stands in need of no fortiga unnecessary, seeing that America had re- aid; no hired fighters of other countries sisted our pretended right of impressment but that hier own citizeus are equal, not by war, and would, of course, resort to the only to her defence, but to the carrying of same mode of resistance, if the execution licr “ bits of striped bunting” in triumph of the pretended right should be revived. into every sea against even a superior You will observe, ton, that it was our force ? Is it nothing to have shewn, that, King's negociators, who brought forward in the midst of such a war, which most the subject at Ghent. Therefore, if there people thought put ber very existence in was any defeat of orject here, the defeat jeopardy, she bas doubled, nay quadrupled, was on bis side. We went to war to assert her naval force, including her numerous our right of impressiment. We have made important captures from us; and that she peace without ovtaining any stipulation has steadily proceeded in the extension of with regard to that right, real or pre- her naval plans, huildings and arsenals ? tended. If we revive the exercise of this Is it nothing to have proved, that her Goright, at any future time, Mír. Monroe, in vernment, though free as air, is perfectly his published dispatches, savs, that Ame- adequate to the most perilous of wars ? Is rica is ready again to resist it by force of it nothing to have thus entitled herself to
the confidence of other nations, and made The disappointed, malignant man, whom her friendship an object to be sedulously I have so largely quoted above, exclainis, sought after by every Power of Europe; that we are
now bound to our good be- and to have done this, too, in a war in haviour in Europe;" for, that the moment which it was published, that all these we dare to go to war, We shall have Capt. Powers had, by a secret article in the Porter sally out upon us with “ freedom of treaty of Paris, bound themselves not to
Commerce and sailors.' rights” inscribed interfere? Is it nothing to have shewn, that on his fag. Nothing is more probablc. she wanted the interference of none of them; Indeed, it is quite certain, that the “ bits that she was able, single-handed, to fight “ of striped bunting” will bear this motto, her own battles, and to come out of the if our King revives his orders of impress contest, not only unmutilated, but covered ment. But the likely thing is, that his with glory? Is it nothing for her Chief Majesty will not rerve those orders ; and Niagistrate ; for that very Mr. Madison, then we shall have the happiness to see whom our malignant and insolent writers ourselves living in peace and friendship and others marked out to be DEPOSED; with the people of America, and shall be is it nothing for Americans to have seen grateful to his Majesty for the blessing. this their plain fellow citizen, with a salary
But has the Repnblic gained nothing by of less than 6,000 pounds a year, with no the war? Has she gained no English heralds, guards, or gilded coaches, conductships? Has she gained no renown? Have ing her affairs, through this trying season, the affairs of the Guerriere, the Macedo- with so much ability, so much firmness, nian, the Java, the Peacock, the Avon, and, at the same time, with such tender. those of Lakes Erie avd Champlain), ani ness for liberty, as to refrain from a resort Mobille and Pensacola, and Fort Eric and even to the mild law of his country against Fort Moreau; have these memorable ac- those who have made use of that liberty for tions, and many others. yielded her nothing purposes of the blackest and bagest treason? in point of reputation in the world? Is it Is this nothing, you venal English wiiters?
Is this nothing? Is it nothing to bear the every other climes, and a PRESS for the Chief Magistrate of a country say: " let promulgation of those truths, which these s my calumniators alone; let the traitors unfortunate icings have so long been com" to freedom and Anierica proceed; I rely pelled to suppress. * on the good sense and the virtue of the I am, with the greatest regard and re
people ; the cause is the people's, and spect, your faithful and most obedient serthey will be my defenders ?" Is this, vant,
WN. COBBETT. too, nothing gained? Yes, it is a gain, not only to America
AMERICA. but to mankind; for who will now be im- Mr. COBEETT.--According to my estipudent enough to assert, that political free mate of the value of public writings it is, dem, that religious freedom, 'that a press and has been long, ny firm persuasion, that wholly incontrouled, are incompatible with your WEEKLY REGISTER bas already efnctional safety in times of war. Who, fected, and will ultimately accomplish, apon the ground of a probability of inva- more towards eulightening mankind on sign, will call for a suspension of the laws their true political and moral rights, than made for the security of men's liberty and all the other productions of the press put lives, when the world has no:v seen the together. The originality of your views ; Republic of America declared in a state of the extent and importance of your facts ; rigorous blockade, mighty feets and armies the lunivous correctness of your speculaat the months of her barbours and rivers, tions; and the peculiarly energetic force ber soil invaded at several points, ber of your style, unite to render you an author towns and villases bombarded or plundered, most eminently and nsefully instructive. and her capital itself in flames, without May your valuable life and health be long producing the suspension, even for an hour, preserved, for the furtherance of all that is of any law, and withont arresting or divert- most dear and cstimable in human exising the ordinary and gentie course of jus- tence. The observations with wbichi
you tice for a single moment ?
are at present elucidating the political state I need say no more. Here is the ob- of America, and the British contest with ject on which the friend of freedom will that nation, must be read by all who are rivet his eves. Here is a dagger to the not determined to be deceived, or who are beart of tyranny; and, as such, it is worthy not destitute of the commonest characteof being presented to you. The total ristics of human reason, with the utmost overthrow of the Aristocratical Faction in gratification. It is impossible to view America ; an immense emigration to that facts placed in the clear light in which Country; her consequently rapid increase you are weekly exhibiting them, without of population and power; the creation of a rejoicing that such a writer as yourself great maritime force in the Republic; the exists, and that so fair an opportunity is independence of South America. These are afforded to all who can read, to know coramongst the consequences to be expected; reetly the real condition and circumstances but that consequence which I consider of of the American contest.
That a large more importance than all the rest, is, the majority of the British nation is, as benefit which the cause of frcedom will re- it were, identified with the Governceive from the cxample of America, now ment, and would be identified with any become so conspicuous a nation. Away Government that had equal patronage nouu', with all their trumpery about Poland, in its disposal, there can be no doubt.and Saxony, and Belgium, and the Con- Persons so situated, are not to be reasoned gress of Vienna! Let thern do what they with ; they will listen to no argument, like with the Germans and the Cissacks, but will kluster, blunder, and calumniate, and the Dutch; let them divide them and until they conceive they have effectually subdivide them in any manner that they borne down all opposition to their preconplease ; let them whisker them or knight ceived and predetermined vices. American them according to their fancy. We can bravery is their horror, and American now look to growing millions of free and triumph the real torment of these intrenlightened citizens, descended from the tuated and all but enfuriated people. Alsame ancestors, and speaking the same lan-though they grumble at the Property Tax, gnage, with ourselves, inhabiting an exten- they begin to speak in the language of sive and fertile country, tendering food and Alderman Curtis, that the grievances of freedom to the miserable and oppressed of that impost must be endured until the
Yankees shall have been “confoundedly | Hayti, and 4th of his Majesty's reign, the “ flogged.” They fondly imagine that grand dignitaries, the civil administrative, another year's Property Tax, or the ex- and military officers of the kingdem, were penditure of about fifteen millions, will se
convoked in a Council Extraordinary, at the care British Tories the enviable triumph of ion the documents which it pleased the
palace of San-souci, to take into considera. this flagellation. Could I remove, Sir, King, our Sovereign, to subinit to their conwith all those who coincide with me insideration. The said officers, in full dress, opinion on this subject, from this land of were introduced and placed according to flogging and flugged people, it would be to their respective ranks, by the Baron Sicard, lue most ample revenge to have the abettors Master of the Cereinonies. His Majesty, our
august Sovereign, soon after entered the of this flogging scheme compelled to pay Hall
, having on his left his Royal Highness the Propeity Tax, the price of the flogging, the Prince Royal, and preceded by the Great until that Aldermanic castigation shall Officers of the Crown; he was saluted on all have been actually inflicted. Happy Ame- sides by acclamations of Vive le Roy! His rica! and thrice' happy Americans, who Majesty, having taken his seat on the throne, are too enlightened, too fice, and too tians, -We have assembled you in a General
delivered the following discourse :-" Haybrave, ever to be liable to the pedagogal Council of the nation, in order to commuvengeance of a degenerated and fallen nicale to you certain letters and papers, people.
AN ADMIRER OF AMERICAN | which we have received from the French Dec. 26, 1814. REPUBLICANISM.
General Dauxion Lavaysse, the envoy of his
Majesty Louis XVIII. Haytians, deliberate Sr. DoINGO.-While our unprincipled on these writings with that calmness and press was busily employed in proclaiming a quered their independence at the expence of
wisdom which befit freeinen, who have concrusade against freedom, and its partisans their blood. Meditate upon them, in fine, in America, it now appears, if the annexed in a manner betilting functionaries who redocuments are authentic, that a scheme,' present the nation, and who, in that capacity, equally diabolical, to destroy every vestige have to pronounce on its fate, and on the of liberty in the world, was entertained by dearest interests of their fellow-citizens.”— the fell fiends of corruption. At least, Minister for Foreign Affairs, then read the
The Count Limonade, Secretary of Siale, such a scheme, it must be believeil, existed
following documents :some where, if these documents are not proved to be furgeries. The Courier and Lelier of General Daurion Laraysse, dated
Kingston, Oct I. 1814, and addessed to the Times have published them as genuine, General Ilenry Christophe, Supreme Head though the latter pretends that the project of the Government of the North of Ilayti,
totally dissonant from the senti- General, -You have been informed of “ nents impressed on the mind of Louis the important mission with which I have been “ XVIII. by education,” Whoever heard entrusted to your Excellency; and on arof the sentiments incnicated on the mind riving here it was my intention to address
you and General Petion simultaneously : for of any Prince, affording a complete se
I am pot come, as you well know, as a mescurity that he would never outrage hu- senger of discord, but as the precursor of manity? or who will say that a virtuous peace and reconciliation. A few days after education ought to screen him from cen
my arrival here, 1, as well as my companion sure, should the conduct of his Ministers, tribute to the climate; and I have here
on the voyage, Mr. Draveinan, paid the usual or agents acting by his anthority, be in found only one inan in whom I could place consistent with the principles of justice ? | confidence to aid me with his pen as Secre-As to what the Times calls “ the base tary. However, I have communicated will. " lie which imputed the suggestion of some estimable persons, who, I am assured, “ such infernal wickeduess to British coun- possess your coufidence, and who have concils,"
,” I have only at present to say, that tirmed what faine had already taught me of I trust this will be made manifest to all with your Excellencs, it becomes my duty to
But before communicating directly the world, and that some more respectable obiain the most accurate information with channel will be employed for that purpose, regard to youl, and as to every thing which than the prostituted and polluted columns it is of importance for my mission to learn ; of that newspaper. The following are the and I confess, with pleasure, to your Excel. documents :-
lencs, that all that I now know, has added KINGDOM OF HAYTI.
greatly to my hopes, and encouraged me to Minules of the Sillings of the Council General address you with the frankness of a soldier, of the Nalinn.
and with that interest which cannot be reThis day, the 21st of October, 1814. I fused to those who have followed the military the juh year of the indepeudence of career. The virtuous King, who is at last rez
stored to France ---that King, equally admi. you doubt this truth, General, your Extable for the firmness and the imildness of cellency bas only to consult, by means bis character, for the extent of his intel. of your agents, the dispositions of Eng. ligence, and his contempl of every illiberal laud, late the enery of France, pow her prejudice --- Louis XVIII, lamented more inost faithful Ally, and they will attest than any one the atrocious
the truth of what I have now siid.-adopted against General Toussaint at the General, if Bonaparte, with a great part of the peace of 1802. That Chief, loyal and en- forces of France, sunk under the mass of the lightened, had, with almost the whole of the forces of the Allies, who now can resist inhabitants of Hayti, taken up arms in fa- France united to all Europe, - Feabce bevour of the royal cause. He supported it come the ally of England ? And who doubts several years with energy, and had re-es- that Bonaparte must have rapidly consumtablished order and cultivation in Hayti, mated the infernal work of destruction to the most astonishing extent. But when which he began in 1802, if in 1803 England all Europe was bent under the yoke of had not declared war against France, and Bonaparte, he felt that submission to that thus broken, by its immense fleets, the comrecognized tyrant became a matter of veces munication helween France and St. Domin. sily. None of the acts of Gen. Toussaint go? Every thing has been foreseen in the were declaratory of independence; but Bona- Treaty of peace belween the Sovereigns of parte, either to sacrifice a portion of the im- Europe. Not aware of the prudence and the mense * arries which einbarrassed him on principles of your Excellency, it was supthe peace, or to lay hold of imaginary trea- posed' that you might hesitate as to the sures, sent an army to St. Domingo, when he course which you ought to pursue; and it ought only to have sent rewards. The effect was agreed, that, in order to replace the poof this barbarous expedition was a second pulation of Hayri, which, in such event, destruction of the colony, and the loss of would be totally annihilated by the masses of General Toussaint. The king would have force brought against it, it was necessary considered this loss as irreparable, had not that France should continue for several your Excellency succeeded to the power of years the African Slave Trade, with the that celebrated man; and convinced that you double view of replacing the lands employed are perfectly well-informed as to your true in cultivation, and forming soldiers, in imiinterests, and as to every thing that has taken tation of the English. It would, doubtless, place in Europe; certain that the welfare of be useless to enter into details with a man your country, your own, and that of your of so superior ari understanding as your Exfamily and friends, will serve as the rule of cellency; but it is proper, perhaps, that your conduct, he has not doubted thal you those greai cansiderations should be prewill act towards him as Toussaint would have sented to the persons whom your Excellency acted if yow alive. I bring you, therefore, honours with your confidence. If the alGeneral, by the orders of that august Sove-liance of the Powers of Europe has bad for reign, words of satisfaction and peace; and its object the restoration of order, and the though, from the height of his thrope, the fall of the Usurper who incessantly disturbed most brilliant in Europe, he commands an it, the august Monarchs, who are parties to army of 500,000 men, he has sent me singly that alliance, did not on that ground display to treat with you about your interests. We less esteem for the meritorious supporters of are no longer in the time of Bonaparte ; all the glory and independence of France ; for the Sovereigns of Europe had leagued !o those illustrious warriors who, during 25 poll down that usurper, all remain uniied years of calamities, never deserted the post in order to secure the tranquillity of ail parls of danger, and who saved their country both. of the world. At this moment you may be- from the horrors of civil war, and the disa hold England punishing, at 1,500 leagues dis. grace of dismemberment. The ruost wise tance, the United States of America, who hau and generous of Kings, the virtuous Louis shared to lend their support to the enemy of XVIII. has felt more sensibly than any of order and of the repose of the world; already his great Allies the clainis which these brave the capital of that new empire has been com- men had to the royal munificence, as well as mitted to the flames; already its chief is the public gratitude: they are now loaded fying ; for vot until these United States shall with honours; they enjoy immense fortunes, profess the principles of the Sovereigns of and they bless the events which have given Europe, will England cease to overwhelm to their superb establishments that stability them with the weight of her terrible ven- which an usurper could never have confergeance : thus, as long as there shall remain a red. Follow their example, General; propoint on the globe where order is not re-esia- claim Louis XVIII. in Dayti, as they have blished, the Allied Sovereigns will not lay proclaimed bim in France, and noi only to: down their arms; they will remain united, nour and rewarıls await you, but those on in order to finish their great work. ---If you desigoate shall receive marks of the sa
lisfaction of our Sovereign, and of the graAlmost all these troops had served under titude of our country; and the empire of Moreau, to whom they were very much attached; prejudices, which is destroyed with the late but the Generala were mostly partisans of Bonapurie,
regime, shall prove no obstacle to these too, wards being made equal to the greatness ) ened and noble an understanding, not to be of the services performed to the kivik- satisfied with becoming a great lord, or a Doublless, if Bonaparte, from the height general officer, under that ancient dynasty of of the French throne, addressed to you the the Bourbons, which Providence, in despite words of which I am now the hearer. I should of all human calculations, scems to take a lainent your confiding in them. His success pleasure in perpetualing on the throne of our in policy was due to his deceitful arts, his dear France ; you will prefer becoming an perfidy equalled the power of his arms, and illustrious servaut of the great sovereign of General Toussaint was not the only one who the French, to the fate, more than precafound out this by cruel and falal experience: rious, of a chief of revoltcd slaves. And if but the legitimaie King of France, the angust examples are necessary to lead you to imitasuccessor of so many illustrious Sovereigns, tion, behold the Generals Murat and Bernathe descendaot of St. Louis and Heury IV., dotte, who had been for several years chiefs, has doubtless no need of the vile resorts of or kinys, of nations whom their arıs have an usurper; his royal word is as sacred as illustrated, nolly descending from the thrones his race is ancient and venerable; and Louis to which the effects of the French Revolution XVIII. has said, like one of his magnanimous had raised them. Behold them, I say, nobly ances!ors," that if good faith was banished and voluntarilydescending from these thrones, the earth, it should still be found in the in order to become great and illustrious heart of Kings.”—Thus, then, what he pro- Lords, and preferring legitimate and durable mises you, General, will be firin and stable: titles for themselves and their posterity, to you cannot doubt it. But perhaps there are the odious and precarious title of usurpers. among your Generals persons who fear lest For, do not deceive yourself, General,—the the chiefs sent by the King, furgetting the Sovereigns of Europe, alihough they have instructions which they shall have received, made peace, hare noi returned the sword into and permitting theniseives to be infuenced the scabbard; doublless you are not ignoby Creoles and Emigrants, may re-establish rant of what every body in Europe knows, algradually the regime of prejudices. But be though a thing not yet diplomatically publieve me, General, the reign of prejudices is lished, --Shat the principal articles of the comterminated for ever. It will as lille revive pact, which all the European Sovereigns hare in the French colonies as in France; and just signed, on their royal honour, is to unite who can suppose that they stiil exist in the insir armies, if need be, and to lend each lalter country, when, by the side of the Mon other all necessary ald, in order to destroy all morencys, thc Rohians, the Perigords, &c. the Governments which have been the offspring are seated the Soults, the Suchets, the Des- the French Revolution, whether in Europe, solles, &c.—when men of such different or in the New World. KNOW, ALSO, TIIAT origin, though, equally illustrious, the one IT IS GREAT BRITAIN, WHO IS THE class for their own high exploits, and the CENTRE OF AND PRINCIPAL PARTY other for those of their ancestors, sit as TO THIS CONTENTION : to which, a few equals in the Chamber of Peers, and equally months, snoner or later, every Government participate in the light dignities of the will find il necessary to submit: every GoState ? The King, who ishes that be vernment and every Potonlate who shall reneits be every where equally dispenseil, will just so to submit, must expect lo be treated as doubles act in this instance like the Mo-Trailors and brigands : whilst those who vonarxis of Spain and tortugal, who, by let- luntarily and cheerfully shall prove themters of white,glican individual, whatever be selves honest and reasonable enough to adhis colour, the privileyes of a while. Ilis here to these principles, in contributing to royal power, which lasequalised the Neys, the induce the people whom they govern to reSoults, the Suchels, with the Montmorency's turn under the sway oflegitimate sovereigns, and the Rollins, by an art of munificence will oblain from these sovereigns a provision and equity wbich all France applauded, can and an establishment not less honourable in like manner make a negro, or a mulatto, than permanent. The last consideration equal before the throne and the law, and in which I shall subunit to your Excellency is the intercourse of social life, to the fairest that of the morality and loyalty which chaman in Picardy. You will not force us, Ge-ractorise the present Minister of the Marine. neral, to convert into soldiers the negroes, It is universally linown, that, duriog the rule whom we are at this moment purchasing on of the Coostituent Assembly, where he conthe coast of Africa ; you will not force us to stantly appetred as one of the most zealous employ all possible imeans of destruction ; defenders of the royal cause, he ever insisted you will not expose yourselves to witness the upon the necessity as well as justice of amedescrtion of your háttalions, who will soon liorating the condition both of the blacks be informed ihat the French discipliną, the and the men of colour. To pronounce the most perfect in the world, does not cuforce name of Malouet, is at once to recal the methat excessive severity which you have su mory of the most exalted virtue, and of inoften exercises ; we know all your means of tegrity the most inflexible. Whatever may defence. When I say you, I mean the per- be promised by such a man will be as certain sons who are under your orders; for I be- and as sacred as if (and I ask pardon for the lieve you have too send a lead, tov enligit expression) the Deity had pledged himself to