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hare most evidently for their object the list for decayed literary hacks. They tell destruction of French liberty, overwhelm- the world, that they do not publish the ing as that liberty must be, under the able names of the parties who receive charity. direction of Bonaparte, to countries pining They are very wise in this, for the public and sinking under the pitiless scourge of would soon see what the real object of the what is considered as hereditary and legi- Fund was, if they could see the names of tinate slavery. French liberty has a the persons relieved. In short, this, like quality in it, with reference to surrounding almost every other “ Charity,as they nations eminently contiguous; its influence are called, is neither more nor less than must spread. Like the electric fluid, it an adjunct of the government, or, rather will diffuse itself. Some nations, indeed, of the System. What Jacobin, or Jacoto continue the electric simile, may be more bin's wife (unless she first betrayed her ready conductors of it than others, accord- husband) was ever relieved by any of these ing to natural and acquired capabilities; societies? They are kept up for the pur. but none can permanently continue in a pose of keeping the needy in good humour, state of non-conductors of the sacred or of rewarding faithfui decayed slaves. principle.

JUSTITIA. Here the man who has paid a fortune in

taxes often comes, cap in hand, and re

ceives back the means of getting a dinner. LITERARY FUND AND WASHING- It is curious to observe, that the Aristo; TON BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. cratic faction in America have resorted to

a trick of this sort. They set up, some I have observed, that, year after year, few years ago, a society, which they this institution becomes more like a com- called the “Washington Benevolent So, mon charity concern. A parcel of Lords, ciety," which, it appears, has branched and other men of purse, take the chair, out all over the country. The object of and take the lead. This last meeting was, this trick was to collect little groupes of I see, presided over by the Duke of Kent, the most needy and mean-spirited part of in the same way as the Lancaster school the people, and, by the means of dopameetings, and other meetings for the as- tions in money, clothes, books, or medisistance of the poor and miserable. The cal aid, to attach them to the aspiring consequence of this must be, that the poor rich, and thus to found a sort of afiliation devil's politics will serve as the measure of against the Republican government. The the bounty he is to receive. The original name of Washington was taken for the desigo of tbis fund must be totally over- purpose of deception, and as a party-word, looked. That design, I believe, was to opposed to the name of Jefferson or Maprevent authors from selling their pens; dison, who were thus to be held up as having whereasnow, I should suppose, the prin- deviated from the principles of the man, to cipal design to be to purchase the pens of whom American gratitude bas given what, authors, or to keep alive poor slaves perhaps, American wisdom and justice whose works are well-meant towards would have given largely, but certainly their patrons, but destitute of the talent with a less prodigal hand. Availing themnecessary to make them sell.-I observe, selves of this amiable weakness, these that the Founder's" health was drunk, crafty enemies of their country's freedom but, that the “ Founder," Mr. David have been working up the people here and WILLIAMS, was not named.-Mr. David there, by the means of these societies, to Villiams wrote some excellent political an opposition to the government. They tracts in support of the principles of free- hold their stated meetings, as our chadom; he also translated some of the works rities” do. They make speeches, compli- ? of Voltaire on the subject of religion. ment one another, extol the virtues of Nerer did he expect that his institution Washington, who, though one of the first would tumble into such hands as have of patriots, never was fool enough to benow got hold of it. The truth is, that the stow his money in the making of paupers. scheme was a very good one. Its object, Shut out of the Legislative Assemblies by anci its tendency, was to encourage lite- the people's voice, they harrangue at these sary merit, and to make authors honest meetings, and thus continue to keep themand independent; but it has now mani-selves in wind. Silly as the thing is, howfestly beco converted into a sort of poor- ever, in itself, I would have the Ameri

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cans be upon their guard against it. It is speaking of Napoleon. They call him a aspiring Aristocracy in its most alluring perfidious traitor, as audacious rebel, a guise; it is imposture of the most danger- vile miscreant, a run-away coward, a ous kind It tends to the creating of monster, whom every body hates, an enepauperism; to the forming of a class in my to tranquillity, happiness, and order, the community, who have no interest in a hater of mankind, with whom no peace supporting the rights and libertics of the or truce can, or ought to, be niade; and, nation, and who are to be bought and to complete the climax, he is said to be a sold like cattle. These societies ought to devil incarnate, but by which of the fallen be resoluteiy attacked and exposed, Aaugels he was begotten we are not yet inlittle matter would break them up amongst forned. Doubtless they will next tell us a sensible people. I wish I could shew he is Belzabub, the prince of the devils. the people of America the eff-cts of pau. These calumniators have a great facility perisme in England; I wish I could make in the use of these cpithets. They apply them see the degradation which it has them to all who think different from thembrought upon the land of their fore-selves. You, Sir, have very pointedly fathers :- there would need nothing more. animadverted on their modest declamations

against Mr. Madison, the American Prr

sident. It was certainly a very piou: WAR AGAINST FRANCE.

ayowal of theirs, that.“ the world should MR. COBBETT-There are some persons " be delivered of such a democratic trai, .with whom it is in vain to reason, and “ tor," “ and that no peace can or ough! whom it is impossible to convince. As a 66 to be made withi so rebellious a grm proof of this, the effects of prejudice and “vernment.” Much the same language blind incredulity were pever more palpa- was used in speaking of the immorta: bly evinced than in the declarations, so Washington, when that admired cha. repeatedly made, by most of the public racter directed the affairs of the most injournals, that the army, and not the poo- dependent representative government in ple of Fiaace, are favourable to the return the world. Truth stands in no necd of of Napoleon; that the nation at large abusive language to support it. Such mean has a perfect dislike to his name, character, and contenptible expressions militate and government; and that no proof of at- against the cause they are intended to tachment by the people has yet been given, serve. The Moniteur some time ago infrom the moment of his landing at Frejus formed us that the loyalty of the French to the time of bis entering the city of Paris; to the Bourbons was universal. Why 310 not even up to the present period. then did not the Duke de Orleans, and When such declarations as these are made, the French Marshal who went with him in the face of so many opposite facts, it is to Lyons, excite the people of that great almost impossible for any evidence, how city to resistance ? Opportunities have ever strong, to remove such deep rooted been afforded the people in various puits prejudice. What kind of evidence, short of France to prove their attachment 10 of a miracle, would be deemed sufficient Louis, liad they been so disposed. The 10 convince such wilful perverseness? exertions of the Duke of Angouleme, as It is not a little curious to see how they well as his heroic Duchess, were incapable attempt to account for Napoleon's unin- of rousing them to support their cause, terrupted march to Paris. His landing, notwithstanding they had royal blood iu they tell us, was so sudden and unexpect their veins, and tongues pouring forth reed; his movemeots so rapid and direct, wards on all who heard them. It is nothat every loyal citizen was seized with a toriously true, that Napoleon landed with momentary astonishment. A paralytic af- a little band of 600 men. While moving fection deprived the nation of all motion, forward to the capital, why was he not and all sense of feeling, except that a smalí arrested in his progress at Digne, at Gap, lisaffected rabble, the dregs of the mili- at Grenoble, or at Lyons, before his milia tary, basely attached themselves to the tary strength became formidable? At “ vile tyraut," and conducted him to neither of these places, nor at any other Paris! For a moment let us glance at in the whole of his march, did a single in. the moderation and modesty, the impar. diviga loppose him. Can it be imagined, if fiality and candour of these men, whes such a force was to land in any part of Eng. 1

Jand, with the intention of subverting our May it not rather be said that no one will
glorious constitut on, that it could proceed be at peace with him ?-Let the experie
twenty miles without meeting a successful ment be fuirly tried. Even the honest
opposit:0:1, if not a total anwhilation ? | ox, by constantly goading, will turn again.
Two montus. have elapsed since Napoleon's The war party contidently aver, that the
arrival in France. Still all remains tran- combat once begun will soon, very soon
quil. Time has been al lowed to re- terminate ; that the overwhelming arnies
move that astonishment, wisich, it is pre- of the Allies will give no chance for the
tended, deprived the nation of all motion " tyrant's" escape. It is much easier to
anii senso! Teling. The wheels of go- say what shall be done than to accomplish
verunent, inroago all l'rance proceed with it. Let such silly advocates turn their at-
the same regu arity and order as though, tention to the state of France at the tipe
it had dzen of long standing. There ap- the celebrated Duke of Brunswick entered
pears to be no dirliculty in making ap- that fine country with his inhuman Pro-
pointments to any oflice, or of forming in- clamation. It will be remembered that
stitutions, which would do honour to any France was then disorganized, her councils
country. The abolition of the Slave divided, the army scattered; no rallying
Trade, and the establishment of popular point to look at, and the people dissatisfied
Education; these two acts alone will and tumultuous. Yet with all these dise
hand Kapoleon's name down to future advantages, the invading army was dis-
ages with gratitude. Formerly he puzzled comfitted, beaten, confounded, and dis-
the Sov. reigns of Europe by the splendour graced. The condition of France at this
of his arms. Now he puzzles them by his time will not bear a comparison. Its pre-
moderation. lle assures the world “ he sent advantages are infinitely superior to
“ will not be the aggressor." That “his the former period. The kingdom is uni-
! first wish is to become useful in estab- ted. The army organised, and the re-
“ lishing the repose of Europe;" to prove sources great; so that they are in a condi-
which he lias sent pacific overtures to the tion to wage war with any who have te-
different powers now arming against him. merity enough to combat with them.
These powers have not disclosed the pro- France has again exercised the unalienable
positions. All that is known, therefore, right which every nation possesses. She
respecting them, must be gathered from has called Napoleon to the throne, and
what he, or the French government, have peace reigns throughout her vast empire.
said on the subject. France seeks no en- Millions rejoice at his arrival. Can any
largerent of dominion, nor desires to in- principle in equity justify a war which
teriere with the internal government of has no better foundation than personal
other countries. She is willing to acceed revenge, Must the peace, order, and
to the conditions entered into at the close tranquillity of one of the finest countries
of the war.

What more is wanted? The in the world be desolated and distracted
sanguinary hirelings of the day iníorm us, by a war faction, because one man lives?
that rioghing short of Napoleon's life will the naked spear to find a grave in
satisfy them; that Europe and the world slaughtered multitudes? Must the ravages
can be safe and happy only in his death. of war kindle up a flame, and convulse all
But bribes and rewards have as yet proved Europe, because one man exists who is ob-
ineffectual to accomplish the pious design. noxious to us? The very idea overwhelms
Napoleon, they inform us, is so perfidious the human heart with terror and dismay-
a character that he violates his treaties. How tremendously awful will be the re-
Does this charge exclusively belong to the sponsibility of that faction who encourages
Emperor of France? Ilave no solemn en- and commences the devastating carnage !
gagements been disregarded by others? Humanity bleeds at the anticipated pro-
Napoleon and Murat, King of Naples, respect.-Yours respectfully,
tort the same charge, with equal confi.

MERCATOR. dence, on the allies. If it is right to invade France because treaties have been

ABDICATION OF BONAPARTE. broken, where is the country that may

not be invaded? Again, the friends of war Mr. COBBETT.- In the publication of say, Napoleon is such a restless tyrant the celebrated treaty of Fontainbleau, a that no one can live in peace with him. I treaty that will probably be regarded by

remote posterity as one of hoaring me- called to that high office by the very mory, you judiciously observed, that the sovereignty of the people, the only logicharacter, the tenor, and political impor- timate source of magisterial appointment, tance of its terms with reference to Bona- and the undisguised terror and dismay of parte, appeared to be such as better de- despots. It is now very generally, though noted a conquering than a vanquished absurdly enough, objected by the indispower. They certainly proved the mili-criminating adversaries of the French Emtary resources of the then imperial govern- peror, that the Allies were blameable, ment of France, and evinc-d, that a dread nay, almost criminal, in suffering so danwas felt on the part of the Allies at put- gerous a person to be stationed so near the ting to risk the possible issue of a pro- shores of France as in the island of Elba; tracted contest. Its continuance must that if circumstances did not exactly admit indeed have been most sanguinary. Its of putting him to death, yet the least cessation, therefore, by any conceivable that could have been done with him, conmeans, was preferable to urging on the hor- sistently with the security of Europe, was rible work of carnage. Humanity owes the to have placed him where he perer could homaze of gratitude to all the conflicting be again on the political arena of the parties, for acceding to the pacific stipula. world. In short, that he should have tions of the treaty of Fontainbleau. Whe- been dungeoned for life. How pretty is ther that arrangement was founded on a all this, in petty, in childish resentment; secret understanding, that the abdication but how mighty foolish to attempt imposof the imperial throne was to be but tem-sibilities. The military power of Bona. porary, is a circumstance with respect to parte, coupled with the resources of his the public articles, only to be vindicated vast mind, was greater at the time he by the modern justification that has been signed the treaty of Fontainbleau than so often offered of state artisices and that of all Europe put together. It mighi. chicanery. Considering the bad faith with be difficult to gain credit for this assertion, which the French Emperor had been had not the recent expression of the militreated by his former Allies, it was a sort tary feeling of France in his favour inconof ruse de guerre, or rather de puix, trovertibly proved its correctness. It was which merits more properly to be regarded reserved for the year 1815 to give, to the as an adroit piece of lex tallionis than as astonished world, an instance of a person a flagrant instance of mala fides. But who had incurred the remorseless rethe warranty of Bonaparte for resuming proaches, and indecent vilifications of the French throne, is affirmed to rest on a the governing part of nations, being redirect violation of the avowed conditions ceived, as it were by one heart and hand, of that treaty. The non-performance of by millions of a populace devoted to his the stipulations respecting the Italian military, his political, and his moral dutchies to his Empress and Son, and the virtues. Ancient Rome furnishes instances alledged design of wresting from him the of the military transferring the imperial sovereignty of Elba, are criminating diadem to favourite individuals; but then proofs of the want of good faith in the it was when the situation was vacillating contracting parties.-Independently of the between contending favourites. France voice of the French people, loud and presents a spectacle of receiving a banished heart-felt, in recalling their expatriated Emperor into her bosom; of his traversing Einperor, his right to the throne of France the extensive regions of that populous is founded on a violation of treaty; so country, to the very capital, in a manner that what might have been a moral abdi- more like making a pleasureable excursion cation had the conditions of obtaining it than as performing a hazardous enterbeen observed, ceased to have any autho-prise; of his being every where openly rity the moment these conditions were caressed; of his finally reaching the seat violated. It does, therefore, appear, that of government without an opposing shot the throne reverts to him as his undoubted having been fired; and all this in the right, even were it not imposed on him midst of some shew and much legislative by the free and universal acclamation of prattle about heroic resistance to his an approving people. No potentate on progress. The Bourbon government thus earth can have a better right to sovereign summarily supplanted, was strong in form puthority than Bonaparte. He is again but wholly destitute of that substantial power which is only to be found in the city; all these concurring circumstances, hearts of the governed. Legislators however much they served to recommend may strut in oilice, aud talk largely, but this docuinent to the notice of the conwjihout the authority emanating from ductors of our newspapers, seem to have public confidence, it dwindles into mere been considered by this venal crew, as afpuppeti-m, and becomes the Vor et præ- fording good cause for its suppression. terea nihil. A potentate like Bonaparte, Eren the conductor of the Morning Chroseated in the rightful throne of his people's nicle, whose columns have lately heen choice and attachment, cannot be shifted stuffed with, what he has been pleased to from his imperial eminence without an call, “ Most important State Papers," but extent of carnage that can never be war- which no one else regarded in that light; ranted, apd which cannot be hazarded at least, which possessed only a secondary without drawing on its authors execration character. Even, I say, the penetrating, and ruin.

VERITAS. the impartial, the liberal politician, Mr.

Perry, could not, or rather would 107,

publish this interesting letter, in his immi. INTERESTING DOCUMENTS.-In my last culate journal. If he believed it a forI had occasion to censure all our corrupt gery, why not say so, and give his reasons newspapers for suppressing the petition, for the assertion. If he considered it geand, some of them, the resolutions of the nuine, he merits execration for rejecting it. Livery of London against the threatened In refusing a place to a document of so war with France. I accused them of pub- much interest, he gives the most convincing lishing every thing calculated to infiame proofs that he is influenced by base and the pablic mind against the people and go. sordid motives, and that all his boasted atvernment of France, and to promote inter- tachment to the people's rights, is mere minable war; I said that they carefully pretence, mere hypocritical cant, which kept out of view all those arguments, these is the more pernicious that it is wrapt in statements of fact, and those public docu- the veil of sincerity and truth. The fol. ments which demonstrate the impolicy of lowing is the letter to which I allude, and hostilities, and furnish a clear and explicit which, as far as I have been able to discoexposition of the actual state of France, ver, has not appeared in any of our news, the stability of the government, and the papers, except in the Postscript of the 7th devotion or the people to their present instant.--I hope the conductor, or conruler. This I have repeatedly shown to ductors, of that journal, whoever he or be the way in which our corrupt prees is they may be, will meet that support, which almost universally conducted. I have his, or their impartiality, in this instance, now before me a remarkable proof of this, merits. if any proof was wanting to establish the fact. A Sunday newspaper, entitled the Copy of a Dispatch from the Duke of

Otranto to Prince Metternich. Postscript, professing to be conducted op liberal principles, contained, in its last My Prince-Every event has conrumber, two documents, the one bearing firmed what I predicted to you six months to be a letter from Murat, king of Naples, ago. You were too pre-occupied to hear to our Prince Regent, full of pacific senti- me; hearken to me now with attention ments, and the other a dispatch from the and confidence; we may, in the peculiar Duke of Otranto (Fouche)to Prince Met- circumstances and the imminent situations teruich the Austrian Minister. This last in which we are placed, influence in a I have given below. It will be read, 1 powerful manner, the approaching and am sure, with great attention by all who perhaps eternal destinies of France, of deprecate war, and who are friendly to li- | Austria, and of Europe. You are deIerty. Nothing, indeed, could have been ceived respecting what is going on, and better written to expose the folly and futi- what is preparing in the midst of us.lity of the arguments adduced by the war You will judge of the reports of a people faction. But the ability which the writer rash and blinded by the misfortunes which has displayed, the conviction which every strike without the power to enlighten them. line carries with it of its truth, and the in. You are given to understand at Vienna, terual eridence which it bears of authenti- that Napoleon has been brought back to

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