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their fellow townsmen and to themselves, The following documents will show, to publish the Requisition to the Mayor, that the people of this public spirited town and also the Correspondence which has have wished to assemble, in a peaceable ensued thereon; so that the Public may. and orderly manner, under their Magis- be thorougly enabled to form a correct trates, to petition against the renewal of opinion of the conduct of the parties conz the war, which wish has been opposed by cerned in this matter. The inhabitants of the Mayor. These documents, which I the town and its vicinity are respectfully insert with all the names attached to them informed, that this business is not aban, as a mark of my respect for the town of doned, but will be pursued by the Como Nottingham, will speak for themselves; mittee, with all the ardour and ability but, I cannot refrain from making a re- of which they are possessed ; and in a mark or two.—The Mayor refuses to mode which they conceive, under existing call a Meeting, on account, as he says, of circumstances, best calculated to produce " the unsettled state of the public mind.” the desired effect. Why, what is that to the purpose? The
BY ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE. people's meeting, discussing the great sub- Nottingham. May 5th, 1815. ject of peace or war, and proposing a pe- “ To Join ASIWEEL, Esq. MAYOR. tition, is, one would suppose, the best " Sır.–We the undersigned housekeepers of possible way of settling the public mind. the town and county of the town of Nottingham, What! Then this Gentlemen would, most respectfully solicit you to call a PUBLIC I suppose, never have another election; MEETING of the inhabitants thereof, at the for, then, it is notorious, that the public first convenient opportunity, to take into consimind is unseitled ; unless, indeed, he deratiou the propriety and necessity of PETI. would have, as in the rotten Boroughs, all | TIONING HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE the matter snugly settled before-hand.-PRINCE REGENT, and also the COMMONS He will suffer the people to sneak into House or PARLIAMENT, against involving this · the Town-IIall to sign a petition. That country, unnecessarily, in a War with France, is, he will suffer them to sign that which because that nation, in imitation of our imnot a fiftieth part of them can have an op- mortal forefathers, has thought right to choose a portunity of reading. If the petition had Government consistent with its own will.” been proposed at a public meeting, not Richard Alliott Samuel Donůleday only would it have been read aloud to the John Bryan
W. Blackwell people; not only would they have heard Robert Smith Henry Leaver zohat it was that they were about to sign, Nathaniel Nead, Jun. Richard Sibert but, they would have been made ac- Jonathan Dinu J. Norweb quainted with all the facts and arguments James Wright
William Daft for and against it: they would have been George Brawley Joha Blackner in possession of the reasons for doing that Samuel Cartledge John Roberts which they were about to do.- What, then, George Johnson John Sands can have been the true cause of this refu- Johm Kendall
Thomas Yates sal? We shall probably be informed of E. B. Robinson Charles Heald it hereafter.
Robert Webster 6 TO THE INHABITANTS OF NOTTINGHAM Samson Walker George White AND ITS VICINITY.
Henry Cross " It having been stated, in the REVIEW Jobo Lightfoot E. Milligan of last week, from proper authority, that Christopher Renshaw John Woodward a REQUISITION had been presented to John Wood
Samuel Holland JOHN ASHWELL, Esq. Mayor, the purport Thomas Marshall
William Page of which was to convene a PUBLIC John Henslaw
Isaac Meats MEETING, at GUILDHALL, to consider James Harriman Joseph Thorpe of the propriety and necessity of PETI- Robert Sewel Maples William Baldock TIONING the PRINCE REGENT, John Parker
William Mason and the HOUSE of COMMONS, on th- John Dalby
James Edwards impending War with France; the Com - John Wood
Charles Clarke mittee engaged in this affair, convinced of William Biggs B. Hind the high importance of the subject, feel it Samuel Beardsley James Saxby a momentous duty, which they owe to Jolin Greaves Edmuud Hart
TO MR. CLAYTON.
6. TO MR. CLAYTON. “ Nottingham, April 29, 1815.
“ Nottingham, 2d May, 1815. « SIR-I have, in conformity with my promise “ SIR-I am not aware that your note of the to yon, laid the Requisition I lad the honour to first instant requires from me any particular an. receive, before my brother Magistrates, at a swer. It is the duty of Magistrates to preserve meeting last night; and after mature deliberation, the public peace always, and to the proper dis. they are of opinion with myself, in the present charge of this duty, the attention and exertions unsettled state of the public mind, it would be of the Magistrates of Nottingham, I hope, will be better to avoid a Town Meeting npon this occa always found directed. . I am your most humble sion.- If, however, the use of the Guildhall, for servant,
• John ASHWELL.” the purpose of having Petitions lay thicre to re
TO JOHN ASHWELL, ESQ. MAYOR. ceive sigvatures, would be desirable, it is quite at
“ SIR-I have received your letter this after the service of the gentlemen wlio conduct this
noon, and, I must confess, the contents of it do business. I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
not a little surprise me, as it neither coutaibs a “ John Ashwell, Mayor." candid or explicit answer to my letter of tlie 1st “ TO JOHN ASHWELL, ESQ. MAYOR. instant: I did not require of you to poiut out tbe “SIR--I have bad the honour to receive your duty of magistrates, &c.;. every man of common letter, which I shall lay before the Committee this capacity must know the line of conduct marked afteruoon; should they decide on a public meet. out for them, BY THE LAW OF THE LAND, and ing, will you be kind enough to say whether you if that was more observed, less trouble would acwill permit them to have the use of the Guildhall crue in the conducting of Constitutional or Pabfor that purpose. Waiting your reply, I am, Sir, lic Meetings; but, it appears, the voice of the your's &c.
“ J. CLAYTON.” people is neither to be heard vor respected, either
by one power or the other, but that their suffer TO MR. CLAYTON, “Sir-In answer to your letter, the Hall willings and calamities must be endured without a
murmur or a sigh. I presume you calipot forget be occupied on Tuesday, Wednesılay, and Friday, the Public Meeting that took place respecting in the next week. I am your obedient servant,
the Coru Bill, at which you had the honour of * J. ASHWELL."
presiding, and, I have no doubt, you will recol. “ TO JOHN ASHWELL, ESQ. MAYOR.
lect the manly and correct conduct of it, and “ şir-I had the pleasure of receiving your which you so highly complimented and conzesteemed favour of the 29th instant, which was mended, and the pledge you gave, to call any laid before the Gentlemen who signed the Requi. future Public Meeting conducted on the pure sition, for their consideration; they are extremely priuciples of the Constitution, and can that prosorry to observe that the Guildhall will be occa- mise be so easily broken! particularly by the pied on Tuesday, &c. so as to deprive them of. Chief Magistrate!: whose conduct and expres. the opportunity of meeting in that place, for the sions ought to be as clear as the sun at noon day, sole purpose of considering the propriety of ad. without ambiguity. A respectable Reqnisition dressing the Prince Regent and the House of was handed to you, sigued by persons, if not richi, Commons on the impolicy of interfering with the or possessing great talent, they were honest to internal affairs or regulations which France may their country, and frieuds of the greatest of bles. chuse to adopt as to her form of Government or sings, peace! ayd the cause of humanity; tliereRuler, and not to involve this country again in fore, in my humble opinion, it became your imWar, with all its evils, unless for objects truly perious duty to have called a Public Meeting, national. Will youi, therefore, be kind enongli to being considered (as far as expressions go) tile state explicitly, whether on a subject so highly supporter and advocate of the cause of your important, and a proceeding so truly constitu- country. If, Sir, you will give me a direct ana tional, any protection or countenance may be ex- swer to my last letter, I shall feel obliged ; in the pected from the Magistrates, &c. should a Public mean time, I remain, Sir, your obedient humble Meeting take place (in the town), or whether servant,
" J. CLAYTON." snch a proceeding would meet with opposition ; “ Nottinglam, May 2, 1815, I can assore you it is not the wish of the persons It appears that no reply was returned concerned in this busiņess, 10 disturb the repuse by the Mayor of Nottingham to Mr. Clayof the town, &c. Waiting your reply, I remain, ton's urgent and constitutional request. Sir, your most obedient servant,
Determined, however, not to abandon “ Nottingham, May 1, 1815." " J. CLAYTON,” | their purpose, the Committee in name of
those citizens who signed the requisition, of PEACE, and the admirers of the princaused the following address to be printed ciples of our excellent Constitution, it is and circulated :
hoped, will come forward as one man, « Fellow TownsMEN AND COUNTRY- and affix their wames to those Petitions.MEN—The present moment is awfully por- By order of the Committee, tentous; dismally dark clouds hang over
John GREAVES, jun. Secretary. our country, pregnant with unheard of Wednesday Morning, May 10th, 1815. misery and woe to ourselves and future generations, the mere description of which
Resolved 1. That as war is the extremity of however faintly drawn, would horrify minds the least susceptible of generous lawful and honourable means to avert it have
evil, no nation should engage therein until all sentiments, would melt hearts the most obdurate : but we will not harrow feel- | been tried, and proved unavailing. ings, already sufficiently wounded, by at
2. That every vation ha: an indisputable right tempting to pourtray such direful calami- to choose its own Government; and that a war ties as must necessarily result from a re
commenced and prosecuted by any other nation newed course of warfare with France ; , with a view to the annihilation of such choice, is without having one legitimate object to most unjust; because it is contrary both to the stimulate us to the adoption of such a des- law of nature and of nations, to the avowed praca perute measure; for desperate it must be tice of the civilized world, and to the very prive considered by all, (of whatever political ciples which exalted the House of Branswick in opinion,) who look at the financial disji- the Throne of these realms. 'I herefore this culties of this nation. Come forward, Meeting regards with horror and dismay, the liostherefore, fellow countrymen, and exercise tile preparations now making; the professed deyour rights--be obedient to the imperious sign of which is, to compel the French nation, by calls of duty-use every constitutional force of arms, to dethrone the Sovereign of their effort of which you are possessed, to pre- choice, and to impose upon them another, to vent the vessel of your country from being whom it appears they have a complete, radical, driven in the gathering tempest; and then, vational objection. should the Government of the nation be
3. That this Meeting not only sees, but feels, so infatuated as to plunge you into all the the beart-rending calamities which the late wars horrors of war, you will, amid all your bave entailed opon this country :-Trade, comgalling sufferings, be exempt from those merce, and mannfacture scarcely exist : nothing bitter reflections which must ever attend present themselves for observation and contemplaan accusing conscience. You are respect- tion, among the trading, commercial, and manafully informed, that under existing circum- facturing part of the cominunity, but rain, stances, the Committee, who continue to
wretchedness, and woe. manage this business, consider it an act of
The National Debt has been increased in a prudence, and not of submission, to decline four-fold degree, and now requires vo less surn calling a public Meeting. They there than thirty millions sterling to pay the common fore, lay before you, for your approval, interest, with an addition of public expenditure the following RESOLUTIONS and PE
to the annual amount of twenty millions more, TITIONS which they intended to offer,
even on the supposition of this country enjoying had a public Meeting been called by the
universal peace. Mayor, in conformity to the requisition presented to him, and which was pub
4. That in the opir:ion of this Meeting, it would lished last week in the Nottingham Re- be highly chimerical, impolitic, and most iniview, and in hand-bills, together with the quitously unjust to the people of this country, for correspondence produced by such applica- the Government thereof to plange them into retion.—1 Petition to the Prince Regent, rewed warfare for any other objects ilian those and another to the House of Commons, truly national, probable in their acquirement, will be laid for signatures, at a shop in and of sufficient magnitude and importance to Smithy-row, lately in the occupation of compensate this nation for the sacrifices and Mr. Darby, to-morrow, from ten o'clock sufferings naturally resulting therefrom. in the morning to seven in the evening, 5. That from the pre-eminent station which and will continue to be open for a week. Great Britain holds in the scale of vations, this The adult male inhabitants of this town Meeting believes that her efforts to preserve and its vicinity, who are the FRIENDS) the present peace would vot bé ineffectual.
6. That the effects which the late wars pro- j presune to dictate to your Royal Higliness, but duced on this town and neighbourhood were to state constitutionally to you, our opinions and znost lamentably afflicting; the poor-rates were feelings. Hence the mighty warlike preparaincreased in an eighit.fold degree, and inore than tinus now making, which fill our minds with painone-sixth of its population received parochial aid. ful anxiety, impel is to declare, that we think it
7. That this Meeting present an address and the imperative duty of this country, not to wage petition to his Royal Higliness the Prince Re. war with France, (particularly when we consider gent, praying that he will not intertere by war the state of our finances) withont it be tor objects or otherwise, with the internal affairs of France, purely national, likely to be obtained, and comand that the said petition be tran-mitted to the mensurate with its consequent calamities:-cala. Right Hon. Lord Grenville, requesting him to mities, the nere contemplation of whicle strike present it to liis Royal Higmess.
us with borror. It is so repriguant to our feel. 8. That this Meeting «o also present an address ings--so contrary to the dictates of justice,--tó and petition to the Honourable the House of the Constitution of our country,--to the prace Commons, praying that they will not grant any tice of our forefathers,--to the very principles supplies for the purpose of subsidising foreign which plaeed your august family on the throne, powers to enable then to go to war with France, and, above ali, to that princely declaration, so and that this petition be forwarded to John honourable to your understanding and your Smith, Esy. and Lord Rancliffe, the two Members heart, made by your Royal Higliness, when you for de town, with a request thai they will, upon were invested with Regal Authority,—that “ the presenting the same, cause it to be read, and sup. Crown was a sacred trust, to be held only for the port the prayer thereof.
welfare and happiness of the people;"—that we 9. That the thanks of this Meeting be given to could not for a moment have entertained a thought, Jobo Smithi, Esq. our worthy representative, tor were it not for that most objectivnable Declara. his independent, steady, and persevering conduct tion made by the Plenipotentiaries of the Allied in Parliament.
Sovereigns, bearing date tbe 1Sth of March, (and 10. That this Meeting cannot but regret the also the. Treaty of the 25th of the same month,) long absence of our other worthy representative, 1815, together with the hostile attitude which Lord Rancliffe, from his Parliamentary duty. Europe has since assumed, that your Royal HighADDRESS TO THE PRINCE OF WALES, REGENT
ness would coalesce with those Monarchs on the OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN Continent, to prevent by force of arms, or other. AND IRELAND,
wise, the French people from retaining that SoThe humble, datiful, and loyal Address and vereign and forming that Goverunient which are Petition of the inhabitants of the town and
the objects of their choice. We, therefore, most county of the town of Nottingham, and its vici: respectfully implore your Royal Highness, that pity.
your Royal Highmess will not interfere, by war,
or otherwise, with the internal affairs of France. Díay it please your Royal Highness—We, his
And we further implore your Royal Highness, Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the inhabi.
that no measures may be adopted by this couptry, tants of the town and county of the town of Not. tingian, and its vicivity, respecifully approacl be offered from that nation. And yonr peti•
to impede any friendly conmunications, that may your Royal Highness, with harrowed feelings of
tioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray. the most poignant grief :-feelings which we šiave not heretofore endured; although our pri- PETITION TO THE COMMONS OF GREAT BRITAIN vations, sacritices, and sufferings, for the last twenty years, are unparalleled in the annals of our The humble Petition of the inhabitants of Nok country. We beg most ardently to impress on tingham and its vicinity. the mind of your Royal Highness, that, however Sheweth--That your Petitioners cannot view, jast, wise, and politic, the late wars may have but with sentiments of most fearful apprehension, been considered in their respective origin and the extensive preparatious making by the Goduration, that the effects resulting therefrom, on vernment of this country, for an apparent re. his Majesty's loyal subjects, were, and are, most uewal of war with France; nor can they avoid grievously afilicting. After such unequalled expressing their regret, at seeing themselves sacrifices of blood and treasure, wliat national likely to be plunged once more into all the calaadvantages might we not liave expected? But mities, distresses, and privations, attendant upon the lamentable reverse is the fact :- Trade anci warfare, with no other object than that ofnplold. commerce are annihilated ;-our merchants ruining the interests of a dynasty twice deciared by ed, -our artizans papperised. We would not the people unworthy to reigu :--for yo bobler
AND IRELAND IN PARLIAMENT ASSEMBLED.
purpose than that of controlling a great nation (racter of Parliament, incompatible with every in tiie choice of its snler-a system of policy, idea of representative Government, and portendwhich your Petitioners bumbly conceive, is, in ing imminent danger to the future liberties and direct opposition to principles recognised by our happiness of Englishmen. Apprehensions we excellent Constitution at the Revolution of 1688, caonot but experience, when contemplating the and publicly avowed by the Prince Regent, viz. marked disregard of public opinion recently ma" that the Crown is held only in trust for the nifested by your Honourable House on the ques. benefit of the people," and calculated, in their tion of the Corn Laws, and the attempt now opinion, to subvert public liberty, destroy na- | making to revive that odious and inquisitorial tional independence, degrade civilized society, impost, the Tax upon Income. Your Petitioners and establisis in Europe, once more, the darkness do, therefore, again most forcibiy entreat that of the middle ages, and the tyranny of feudal your Honouralle House will, on this occasion, laws. And further, that your Petitioners looking suffer the voice of justice and humanity to preto your Honourable House as the depositary otvail, and that in the discharge of your Parliatheir liberties, and the guardians of their proper- mentary duties as the Commons of Great Britain ties, do most earnestly entreat your Honourable and Ireland, you will withhold the grant of any Honse to withhold sueh supplies of money and subsidy or loan to any foreign power, or any supmen, as may be demanded by the Executive, for ply of money or men, asked by the Executive at the purpose of carrying on this premeditated war, home, until such demand shall have been clearly until it has been satisfactorily shewn, that all at. proved to be necessary for the upholding of our tempts to arrange honourable terms with the country's honour—for the defence of our acknowEmperor Napoleon are impracticable and unavail- ledged rights, or the maintenance of our national ing: and yonr Petitioners are further induced to independenee. And your Petitioners will ever dwell upon this point, trom a conviction that vo pray. positive good is likely to arise to this country, nor any permaneut repose to Europe, from an attempt
The NECESSITY OF WAR WITH FRANCE. to impose a Governinent on the French people by Mr. Cobbett—The return of Napoleon force of arms. Nor can your Petitioners refrain to France has imparted fresh vigour to from calling the attention of your Honourable your pen in defence of peace, and, what Honse to the direful calamities which have
you are pleased to call, the principles of flowed in upon the inhabitants of these kingdoms civil, political, and religious freedom. from the late sanguinary and expensive wars, Fearful of your intluence over the public undertaken upon tiie same unjust and chimerical mind, and anxious to see unavimity preprinciples as that now projected, and which, in vail in this country, respecting the war its effects upon this country, has pauperised its with France, I venture to address you on labouring classes, loosened the foundation of pub. the subject, relying on your candour for lic credit, annihilated its manufacturing conse- its insertion in your Register. We canquence, ivcreased its taxation to an insurmount- not, Sir, make peace with Napoleon.-able degree, and swelled the national debt to an We are a religious nation.—Bibles and amonnt that threatens the stability of our politi. missions to the Heathen is the cry amongst cal institutions; whilst its consequences to this -We are making the most extraordi. town and neighbourhood, in a local point of view, nary efforts to proselytize the world to are now severely felt in the diminuion of their our holy and peaceable religion.—Bonatrade, the alarming increase of poor rates, and parte is an unbeliever! What fellowship the vast accumulation of misery in every shape, hath light with darkness? What part hath by which they are surrounded, in the midst of a he who believeth with an intidel? What! population destitute of employment, and goaded shall we, who hare so much regard for the to despair, by the apparent hopeless state of their souls of Hindoos and Africans have no conditiov; it does, therefore, appear to your
concern for those of our French neighPetitioners, that under such circumstauces, for bours? Shall we suffer an infidel to reign the Government to enter again upou hostilities, over them ?- But if we have no regard for (uuless for the acquirement of great national them, let us at least take care of ourselves. objects, commensurate in advantage with the France is a very near neighbour: she pubsacrifice made for their attainment,) would dis. lishes what she pleases respecting religion. play a contempt for the sufferings of the people, Alas! let us fear the contagion of her ina violation of public justice, an indifference to fidel principles more than ever, and let us the voice of humanity, inconsistent with the cha. war against Napoleon their patron, till we