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" wealth of egotists ; without new com- | leon should resort to a similar vigour, mittees of surveillunce ; without new under the circumstances that are now ap“ revolutionary tribunals; without a proaching. Our writers cry aloud against

new deportation of priests and ex-no- Napoleon's resorting to the levy of a mil" bles ; without all, or any of these, if lion, or two, of National Guards. They “possible; but, at any rate, France must call this a horrible tyranny. To be sure, “ be defended." I lay little stress, there- because it is formidable to his enemies, fore, on the accounts which are given us, who seek his destruction. CHATEAU of the respectable towns-people, the re- briand, from the “ Council Chamber" spectable proprietors, the respectable at Ghent, talks of the dunger of this professional men, being for the King. disastrous conscription.

Well he may. These respectable people must march and But he says, that, luckily, the invasion of fight, or their professions, as in the first France, last year, destroyed several manuwar, will serve as a reward for those who factories of arms. Courage ! Monsieur le will fight and who are withoué posses. Viscomte de Chateaubriand! Armless as siops.

they will be, you would not, I imagine, Napoleon is very violently abused, in care to face any one of them, even with our newspapers, for having put 50,000 Lally Tolendal at your

back. This callmuskets into the hands of the artizans and ing out of the National Guard, Monsieut labourers of the suburbs of Paris, who le Viscomté calls an “ immense haul; a are compared to the inhabitants of Rag-“ general proscription; an extermination fair and St. Giles's. But, these writers “ of the French people at a blow; a frighttell us, very often, of men charged with "ful and monstrous thing." crimes being sent by our magistrates to Turning from this sorry bombast, this the fleet or the army, instead of being ridiculous trash, we may I think, look sent to prison as malefactors. If our upon it as certain, that to keep the Bour. country were invaded, would not the bons upon the throne of France, if once government accept of the offers of placed there, would require foreign sollabourers and artizans ? If the rich, in diers stationed in every city, town, village France, should (I do not believe they and hamlet, unless those Bourbons gowill) endeavour to remain neutral, is verned upon the present principles. To there any chance of our seeing them so conquér, in such a way, such a nation as remain with impunity? If there be one France, is impossible. Language does rich to five poor, and if he does not con- not contain the words to describe the tribute the means to enable the five to means of effecting such subjugation. All act, himself setting the example, those the hired troops in all Europe would not means will, of course, be taken from him take from the people of France their and given, in one shape or another, to the lands, or make them pay tythes, or submit five poor. This was the principle upon to feudal rights and laws. And yet, if which the French nation acted before ; this be not done, “ French principles" and, if necessity again puts this principle remain, and the Pitt system has accomin practice, the consequences will naturally plished nothing but the distress and degrabe the same as before.

dation of England and the creation of an If my view of the matter be, therefore, at American navy. all near the truth, it is not a holiday war, Thus, Sir, I think, I have shewn, that on which we are about to enter. Nor is that system, which is still called the Pitt it likely to be a very halcyon time with system, has completely failed in all that those, whom we say we have for our it professed to have in view, and that it is friends in France, and of whose punish- in a fair way of completely succeeding in ment, if detected, it is impossible that we destroying all that has supported it. But, can have the face to complain. “ AI must not conclude without clearly provigour beyond the law” was justified in testing against being understood to asEngland at a time when England was not cribe this system exclusively to one of the invaded; when she had all Europe fight- two political parties who have so long ing on her side against France; when been striving against each other for the there was scarcely a possibility of an possession of power. The party who are enemy setting foot on her shore. We now out of place, did, when they were in cannot, therefore, be surprised, if Napou place, pursue precisely the same system,

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indeed, they defended their measures by of which Mr. Chateaubriand speaks so asserting that they were consonant to the feelingly and so foolishly; one of the links principles and system of Pitt, and that he in the chain of the “ social system,” which would have done the same under like cir- has recently been under the hammers of cumstances, This the other party used to so many able artizans at Vienna. The deny. Both parties pretended that they Regular Government of Algiers does not were, and still pretend that they are, the make any prefaces to war. It observes a followers of Pitt. “ Ours is his system," diguified silence till it has actually begun say one party. No,” say the other, and made some progress in the wur! Till “ it is we who possess his true system.” it has made a good haul of the enemy's Like the two convents of monks, who, in ships, before he knows that he is looked their holy zeal, blackguarded each other ypon as an evemy. This is the practice of for four centuries, each of them swearing the Regular Government; the “ ancient that they possessed exclusively the real and venerable institution, in Algiers." cross on which Christ was crucified. A mu- \I shall now insert, first, an account of the tual friend to these ghostly brotherhoods, grounds of war from the National Intelat one time, interfered, recommending a ligencer, published at Washington; next eniracle to make both real crosses. But the Report of Congress upon the subject; this did not suit the brotherhood whose and last, the Act of Congress declaring cross happened to be in vogue, as they war against Algiers. For, the reader would thereby have let their rivals in for will observe, that, in the Irregular Goa share of the offerings.

vernment of America, war cannot be deNo miracle is, however, necessary in clared by the Chief Magistrate, without the case before us. The people of Eng. the consent of the people's real represenland, long ago cured of party delusions ; tatives. I reserve a few remarks to fol. long ago sickened by the professions of low the documents. hunters after place; long ago disgusted with the wrangling of the OUTS and the INS,

Grounds of the War.From the National whom they have constantly seen unite and

Intelligencer. cordially cooperate against reform; the It is probable that many of our readers people are quite willing to give them both may not bear in mind the facts on which credit for possessing the real Pitt system, the recent Declaration of War against Aland to believe, that, if those who are now giers is predicated. We have, therefore, OUTS were INS, they would do precisely obtained for their information, the Report that which is now doing, and that which made on the subject by Mr. Gaston, of the will be done, by their opponents. House of Representatives, chairman of I am, Sir, with great respect,

the committee, to whom the bill was reyour faithful and obedient servant, committed in secret sitting.–The docu

Wm. COBBETT. ments accompanying the Report, which

are too long, and perhaps not proper, for

present publication, are so conclusive, as AMERICA AND ALGIERS.

to leave no doubt on the mind of any one As the war, which hąs now begun be- who hears or reads them, of the impostween the Democratic Rulers. of Ame- sibility of re-establishing Peace with the rica and the “Regular Government" of Dey of Algiers, unless by coercion, exAlgiers, may lead to important conse- cept under the most base and humiliating quences, it is proper to insert here the condition. Our readers may judge of grounds of this war, as far as we can come the inveterate hostility of that barbarian at them. We have the American official tyra ut towards us, growing merely out of documents only. America has a tell-tale the most sordid cupidity and patural ferosort of government. It has no state secrets. city and cruelty of temper, by two or It blabs out the proceedings in negocia- three facts, collected from a momentary tions, while the negociators are still assem- glance at the documents accompanying bled. Not so the Regular Government of the Report of the committee.-A person Algiers, which is one of the “uncient and was entrusted, as from the American mer. venerable institutions” which the Bosto. I chants in Spain, with the task of endeanian Noblesse so much admire; one of vouring to procure the liberation of the the gems in the crown of ancient glory," ' eleven or twelve of our citizens captive in

THE REPORT.

Algiers, for whom he was authorised to and concealing her trne American character. gire a ransom, not exceeding 3000 dollars In this vessel was taken a Mr. Pollard, who per man. To

every attempt of this kind, claims to be an American citizen, and is believedt the Dey replied, “ that not for two mil- to be of Norfolk, Virginia, and wlio, as an Ame" lions of dollars would he sell his American citizen, is kept iu captivity. The governrican slaves !” – In reply to an appli- ment, jnstly solicitons to relieve these unfortication, in the most confidential manner, nate captives, cansed an agent, (whose comuecto one of the Dey's ministers, to know the tion with the government was not disclosed) to terms which the Dey expected to extort be sent to Algiers, with the means and with infrom the United States (by keeping our structions to effeet their ransom, if it could be citizens slaves) in the event of a treaty dove at a price not exceeding three thousand ? with them, it appears, that “it was a set- dollars per man. The effort did not succeed, “tled point with the Dey, from which he because of the Dey's avowed policy to increase " could by no means swerve, that in the the pumber of his American slaves, in order to " first place, for the privilege of passing the be able to compel a renewal of his treaty with

streights of Gibraltar, two millions of the United States, ou terms snited to his rapa“ dollars would be required of the Ame- city, Captain Smith, Mr. Pollard, and the Mas“ rican Government, and then the stipu- ter of the Edwin, are not confined, nor kept at 6 lations of the late treaty might be re- hard labour; but the rest of the captives are sub“nexed (the old tributary treaty) after jected to the well-known horrors of Algerine só paying up all arrears of tribute," &c. &c. slavery. The Committee have not been apprised

of any other specific ontrages upon the persons

or property of American citizens besides those The committee to whom lias been referred the stated; and they apprehend, that the fewness of bill " for the protection of the United States these is attributable to the want of opportunity " against the Algerine cruizers,” with instruc- and pot of inclination in the Dey, to prey ispon tions to enquire and report in detail the facts our commerce, and to enslave our citizens. The mpon which the measnre contemplated is predi.

war with Britain has hitherto shut the Meditereated, report-- That in the month of July, 1812,

ranean against American vessels, whici, it may the Dey of Algiers, taking offence, or pretending be presumed will now shortly venture npon it. to take offence, at the quality and qnantity of a The committee are all of opinion, npon the evi. shipment of military stores made by the United dence which has been laid before them, that the Stater, in pursuance of the stipulation in the Dey of Algiers considers his treaty with the Treaty of 1795, and refusing to receive the United States as at an end, and is waging war stores, extorted from the American Consul Ge. against them. The evidence upon which this is neral at Algiers, by threats of personal impri- | founded, and from which are extracted the facts sonment, and of reducing to stavery all Ame. above stated, accompanies this report, and with ricans in his power, a sum of money claimed as it is respectfully submittedthe arrearages of Treaty stipulations, and denied

AN ACT Why the United States to be dne; and then com.

For the protection of the commerce of the pelled the Consnl, and all citizens of the United

United States against the Algerive cruizers.
States at Algiers, abruptly to qnit his dominions.
-It further appears to the committee, that on the

WHEREAS, the Dey of Algiers, on the coast of 25th of Angnst following, the American brig Barbary, has commenced a predatory warfare Edwin of Salem, owned by Nathaniel Silsbee against the United Statesof that place, while ons a voyage from Malta to BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. Gibraltar, was taken by an Algerine Corsair, sentetires of the United States of America in Conand carried into Algiers as prize. The com. Igress ressemblel, That it shall be lawful fally to mander of the brig, Captain George Camp-equip, officer, man and employ such of the armed bell Smith, and the crew, ten in number, have vessels of the United States as may be judged reever since been detained in captivity, with quisite by the President of the United States, for the exception of two of them, whose release protecting effectually the commerce and seamen has been effected under circumstances not indi. thereof on the Atlantic ocean, the Mediterranean cating any change of hostile temper on the part and adjoining seas. of the Dey. It also appears, that a vessel, sailing Sect. 2. And be il further enacted, That it shall under the Spanish Nag has been condemned in be lawful for the President of the United States Algiers, às laying a false claim to that fag, 'to instruct the commanders of the respective

public vessels aforesaid, to subdue, seize, and these latter were entering upon war with make prize of all vessels, goods, aud effects, of or US! some of our modest and honest genbelonging to the Dey of Algiers, or to liis subjects, tlemen ; some of our most honourable men, "and to bring or send the same into port, to be have called America an assassin, because proceeded against and distrivuted according to she made war against us, while we were law; and also, to cause to be done, all such other at war with Napoleon. What will they acts of precaution or hostility, as the state of war say now of the venerable head of this Afriwill justify, and may in luis opinion require. can state ? The same honourable wor

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That ou the thies have said, that because America · application of the owners of private armed ves. went to war with us, while we had to sels of thie United States, the President of the fight Napoleon, she was the slave of Na. United States may graït them special commis poleon. But I hope they will not apply sions, in the form which he shall direct under the this reasoning to the present war between seal of the United States; and such private armed America and Algiers : I fervently hope, vessels, when so commissioned, shall have the like that no one will pretend, that, because anthority for subining, seizing, taking, and bring. Algiers went to war with America while ing iuto port any Algerine vessels, goods or ef America had to fight us, Algiers was the fects, as the above-mentioned public armed ves

slave of England !As to the result of sels may by law have; and shall therein be sub the war, I have no doubt, that the Dey ject to the instructions which may be given by will not have to rejoice much at the sucilie President of the United States, for the registead of millions of dollars are likely to be

cess of his undertaking. A dry blow in. lation of their conduct, aud their comniissions shall be revocable at his pleasure: Provided,

his portion. As an Englishman, I must That before any commission shall be gravted as

wish, that the Algerines may be beaten by aforesaid, the owner or owners of the vessel for those, who have, unfortunately, so often which the same may be requested, and the coni

beaten my owo countrymen.—The Times mander thereof for the time being, shall give that the Algerine war is, with America, a

newspaper has told us, that it is suspected, bond to the United States, with at least two res.

PRETEXT for increasing her navy. Inponsible sureties, not interested in such vessels, in the penal sun of seven thousand dollars, or if deed, Doctor! and, in what civilian have such vessel be provided with more than one huni. you discovered, that America is restrained dred and fifty men, in the penal cun of fourteen What need has she of pretexts? I know,

from augmenting her navy at her pleasure ? thousand dollars, with condition for observing the

indeed, that, amongst your other follies, treatics and laws of the United States, and the instructions which may be given as aforesaid, and you did, during last summer, insist upalso for satisfying all damages and injuries which she should, at last, be compelled to stipu,

on it, that, in making peace with America, shall be done contrary to the tenor thereof, by late not to have any ships of war beyond sucli commissioned vessel, and for delivering up

a certain size and number. But, the stj. the commission when revoked by the President

pulation was not obtained; and now, inof the United States.

stead of big menaces, you throw out your Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any Al- suspectings for the cogitations of the wise gerine vessel, goods or effects, which may be so John Buil.-Away driveller! and await captured and bronght into port, by any private a similar fate to your predictions as to the armed vessel of the United States, duly coinmis- | humiliations of France. sioned as aforesaid, may be adjudged good prize, and therenpon shall accrue to the owners, and OVERTURES OF PEACE FROM THE officers, and men of uic capturing vessel, and

EMPEROR NAPOLEON. shall be distributed according to the agreement which shall have been made between them; or, in failure of such agreenient, according to the

CASTLEREAGH, DATED PARIS, 4th APRIL, discretion of the court haviug cognizance of the

1815,

My Lord-The Emperor was anxious to excapture.

press directly to his Royal Highness the Prince There is one circumstance connected Regent tie sentiments which inspire him, and to with this Algerine war, which I think make known to him the high value which he worthy of particular notice ; and that is, places on the inaintenance of the peace happily this regular government began, it appears, existing between the two countries. I am comits depredations on the Americans, just as I manded io consegnence, my Lord, to address to

LETTER FROM M. CAULAINCOURT TO VISCOUNT LETTER FROM VISCOUNT CASTLEREAGH TO M.

yon tlie annexed letter, and to beg your Excel | plishment of his noblest intentions. With a dis. ltury to prevent it to his Rey Higliness-- The position to respect the rights of other nations, his first wish of the L:nperor being, that the repose of Majesty has the pleasing hope, that those of the Europe shonld remain inviolate, his Majesty bas French nation will remain inviolate. The maini. beet anxious to manifest this disposition to the tenavce of this precious deposit is the first, as it Suvereigns who are still asseinblec at Vienna, and is the dearest of his duties. The quiet of the to all other Sovereigns. I have, &c.

world is for a long time assured, if all the othirr (Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duc de Vicence. Sovereigns are disposed, as liis Majesty is, to

make their bonour consist in the .preservation of LETTER FROM M. DE CAULAINCOURT TO vis- peace, by placing peace ander the safeguard of

COUNT CASTLEREAGH, DATED PARIS, APRIL honour. Snciare, my Lord, the sentiments witte 4, 1815.

which his Majesty is sincerely animated, and which My Lord - The expectations which induced he has commanded ine to inake known to your hvis Majesty the Emperor, my August Soverưign, Goverunient. I have the liononr, &c. to submit to the greatest sacrifices, have not

(Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duke of Vicence. been fulfilled : France has not received the price His Excellency Lord Castlere agli, &c. of the devotion of its Monarch: her hopes have been lamentably deceived. After some months of painful restraint, her sentiments, concealett CAULAINCOURT, DATED, DOWNING-STREET, with regret, have at length manifested themselves

APRIL 8, 1815. in an extraordinary manner : by an universa.. Sir-I have heen honoured with two letters and spontaneous impulse, she has declared as her from your excellency bearing date the 41h inst. deliverer, the man, from whom alone she can from Paris, one of them covering a letter adexpect the guarantee of her liberties and inde diessed to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. pendence. The Emperor has appeared, tire Royal I am to acquaint your Excellency, that the Prince Throne has fallen, and the Bourbon family bave Regent has declined receiving the letter addressed quitted ogr territory, without one drop of blood by your Excellency to me, to Vienna, for the having been shed for their defence. Borne apon the information and consideration of the Allied Soarms of his people, his Majesty bas traversed vereigns and Plenipotentiaries there assembled. France, from the point of the coast at which he

I am, &c.

CASTLEREAGH. at first touched the ground, as far as the centre of his capital, to that residence which is now again, VISCOUNT as are all French hearts, filled with our dearest CLANCARTY, DATED FOREIGN OFFICE, 811 remembrances. No obstacles have delayed his APRIL 1815. Majesty's triumphal progress ; from the instant

My Lord-I herewith inclose a copy of an of bis re-landing upon French ground, he resumed Overture this day received from M. de Caulaiuthe government of his empire. Scarcely does his court, with the answer returned. You will comfirst reign appear to have been for an instant io.municate the same to the Allied Sovereigns and terrupted. Every generous passion, every liberal Plenipotentiaries at Vienna, for their informathought, bas rallied around him ; vever did any tion. I have the honour to be, &c. nation present a spactacle of more awful apani.

(Signed)

CASTLEREAGH. mity. The report of this great event will have Earl of Clancarty, &r. reached your Lordship. I am commanded to announce it to you, in the name of the Emperor, THE EARL OF CLANCARTY TO VISCOUNT CASTLEand to request you will convey this declaration REAGH, DATED VIENNA, MAY 6, 1815. to tle knowledge of his Majesty the King of My LORD--Adverting to your Lordship’s disGreat Britain, your Augnst Master. This Resto patch, No. 3, and to its several inclosures, conration of the Emperor to the Throne of France is veying a proposal made by the existing Govern. for him the most brilliant of his triumphs. His ment in France, and your Lordship's answer tajesty prides himself above all, on the reflec. thereto, I have the honour to acquaint you, for tion, that he owe it entirely to the love of the the information of his Majesty's Government, that French people, and he has no other wish than to at a conference held on the 3d inst. bis Highuess repay such affections no longer by the trophies of Prince Metternich acquainted us, that a M. de vain ambition, but by all the advantages of av lio-Strassant, who liad been stopped on his way nourable repose, and by all the blessings of a bither, at Lintz, from not having been furnished happy tranquillity. It is to the duration of peace with proper passports, had addressed a letter to that the Emperor looks forward for the accom luis Imperial Majesty, and therewith forwarded

CASTLERBAGH

TO THE EARL OF

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