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some nnnpened letiere which tlie Emperor had dis | lishment of an individnal as the head of the French rected liiin to unseal in the presence of the Ple-Government, whose past conduct has invariably nipotentiaries of the Allied Powers. These demonstrated, that in such a situativu be will not proved to be a letter from Bonaparte, addressed suffer other nations to be at peace-whose resto to his Majesty, profesoing a desire to continue at less ambition, whose thirst for foreign conquest, peacp, to observe the stipulations of the Treaty and whose disregard for the rights and independ. of Paris, &r. and a letter from M. de Caulain. ence of other States, m014 expose the whole of court to Prince Metternich, containing similar Enrope to renewed scenes of plauder and devasta. prosessions. After reading these Papers, it was tion. However general the feelings of the Sove. considerent whether any, and what answer shonld reigns may be in favons of the restoration of the be made thereto, when the geveral opinion ap: King, they no otherwise seek to influence the propeared to be, that none should be reinrned, and ceedings of the French in the choice of this or of no notice whatever taken of the proposal. Upon any other dynasty, or form of Government, than this, as indeed apon all other occasions subse may be essential to the safety aud permanent

quent to the resumption of anthority by Bona tranquillity of the rest of Enrope : such reaparte, wherein the present state of the Continen- sonable security being afforded by France in this tal Powers, with regard to France, has come in. respect, as other “tates have a legitimate right der discussion, but one npinion has appeared to to claim in their own defence, their object wilt direct the Councils of ine several Sovereigns. be satistied; and isey shall joyfully return to that They adhere, and from the commencement have state of peace, which will then, and then only, be never ceased to adhere. to their Declaration of open to theni, and lay down those arms wbieh the 13th of March, with respect to the actual they have only taken up for the purpose of ac. Ruler of France. They are in a state of liostility gniring that tranquillity so eagerly desired by with him and his adherents, not from 'chnice, but them on the part of their respective Ein;wires.-from necessity, because past experience has Such, my Lord, are the general sentiments of the shewn, that no faith has been kept hy him, and Sovereign and of their Ministers here assenje that no reliance can be placed on the professions blenl;' and it should seem, that the glorions for of one who has hillierto 11o longer regarded the bearance observed by them. when master's moet solemn compacts than as it may have of the French capital in the early part of the suited his own convenience to observe them, last year, onght to prove to the French, that whose word, the only assurance he can afford for this is not a war against their freedom and his peaceable disposition, is not less in direct op- independence, or excited by any spirit of ambi. position to the tenor of his former life, than it is rion, or desire of conqnest, but one arising out of : to the military position in which he is actually necessity, nrged on the principles of self preser. placed. They feel that they should neither pervation, and founded on that legitimate and inco! form their duty to themselves or to the people trovertible right of obtaining reasonable security committed by Providence to their charge, if they for their own tranquillity and independence-to wrre now to listen to those professions of a desire whirh, if France boas on her part a claim, other for peace which have been marle, anil suffer nations have all eqnal title to claim at the hands themselves thens to be Inlled into the supposition of Fraúce. I dhe ilav laid before the Plenipoten. that they might now relieve their people from tjaries of the Thiree Allied Powers in couterence, the burtlen of supporting immense military the Note proposed to be delivered upon the exmasses. hy diminishing their forces to a peace change of the ratifications of the Treaty of the establishment, convinced as the several Sove 25th March. After the opinions which I bare reigns are from past experiener, that no sonner detailed as those with which the Allied Soveshould they have been disarmed, than allvantage reigns are impressed, with respect to the object wonld be taken of their want of preparation, to of the war, it is scarcely necessary for me to add, renew those scenes of aggression and bloodshed, that the explanation afforded in this Yote, froni which they had hoped that the peace so as the construction put by his Royal Highness gloriously won at Paris, would long have secured the Prince Regent on the eighth article of that themThey are at irar, then, for the purpose of Treaty, was favourably received. Immediate obtaining some secnrity for their own independe instructions will consequently be issued to ence, and for the reconquist of that peace and the Ambassadors of the Imperial Courts of permanent tranquillity, for which the world hae Austria and Russia, and to the Minister of his so long panted. They are not even at war tor Prussian Majesty, to accept of this Note on the the greater or less portion of security which exchange of the ratifications of the Treaty in France ran afford thein of future tranqnillity, but question. In order to be assnred that I have ad. becanse France ander its prevent chief, is nn. vancee nothing in this dispatch, which does not able to afford them any security whatever. In acc. I with the views of the Cabinets of the Althis war, they do not desire to interfere with any lied Sovereigns, I have acquainted the Plenipolegitimate right of the French people; they have tentiaries of the high Allied Powers with the no design to oppose the ciaim of that nation to contents thereof, and have the honour to infor choose their own form of Government, or inten- yon, that the sentiments contained in it entirely tion to trepch, in any respect, npon their inde coincide with those of their respective Coorts. pendence as a great and free people : but they I have the honour to be &c. do think they have a right, and that of the

(Signed) CLANCARTE, highest nature, to contend against the re-estab

l'inted and Publishici lov G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are regnested to be forwarded.


an Southey, ,


n all

Vol. XXVII. No. 22.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1815. Price 1s.


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" reading thc Proclamation, in the USU. TO THE EARL OF LIVERPOOL.

AL WAY, ut the door of the office at

( Whitehall.This was all, and, I will On the political Effects Produced in Amer the street did not know what it was that

be bound, that even the people passing in rica by the Peuce of Ghent.

was reading. This is what the COURIER Botley, 29th Day, 1815. ·calls the usual way of proclaiming peace ! My Lord-It was frequently observed There was no illuminations; no firing of hy me, in former letters, which I had the guns; no ringing of bells; no demonstrahonour to address to your Lordship, dur- tious of joy, Iu short, the country, which ing the war with America, that, if you had been so eager for the war, and so unawere, at last, as I foretold you would be, nimous for its prosecution, seemed not at compelled to make peace without hum- ail to regret, that it never knew the exact bling America, and, indeed, without suis period when peace returned. It felt iluing her, or nearly subduing her, the re- ashamed of the result of the war, and was sult would be honourable to her, seeing glad to be told nothing at all about it, that she would, in a war single-handed But, in America! There the full foree against England, have succeeded in dc- of public feeling was made manifest.-fending herself. It was clear, that, when The country resounded from New Or. once the contest became a single combat, leans to the utmost borders of the Lakes; to defend herself must be to her triumph from the orange groves to the wheat lands, and to us defeat. And, if she came out buried four feet deep in

show, was heard of the war without any, even the smallest the voice of joy, the boast of

success, the concession, her triumph over us must shout of victory. I, who had always felt raise her greatly in the estimation of her anxious for the freedom of America ; I, own people and of all the world.' She did whose predictions have been so completely come out of the war in this way; and the fulfilled in the result of this contest; natural consequences have followed. even I cannot keep down all feeling of

I do not know, that I have before no- mortification at these demonstrations of ticed the fact in print, but it is now time triumph, related in the American prints that I should; I mean the curious fact now before me. Even in me, the Engrelative to the proclamation of peace with lishman so far gets the better of all other America. We know that peace with any feelings and consideration. What, then, power is usually proclaimed by HE- must be the feelings of those, my Lord, RALDS, who, starting at St. James's zoho urged on and whu prosecuted that Palace, go into the City, with a grand dis- fatal war ? play of armorial ensigns, and accompanied An American paper now before me, by troops in gay attire, and by bands of the Boston " Yankee," of the 9th of De. martial music, stopping, from time to time, cember last, gives an account, copied to read the King's proclamation of the from our London papers, of our Jubilee peace. This was done at the Peace of last summer, when “old BLUCHER” was Amiens and at the Peace of Paris. In- so squeezed and hugged, and had his jaws dead, it is the usual way in which the so nastily licked over by the filthy woce --ion of war is proclaimed.

men, who were called “ Ladies.” This ble, then, how was the peace with Yankee calls it “ John Bull's great NaAmerica proclaimed? There was no pro- tional Jubilee;" and, I assure you, the cession at all : there was nothing of the famous victory gained by the naval force usual ceremony. But, the Courier news- of England over the American Heet on the paper, and, I believe, that paper only, Serpentine River is not forgotten! But, informed the public, that America wus proc? ***, who, vitrilh the editor of the } ankee has made a mis?

take. ller

Ilha Thame's on

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sected likne memorable battle was fought. I was to "re-unite the colonies to the pa-
niposou, good Mr. Yankee. The Serpen- rent state!”
pré River, as it is called, is a little wind- It is very true, I acknowledge, that a
ing luke in Ilyde Park, about the width dangerous faction has arisen- in the Reo

of a large duck pond, and is fed by a lit- public. I see very clearly, that wealth
tle stream, or rather gutter, and empties has introduced a taste for what are called
itself by the means of another gutier at honours: Vanity is making a desperate
the other end. It was this quality of leuke effort to decorate men with titles. The
that made the scene so very apt.

law forbids it; but vanity is at open war These are mortifying recollections, my with law. The germ of aristocracy, which Lord, and I do not know that they will was discovered in the New England states, be rendered less so to you by the addition and, in a few instances, in some of the of the reflection, that, if you had followed others, at the end of the war of independmy advice, there never would have been ence; has grown out now to full view.. any ground for them.

There are 'Squires and Honourables in The political effects in America of such abundauce. There are the Honourable a peace must be wonderful, Indeed, they the Governor;"! “ His Honour the evidently are so. The men who, in the Judge;?' and so on. These men will New England States, were forming open soon begin to regret that they have no one combinations against Mr. Madison, are, to give them permanent titles; that they as I told you they would be, covered with have no fountain of honour.” That that sort of disgrace, that deep disgrace, which men regret the want of they endeawhich defeated malice always brings upon vour to obtain, whenever an occasion ofits head. They appear, from all I can fers. The Priests of New England apgather, to have become the butt of ridin pear to be working hard to procure somecule, after having long been the object of thing in the way of an establishment. Hence serious censure. These men are suspected the joy of both these at the restoration of of treasonable views and acts. At any the Bourbons, the old French Noblesse, rate, they are chargeabls with a real at- the Pope, and the Jesuits; and hence, tempt to destroy the liberties of their they will, I venture to predict, be as abucountry, in revenge for their rejection by sive of Napoleon, Carnot, Fouche, Rethe people. They were defeated in their derer, and Merlin, as is our Times news grasp at the supreine powers of the union, paper. and they have endeavoured to do as the In the mean while, however, the people baboon is said to have done with the fair are sound republicans; and, it will take Jady, that is, destroy that which they some years to overset their government, could not possess.

though the manners and tastes of many Mr. PICKERING, to whom the Times may be corrupted. The following letters newspaper looked up as the hangman which I have received from America, will and successor of Mr. Madison,” now talks shew you, that the war, and especially like # very hearty republican; but the the peace, have produced a great change poor gentleman seems to know very little in that country. They will also shew you of what is going on here. Ile says, that that, long ago, I had hit upon the true you made peace, because so many petitions mail, and that you ought to have paid at. were poured in against continuing the war ; tention to me sooner than you did. The and your Lordship knows, that not one newspapers from America breathe a spirić such petition was poured in. Ile says, that of resentment, which it should be our obthe fuilure at New Orleans will put you ject to allay, if possible; but, really, the out of place. Poor Gentleman! how language of our prostituted press was such, little, how

little does he know about that, added to the character of the wu,"? you.! He says, that the Opposition have it is almost impossible, that reconciliation clamoured for peace. It was the Oppo. should take place during an age to clae. sition who urged on the war, and only Before I conclude, I beg leave to calt found fault with you for not doing the your Lordship's attention to the stateYankees more mischief than you did. Yet ments in the American papers, relative to this, this is one of the men, to whom we our treatment of the American prisoners have looked as capable of overthrowing of cha; whereto call your attention to cerMr. Madison "the men who


ters of our officers, reto the Eul... segrested to be forwarded.

lative to plunder; and further to call your learning, and abilities than Southey, attention to their charges relative to the would damn their country for his salary purole, given by GENERAL PACKENHAM, and a butt of sack. when he was about to assault, and to Your late essays are re-published in all take, as he expected, New ORLEANS. I the Republican Papers, and read with dare not copy these. Newgate is not so great relish; while they are carefully expleasant as Botley. But, still I do most cluded from all the federal papers. Neangiously wish to see these papers pub- vertheless I suspect that you do not see lished here; because they might then be many of our Boston Republican Papers. met by denial and disproof, if not true. I have therefore requested, the Editors This is a serious matter, my Lord. If we of the Boston Patriot, and Yankee to put dare not publish here, they dare do it in up a series of them for you; and encouAmerica ; and there it is that the effect raged them with the hope that you will · will be produced injurious to us. I dare send them your Register. I have also say, that long before this will reach the sent you an excellent work by Mr. Carey, press, all these changes, all these horrid entitled the “ Olive Branch." We esteem narratives, will have been collected in it highly for its facts. You will read it America, published in a permanent shape, with pleasure. This book and Jackson's und, perhaps, translated into French. victory have blasted the Hartford Con

Thus will they be read by all the civilized vention ; and destroyed the high hopes of world, the people of England excepted; the Pickerings, the Otisses, and the Sullibut, thus have I done my duty in pointing vans.

The author of that book has a these things out to your Lordship, which just idea of our Boston Saints, of their is all that I dare do in this case.

avarice, of their hypocricy, and of their I am, &c. &c.

thirst after ridiculous titles, and even moWM. COBBETT. narchy. He has a right idea of our Junto, which rises as

our country sinks, and Boston, 28th March, 1815. sinks

(s as our country rises. After perusing Mr. COBBETT—I have read, with great the Olive Branch, would it not be well satisfaction, your recent essays relative to to throw it in the way of the Edinburgh this country. You deserve well of your

Reviereers? (1) native country,

of mine, for trying to open the eyes of your coun

(1) I can find a much better use for it, as the trymen, that they might see things as

writer shall see. The Edinburgh Reviewers are, they really are.

But in Old England and perhaps, as corrupt a junto as the Hurtford Cone in New, and I am personally acquaint- vention, and of that my correspondent would be ed with both, a man need not despair well convinced, if he were to read an article making the people believe any thing but upon the return of Napoleon, published at the truth.

close of the last number of this work ; in which Both your country and mine have been article they prepared, in advance, for the war, long suffering under the cause of “ a lying

which they suspected would take place against spirit.The federal papers in Boston,

France, in consequence of that wonderful event, under the direction of the faction, and The truth is, that this is a little knot of placeespecially the one edited by 6 the Boston hunting men of talent, who, by the means of this Slave,” exert all their powers to spread Review, force themselves successively into the a delusive fog before the eyes of their receipt of emoluments derived from the public. stupid readers, and between them and I do pot know any set of men so much like an. truth. They are worse than your Courier, other, as these Reviewers are like the Federal or your Times; for with their lies, they

Noblesse, Mr. WALSH, of Philadelphia, who have a trait of malignity and stupidity, wrote a book on the state of France, full of falseat which your people must revolt.

What loods and of ignorance, and who, it was confim į be the state of a community where dently reported here, was to have had the honour the people are fed with poisonous food? of being introduced to a Lord, and wouid, in all It would require a revolution of some sort probability, have enjoyed that blessing, if the to rid the people of the accumulated cor

said Lord had not becu unexpectedly engaged ruption. Our Yeomanry are virtuous, with his tailor, or somebody else : this Nr. brave, and strongly attached to their Walsin, with the exception of talent, is a toler. government; but we have scores of pro-ably good specimen of an Edinburgh reviewer. fessional men among us, who, with less



well as


the nerve,

I have read with surprise and disgust | Considering the New England opposition: the official accounts of General Drum- and the nature of our government, and the mond and some others, of the battle of state of our finances, and the villiany of Chippewa and Bridewater. I have been the faction, and this Virgivia-man, may informed by the brave and modest Colonel well be called the Matchless Madison. (uow General) Miller, as well as by a Although we are priest-ridden, and number of his officers, his non-commis- debased in Massachusetts, I hope we are sioned officers, and privates, that the Bri- not sunk below redemption. The better tish cannon were many hours in their half of Massachusetts have not bowed the possession, and that they would have knee to the effigy of monarchy, set up by brought them off, had not ihe British the contemptible noblesse of Boston. It is taken the precaution to carry off the the yeomanry,

the bone, and the limbers, and all the harness, which Mil- sinew of the republic, who bave fought ler could not supply in the night. I our battles, while it is the pampered, and firmly believe that all our official accounts corrupted flesh, and gormandizing stomay be relied on. I have reason for be- mach, who preach, pray, and write in lieving it.

federal newspapers, and who continually Jackson's zconderful victory is a greater deceive the people. thing to us, that is, of more beneficial After the present delusion is past, I consequences to America, than the vic- hope to see both your country and mine tory of Wolfe ; the capture of Burgoine, shine forth in their native purity. Our or Cornwallis. The British were sure of country is rising rapidly to greatness, and New Orleans, and they meant to leave it to glory ; and when we have put down án ugly bone of contention between the faction, we shall yet see our species, the U.S. and Spain. But Providence forbade descendants of Englishmen, shine footh to it. We say Provilence, for the great de- the greatest advantage, in ability, courage, straction on one side, and the unparal- and integrity; and here we may see disBered salvation on the other, prove that played the utmost range of the human it could hardly be owing to the contin- powers. gent powers of men. It gives strength to Thirty years ago, I knew London, and the opinion imbibed by people in every her leading men, including Mr. Fox, and period of the world, and in every stage some others. They are now ncarly all of society, that there is a power above us, dead; and I have scarcely a corresponwhich " shapes things to an cud, rough dent left. I'wish Old England well; for hew them how we will." This cxíra- there are the sepulchres of my ancesters: ordinary victory has broken down the and there I resided several years. I have spirits of the invaders; they say there is a considerable respect for Julin Bull; but a fatality in this American war; and that a greater aflection for, it is adverse to them. Your countrymen

JONATHAN, fought bravely at New Orleans, acry For he is destined to return the tide of bravely. Jackson, and his inspired mir glory to the source whence it sprung. litia had coolness enougil, in the midst of the fight, to observe and admire the dis

Boston, March 30th, 181.3. cipline and steady bravery of the English, Mr. Cobeert,- A snow-storm having and the valour of their officers; but who prevented the ship Galen from sailing this could stard before our cool and accurate morning, I seize the opportunity her den rifiemen, and cqually cool and accurate tention a ffords, to add a few strips from cannoniers !! Juckson, (a village-laco- some of our lute newspapers. I do it by yer) has far surpassed any General we ever way of recompensing you for your excelhad, at any period.

lent essays, under the form of letters to While we admire Jackson, and his mi- your great men in England, in which litia, let us not withhold our admiration of you tell them important truths relativeria James Madison! who amidst the most this country, which, I believe, they can virulent, and most obstinate of oppositions obtain through po other channel. (see 66 the Olive Branch,") has triumphed We admire greatly your accurate picover both internal ard external enemies, ture of the two parties in this bewitched and planted the proud stripes and stars of state. What the witches promised Machis nation in the sight of the universe.' beth, lias been whispered to our little-big

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