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the engagement.-Be pleased to accept, Ge- your great soul of such an enorinous perfily ! Beral, the sentiments of high consideration To whom do they dare to speak of masters and with which I have the honour to be, &c.

of slaves? To us-to a free and independent DAUXION LAVAYSSE, General.” "P.S. Colonel Medina, who is associated people--to warriors covered with noble wounds to my commission, will convey this dispaich received in the field of honour, who have routed to your Excellency, and will be found de- up the ancient tree of prejudices and slavery --serving of all your confidence. As a proof to those warriors who, in a thousand combats, of the sincere loyalty by which I am ani- have made these barbarous colonists bite the mated, I have subjoined a copy of the letter

dust. sbich I have addressed to General Petion.

And now the remaining colonists who It was scarcely written when I was seized escaped our just vengeance, dare still to speak with an iodisposition, which deprived one of of the re-establishinent of that detested reign the honour of addressing your Excellency which we have for ever cast off! No, there shall at the same moment.”

never exist a naster nor a slave in llayti ! LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE.

Could your Majesty have expected such ex

cessive insult from a Sovereign whom fame has Sitting of the General Council of the Nation, represented as a wise, good, and virtuous 91st October, 1814, the Eleventh Year of the King, instructed in the school of adversity, and ledependence of Hayti, and the Fourth Year an evemy of illiberal prejudices? How little ef his Majesty's Reiga.- The following Address truth, Sire, is there in faine, when we compare having been read, it was unanimously agreed, events with her anticipations. The first overthat the same should be presented to his Majesty: ture for peace, the first words of conciliation ADDRESS TO THE KING.

which are addressed to us in the name of this Stæe,- In the annals of the world no example Prince, of whom we had formed so pleasing an can be found of an overture for peace, accom- idea, are outrageous insults. 18 is proposed to panied by such frightful and disgracefulcircum- men who have been free for 25 years, who still stances, as that made by the French General have arms in their hands, to lay them down in Dauxion Lavaysse, in the name and as the agent order to take up again the fetters of ignominious of his Vajesty Louis XVUI.- Nations, Sove and barbarous slavery! In intimating to us these reigas, and even individuals, have certain rights, horrors, they veil them with the specious prewhich are respected even by the most barbarous text of peace and reconciliation! They enyepeople, and no one is permitted to violate them. lope the poniard of treason and perfidy in the Pat if mea in general have agreed to respect honourable and seductive made of the liberal these rights, sanctioned by custom and public sentiments of justice and humanity of the French decorum, how much more odious it is that the Monarch towards us! But on a sudden this vile Envoy of an enlightened Monarch and nation agent, this anthropophagous monster, changing has dared so openly lo violate them !- What! his language, taking a tone and atrocious chathe nosi abominable tyrants, when they wished racter adapted to his odious mission, threatens to oppress and impose on people the yoke of ty- to destroy our race and substitute another.raony, enployed perfidious means, and con- What justice! what liberality! what humanity ! cealed their criminal enterprises by specious pre- - From this last proceeding of the French, dors texts, because they did not dare openly to vio- not every thing shew that the cause of the Ilaylate public rights ; but the Envoy of the king of rians is distinct from ihat of the people? In fact, the French impudently violates every right, and to what people, to what Sovereign, would any offers the greatest of insults to a free people, by one have dared to propose conditions so base proposing to them the alternative of slavery or/and degrading? They despise us; they think us death! And to whom does this vile agent dare to so stupid as to suppose, that we want the iostinct address this declaration of the atrocious inten- which animals posssess for their preservation. --tions of his Government? to your Majesty, the What madness! what excess of audacity, to dare conqueror of the French, the defender of liberty to propose that we shall give ourselves up to the and independence, to you, Sire, who have de- French, and submit to their odious dominiou ! vored your whole life to the maintenance and de. Is it for the benefits we have received that we fence of the indestructible and eternal rights of should again take up the chains of servitude? Is man-to your Majesty, who have always taken, it for a Sovereign who is altogether a stranger to as the role of your conduct and actions, the ho- us, who never did any thing for us, that we Door and glory of the Haytian people ! He dares should change our Master? Is it, in short, for to propose to you to descend from a throne the purpose of being again delivered over to where you were placed by the love and grati- tortures, and of being devoured by dogs, that we tade of your fellow citized !-Ob, extravagance should renounce the fruits of twenty-five years ef iosolence and iofany! He dares to suspect battles? What, theo, bave we now in common


with that people ? Have we not broken all the that of his wife and children, it is then a war bonds that could unite us with them? We have of man against man; women aud boys are in a changed the name, the life, the manners. We

state of war: all'are in arias; all the evil we cia bear no resemblance to the French--these do our enemy is a sacred duty; all means of deHepple, whenever ceased to persecute us, and struction are lawful for us to use. We shall re. wbuye abhor, Whiy, then, should we submit vive those dreadful examples of exasperation to the face of this condemned to groan under among people who terrified the earth! Posterity their tyranny and oppression ?- Barbarians! will shudder with horror; but far from blaming They dare to despise us! They think us un- us, it will only impute these acts to the perversity worthy of the blessing of liberty and indepen. of the age, to tyrants, and to pecessity! Bu. dence! They think that we are not capable of this will never happen-it is impossible.- Hayti sublime sentinents, or of those gererous in- is invincible; and justice, as well as the cause pulses which form heroes, and make men mas- of justice, will bear her triumphant through all ters of their own destinics! but they are de-obstacles. No, never shall this execrable enterceived. Let them koow something of the mag. I prise take place. There is honour, there is glory nanimity, the energy, and the courage of the among the Sovereigns and people of Europe ; people whom they dare to outrage! Our will is to and Great Britain, that Liberator of the World, be free; and we shall be so in spite of tyrants !-- will prevent such an abomination ! Oh! if our cause shorid be separated from thay

SPEECH or KING HENRY(CHRISTOPHE) of other people; if injustice should prevail over equity in this enlightened age; if our tyrants in ANSWER TO THE ADDRESS OF THE GRAND 'should at length be able to triumph over us, let COUNCIL OF THE HAYTIAN NATION, RELATIVE the glory of the Haytian people at least stand


OCT. 27, 1814. unequalled in the annals of nations;-Yes, we solemnly pledge ourselves that, sooner than re. Haytians ! your sentiments, yoar generous renonnce liberty and independence, our entire race solution, are worthy of us : your King shall alshall be exterminated. But before any French-ways be worthy of you. Our indignation is at man gains a footing here, let Playti become a its height. Let Ilayii, from this moment, be vast desert ; let our towns, our manufactures, only one vast camp ; let us prepare to combat our dwellings, become a prey to the flames. Let those tyrants who threaten us with chains, slaeach of us multiply his force-redouble his ener. very, and death. Haytians! the whole world gy and his courage, in imolating to our just fury has ils eyes fixed uponus; our conduct must conthousands of those tygers who are alienated from

found or calumniators, and justify the opinioa our blood! Let Hayti present nothing but a

which philanthropists have formed of us.

Let us heap of ruins ; let terrified countenances meet

rally - let us have but one and the same wish nothing but sights of death, destruction, and ven. that of exterminating our tyrants. On the unageance! Let posterily have to say, on beholding nimous co.operation of our union, of our eforts, these ruins, . Here lived a free and generous

will depend the prompt success of our cause. people; tyrants wanted to strip them of their | Let us exhibit to posterity'a great example of liberty, but they resolved to perishı sooner than courage; let us combat with glory, and be efpart with it!' Posterity will applaud this act of faced from the rank of nations, rather than remagnanimity. Oh! will there be a human being nounce liberly and independence. A King, we so destitute of generosity as to refuse us his ad- know how to live and die like a King: you miration, his esteem, and his good wishes! - In shall always see us at your head, sharing in your the political rars carried on among civilized perils and dangers. Should it so happen that we States, the armies fight, and the people live in cease to exist before consolidating your rights, peace. But in a war of extermination, such as cail to minil our actions; and should our tyrapa that with which we have been threatened, when so far succeed as to endanger your liberty and every man thinks of defending his home, the independence, disinter my bones ; they will tombs of his parents, his liberty, his indepen. still lead you to victory, and enable you to tri. dence, what, do I say? his very existence, and umpli nver our implacable and eteroal enemies.

Printed and Published by J. MORTON, 94, Strand,


If we



be really free; there no man will am

ble while he writes; and there truth Peace being now happily concluded must and will prevail.--It is often obwith the country of freedom, it will not served, that history, to be impartial, be necessary for me to occupy so large must be written long after the date of a portion of the Register, as I lately the events of which it is a record. trave, with observations relating to it. This is a strange notion. It is so conBut, still this country, now nearly as trary to every rule of common life, much above all others in military and that it naturally staggers one. traval prowess as she is, and long has want to keep our accounts, or the rebeen, 'in civil, religious, and political cords of any proceedings in life, acculiberty; still this favoured country, rately, we never lose a moment in this asylun and example to the op- minuting the facts down as they ocpressed of all other nations, must con- cur. If evidence is given from a writsinue to be a deeply interesting object ten paper, it must, to make the eviwith every one, whom I wish to seedence good, have been written at the amongst my readers. I shall, there moment that the facts occurred. How fore, in future, write of the affairs of strange, then is it, that, for history to America under one general title, num- be true, it must be written a century, bering the several articles from No. 1, or two, after the period, to which it onwards.--- Previous to the war, I wrote relates ; That is to say; that, to come several articles, under the form of at the real truth of any national ocLetters and otherwise; during the war currence, in order to arrive at a just a great many more. And, I am of decision upon the conduct of a nation, opinion, if all these were collected to- you must enter upon the inquiry after gether, from the month of July, 1810, all the witnesses are dead, and after to the 14th of this present month of all the springs, hidden from common January, 1815, they would be found eyes, and which no man has dared to to contain as good a history of this im- record an account of in print, are wholly portant struggle, as is likely to appear forgotten and are sunk, for ever, out of in any other shape. The rise, the pro- sight It is said, that, at the time gress, the termination, are all here to be when the events occur, the historian found ycry amply detailed. The views is too near to the passions and prejuon both sides ; the passions, the pre- dices of the times, and is too likely to judices; the means made use of to partake of them. But, at a hundred delude the people of England. The years after the events, what has he to effect of the result of the contest on refer to but writings of the times; and, men's minds. All will bere be found how, then, is he more likely to get at to have been faithfully recorded; that the truth? We suppose the historian is to say, as far as I have dared to go ; to seek earnestly for truth; and is he and for the restraint, which I have more likely to get at it, when all the been under, and for which no human springs are forgotten and all the witingenuity could have compensated, the nesses dead, than when he has access judicious and impartial reader will to them all !---The real state of the make a suitable allowance. This, case is this : the historian DARES however, is only said as to our side of NOT write a true history of present the water; for, in the country of free- events, and a true description of the dom, the naked truth will be told. character of public institutions, estab There every man will write and publish lishments, laws, and men, in any counishat he pleases; there discussions will try except America. Truth, in Eng


land, may be a LIBEL; libels

are and animated pen, set to work on this punished more severely than the great- fine subject, a subject so closely conpit part of felonies, as my Lord FOLK- nected with the cause of Freedom all STONE shewedarin the House of over the world, there is no doubt of its Commons, from an examination of the obtaining circulation, even in England; Newgat ulendarzi 'and, it is well and while it would be sure, by means known, that in answering a charge of of a French translation, to be read all libel, the RUJTH of what you have over the Continent, where it must prowritten, or published, is not allowed duce a prodigious effect. But I hope EVEN TO BE GIVEN IN EVIDENCE, to see nothing of the maudling kind; This is the real, and the only ground nothing of the milk and water; nothing for pretending, that history ought to be of the “gentlemanlysort ; no mincing written long after the period to which of the matter. But, a real, true, hisit relates. But, how are you bettered by tory, applying to persons and acts the length of time? It is a libel liere to speak appellations which justice assigns them. evil of the dead. The dead' villain must If such a work were published, rather, not, if it give offence to certain persons, than not possess a copy, I would make be truly characterized ; and, remember, one of my sons traverse the Atlantic, that the sources, to which the historian expressly to fetch it to me.

I hope, has to refer, are precisely those which however, that some man, in America, have been created under this law of libel. who feels upon the subject as I feel, In the great Republic of America, the will take the trouble to convey to me case is wholly different. Thiere, any man by. a safe hand (not through the Post. may publish any thing that he pleases of Office) a copy or two of the first work public measures, or public mer, provided of the above description that shall apthat he contine himself to truth in what pear. But mind, I should despise any he asserts to be facts. There any opinions history which should not speak of may be published; but, here, even opi- ALL the actors, on both sides, without nions expose writers, printers, and puls the smallest regard to the humbug and lishers to punishment; and, observe, palaver of the day, applying to their that that which a man may say in a actions and their characters, and their private letter, is held to be pub- motives, the plainest as well as the lished, and if determined to be libel. truest of epithets and terms, I want lous, liable to punishment.-Well may to have it all out. I am not much diswe hold it to be a maxim, that the posed to be unhappy. I never meet writing of history ought to be delayed calaznity half way. But really, such a until a remote period; but it would be work; the reading of such a work, and a much more sensible maxim, that no hearing my children read it, would history, written under such circum- make up for years of misery, if I had stances, (with a law that punishes libels passed such; and it would be much on the diod) ought ever to be regarded more than a compensation for all the as any thing better than a sort of poli- sufferings of my life. In short, I have tical romance. There is no reason, set my licart on this thing, and, if I am however, why a history of this war disappointed, I shall be grieved more should not immediately be written, and than I ever yet have been; ten thoupublished in the Repnblic, with whom, sand times more than I was, when I ibank the Ministers, and the President, heard the sentence of JUDGE GROSE and the brave Republicans, we are now on me of two year's imprisonment in at peace. From that country we may Newgale, a thousand pounds fine to now receive such a history.

It might the king, and seven years bound to be a little too strong to be published good behaviour afterwards, in bonds of here; or even to be sold hero. But 5,000 pounds, for having written about those who wished for copies night get the fagging of English local militiathem through private channels; though, mea at Ely, and about German draI ought to observe, for the good of the goous. But, why should I be disapunwary, that to lend a book, or, to shew pointed? Have I not, if 10 one else a book, to another person, is to publish will take up the pen, a son to take it up a book in the eye of our sharp-sighted in the cause of truth and liberty? The libel law. Nevertheless, if some able world is wide; and cow it is open.-

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In the mean 'while let us not neglect " stored to this country.” Sir J. C. that which is yet within our own power.

" HIPPISLEY could see no reason whatWe ought to keep the Republic con- “ ever for calling the Americans the only stanuy before our eyes.

Though we free people in the maryd, and should make her less the subject of observa- “ certainly divide the meeting, if the tion than we have done for some time motion were persisted in. It was a past, we ought never to lose sight of LIBEL on our own country'; for his her. The enemies of liberty are al-" part, he HATED THE AMERICANS. ways on the watch to assail, through They were a set of slaves to the Goher sides, the object of their mortal yernment of France, and some erhatred; and, therefore, we ought to“ pressions of disapprobation arose) when lose no occasion of facing and of fight- “ Mr. DICKINSON said, that he certainly ing them. In order to facilitate refer- " must join in deprecating the resoluence, and to give something of unifor- tion.

“ tion. He hoped the meeting would mity of arrangement to the matter in “ not consent to compliment any nation the Register, relating to America, I in- at the expense of our own, and of tend to insert, iuder one general head, every other in the globe. He had all such matter of my owo writing, and considerable reason for believing, that to mention under that general head the “ the Congress at Vienna was now emseveral topics treated of, in the following “ ployed in endeavouring to unrivet the manner.

chains of the suffering Africans ; and No. I.

" engaged, as the powers of Europe AMERICA.---Mr. Hunt's motion andwere, in so sacred a cause, he could Sir John Cox HIPPISLEY's speech re-“ not consent that any aspersion, direct specting her.-The Courier's attack on or indirect, should be cast upon them. Mr. Binns, a publisher at Philadelphia.“ Mr. Hunt then requested the Sheriff

At a Meeting of the county of Somer- “ to put the resolution, which, upon the set, on the 9th instant, a curious occur- shew of hands, was. negatived by a rence took place with regard to the peace“ very considerable majority." Whether with America. I will first give the ac- there be any free country in the world, count of it from the Times newspaper still remaining, besides the Republic of of the 16th instant, and make on it such America, is a question that I do not observations as most naturally present choose to decide, or to give my opinion themselves. The reader should first be upon. But, I cannot help observing, informed, however, that the meeting was that the question was decided in the negaheld for the purpose of discussing a pe- tive by a meeting of the county of Sotition to Parliament against the Property merset only by “a considerable majority;" Tax, or Tar upon Income, which tax and, I must further observe, that the reought, by law, to expire in a few months, port of this “considerable majority" comes but which tax it is supposed the govern- to us through the Times newspaper, that ment means to propose the continuation, channel of skunk-like abuse of America or reriral.-— The following is the report of and all that is American. Let it be rethe TIMES:-" On Monday last, at the membered, too, that the power of de “ meeting of the freeholders, &c. holden ciding who had the majority lay wholly “ at Wells, to petition Parliament for the and absolutely with the Sheriff, who is

repeal of the Property-tax,after the busi- an officer appointed by the crown. This “ ness of the day was disposed of (an ac- being the case, the words, " considerable “ count of whieh has already appeared "majority" will be pretty well understood “ in this paper).--Mr. Hunt remarked, to mean any thing but a large majority; “ that the meeting should not disperse and, perhaps, some people may doubt “ without expressing its thankfulness to whether there was any majority at all. “those by whose efforts peace had been At any rate, the County of Somerset “ made between us and America, 'He divided upon the question of, whether " therefore read a resolution, which he America was, or was not, the only free “ submitted for their approbation: "That country left in the world. This was, at the thanks of this meeting are due to least, a question for which many were in “ those by whose exertions peace with the affirmative. It was received and put to “ the Americans, the only free remain the vote without any marks of disappro. ing people in the world, has been re- bation; while, on the other hand, he

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