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Daparte now stood; when we saw TO CORRESPONDENTS
IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
tunes were embarked labouring Botley, near Southampton, 7th June, 1815. 4 with the storm, and its must bowed I have received by post a single Na“ down to the water's edge, it would tional Intelligencer of the 23d of April, “be to the height of impolicy and and NILES'S WEEKLY REGISTER, "absurdity to hesitate on the cause of April 1st and 8th, 1815. They were " that we had to pursue.”—These under covers, and directed to Botley, are memorable words.
It should hare been By yourself, my Lord, that $ The mili
“ Botley, near Southampton." They were tary force of ALL THE REST OF put into the post-office at Portsmouth, < 5 EUROPE was combined against only 14 miles from Botley; but, having “ the HALF OF FRANCE."
the word London upon them, they were
sent on thither. I beg Mr. Niles and the Hourra, hourra, Pat! Here we dash at person who sent me the Intelligencer, to the Jacobins, as we did at the Yankies. accept of my best thanks. I am very
highly flattered at perceiving, that a work VII. Of the Morality of the Subsi- precisely upon the model, and with the dies.-Mr. PĻUNKIT said, that “ We had title of my own, should have been esta
now a most powerful combination blished in America, and carried on already :“ of Allies, noi fomented by us, but to the eighth volume. I hope Mr. NILES " acting from the moral feeling which will continue sending me his Register. He ".. perdade all Europe. If we were shall have Cobbett's Register sent him as “ foolish enough to throw away those regularly as possible. I beg my Corres
means, we could never hope to re- pondents to look at my Notices in the two c cal them. Those of his friends who last Numbers: " had talked the most about husban
WM. COBBETT. ding the resources of the country, “ had confessed, that when an ocea« sion should arrive, when some im
MR. COBBETT, The French Govern6 should be no longer persevered in. ment invite the distinguished English at
That important crisis had now ar. Paris to visit the archives, for the purpose. “ rived. It was vain to expect that of witnessing the base falsification of domore favourable opportunity cum
uments, made with a view to support the 66 would ever arrive. All the great recent political arrangements of the Con
powers of Europe were now with gress; and that such falsifications have
us, and a considerable portion of taken place no discerning man in Europe. " the population of France.
can doubt. It is, however, unnecessary
to go to Paris to witness the fraud of such Here I close my extracts, my Lord. falsifications ; a similar maneuvre having These are memorable passages. They will just been played off on the whole English have to be reverted to many hundreds of nation, so barefacedly, that all may detimes. Here they are safe. They will tect it, in an important document, lately not now be lost. · Here are the alleged
laid officially before the House of Comcauses and the projected effects of the war, your last Register.
mons, a copy of which you inserted in on which we are now entering; and, In the ENGLISH TRANSLATION of this having made these sure, I shall, in my document, M. de Caulaincourt, the French future letters, request your attention to Minister for Foreign Affairs, who may be
supposed to have written under the imme pther matters. I am, &c. &c.
diate eye of the Emperor, is made, in the W. COBBETT.
official translation, to say, in speaking of
Napoleon's recal to the throne of France, Botley, 7th June, 1815.
that “ His Majesty prides himself above
“all on the reflection, that he owes it en- expressible by the English words UNPRO“ tirely to the love of the French people, FITABLE-GREATNESS, or FRUYTLESS GRAN. 5 and he has no other wish than to repay Deur, is insidiously and-dishonestly per“ such affections no longer by the trophies verted into the criminal passion of “ vain
of VAIN AMBITIon, but by all the ad- ambition, to serve the purposes of corvantages of an konourable repose, and ruption and craft, and to delude the very by ail, the blessings of a happy tran- numerous readers of this interesting State
quillity.” Now, Sir, who would sup- Paper, who have not the opportunity to pose, in roading this passage, but that the compare it with the French original. Can: Emperor Napoleon, penetrated with com- a “good cause ” stand in need of such punction for his past errors, had been led despicable artifices? to confess, through his Minister, that he had been heretofore stimulated by "vain
I am, Sir, your constant reader, ambition,” the vice so currently attributed
WILLIAM MAYLAND. to him by the prostituted press of Eng- London, May 28, 1815. land ?— Their point in truth was thus accomplished. They had for years accused Bonaparte of disturbing the world by his TO THE THINKING PEOPLE OF ENGLAND, “ vain ambition;" and here they give it
WHO DO NOT rorm THE ARISTOCRACY, under his own hand, or, which is the
AND WHO ARE NOT OF THE WAR FACsame thing, under the hand of bis confidential Minister. Doubtless you and the public at large have been struck with this MY FRIENDS.-It might be well for extraordinary confession, made in the face. you to consider the terrific scene, which is of a thousand facts, which give it the lie pendant over your country, and over direct, it being most notorious to every Europe. The moments are few, but they one who has lived with his eyes open since may yet serve for the public expression of the year 1799, that Bonaparte's career popular opinion against a war with France, began by the restoration of a general which your Regent and a large proportion peace, and has been uniformly marked by of your Aristocracy has determined on. endeavours to remain at peace with all Consider how similar the occasion aod those who chose to be at peace with him; commencement of this war is to that of his overtures and solicitations in favour the first one, which arose out of the of peace savouring of pusillanimity, and French Revolution. It is the dread of the sometimes leading to war, by affording success and of the ultimate spread of that grounds for a charge of weakness on his spirit, of that Revolution which has alarmpart. I was led, therefore, to notice this ed the feelings, and aroused the indigna. passage in the French original, as pre- tion of our trembling Aristocracy.- The sented to the Houses of Parliament, when, expulsion of one dynasty, and the popular to my utter astonishment, I found nothing adoption of another; the extinction of about “ vain ambition,” or any senti- old titles, the forfeiture of property, the ment which justified the use of this fa- dissolution of a powerful churchestavourite phrase of our war faction! No blishment, the amelioration of the condiman, Mr: Cobbett; understands the French tion of the great mass of the people, who language better than yourself; behold then became independent; these are too then the original phrase of M. de Cau- formidable objects to be viewed with comLAINCOURT's letter, " Sa Majesté s'ho placency by those of this country, whom si
nore sourtout de la de voir uniquement milar events might place in similar situa“à l'amour du peuple Français, et elle tions. This is the dread, this causes the
ne forme plus qu'un désir, c'est de panic, and this, this only, is the reason why payer tant d'affection, non plus par des you are to be engaged in a war, of which trophées d'une trop infructuese gran- no man can calculate the conclusion or
deur, mais par tous les avantages, d'un the consequences. To make this war " honorable repos, par tous les bienfaits palatable, to make it appear necessary for 66 d'une heureuse tranquillité.” Here, your interest, the base hirelings of every every person who understands French, or description are using every species of dewho is competent to consult a French dic- ception and falsehood. One hour we are tionary, will find that a moral sentiment, toid, that Bonaparte can never take the
field because the late King, good man, even the demand for coarser articles is so (after he 'had packed up the Crown jewels diminished that trade languishes, and emwe suppose) ordered all the powder ployment in many instances is not to be and powder-mills to be destroyed. Now found. Will an addition of taxes better is it to be believed, when Soult had the either of these respective conditions ? will direction of the war department, aided not rather increased causes produce inby other · Marshals who were plan- creased effects ?-Englishmen! arise, ning Napoleons return, that such an awake, or be ever fallen.” The war is order would have been executed at the not your war; the objects of it are not last moments of the kings authority; your advantage; and the continuance of and had it really happened, is it for it must produce a crisis, the horrors, gotten "how in 'the earliest periods of the evils, and ultimate safety from which the Revolutionary war, upon a scar- no man can calculate. The fall of those city of powder, how quickly the men who occasion the evil will not be alone, of science, when directed to turn their or the just retribution of Heaven might attention to the preparation of this article, cause few tears from the survivors. But supplied the want. The same' falsehood, around us would hover numerous people, the same delusion is practiced in a thousand whom we have by our subsidies enriched forms. In nothing more than in the impudent and ranged in arms; whom we have taught statements of desertion from the French that interference in the internal Governarmies. ' I wish the 'issue of the question ment of other countries, is in some causes of war or peace could be rested upon the a duty; and whom their own experience truth or falsehood of this fact, whether has taught, that in others it may be an adfrom the hour of Bonaparte's landing in vantage, inasmuch as sometimes they may France, up to this moment of time, they end as conquerors where th-y pretended could or could not shew a list of authenti- to come as mediators and friends. Would, cated names of one thousand French sol- my friends, what I have said might rouse diers, who had served with him, and who you to the exercise of all legitimate means have quitted his standard to join the Al- to stem the tide of war, with which the lies. The chance would be a poor one weakness and wickedness of some for the friends of war.-Such then are the would overwhelm us. The cause is your causes of the war, and such the vile means own, and as is your apathy or your vigour resorted to to induce your hearty concur- you must abide and remain. Civis, rence in it, that you may pay for it in tax- June 7th, 1815. ation and bleed for it, with slaves from Russia, changelings from Germany, and subsidised soldiers from all quarters of the
THE CHAMP DE MAI. Continent. They tell you, it is to be but a summer's business; that the Bourbons, In introducing to the notice of my reathe nobles, the priests, the tythes, the for- ders, the most impressive and important feited estates, the virtues, the blessings, proceeding which Europe has witnessed and the comforts of the old Regime, and since the commencement of the French of all the Feudal System, will then be re- Revolution, few comments are necessary: stored in full and original authority; as It is a ceremony which speaks for itself, an example to all nations and all people and which ought to overwhelm with conwho dare to exert the rights of nature, and fusion all the base efforts of the vile hire-: vindicate their freedom against the tyranny ling press, who stigmatise it with the silly. of old institutions, and the feebleness and epithet of 6 a furce.” I fear its effects. wickedness of the few who lord it over will not be found furcical ;, and certainly. and trample on the niany. As agricul- if our besotted war faction continue their turists, I think, you have suficiently felt. industrious efforts, one of the first effects and seen the difficulties you now labour will be the renewal of those principles of. under; how taxation prevents your being liberty, which may possibly shake the able to meet the foreign corn grower in thrones of the Allied Autocrats to their the market.. As manufacturers, you now foundation. , I do not say that it will ; sce, that by war you have driven all, na. but it is, at least, possible that it may.--: tions to become your rivals; that in the But there is one circumstance, connected pner goods you are undersold; and that I with the celebration of the Champ de Mai,
so strikingly important, that I cannot for joining in vows for the great object of bear noticing it. The detestable Billings that magnificent ceremony-all excited gate calumniators of the French Emperor, the most ardent enthusiasm of which the have uniformly stated, as their decided and most memorable epochs have left us the conclusive conviction, that he dared not recollection. We shall not at present appear in public; that when he went out enter into a particular description of the he was either shut up in a close carriage buildings prepared for this ceremony, but or rode his horse at full gallop. What do shall merely state the general arrangethese foul mouthed hirelings say now? ments. The Emperor's throne was erectWhat do they say to his placing himself, ed in front of the Military School, and in unarmed and without guards, on an ele- the centre of a vast semi-circular inclorated hrone, surrounded not only by the sure, two thirds of which formed, on the people from all parts of the immense right and left grand amphitheatres, in French empire, but also by the whole po- which 15,000 persons were seated. The pulation of the prodigious city of Paris ? other third iu front of the throne was And yet not a single assassin could be open. An alter was erected in the found in spite of all the proclamations middle. Further on, and about 100 of the “ legitimate proprietors of the toises distant, was placed another throne, buman race," to do the so much de- which overlooked the whole Champ de sired deed of putting an end to the Mars. The Emperor having repaired to only really elected monarch in Europe.--the Champ de Mars, in procession, in the Would any of the Emperors or Kings who order described in the Programme, apbase proscribed Napoleon venture so to peared on his throne amidst universal acespose themselves? I doubt much whether clamations. Mass was celebrated by the any of them, shining as they are in all the Archbishop of Tours, assisted by Cardi. great qualities that adorn human nature, nal Bayanne, and four other Bishops.would choose to call about them the popu- Mass being concluded, the Members of lation of their States.- At least, it would the Central Deputation of the Electoral not perhaps be considered the most wise Colleges advanced to the foot of the experiment, unless a body guard was pre- Throne, the steps of which they ascended, viously provided to protect their sacred in order to have a nearer view of the Emo persons. After this new proof of the at- peror, and to be better seen by him. tachment of the French people to Napo- They were about 500 in number. They leon, let us hear no more of the vile at. were presented to his Majesty by the tempts of the Times and the Courier to Arch Chancellor.—Then one of the Mempersuade us, that Napoleon has not been bers of the Deputation (M. Duboys d'Anelected by the free and unbiassed suffrages gers, Elector and Representative of the of the French nation. This event is preg. Department of the Maine and Loire), pronant with the most important consequen- nounced with a loud voice and much anices; but it is unpessary for me to say more mation, the following Address, in the upon the subject to such men as compose name of the French peoole :the readers of the Register.--I give them the text; they will make their own com- the Crown to you; you deposed it with
SIRE-The French people had decreed mentary :
out their consent; its suffrages have just Paris, June 2.- Never did a festival imposed upon you the duty of resuming more national, never a spectacle at once it.-A new contract is formed between so solemn and touching, attract the at the nation and your Majesty.-Collected tention of the French people as the As- from all points of the Empire around the sembly of the Champ de Mai. Every I tables of the law of which we are about thing that could interest and elerate the to inscribe the wish of the people, this soul-the prayers of religion—the com- wish, which is the only legitimate source pact of a great people with their Sove- of power, it is impossible for us not to reign-France represented by the select utter the voice of France, of which we of her Citizens, Agriculturists, Merchants, are the immediate organs, not to say in Magistrates, and Warriors, collected the presence of Europe, to the august chief around the Throne-an immense popula- of the nation, what it expects from him, tion, covering the Champ de Mars, and and what he is to expect from it.- Whac
is the object of the league of Allied Kings, clare it to nations : may their chiefs hear with that warlike preparation by which us! If they accept your offers of peace, they alarm Europe and aftlict humanity ?-- the French people will look to your viBy what act, what violation have we pro- gorous, liberal, and paternal administra.' voked their vengeance, or given cause for tion for grounds of consolation, for the their aggression ? Have we since peace sacrifices made to obtain peace : but if we was concloded endeavoured to give them are left no choice but between war and Jaws? We merely wish to make and to disgrace, the whole country will rise for follow those which are adapted to our war, and the nation is prepared to relieve manners. We will not have the Chief you from the too moderate offers you whom our enemies would give us, and we have perhaps made, in order to save Eu. will have him whom they wish us not to rope from a new convulsion.
Every have. They dare to proscribe you, per- Frenchman is a soldier: Victory will sonally: you, Sire, who, so often master follow your eagles, and our enemies who of their capitals, generously consolidated rely on our divisions, will soon regret their tottering thrones. This hatred of having provoked us. our enemies adds to our love for you. The energy and the feelings of the Were they to proscribe the most obscure speaker gradually extended to all around, of our citizens, it would be our duty to and the whole Champ de Mars resounded defend him with the same energy. He with cries of Vive le Nation! Vive le would be, like you, under the Ægis of Empereur! At this moment the ArchFrench Law and French Power. They Chancellor proclaimed the result of the menace us with invasion!. And yet con- votes, shewiog that the Additional Act tracted within frontiers, which nature has to the Constitution of the Empire had not imposed upon us, and which, long be- been accepted almost unanimously; the foss your reign, victory, and even peace number of negative votes being 4,20€. had extended, we have not, from respect The Chief of the Heralds at Arms, on the to treaties which you had not signed, but order of his Majesty, transmitted by the which you had offered to observe, sought Grand Master of the Cereremonies, to pass that narrow boundary. Do they said, ask for guarantees ? They have them all
In the name of his Majesty I declare, that in our institutions, and in the will of the the Act Additional to the Constitutions of French people henceforth united to yours. the Empire has been accepted by the French Do they not dread to remind us of times, people. of a state of things lately so different, but which may still be re-produced! It
The Grand Chamberlain caused a table would not be the first time that we have to be brought in front of the throne, on conquered all Europe armed against us. which the Act was placed. The ChanBecause France wishes to be France,
cellor delivered a pen to Prince Josephi, must she be degraded, torn, dismembered, who presented it to the Emperor, and his and must the fate of Poland be reserved Majesty affixed his signature to the Act for us? It is in vain to conceal insidious for the promulgation of the Constitution. designs under the sole pretence of sepa- The table being removed, and the Emperating you from us, in order to give us
ror seated and covered, spoke in the fol. Masters with whom we have nothing in lowing terms:*common. Their presence destroyed all Gentlemen, Electors of the Colleges of the illusions attached to their name. They the Departments and Districts : Gentle could not believe our oaths, neither could men, Deputies of the Army and Navy, ut we their promises. Tithes, feudal rights, the Champ de Mai;-Emperor, Consul, privileges, every thing that was odious to Soldier, I derive all from the people. In us was too evidently the fond object of prosperity, in adversity, on the field of their thought, when one of them, to con- battle, in council, on the throne, and in sole the impatience of the present, as- cxile, France has been the sole and consured his confidants that he would answer stant object of my thoughts and actions. to them for the future. Every thing shall Like the King of Athens, I sacrificed mybe attempted, every thing executed, to self for my people, in the hope of realizing Tepel so ignominious a yoke. We de the promise given to preserve to France