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RAL TO THE WAR MINISTER.
sels. We thus became masters of the whole po
Fleurus, June 17, 4 o'clock in the morning, sitiou of Fleurus. Ai eight ju the evening the The battle of yesterday lasted till ten o'clock in Emperor re-entered his head-quarters at Charleroi. the evening. We are still in pursuit of the enemy, This day cost the enemy five pieces of cannon and who has experienced a terrible overthrow. We 2,000 men, of whom 1,000 are prisoners. Our loss have hithertu 8,000 prisoners, 20 pieces of cannon, is 10 men killed and 80 wounded, the greater part and several standards, many officers of rank, belonging to the squadron of the guard who made among others Count Lotzow. We expect at day the charges, and 10 three squa:Irons of tlie 2011 break to collect a great number in the villages of dragons who also charged a square wiil the St. Amand, and others who were cut off by the greate-l intrepidity. Our loss, though trifling in movement which the Emperor caused his guard amomt, has been sensibly felt by the Emperor, to make. The grenadiers and chasseurs of the from the severe wound received by General Lé- old guard viassacred entire masses, avd have lost tort, "is aiil de-camp, in charging at the head of very few men. It appears that it was a charge of the squaruns. He is an officer of the greatest bayonet by the Imperial Foot Guards, which dedistinction : loc was struck by a ball in the lower cided the battle. The enemy have been extremes part of the welly but the surgeons give liopes that ly oumerons. I never saw such euthasiasm in his world will not be mortal. We liave found our soldiers. The columns which marched to some may zives at Charleroi. The joy of the battle, the wounded wito returned from being Belgians it wonld be impossible to describe. dressed, never ceased to exclaim " Live the Em. There were so he villages which, on the right of peror!” their deivvarers, formed dances; and every wliere there is a niovement which procreds from the COPY OF A LETTER FROM THE MAJOR-GENE. hearr. Luther report of the Major-General of the Statf,' the lames of the officers and soldiers who
Fleurus, June 17, 1815, distingni-lna d themselves will be inserted. The Monsieur Marshal,-) announced yesterday, Emporos dias given the command of the left to from the field of battle of Ligny, to his Imperial the Prince of Moskwa, who, in the evening, hadi Highess Prince Josepli, the signal victory which his head quarters at Quatre. Chemins, on the road the Emperor has gained. I returned here with his to Bruwels. The Duke of Treviso, lo whom the Majesty at 11 o'clock in the evening, and it was Emperor gave the command of the young guard, necessary to pass the night in attending to the has ninained of Beamont, ill of the rheumatism, wounded. The Emperor has remonuted bis wbichten forced him to keep his bed. The 4111 horse, to follow the success of the battle of Ligny. corps, com.andeid bv General Gerard, arrives It was fonglit with fury, and the grealest'enthuthis evening at Chutelei. General Gerard has siasin on the part of the troops. We were one to stated, that Lieu. General Boormont, Colonel three. At 'eight o'clock in the evening, the Em Clenet and the civet of squadron Villoutreys, peror marched with his guard : six battalions of have passed over to the enemy. A lieutevant the old guard, the dragoons, and horse-grena. of the 11th Chasseurs liås also gone over. The diers, and the cuirassiers of General Delort, de. Major-General has ordered that these deserlers bonched' by Ligny, and executed a charge wbicta shall be immediately' sentenced conformably to separated ‘ilie enemy's line. Wellington and the laus It would be impossible to describe Flucher saved themselves with diffculty: the the good pirit and ardoar of the army.' It view's effect was theatrical. In au instant the firing the deserijim of this small number of traitors ceased, and the enemy was ronted in all direcwho this throw off the mask, as a fortunate tions. We have already several thousand prio eveut.
soners, and 40 pieces of caonou. The 6th and
1st corps were not engaged. The left wing NEWS FROM THE ARMY.
fought against the English army, and took from it In rear of Ligny, half past 8 in the evening cannon and standards. At night I will give you of the 16th of June, 1815.
further details, for every instant prisoners are The Emperos has just oblaived a complete annonced, Our Inss does not appear enormous victory over the Prussian and English armies, since, withiont screening it, I do not reckon it af united under the orders of Lord Wellington and
more than 3000 men. Marshal Blucher. The army at this moment de.
(Signed) bonclies by the village of Ligny, in advance of Fleurus, in pursue the enemy.
Marshal, Major-General Duke of DALMATIA. A letter of the Emperor, of the 16th, ends
(A Copy) wiin tiese words, written with his owu baud, Marshal, Minister of War, Prince of ECK.UUH lg " he is going on well."
Exposition of the Minister of the protector of liberal ideas, around a Prince INTERIOR.
who, educated in the revolution, advances The President announced, that Count with the age in which he lives, and wishes Regnault St. Jean d'Angely requested a to extend the dominion of mind instead of hearing, to communicate to the Chamber circumscribing it. Instructed by misforthe exposition of the Minister of the Inte- tunes, he will see the conquerors of Austior: it was granted.
terlitz, of Marengo, and of Jena, march His Majesty the Emperor, said Count anew under the colours which su often led Regnault, having charged those of his Mi- them to victory, and the event will not be nisters who are Members of the Chamber doubtful. However, his Majesty is sinof Peers to communicate to that Assembly cerely desirous of peace; he has done the exposition of our situation, which was every thing to preserve it, but without inannounced to you in the discourse from clining to listen for a moment to humiliathe throne, has confided a similar mission ting conditions, which would compromise to those of his ministers who have been the honour and the dearest interests of elected representatives of the people. To- France. All his efforts, however, have day, and at the moment when I speak, the been fruitless; already our frontiers are Minister of the Interior is reading to the menaced at all points, already hostilities Chamber of Peers the exposition of the have been commenced without any prestate of the Empire. I have been charged liminary declaration of war, and there to communicate to you a copy thereof, seems to remain no other resource for the and shall read it, if such is the pleasure of maintenance of our independence but an the Chamber. The assembly manifested appeal to arms. If the Emperor wire less its assent.
fortified by the inherent strength of his Count Regnault resumed.-Among all character, he might fear two rocks. There the objects of the Emperor's solicitude, has been talk of a royalist party and a rethe first, after his solemn acceptance of the publican party, alike enemies of his goconstitution, has been to make known to vernment. But the former has not known the nation, through the medium of its re- how to defend the Princes objects of its presentatives, the true situation in which affection, for whom it pretended a willingit is placed. Three months have scarcely ness to die; it is far from formidable. As elapsed since his Majesty quitted the rock to the republicans, converted from old to which circumstances had for a moment errors, of which cruel experience made banished him, in order to deliver France them feel too severely the fatal effects, from the enslaring yoke of a worn-out dy- they see in the Emperor only the pronasty, which managed the resources of our tector of the liberal ideas which they have fine couotry merely for the profit of fo- at all times themselves professed, and reigners. The enthusiasm which served which excesses alone have prevented them as an escort to his Majesty from the pe- from hitherto seeing realised. The time riod of his landing, sufficiently proved on has been too short to give to the national what side lay the national „wishes. It constitution all the perfection of which it proves, that if the deposed family could was susceptible; but the Emperor, towards ever re-enter France with the aid of fo- the accomplishment of this essential work, reigners, it would soon be expelled anew. reckons on the intelligence and patriotism Its prejudices, its engagements with the of the two Chambers. The preparations old privileged castes, are all in opposition for war have prevented him from giving to to the liberal ideas in which the existing it himself all the attention which he could generation has been bred, and which can have wished; but the French territory never retrograde. With the princes of was threatened. The national character, that family, we should have seen, as in which essentially rejects every idea of deed we are menaced, with the re-appear- conquest, should have been a sufficient ance of all the cruel absurdities of feudal guarantee to all the powers of Europe government, and the degrading slavery of against the invasiou which they seem so the monastic system. In the mean time, much to fear at present; but that fear is it is to re-establish all these institutions, only a vain pretext to cover their ambi. that they invite the foreigner into our fiue tion. That ambition is sufficiently decountry: but we will never thus abandon monstrated by the senseless declarations it; we will rally around the Emperor, the of the Congress of Vienna, by the assentie blages on our frontiers, hy hostilities com-vity: The hospitals in the departments invaded menced in full peace, by landings effected by the enemy had considerably suffered, vat xley
were already re established. on bur coasts in order to encourage civil WORKS.–Under this bead Count Regnanlt war, and, in fine, by the refusal to listen enumerated the great monuments founded or orto any proposal for the maintenance of Jered by his Majesty; they should be continued, peace. All these circumstances must give thoug!, they weie seen suspended even iu time of a precise idea of the justice and modera- peace; but they should in fiture de exclusively
reserved for France, and if existing circum. tion of our enemies : it is the same as instances did not permit them to receive that er. 1792, when the Duke of Brunswick pub- tent which were to be wished, they should soon lished the famous manifesto of which the be accelerated by the arms which would be no
longer necessary for the defence of the country. insolent pretentions converted the French
WORKS AT PARIS.—The Minister here gave into a nation of soldiers. Representatives an acccount of the various constructions which of the nation, you know the French peo. have been commenced in the capital, and which ple, essentially good and generous, and should be continued. always ready to contribute to the wants markable.
Mines.---This lead presented nothing reof the country, provided the whole extent MANUFACTURES.-Count Regnault here did of these wants be fairly made known to jnstice to the superiority of our manufactures, them. You have already assumed that which all the merchants of Enrope could attest wise and imposing attitude which is the time during which it had been in their power to
from the experience furnished them by the short finest guarantee to our liberty and inde- trade with us. He saw, like every statesman, pendence; and you have a right to know, that l'rance, at once agricultural and manutacwithout the least disguise, the state of our turing, conid alone, dispense with the assistance wants and resources.
The former are
of its neighbours, and that a liberal government
conld not fail to give all possible spring to na. doubtless great, but sufficient means exist tional industry, formerly compressed by Gothic to proride for them without oppressing the prejudices. - lie announced that various new mapeople; and with the energy which you, duced ; that the manufacture of sugar from the
mufactures had been improved, apd others intro. share with the people who elected you, we beet-root, in spite
of all the efforts made to de shall be certain of repelling the most un- stroy it, promised shortly to render Europe in. just aggression against an independent dependent of the New World for that article; people, of which the political annals of thit the indigo of woad, without having reached cabinets have ever preserved the recollec- India; and that, in fine, a number of useful dis
the same pertection, already rivalled that of tion. I am charged to present to you the coveries presented new sources of national pros. following details on our internal situa- perity. 'tion:
COMMERCE.-The report expressed nothing COMMUNES. Under this licad, Count Reg. ambition of sovereigns all the nations of Europe
but hope upon this article, and by the absurd nauli staled, that the communal administrations had been almost totally abandoned under the go.
are placed in the same condition. vernment of the Bourbons ; that the communal exhibited all the vicissitudes to which the corps
INSTRUCTION.- Under this title the Minister funds, so essential to the movement of troops, of teachers bad been subjected. The result of the equipment of the national guards, &c: bad the enquiry sliewed that the number both of .col. been delapidated by the journies of the Princes, leges and scholars had been diminished, bnt that by the restoration of woods to emigrants, and by the university of Paris still numbered under its many other malversations; but that the Emperor direction 325,551 pupils, and that the lyceum, wasiaking pains to restore order in this important stimulated by the new encouragement of the branch of internal administration.
Emperor, visplayed the best spirit. HOSPITALS.---These asylums of suffering hill. PUBLIC WORSHIP.-In speaking of the clergy, manity liad at all times excited tlie solicitude of the Muister did not attempt to disguise the erthe Emperor. At the commencement of 1814, rors they committed under the last government, thiese establisliments bad been exposed to cono in giving way, from the lure of a restiintion of siderable adelitinual expences from the number of citire property, to the intluence of emigrants, sick and wounded soldiers. Under the late go. instigivatizing as plunderers the owners of ma. veroment, however, they were on the point of tional property, whose titles had been recognised losing one of their principal resources, by the as legitimate by the Pope himself, and in ato Pestimion of property of emigrants, with which tempting, in the name of the Almvighty, wliose they irad been evdowed by solean latra. The servants they are, to light up civil war among Emperor had restored it to them. He had also men. -The Emperor, however, was always disdonbled the fils of the Material Society which posed io protect, and even favour the ministers he founder : whicli, on this account alone, was of the church, so long as they confined them. neglected, and of which the angest protectress selves within the bounds of their duty, and had is invited back by the wishes of all Freuclimen. already conferred on the curates an augmentation
The depots of mendicity, created also by the of 1.30 trauks, which has been vainny promised Eperos, were equally abandoreil; but these to tben by the last government. The l'operor estublialia ei.is weic about iu termine ruw acti'w da, besides, the only sovereign who, having 110
further interests to arrange with the Pope, had it
IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS. in his power to put an end to those interminable negociatious, commenced by the last government
Paris, JUNE 12.--Yesterday, (Sunday whh the Court of Rome, and to re-establish, npon the ulti) the Emperor being on his the basis of the concordat, the liberties of the Gal. thrones surrounded by the Princes his lican church
brothers, the Grand Dignitaries, Ministers, JURISPRUDENCE. - This article of the report &c. received at the Thuilleries, before was extremely short, The Minister, merely stated, that those civiljndges who felt ihemselves mass, a Deputation of the Chamber of wworthy of their fonctions, liad done justice by Peers. On this occasion, the Irince abdicating their offices ; and that as far as re. Arch-Chancellor, president, presented the spected the administration of the eriminal law, following address : the establisłyment of the trial by jury every day merited new approbation;, but that in the mean Sire, Your anxiety to submit to constitutional time, some organical institutions were necessary for ins and rules, the absolute power with whicka to regulate the duties and diminish the labours of circumstances and the confidence of fe people those judicial citizens.
had invested you, the new guarantees given to THE WAR DEPARTMENT.— It was absolutely the rights of the nation, the devoteduess which impossible to follow M. le Comte Regnanli leads you into the midst of the dangers the army
throngh all the details which he furujshed on this is about to brave, penetrates all bearts with proimportant topic. The resnit is, that on the 1st found gratitude. The Peers of France come to of April, 1314, the army consisted of 450,000 offer yoor Majesty the homage of this sentiment. mel, exclusive of 150,000 prisoners, all veteran You have manifested principles, Sire, which are soldiers, and of 115,000 conscripts of the levy of thoxe of the nation : they must at-o be oors. 1815, of which 45,000 only, ont of 160,000, had 'Yes, all power springs from the people, is insti. been raised. The last government, at once pro tuted for the people; the constitutional mo. digal and avaricious, alarmed at its own strength, narchy is necessary to the French, as the goaand essentially hosiile to the army, had taken rantee of its liberty and independence. Sire, every possible means of diminishing it.--Tlie while you shall be on the frontiers, at the head of 'orator then described the varions oppressions to the sons of the country, the Chamber of Peers which the army had been exposed, particularly will zealously concnr in every legislative measure by the introduction of the emigrants, and which which circumscances require, to compel foreigners · had reduced its number to 175,000 men. Since to acknowledge the valionat independence, and the 20th of Marchi last, its number had been to canse the principles, cousecrated by the will
raised to 375,000 combatants of every descrip- of the people, to triumple in the interior. The tion; and before the 1st of Aognst, it would interest of France is inseparable from your's. amonnt to 500,000 independent of thie national Should fortune fail your efforts, reverses, Sire, gniards.
shall vot weaken our perseverance, and stia!! THE IMPERIAL GUARD.-—This sarest bulwark redonble ont attachment to you. It events cor. of the throne in times of war, and its finest orna. respond to the justice of our cause, and to the ment in time of peace, had a separate article al hopes we are accustomed to conceive of your lotted to it in the official report. The Niinister senius, and to the bravery of our armies, France condenined the injustice with which it was treat. desires no other fruits from them but peace. ed by the last government, and announced that our institutions guarantee to Europe that the it already amounted to 40,000 men.
French vation cannot be drawn on by the seduc.
tions of victory. ARTILLERY.---The losses in this arm has been in a great measure repaired; they were occa- His Majesty replied :sioned chiefly by treachery, and especially the delivering up of all the strong places, hy order
M. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the of thie Cout d'Artois in his capacity of Lieute-Chamber of Peers - The contest in which we are wanit-Geveral of the kingdom. By this single act engaged is serious. The seduction of prosperity France had lost 12,000 pieces of cannon, mostly is not the danger which threatens us now. of brass, the value of which is estimated at
under the Caudine Forks that foreignes, wish to 200,000,000 of francs. This loss, however, had make us paes ! The justice of our cause, tlie been entirely supplied : the arsevals, magazines public spirit of the nation, and the courage of the of powder, and armories, were in full aciivity; army, are powerful reasons for hoping access: and after laving armed the national guard and l but should we have reverses, then expecially associations, there would remain in the magazines hall delight to see called forili all the energy of 600,000 muskeis in reserve.
this great people; then sha!! I find in the CharaMILITARY ESPENDITURE.—The administre. ber of Peers, proofs of attachment to the country tive details on this subject were little susceptible and me.--It is in difhcult times that great isa. of abridgment, The Minister, however, asserted tions, like great men, develope all the entity of that the necessary functs woni:l be easily pro their character, and become objects of allmira. videl, and no new taxes be required.
tion to posterity. I thank you, gentlemen, for NATONAL GUARD.-This article furnished no
the sentiments you have expressed 10 me in the information of which the public is not alreally wame of the Chamber. in possession.
This andience bring finished, the Em11 MIRINE presented considerable resources,
peror proceeded to mass. noivotlistanding the evils produced by teachers having a ain taken his place on the ulushiad nvi, lusterer, litst and did pun its honour,
throat, he received a deputation of the
Chamber of Representatives, headed by a people who carry to the highest pitch the en.
Doubi. Count Lanjuinais, the president, who, pre-lexs, among the communications which your Ma. sented the following address :
jesty promises us, the Chambers will find proots Sire, -Tlie Chamber of Representatives re
of the efforts yon have made to maintain the ceived with profound emotion the words which peace of the world. If all these efforts mitst re-proceeded from the throne at the solema sitting, main(seless, may the calamities of war fail upon when your Majesty, Jaying down the extraor.
those who shall have provoked them. The Chamdivary power which yon exercised, proclained ber of Representatives only waits for the doctthe commencement of the Constitutional mo.
ments announced to it in order to contribute will Darchy. The chief basis of that monarchy, the all its power to the measures which the success protectress of liberty, egnality, and the hap. 1 of so legitimate a war will require. It delays piness of the people, liave been recoguized by pronouncing its resolves only till it knows the by your Majesty, who, rising above all scruples, wants and resonrces of the state ; and while your as anticipating all wishes, has decla ed that the Majesty, opposing to the most anjost aggression care of collecting our scattered constitutions, the valonr of the natioval armies and the force of and of a ranging them, was one of the most im.. your genius, will seek in victory only one means portant occupations reserved for the legislature. of attaining a dirable peace the Chainber of Re. Faithful to its mission, the Chamber of Deputies presentatives will deem thaent marches towards will perform the task thas devolved upon it; it ihe same object; by incessantly labouring on the requests that, to satisfy the public wisli, as well compact, of which the improvement must cement as 'the wishes of yonr Majesty, national delibe- the onion of the people and the throne, and
ration shonld rectify, as speedily as possible, strengthen, in the eyes of Europe, by the amelioany thing defective or imperfect, that the ur. ration of our institutions, the guranice of our est
gency of our situation may have produced, or left gagements. to exist in our constitationis considered as a whole.
His Majesty replied: But at the same time, Sire, the Chamber of Re. presentatives will not shew itself less anxions to Mr. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the proclaim its sentiments and its principles as to Chamber of Representatives,--I recognise with sathe terrible contest which threatens to cover tisfaction my own sentiments in those which yon Europe with blood. In the train of disastrous express to me. Iu these weighty circumstances events, France invaded, appeared for a moment my thoughts are absorded by the imminent war, listened to as to the establishment of a constitu. to the success of which are attached the indepen. tion, only to see herself almost immediately sub- dence and the honour of France. I will depart this jected to a royal charter emavating from abso- night to place myself at the head of my armies; Inte power, to an ordinance of reform always the movements of the different hostile corps revocable in its nature, and which, not having render my presence there indispensible. During the expressed assent of the people, could never my absence I shall see with pleasure a commission be considered as obligatory on the nation. Re. appointed by each chamber engaged in delibe. suming now the exercise of her rights, rallying rating on' our constitutions. The constitntion is around the hero whoin her confidence anew in our rallying point; it must be our pole-star in vests with the government of tbe state, France these stormy moments. All public discossion, is astonished and afflicted at seeing some Sove tending to diminish directly or indirectly the con r.igns in arms call her to account for au internal fidence which should be placed in its exact. ange, which is the result of the national will, ments, will be a misfortune to the state ; we and which attacks neither the relations existing should then find ourselves at sea, without a com, with other governments, nor their security. - pass and witliont á rudder," Tlie crisis in which France cannot admit the distinctions with the
we are placed is great. Let us not imitate tlie aid of which the coalesced powers endeavour to conduct of the Lower Enpire, whichi, pressed cloak their aggression To attack the monarch on all sides by barbariavis, inade itself tlie langh. of its choice, is to attack the independence of ing stock of porterity, by occapying itself withi tire nation. It is armed as one man to defend abstract disciissions, at the moment when tlie l'lat independence, and to repel, without excep. battering ram was skaking the gates of the city, tion, every family and every prince whion inen Independently of the Legislative measures reshall dare to wish to impose upon it. No ambi. quired by the circumstances of the interior, you rious project enters the thoughts of the French 'vill probably deem it useful to employ yourself people; the will cveu of a victorious Prince on organic laws destined to put the constitution would be insullicient to draw on the nation be; in motion. They may be the object of yonr pubyond the limits of its own defence: but to gtard liclabours withont any inconvenience. The serie its territory, to maintain its liberty, its hononr, timents expressed in your address sntficiently de iis dignity, it is ready for any sacrifice. Why i monstrate io mp the attachment of the Chamber ale we hot still permitted to hope, Sire, that to my person, and all the patriotism with which tiese watlike preparations, formed periajos by it is animated. In all affairs my march siall lie the irritation of priile, and by iilusious which straight forward and firm. Assist me to save the every day must weaken, may still disperse before country. First representative of the people, 1 the want ot a peace necessary to all the nations lave contracted the engagement, wbich I renew', of Enrope, and which hall restore to your MA- of employing in more tranquil times, all the pre jesty a spouse, to the French the heir of a throne: rogatives of the Crown, and the little experience But bland has already flowed, the sign of com- Uliave acquired, in seconding you in the ameliobats, prepared against the independence and ration of our Constitusions. liberty of France, ivas been given in the name of Printed and Published by G. HOUSTON, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed
to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.