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and, which we shall by.and-by find to thumb of the right hand of the male inhahave been of greater weight than all the bitants of France, I know not. But, I rest put together, FIFTY MILLIONS think, we shall hear them propose the anni. OF O'R MONEY, voted by the lo- hilation of the fleet of France; the surpourable House. This is the key of ca- render of her frontier towns; the abolition binets; the powder, ball, swords, and of all the new nobility; the disbanding bayonets of armies. This it is that will of the whole of the army; to restoration decide the fate of France now, as it did in of the papal territories in Provence; the 1814. In the times of the R«public, in- giving up of something to Spain; the redeed, our millions had no effect. There establishment of the feudal rights and were many very cruel men in power, du courts ; and, I shall be very much surring those stormy times; but, those men prised if we do not hear it forcibly recomwere sound as towards their country. menced to Louis le Desirée to re-establish There was little of moderation, to be sure ; | the monasteries and the tythes. but, there was a great deal of fidelity. There will be some work to accom.

llowever, those times are passed. The plish all this ; yet, ail this would not anmen, who have declined to go back to swer the end in view, unless the French rooulutionary measures, have now to make pay a share of our NATIONAL DEBT, their peace as they can; or, rather, I take the annual interest of which will now be it, to submit to their fate. They will forty-three millions sterling ; and, unless know, in all lower man probability, before we could, besides, make them pay their this day week, whether the pensioned share towards the support of our PAU. BURKE spoke truth, when he said, that PERS. Unless these can be accomplishKings had long memories as well as long ed, people will not live here to pay part

Our Times newspaper already has of this dcbt, if they can avoid it by going marked out some hundreds for the gallows. to France. Their loyalty will not keep lle is forhanging them up at once.And, them at home to live meanly, while they really, I think his advice very likely to be can live in atiluence by only crossing the followed. Blood, blood, is the cry on channel. If France were a republic, less every side ; and, those in power, at Paris, rich people would go,

than will go, will now see what is the consequence of France being a monarchy. Our old madoing things by halves, when they have to lady will return with the Bourbons, to redeal with kings, nobles, and priests ! store whom we have so loaded ourselves They will now see what is to be gained by with deists, that many of our people will their “ moderation!They will soon be compelled to go and live under them. see, that power must be maintained, if at All is not over, therefore, when Louis all, by the same sort of means as those, by is up again. By disabling France for which it has been acquired. Their fate and war, we shall compel her to set about the that of Napoleon), whose name will always arts of pace. We shall make France a be pronounced with, admiration of his country to live in ; a country that the warlike deeds, will be a warning to future arts of peace will seek. She will, do revolutionists how they place kings upon what we will, soon become our rival in their throues, after having dethroned them. manufactures. Commerce will revive I do not say, that it is to be regretted; with her very quickly. Amongst all the but, it has astonished every one to see the lighting nations she is, after all, the only Royal Family of France suffered to escape one that is lightly taxed; and, I repeat, so tranquilly, even after some of them that, unless we can make her pay a share were taken in arms! Napoleon, will of the interest of the debt, contracted in soon find, that this was not the way to in- the subduing of her, we shall, with all sure the safety of his own person).

our successes and all our boastings, hare On what conditions Louis may be re- only accelerated the destruction of our stored, we cannot yet say ; but our news- own system. In short, unless we can papers insist, that he ought to be compelled make France triðutary to us, to the to adopt such measures as the safety of amount of 20 millions sterling a year, we Europe, and particularly of England, may shall live to mourn the triumphs, at which demand. Whether these writers mean towe now rejoice. propose the drawing out of the fore-teeth

I am, &c. &c. and the cutting off of the fingers and

W. COBBETT.

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ABDICATION OF NAPOLEON IN FAVOUR / the union of all efforts, of all wills, and the con

or his Son. APPOINTMENT OF A PRO-currence of all vational authorities. I had reason ISIONAL GOVERNMENT. PROCEEDINGS to hope for snccess, and I braved all the declara

THE TWO CHAMBERS. STATE OF THE tions of the Powers against me. Circumstances ARMIES, &c.

appear to me changed. I offer myself as a sacri.

fice to the hatred of the enemies of France. May This has been a week of events, perhaps they prove sincere in their declarations, and have the most extraordinary which are recorded really directed them only against my power! in history. The Emperor Napoleon has My political life is terminated, and I proclaim resigned the throne of France, and his ny son under the title of Napoleon II. Emperor son, by the Empress Maria Louisa, daugh of the French. The present Ministers will proter of the Emperor Francis of Austria, visionally form the Council of the Goveruinent. and niece of the Queen of France, Maria The interest which I take in my son induces me Antoinette, who was guillotined, during to invite the Chambers to form, without delay, the Revolution, has been proclaimed Em- the Regency by a law. Unite all for the public peror of France, by the style and title of safety, in order to remain au independeot nati »n. Napoleon the 11d. The proceedings by

(Signer)

NAPOLEON. which this great event has been brought about, are as follow :-Napoleon, after

The Duke of Otranto addressed the losing the battle of Waterloo, which, per-Assembly in a very energetic speech, in losing the battle of Waterloo, which, per- which he concluded by proposing that a haps, was attended with more fatal consequerces than any yet ever heard of, re

council of five persons should be appointturned to Paris. - Ile lost no time in send-ed, with instructions to them to treat ing a Message to the Legislative Bodies, with the Allies for the maintenance of the ealling upon them to take measures for independence of the French nation.-M. the re-organization of his army, and for Dupin followed. He stated, that the the replacing of its “ Material," (that is, first duty of the House was to accept the in English, all the engines of war) which, resignation of Napoleon, it appears, had been completely lost.

After a very long and turbulent debate, This Message was received with, at least,

the members already mentioned were colduess; and Napoleon, seeing that the elected to form the Provisional Governfeeling of the Assemblies were against ment. On the following day, the 23d, him, sent a Message, informing them, M. Berenger moved, that the Provisional that he had abdicated in favour of his government should be declared collecSon! - This Message excited very turbu- tively responsible. After considerable lent debates. The Republican body seem- agitation and confusion, the sitting closed, ed to pause at his right to abdicaie in fa- with recognising the accession of Napovour of any one. Those of the Assem

leon II. as Emperor of the French, and inblies who were Bonapartists, argued, that structing the new Provisional government there was no other way of exciting en- to communicate forth with with the Allies. thusiasm in the army; and a third party

The Debates in the House of Peers were appeared to be tinctured with a sort of nearly of the same kind, and had the attachment to the Duke of Orleans; at same result.-Ney, the Prince of Moskwa, least, they were openly denounced as such gave the following detail of the state of by several Members. At last, however,

the armies. a Council of Regency was established, Marshal Grouchy and the Duke of Dalmatia consisting of the following persons: Count are not capable of assembling 60,000 men. It is Carnot, Fouche, (Duke of Otranto) impossible to assemble them on the line of the General Grenier, Caulaincourt (Duke army of the north. Marshal Grouchy in particoof Vicenza) and Baron QUINETTE.

far has not been able to collect more than 7 or On the 22d June, the debates were

8000 meu, The Duke of Dalmatia was not able opened hy the delivery of the Declaration

to rally any troops at Rocroy, and the only of Napoleon, of which the following is a

means yon lrave of saving the country is to open copy :

a negociation. BONAPARTE'S DECLARATION TO THE FRENCH

On this statement a long debate ensued, FRENCHMEN!- In commencing war for main. in which no sort of blame was attempted laining the national independence, I relied on to be attributed in any way, directly or

2 C3

PEOPLE.

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indirectly, to Napoleon, or any of his from General Lemarque, dated 22 June, generals; and, on the motion of the in which he states, that he had “ surprised Count de Ponte Contant, the House re- a large body of Vendeans, to the amount solved, that the Resolutions of the House “ of 18 or 20,000, near La Roche S of Representatives be adopted, in which“ vieres, routed them, and killed and the war was declared National, and the “ wounded between 12 and 1,500. men." whole nation called upon to defend it self. The following decree was then proposed : During the debates in the Chamber of

" Art. I. The Government is authorised to Representatives, the following most energetic speech was made by M. De la of the armies and the transport of troops.

secure, by means of REQUISITION, the subsistence Fayette, that celebrated man, who has

“ 2. The Goverument will adopt such meaeut so distinguished a figure in the cause of liberty, from his first appearance in pub- exercise of these riquisitions.

sures as to prevent and punish any abuses in the lic life as Commander in Chief of the

(Sigoed) Le Duc d'OTRANTO, President." French Army or Armies, through the whole period of the French Revolution

On the 25th the Duke of Otranto comup to the present day ; during all which municated the following extract of the he has proved himself decidedly and con- correspondence, received by the Minister clusively a true friend of liberty of War during the 24th, relative to the « Gentlemen, while for the first time for operations of the armies : many years you hear a voice which the

Murshul Grouchy writes from Recroi, that he has old friends of liberty may yet recognize, entered that place with 20,000 infantry, 5000 ca. I fee} myself called upon to speak to you rulry, and a numerous artillery. The Duke of of the dangers of the country which you Dalmatin writes from 'Mezieres on the 19th Jure, at present alone have the power of sav- that the enemy will be in three duys before Laon ; ing. Sinister reports have been spread ; that great disorders have taken place in the admi. they are unfortunately confirmed. This nistration of the army; that there are a great is the moment to rally round the old tri- number of fugitives, and that he is doing every thing coloured standard, that of 89, that of in his power to repair the evil. A telegraphic Dis. liberty, equality, and public order; it is patch of the 22d June, announces that the army of that alone which can protect us from fo- the Moselle was attacked in the night, that the pest reign attacks and internal dissensions. of St. Jean has retired upon Forbach and St. Avold. Allow, Gentleman, a veteran in that sa

Our army of the Alps has repulsed the enemy upon ered cause, who was ever an enemy to the bridge of La Grange, and taken 150 prisoners. faction, to submit to you some resolu

Nothing new in the army of the Eastern Pyrenreestions, which I flatter myself you will feel the spirit of the department of the Gers appears to the necessity of adopting.”

be ameliorated. Art. 1. The Chamber declares that the inde

After a long debate, the following laws pendance of the nation is menaced.

were passed against Agitators, and after2. The Chaniber declares its sittings permawards received the sanction of the senate nenít. All attempts to dissolve it shall be consi- and the Provisional government : dered high-treason; whoever sbáll render himself

Art. 1. Tlie Commission of Government, in gailty of such an attempt shall be considered a order to ensure public tranquillity, besides the trailor to his country, and condemned as such.

mrasures indicated by law, may order against 3. The Arny of the Line, the Natioval Guards, those who shall be accused of provoking or fa. who liave fouglit, and still figlit, for the liberty, vouring disturbances, displaying signs of rallying, the independence, and the territory of France, or other colours than the National ones, spreading bare merited well of the country.

false and alarming news, either being placed These resolutions were carried in both ander superintendance, in a place different from houses. On the 24th ; a letter was read their place of residence, or arrest without being in the House of Representatives, from obliged to send them before a Court of Law in the General Delange. Announcing, that pro- period prescribed by the law. posals had been made to him by Laroche 2. The present disposition shall only be exe Jacquelin, for a suspension of arms, to cated for two months, at which time the indi enable him to communicate to other Ven- viduals. taken up or placed under superintendevce clean chiefs « a proposition for pacifying strall be free, or sent, if necessary, before the the country.” Another letter was readl Tribuuals,

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BY

THE GOVERNMENT COM.

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MISSLON TO THE FRENCIC PEOPLE.

3. There shall be created in each of the Legis. | interior of the capital, in order to watch over the Jative Chambers a Cominittee, to which the .com. maintenance of order, which the disaffected plaints of individuals affected by the present law wonld in vain endeavour to trouble. The Pari. sball be addressed,

sian federation is animated with an unanimous decree was issued by the Provisional wist : il knows no efforts beyond its zeal for tlie

holy cause of liberty. Its dearest bope in make overnment, requiring, that all the

young men of 1815 remaining of the ing tliis solema demand, is to be placed in ad« 160,000 ordered to be levied on the 9th

vance, to prove immediately by actions its devo66 of October, 1813, shall be immediately

tedness and patriotism. The Members of the

Confederation, placed in active service;" and by an

CARRET, President. order of the Minister of War, all officers

CHERY, Treasurer, and soldiers belonging to the army of the

QUINET, Secretary-Gen. porth, then.at Paris without leave of ab- PROCLAMATION sence,

are required to depart within 24 hours, and proceed to Soissons, whence

Paris, June 24. they will be directed to their respective FRENCHMEN,–Within the period of a few corps," under pain of being “conveyed days glorious snecesses and a dreadful reverse

to the military prisons and their names have again agitated your destinies. A great sa* delivered up to public censure.”—Dur- crifice appeared vecessary to your peace and to ing this sitting, addresses were presented that of the world, and Napoleon abdicated the by the Parisian Federation, by the con- Imperial Power. His abdication forms the term federated pupils of the Schools of Law and of his political life. His son is proclaimed. Your . Medicine, and from the pupils of the Ly- new Constitution, which possesses as yel only ceum Napoleon, declaring that they put good priuciples, is about to undergo its applicathemselves under the orders of the Assem. tion, and even those principles are are to be publy, for the defence of the country. Ho- rified and extended. There no longer exist norable mention of these was made in the powers jealous of e..ch other. The space is free minutes. The following address of the to the eulightened patriotism of your Represen. Parisian Federation, will give an idea of tatives, and the Peers teel, think, and vote as the whole :

your mandatories. After tweuty-five years of Gentlemen Representatives--The country was political tempests the moment has arrived when, threatened : the Bretons, the Lyonnois, the Bur- every thing wise and sublime that has been con. gandians, confederated to repel our aggressors. ceived respecting facial institutions, may be per. Inspired by the same sentiments, the Parisians, tected in yours. Let reason and genius speak, who in all times have given the example of pa- and from whatever side their voices may proceed triðlism, immediately rose, and independently ot they shall be lieard. Plenipotentiaries bave de. "the federations of St. Antoine and St. Marceau, parted, in order to treat in the name of the na. the capital saw the Parisian federation formed in tion, and to negociate with the Powers of Europe its bosom. While our armies were extended over that peace which they have pronzised on one cun. our lines, and were preparing for battle, the Pa- dition, which is now fulfilled. The whole world risian federation organised and fortified itself, will, like you, be attentive to their reply. Their and erected in the inidst of the capital a redoubt, aliswer will make known whether justice and which will bear its name, and which it has sworn promises are auy thing on earth. Frenchmeu! to detend. Great events have just broken ont: be united ; let all rally under circumstances of greater perhaps are in preparation. The repre such great importance. Let the civil discords sentatives of the nation call to the defence of the be appeased ; let dissention be silevt at this mocountry all Frenchmen capable of bearing arms. ment jo which the great interests of nations are

The Parisian federation has heard this appeal: to be discussed. Be united from the North of * the Parisiap federation presents itself in a body. / France to the Pyrenees; from La Vendee to

Its reckons among its members a great number Marseilles. Who is he, who, born on the soil of of old soldiers of all ranks, artillerymen and young Frauce, whatever may be bis party, whatever and robu: t citizens, who all born with the desire , his political opinions, will not range himself unof advancing on the threatened points, and ot. der the National Standard to defend the Inde-striking the enemies of our independence. The pendeuce of the Country? Armies may, in part, Confederates solicit arms, a military organization, be destroyed; but the experience of all ages, and and the hopoor of serving their country usefully, of all nations, proves that an intrepid nation, Whether on the froutiers, ble heights, or in the combatiug for justice and liberiy cannot be due

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stroyed. The Emperor, in abdicating, bas of- | accustomed to admire the sentiments of tered himself as a sacrifice. The Members of the indignation and horror professed by the Government devote themselves in accepting from Times writer against the alledged cruelties Representatives the reins of the State.

of the Jacobins, read the following extract (Signed) The Duke of Otranto, President. from that paper, of Friday, and then ask T. BERLIER, Secretary, &c.

themselves, who are the most deserving of

the epithets of wretches, savages, and Thus, according to the last accounts re.

murderers ? " A weak and timid wish to ceived, is situated the great empire of 5

spare the effusion of blood at FontaineFrance. Napoleon has abdicated in fa- 66 bleau. has caused the trusion of ten vour of his son, who is the present sove- 6 times as much blood at Ligoy and Wareign, acknowledged as such by the repre. “ terloo. A visionary hope of conciliatsentatives of the French nation. The

ing the ferocious soldiery and unprinci. Allied Powers declared solemnly, in the “ pled Jacobins of Paris has afforded them face of Europe and of the world, that their the means of concerting a treason the object in going to war, was to remove Bo- “ most disgraceful to the age.

Let us at naparte from power. He is removed from

“ least profit by this sad experience. Let the throne, and is become a private citi- “ us turn the unparalleled valonr of Wazen. What’more do they want? They " terloo to a beneficial account. To think abjured all idea of interfering with the in- “ of reforming a Carnot, or a Caulainternal government of France. We shall court, is the height of folly: to ima. see now whether they were sincere or not. “ gine that we can tame the ferocity of For ny part, I still think, as I bave al

“ Bonararte's savages of the Imperial ways thought, that it is a war not against “ Guard is no less absurd. Every indithis man, or that man, but against liberty | “ vidual that has taken an active part in and independence. The allies will shew

" this perfidious and atrocious rebellion, at once by their conduct, whether this is " must be brought under the due coercion the case.

If it is, Louis will be again “ of the law. Not to make some exam. placed upon the throne. How long he“ ples of severity among such a horde of will continue there, will remain yet to be 66 Criminals would be to condemn the virseen. But, at all events, the scenes which “ tuous to a certainty of renewed and have lately occurred, without the least po- “ cruel persecution. To compound with pular commotion, and which appear likely " the traitors would be a death-blow to to occur, form one of the most extraordi- “ loyalty. We are happy to believe that pary instances of sudden change, from one " the King of France has adopted a firm extreme to another, that has ever taken Wand decisire line of conduct. The weak place in the annals of the human race. If “and temporising councils by which he the French nation are sincere in their wish

was induced to load the ungrateful with for liberty and independence, the allied “honours, and to exempt the guilty from armies, not even with the assistance of 6

punishment, have, at length, lost their Lord Castlercagh, who is said to be on weight and influence. The King, in the point of again displaying his diplomatic “re-entering France has acted from the talents in a new sphere, will be unable to “ energy of his own mind, and that conquer thirty millions of people, animated

energy will teach him that it is as much by a love of freedom, and a hatred of their “ his duty to protect and encourage the former oppressors. Success against such ; " loyal, as it is to coerce and punish the a cause would be morally and physically " seditious. We earnestly hope he will be impossible. If, however, the Bourbons “supported in a just and discriminating are restored, and the dreadful work of " firmness by all the Allies. We hope slaughter, which our corrupt newspapers “ that no Sovereign will interpose between recommend, is indųed to be commenced " him and the leaders of the Rebellion, to on all the actors in the late scenes in screen the latter from the ponishment France, humanity will have gained little they so richly merit. Let not a band of by the cessation of war, the horrors of " murderers escape, because they have which will only have been transferred from the audacity to style themselves a Cowthe field of battle to the platform of the “ mittee of Government. Hitherto these executioner. Let those who have been wretches and their accomplices ha;c

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