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the evening, the English army occupied Mouot the cuirassiers of General Milband charged that St. Jean with its centre, and was in position be divisiou, three regiments of which were bruken fore the forest of Soigne : it would liave required and cut np. It was three in the afternoon. The three hours to attack it, we were therefore Emperor made the guard advance to place it in obliged to postpone it till the next day. The the plain upon the ground which the first corps head-quarters of the Emperor were established had occupied at the outset of the battle this
The Prusat the farm of Caillon, near Planchenort. The corps' being already in advance. rain fell in torrents. Thus on the 16th, the left sian division, whose movement liad been fore wing, the right, and the reserve, were equally seen, then engaged with the light troops of Coaut engaged, at a distance of about two leagnes. Lobau, spreading its fire upon our whole right
flank. It was expedient, before undertaking BATTLE OF Mount St. Jean.—At 9 in the any thing elsewhere, to wait for the event of this morning the rain baving somewhat abated, the 1st attack. Hence, all the means in reserve were corps put itself in motion, and placed itself with cavalry cliarged the battery of Count d'Erlon by the left on the road to Brussels, and opposite the ready to succons Count Loban, and overwhelin village of Mount St. Jean, which appeared the the Prussjan corps whien it should be advanced. centre of the enemy's position. The second This done, the Emperor had the design of leadcorps leant its right upon the road to Brussels, ing an attack upon the village of Mount St. Jeaii. and its left upon a small wood within cannon trom which we expected decisive success ; but shot of the English army. The cuirassiers were by a movement of impatience, so frequent in our iu reserve behind, and the guards in reserve military annals, and which fias often been so fatal upon the heights. The sixth corps, with the
to us, the cavalry of reserve liaving perceived a cavalry of General d'Aumont, nnder the order of retrograde movement made by the English 12 Count Lobau, was destined to proceed in rear shelter themselves from our batteries, frora of our right, to oppose a Prussian curps, which which they had suffered 8ð much, crowned the appeared to have escaped Marshal Gronchy, and heiglits of Mount St. Jean, and charged the into intend ?'fall upon our right flank, an intention Pantry. This movement, which, wade in time, and which had been made knowy to us by our re
snpported by the reserves, must have decided ports, and by the letter of a Prussian General, the day, made in an isolated mammer, and before inclosing an order of battle, and which was taken affairs on the right were terminated, became fa. by our light troops. The troops were full of ar
tal. Having no means of countermanding it, the dour. We estimated the force of the English enemy shewing many masses of cavalry and ius. army at 80,000 men. We supposed that the
fantry, and our two divisions of cuirassiers being Prussian corps which might be in line towards engaged, all our cavalry, rap at the same moment the right might be 15,000 men. The enemy's force to support their comrades. There, for three thien was npwards of 90,000 men. Our's less 10 hours, numerous charges were made, which ena
At noon, all the preparations being bled us to penetrate several squares, and to take terminated, Prince Jerome, commanding a di. six standards of the light infantry, ai advautage vision of the second corps, and destined to form ont of proportion with the loss which our cavalry the extreme left of it, advanced npon the wood experienced loy the grape shot and musket firing: of which the enemy occupied å part. The can.
It was impossible to dispose of our reserves of nonade began. The enemy supported with 30 infantry until we liad repulsed the flank attack pieces of cannon the troops he had sent to keep of the Prussian corps. This attack always prothe wood. We made also on our side dispositions longed itself perpendicularly upon our right of artillery. At one o'clock Priuce Jerome was Aank. The Emperor sent thither General Domaster of all the wood, and the whole English hesme with the young guard, and several batteries army fell back belijnd a curtain. Connt d'Erlon of reserve. The enemy was kept in check, rethen attacked the village of Mount St. Jean, and pulsed, and fell back-he had exhausted bis supported his attack with 30 pieces of cannon, forces, and we had · vothing more to tear. It which must have occasioned great loss to the
was this moment that was indicated for an ale English army. All the efforts were made to tack upon the centre of the enemy. As the wards the ridge. A brigade of the first division cuirassiers suffered by the grape-shot, we sent of Count d'Erlon took the village of Monnt St. four battalions of the middle guard to protect Jean ; a second brigade was charged by a corps the cuirassiers, keep the position, and, if possible of Englisla cavalry, which occasioned it much disengage, and draw back into the plain a part loss. At the same moment a division of English of our cavalry. Two other battalions were set its right, and disorganised several pieces; but
to keep themselves en potence upon the extreme
left of the division, which had manenvred upon the baggage which had vot repassed the Sambre, onr flanks, in order not to have any uneasiness on in short, every thing that was on the field of batthat side-the rest was disposed in reserre, part tle, remained in the power of the enemy. It was 10 occupy the, potence in rear of Mount St. Jean, impossible to wait for the troops on our right, part npon the vidge in rear of the field of bat. every one knows what the bravest army in the tle, which formed our position of retreat.-- world is when thus mixed and thrown into con. Io this state of affairs the battle was gained; we fusion, and when its organisation no longer exists, occupied all the positions which the enemy oc
The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charleroia cupied at the outset of the battle : our cavalry at five o'clock in the morning of the 1911. Philhaving been too soon and ill employed, we could lipeville and Avesnes have been given as the no longer hope for decisive success; but Marshal points of re-union. Prince Jerome, General Grouchy, having learned the movement of the Morand, and other Generals have there already Prussian corps, marehed upon the rear of that rallied a part of the army. Marshal Grouchy. corps, which insured as a signal snccess for next with the corps on the right, is moving on the day. After eight hours fire and charges of in- Lower Sambre. The loss of the enemy must tantry and caralry, all the army saw with joy the have been very great, if we may judge from the battle gained, and the field of battle in our power. number of standards we have taken from them, At balf-after eight o'clock, the four battalions of and from the retrogade movements which he the middle guard, who had been sent to the ridge made ;-our's cannot be calculated till after the on the other side of Mount St. Jean, in order to troops shall have been collected.—Before the support the cuirassiers, being greatly annoyed disorder broke ont, we had already experienced a by the grape-sliot, endeavoured to carry the bat. very considerable loss, particularly in our cavalry, teries with the bayonets. At the end of the so fatally, though so bravely engaged.-Notwith. day, a charge directed agaiust their fauk by se standing these losses, this brave cavalry cons Teral English squadrons put them in disorder. stantly kept the position it had taken from the
The fugitives recrossed the ravin. Several regi- English, and only abandoned it when the tumult ments near at hand seeing some troops belonging and disorder of the field of battle forced it. In to the guard in confusion, believed it was the old the midst of the night, and the obstacles which gnard, and in consequerne were thrown into dis- encumbered their route, it could not preserve i to order. Cries of all is lost, the guard is drirem own organization. The artillery lias, as usual. back, were heard on every side. The solliers covered itself with glory. The carriages belong. pretend even that on many points ill-disposed ing to the head-quarters remained in their ordipersons cried out, saure qui peut. However this nary position; no retrograde movement being may be, a complete panic at once spread itsell judged necessary. In the course of the night throughout the whole field of battle, and they they fell into the evemy's hands. Such has been threw themselves in the greatest disorder on the the issue of the battle of Mount St. Jean, glorious line of communication ; soldiers, cannoneers, for the French armies, and yet so fatal. caissons, all pressed to this point; the old guard, which was in reserve, was infected, and was itself hurried along. Iu an instant, the whole army was pothing but a mass of confusion; all the sol. diers of all arms were mixed pel-mel, and it was
THE 18TH. utterly impossible to rally a single corps. The
At break of day the Prussian army again began enemy, who perceived this astonishing confusion,
The 4th and 20 corps marched by St. immediately attacked with their cavalry, and in Lambert, where they were to take a position, creased the disorder, and such was the confusion covered by the forest, vear Frichemont, to take owing to night coming on, that it was impossible the enemy in the rear, when the moment should to rally the troops, and point out to them their
appeur favourable. The first corps was to ope. error. Thus a battle terminated, a day of false
rate by Ohaim on the right flank of the enemy. manæuvres rectified, the greatest success insured
The third corps was to follow slowly, in order so for the next day, all was lost by a moment of afford succour in case of need. The battle begau panic terror.
Even the sqnadrons of service, about ten o'clock in the morning. The English drawn up by the side of the Emperor, were over.
army occupied the heights of Mont St. Jean ; thrown and disorganised by these tumultuous that of the French was on the heights before waves, and there was then nothing else to be done
the former about 80,000 strong; but to follow tlie torrent. The parks of reserve, the enemy bad above 130,000, lu a short time,
ACCOUNT OF THIE
the battle became general along the whole live. some uncertainty was perceived in their moveIt seems that Napoleon had the desigu to throw ments, and it was observed that some pieces of the left wing npon the centre, and thus to effect cannon were retreating. At this moment the the separation of the English army from the first colupus of the corps of Geveral Ziethen arPrasian, which he believed to be retreating rived on the points of attack, near the village of upon Maestricht, For this purpose, he had Smouhen, on the enemy's right flank, and inplaced the greatest part of his reserve in the stanily charged. This moment decided the decentre, against his right wing, and upon this point feat of the enemy. His night wing was broken iu he attacked with fury. The english army fought three places; he abandoned his positions. Ons with a valoor which it is impossible to surpass. troops rushed forward at the pas de charge, avd The repeated charges of the Old Guard were attacked liim on all sides, while, at the same baffleit by the intrepidity of the Scotch regi. line, the whole English line advanced. Cir ments ; and at every charge the French cavalry cumstances were extremely favourable to the was overthrown by the English cavalıy, But the attack formed by the Prussian army; the superiority of the enemy in numbers were too growd rose in an amphitheatre, so that our artilgreat; Napoleon contionally bronght forward lery could freely open its fire from the summit of considerable masses, and with whatever firmness a great many heights which rose gradually above the English troops maintained themselves in their each other, and in the intervals of which the position, it was vot possible but that such beroic troops descended into the plain formed into briexertions must bave a limit. It was half pastgades, and in the greatest order; while fresli four o'clock. The excessive difficulties of the corps continually unfolded themselves, issuing. passage by the defile of St. Lambert had consider from the forest on the height behind us. The ably retarded the march of the Prussian columns, enemy, liowever, still preserved means to retreat, ,so that only two brigades of the fourth corps bad till the village of Planchenoit, which he had on arrived at the covered position assigned to them. his rear, and which was defended by the guard,, The decisive moment was come; there was not was, after several bloody attacks, carried by an instant to be lost. The Generals did not storm. From that time the retreat became a suffer it to escape. They resolved immediately rout, which soon spread through the wliole to begin the attack with the troops which they French army, which in its dreadful confusion, bait at hand. General Bulow, therefore, with hurrying away every thing that attempted to stop two brigades and a corps of cavalry, advanced it, soon as:umed the appearance of the flight of rapidly upon the rear of the enemy's right wing. an army of barbarians. It was half past nine. The enemy did not lose his presence of mind; The Field Marshal assembled all the superior be instantly turned bis reserve against us, and a officers, and gave orders to send the last borse murderous conflict began on that side. The com
and the last man,
in pursuit of the enemy. Tie bat iemained long encertain,while the battle of the van of the army accelerated its march. The. English Army still continued with the same vio- French being pursued without intermission, was Jence. Towards six o'clock in the evening, we absolutely disorganised. The causeway prereceived the news that General Thielmau with sented the appearance of an immense slipthe third corps, was attached pear Wavre by a wreck: it was covered with an innumeravery considerable corps of the enemy, and that ble quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, they were already disputing the possession of the luggage, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Tho.e 10wn. Tije Field Marshal, lowever, did not of the enemy wlio liad attempted to repose for a suffer himself to be disturbed by this news ; it time, and had vet expected to be so quickly pur. was on the spot where he was, and no where else, sued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. that the affair was 10 be decided. A conflict In some villages tbey attempted to maintain them. continually supported by the same obstinary and selves; but as soon as they beard the beating of kept up by fresh troops, conid alone insure onr drums or the sound of the trumpet, they the victory, and if it were obtaived here, any either fled or threw themselves into the houses, scverse pear Wavre was of little consequence. where they were cut down or made prisoners. It The columns, therefore, continued their move- was moonlight, which greatly favonred the pur. ments. It was half an hour past seven, and the suit, for the whole march was but a continued ivye of the battle was uncertain. The whule of chace, either in the corn fields or the houses. At the 4ih corps and a part of the 2d under General Genappe the enemy had entrenched himself with Puisha bad sucessively come up. The French cannon and overturned carriagcs; at our aptroops fought with desperate fury: Loweser, proach we suddculy kcard in the www a grea
noise and a motion of carriages ; at the entravce that this battle should bear the name of La Belle we were exposed to a brisk fire of musketry; we Alliance. replied by some cannon shot, followed by ati
By the order of Field Marshal Blucher, hurrah, and in an instant after the town was ours.
General GNEISEN AU It was here that, among other equipages, the car. riage of Napoleon was taken ; he had just left it to monut on horseback, and in his hurry lad for.
ADVANCE OF TIIE ALLIED ARMIES. gotten in it bis sword and hat. Thus the affairs continued till break of day. About 40,000 men,
DOWNIXG-STREET, JUNE 29, 1815.-Dispatcher, in the most completc disorder, the remains of of thich the following are extracts, have been this the whole army, have saved themselves, retreat. day received by Earl Bathurst, from Field Marshal ing throngli Charleroi, partly without arms, and is Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Cuteau, carrying with them only 27 pieces of their nume.
221, and Joncourt, 25th install. rous artillery. The enemy in his flight has passed
La Cateau, June 22, 1815. all his fortresses, tlie only defence of his tron. We have continued in inarch on the left of the tiers, which are now passed by our armies.- Sambre since I wrote to you. Marshal Blucher At three o'clock, Napoleon had dispatched from crossed that river on the 1911, in pursuit of the ene. the field of battle, a courier to Paris, with the my, and both armies entered the French territories news that victory was no longer doubtful: a yesterday; the Prussians by Beaumont, and the ai few hours after, he had no longer any army left.
lied army, under my command, by Bavay. The We have not yet any exact account of the enemy's remains of the French army have retired apon loss; it is enough to know that two-thirds of the Laon. All accounts agree in stating, that it is in a whole army are killed, wounded, or prisoners : very wretched state; and that, in addition to its among the latter are Generals Mouton, Duhesine, losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing rast and Compans. Up to this time about 300 caunoit, numbers of men by desertion. The soldiers quit and 1000 cassions, are in our hands. Few victories, their regiments in parties, and return to their homes; have been so complete, and there is certainly no
ikose of the cavalry and artillery seiling their horses example that an army two days after losing a to the people of the country. The 3d corps, which battle, engaged in such an action, and so glorious, in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your Lordly maintained it. Honour be to troops capable ship liad been detached to observe the Prussian of so much firmness and valour! In the middle army, remained in the neiglıbourhood of Wavre till of the position oecnpied by the French army, and the 2014 ; it then made good ils retreat by Nanur exactly npon the height, is a farm called La Belle and Dinon. This corps is the only one remaining Alliance. The marcii of all the Prussian columın: entire. I am not yet able to trans:nit your Lord. was directed towards this farm, which was visible ship returns of the killed and wounded in the army from every side. It was there that Napoleon was in the late actions. It gives me the greatest satisduring the battle; it was thence lie gave his faction to inform you, that Colonel Delaney is not orders, that he fattered himself with the lopes of dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is not victory, and it was there that his ruin was de doubted, and I hope will be early. cided. There, too, it was, that by a happy chance Pield Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met
Joncourt, June 25, 1815. in the dark, and mutually saluted each other as Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not victors. In commemoration of the alliance which very strong, and that the place was not very well Bow subsists between the English and Prussian supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I nations, of the uniou of the two armies, and their
sent Lieut.-General Sir Charles Colville there, on rcciprocal confidence, the Field Marshal desired, the day Lefore yesterday, with one brigade of the
4th division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of cavalry.;, England, alas ! the hostile leagne kas join'd and upun his report of the strength of the place, I Lost to her honour, to her welfare blind; sent the whole division yesterday morning. I have Instice, with meek-eyed Peace, liàs fled the land
Subdued by base Corruption's withering hand; now ihe satisfaction of reporting, that Sir Charles Who, o'er our isle, has stalk'd with giant stride, Colville 100k the town by escalade yesterday even. Destroy'd, what once was Britaiu's greatest pride, ing, with trifting loss, and from the communications Her boasted liberty-wbose sacred flame, which he has since had with the Governor of the Rais’d to the highest pitch the British vame. citadel, 1 háve every reason to hope that that post The conntry's shatter'd vessel from the grave;
Will no one seize the helm, and try to save will bave been' surrendered to-a Governor sent there Must she ignobly perislı ju the storm, by the King of France, to take possession of it, in Will no one raise the bold protecting arm? the course of this day. St. Quenten has been aban- Where is that manly, dauntless spirit fown, doned by the enemy; and is in possession of Mar. Which once belongd to Englishmen alone,
Which in the cause of Justice drew the sword, shal Prince Blocher; and the castle of Guise sur.
And the stern voice of Honour only heard; rendered last night. All accounts concur in stating When to a tyrant they submission scern'd, that it is impossible for the enemy to collect av But with their blood, their rights, their freedom, army to make head against us. It appears that the
Dead is that manly spirit, or we ve'er French corps which was opposed to the Prussions on
Could join those wretches wlio delight in war; the 18th inst. and had been at Wavre, suffered oon
Whose hearts are callous to their country's woes, siderably in its retreat, and lost solne of its canoon. And who alove are England's direst foes.
What signal punishment bas Heav'n in store
For those who basely sell, for sordid ore,
Their country's freedom and her peace destroy,
And in her deep distress find borrid joy. At length once more are loos’d the dogs of war, The day of retribution soon must come, To spread wide waste and desolation far; When these vile wretches will receive their To deal destruction on our fellow-men,
doom; To place the Bourbon on the throne again. Their unavailing sorrows then will flow, Imperial Russia's num'rous hordes advance, For rigid Justice will no mercy shew, With Enrope's monarchs leagued to ravage France Bat on their coward beads will fall th' avenging Now marchi to give to gallavt Freuchmen laws, blow. And dare assert, they fight in Freedon's cause; But the base object which they seek to gain, Buckinghamshire.
AMOR PATRIÆ Is ou the free-born soul to fix the chain.
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