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“the Prince's Chamber, Westminster, at "loughby Gordon, Knight of the Bath," "which were present--His Royal High in his ever to be remembered examina"ness the Duke of York, asGrand Master; tion on Mrs. Clarke's affair with the be" the Rev. Dr. Vincent, Dean of West- loved Frederick. I suppose this is one of "miuster, Dean of the Oriler; the Right his “ achievements.” Lord COCHRANE's “ Hon. Sir David Dundas, Sir George 11. are, indeed of a very different Order. The “ Barlow, and Sir Richard Strachan; the expression which the representatives of “Genealogist, Sir George Nayler; the our most revered Regent, the Right HonDeputy Bath king of Arms, Francis ourable fienry Canning, thought proper

Townsend, Esq. and the Gentleman to apply to the American nary, when he “Usher of the Scarlet Rod, G. F. Beltz, described it as hearing a few “ bits of " Esq. all in their robes.The object of " striped bunting,” cannot but bring to " the Meeting being merely to communi- every ruan's recollection the extraordinary "cate to the Chapter the measures which achievements" which vessels, bearing " had been adopted for the DEGRADA- this “striped bunting,” have performed “TION of Lord Cochrane, and the ex- over our, hitherto reckoneri, invincible " pulsion of his banner and achierements navy; One of these bits of red ribboito " from king Henry the Seventh's Cha- which decorate the knights commanders "pel, the Chapter adjourned soon after of the new order, is, I understand, og ." Three o'clock."--So then ;- the new le the way to Lisbon, as a reward for gion of Ilonour have held their first this statesman's clegant, and witty, and meeting, or " Chapter,” as they call it; novel designation of the American navy. and, in a manner perfectly consistent The list of his “ achievements” most with their “ most honourableintentions, then be put up in Westininster Abbey ; they have commenced their proceedings and no doubt they will occupy, with with communicating on the important peculiar grace and effect, the niche vasubject of having expelled LORD Coch- cated by the “ expulsira and degradaRANE from their “honourable Order," " tion of Lord Cochrane," which the and turued out his banner and " Achieve- Chapter” of the “ honorable Order" ments" from King Henry tbę VIIthi's has just assembled, in full form, to Chapel. — " Lord Cochrane's Achiere- ratify. I coufess I should like to see "ments!!!" I have carefully looked over this list of our Ainbassador's “ Achievethe list of names of this honourable fra- ments." It appears that a grierterity, beginning with his Royal High-ous complaint has been maile by pess, our beloved Frederick, the Duke of some of the persons calling themselves York, and I can discover very sufficient" Heralds at Arms," as to a sort of seasons why they should be most anx- intruder, who has been put amongst jous to get rid of any record of LORD them, by the Prince Regent, and whose COCHRANE'S Achievements," Cer- peculiar duty, is said to be to manufactainly there is very little relationship, ture, in good set terms, “ the Achievebetween them and the achievements of ments” of these" honorable gentlemen.” the members of this “ nuost honorable fra- ---Now, I think, the whole College of "ternity." Can any of these men be so Arms, Heralds and all, even including silly as to suppose that they have de- these new intruders, will ic rather puzzled "graded," as they teru it, Lord Cpch- to compose the poetical effusion which RANE by this measure ? Can they sup- is to decorate Mr. Cauning's banner. pose that they have inflicted upon him Fiction is the soul of poetry. This then one moment's pain? Poor ien! They will be a poem of first rate merit. I shall saitly deceive themselves : LORD Coch- fendeavour to obtain a copy of it, and I RANE suffers no regret at quitting the as- shall certainly gratify my readers by girsociation just remodelled. The quilling it to them as soon as it can be prodrivers at the Ilorse-Guards; the Post-cured. master of the Duke of Wellington; our beloved Frederick's Private Secretary, and

THE CONGRESS. such like gallant men, arc certaiuly little Mr. COBBETT.--I have hitherto obfeed for the society of Loro COCHRANE. served no particular notice in your JourThe “achievenients" of these men must nal of the proceedings of the assemblage be, indeed, of a nost curious descrip- of royal and noble negociatiors thať fiunt I cannot forget " Sir James Will compose the congress of Vienna. It is saįd by that race of expectants who are always ; Saxony? Does Saxony wish for the apologizing for kingly errors, that there is union ? No. Directly the reverse. Do now a period arrived, when the ambition these liberators of the world, fullil of monarchs is not tarnislied with in their promise respecting national rights justice; when the sceptre is not supported by outraging them? Could Buonaparte by blood, but by the free and generous have done more than force upon a applause of the people; when the Liber- country a sovereignty which it hated? ators of France will give peace to the Have not these liberators, according to world, and establish the general tran- the Times and Courier, done still quillity upon

a basis too firm to be more? Have they not deprived Saxony shaken. However ridiculous might ap- of a monarch which it loves? Whom pear the assimilation of absolute monar- has the King of Saxony offended? lís chy and impartiality, of policy and jus-people? they forgive him. The nations tice, we were still disposed to give them of Europe? What, by entering into credit for generally meaning well; and treaties with Buonaparte?. They have we augured from their intentions what | all done the same. By adhering to the wê might have doubted from their ca- faith of those treaties? Yes. Here pacities. The Courier, and its satellites, lies the real grievance: his adherence now say that we were deceived; that the to his word, his treaty, reproached deliberations of Vienna have unveiled many of them with the breach of theirs: their motives, and that personal advan- he hall received benefits from the hands tage seems the general and the only point of Napoleon, and did not think it conon which they proceed to argue. Whe-sistent or honest to betray him. Tlie ther our newspaper press be correct or example he had before his eyes, did not not in ascribing these motives to the convince. · He exhibited the phenoméAllied Sorereigns, it is not my province non of a sovereign who did not think to decide. 10 time, which tries all convenience a sufficient reason for false, things, it must be left to settle this. I hood. The Times, I observe, talks of cannot, however, refrain from remarking, conquest, as giving the negotiating mothat the infamous partitioning of Poland narchs the right of disposing of the in the first instance, gave to the revolu- fate of Saxony, and of transferring the tionary leaders of France' an example Saxons, like cattle, to a master they and a fair justification for proceeding in dislike. Would it have been advisable a similar manner; and I should not be to talk of the conquest of their counsurprised if the seeds of another, and try to those Saxon soldiers who joined

tremendous revolution, were the ranks of the allies at the battle of now sowing upon the continent, by the Leipsig? Would Bernadotte, who placed legitimate monarchs of the day, again himself at their head, and called upon forming treaties of convenience, and them to follow him in the cause of the schemes of personal aggrandisement liberties of Europe; would he have and private advantage. Napoleon really thonght it the best method of securing possessed an equal right to Spain, with their aid, by telling them that their Russia to Poland, or Prussia to Saxony. country would be treated as a conquered If these projected annexations shall take province? But Prussia must have inplace, let us hear no more of the ty- demnity? Indemnity for what? For the ranny, or the injustice of the Empe- loss of Hanover, which she received ror of France. It has been very well re- from Buonaparte to wink at the ruin of marked, that Calvin was far more cruel Austria ? For the loss of her own prothan the Catholics whom he so abilo vinces in the war with Buonaparte which cd ; because, alive to the condemna- she herself provoked? Are these the tion of their cruelty, he equalled its claims of Prussia to the annexation of vilest enormity. Why then, if what is Saxony? Can her best friends assign said of these sovereigns be true, are any other? Would the worst of her enethey less guilty than the victim of their mies desire any more? Have the Times efforts? Why is the conduct which in and ourier no recollection of their Buonaparte was so universally execrated own consolation at the ruin of the into be tolerated, or approved, in them? fidel House of (Brandenburgh? Have This cannot be justice; this surely is not they so soon forgot their pious remarks generosity. But why must Prussia have upon the judgment which attended the

a

more

kingdom of the Deist Frederick. Has / which it was formed have been abanthe Christianity of the present mo- doned. No notice, as far as I have narch retrieved its destiny? I shall not been able to discover, has been taken notice the pretext. of arrondiscment: of it in any of our newspapers, or It would be only the plea of universal other periodical publications.

A SOmonarchy in its extreme; no arrondise- ciety with such liberal and enlarged ment could be complete, but the cir- views, could not fail, in my opinion, cumference of the globe. In my next to meet with generous support were its I shall offer with your permission, a few intentions made sufliciently public, and remarks on the pretension of Russia to why these should be kept in reserve, Poland.

JUVENIS. if the association now exists, is a pro

blem that seems very difficult to solve.

Il would gratify many of your readers, THE PILLORY.

if any of your correspondents could SIR.-The remarks which lately ap- give some information respecting this peared in your journal on the subject society, which might, with great proof the pillory, do equal credit to the priety, and without any departure from head and to the heart of Benevolus. its original views,connect the suloject of It is rather extraordinary in these on the pillory with the other important lightened times, when we hear so much reforms for which it was instituted. about converting the heathen, emanci- While, however, it may be said, that pating the slaves, and encouraging the I have been liberal in my censure Bible Societies, that scarcely one pub- of our prublic writers for neglecting lic writer should be found, who pos- this vital subject, let nie net be acsessed the courage, or the inclination, cused of partiality.--Irom this general to reprobate a practice so disgraceful reprehension I am glad to find there is to our law, and marked with so many one exception, who has done the subfeatures of a barbarous policy. The ject ample justice; though his modesty, public press every where teems with which is always a proof of talent, has idle and contradictory speculations as led bim to conceal his rame. I allude to the probable result of the discus- to the observations on the pillory, sions at Vienna; whether the system which appeared in the last number of of aggrandisenient attributed to the the periodical work, entitled the Empeiur Napoleon, is to be adopted Pamphleteer. They appear to me so as the law of nations, or whether that excellent; and the writer has discussed state of things which existed previous the subject in so masterly a manner, to the French Revolution, is to be re- that I should like to see the whole of stored. These uud some contemptible bis remarks published in your Register. matters as to a new order of knight. But as this may not be altogether conhood, are the only topics for which sistent with your other arrangements, the people of this highly cultivated I have subjoined to this letter a short pation seem at present to have any extract, to which I hope you will relish, or on which the pen of the plai- the more readily give insertion that it's lanthropist or of the philosophier is en- whole tendency is to inforce and illus, gaged.' The amelioration of our laws, trate the arguments of Benevolus, who the state of our prisons, the remains so strenously and so laudably contended of that rudeness which still pervades against the existence of a mode of pumany of our customs, and presents a uislment possessing so many features of formidable barrier to civilization, are savage cruelty and barbarity points that few writers appear inter

Yours, &c. A. B. ested in, nor which have found many partizans among the people. Someil It may indeed be said, that some of Vears ago, I heard something of the the crimes thus visited are well deseroexistence of a society in the nietropolis. ing the utmost fury of an enraged profor the diffusion of knowledge on the ple, and that there is no prunishment punishment of death, and the improvedenounced against them by our penal ment of prison discipline; but I have code at all equal to the darkness of their yet to learn that any thing was effected guilt. Be it so. That affords no reaby this institution, or it ile objects for son why the defects of the law should made up by the assistance of popular | arrayed against their authority; and a tumult, or its necessities supplied by competition is excited where it is the violence and outrage. In short, the noblest policy to conciliate. In the pillory is in direct opposition to the latter, the people act the part of unprinciple upon which all laws are foun- authorized erecutioners, and become faded, and must scrve, as far as its influ- miliar with the most brutal of pleasures, ence extends, to undermine the founda- the delight in pain, the horrible laugh tion of their authority. They were erect- of demoniac erultation at the sufferings ed to control the unbridled passions of of a fellow being. They who look on mon, to take from individuals the power the tortures inflicted at a bull-baiting of revenge, to render punishments the or a cock-fight with a rirtuous horror, determinate cffect of firm and substan- unless they measure out their disgust tial enactments, instead of fluctuating according to law, should feel a much with the rage and the sympathies of stronger indignation at the sight of a individuals, to prevent parties from fellow creature set up to be pelted al being judges of their own injuries, to most to death amidst the drunken accla humanize society by taking from the mation and infernal revelry of the low strongest the power of inflicting arbi- est and most depraved of our species trery penalties by which it was reduced And if thus pernicious in its immedito a state of perpetual warfare, and to ate influence, it is not less dangerous in impress the mind with awe by the its erample. Those whom you suffer to weight and the solemnity of their deci- riot on the side of the laws may soon learn sions. But this strange infiction ac to oppose them with similar outrages, tually reverses all these benign inten- By allowing them thus to supply the tions which the collective wisdom of ages deficiency of the lawgiver, we educate has gradually matured ; it proceeds on them for revolution and carnage. We antisocial principles, and tends to bring give them arms to be awakened against us back to our state of original barbar- our bosoms, whenever the breeze of disism. We have all been taught that the content shall sweep over them. The sacred throne of justice should be er hands that have learned to throw bricks elted far above the passions and the and filth on the criminal, may exercise ever-fluctuating sympathies of man; the same discipline on the judges, if they that its voice should be as certain as it should be so unfortunate as to incur is awful, and its sentences untainted their displeasure. with any of the grosser particles that It is sufficiently melancholy to see move in a lowlier atmosphere. We have such a monument of savage life standing learnt that while increasing wisdom uninjured amidst the trophies of goods should improve our laws, their actual ness and of virtue ; but it is still more dietates should be received during their offensive to see it regarded as a pillar of eristence with a noble and generous our legislative system. It saddens us obedience. But here, in opposition to to see riots at all existing in a well all these maxims, we see in them a regulated state ;

but we

are doubly principle which tegds to their own proroked by the strange anomaly which destruction, a secret cancer which by makes the laws appear to ercite them. insensible degrees is eating away the We regret to see a popular demagogue vital principle on which their vigor lead his followers to confusion and disand their majesty depend. A judg-order; but our vexation has no bounds ment of the pillory is the worst of when a judge is compelled by the dutica their enemies. If the mob applaud, of his office to give up the reigns to the they are set openly at defiance; and if frenzy of the shameless and the degra, on the other hand they break out into "ded.violence, the peace they should preserve is broken, the personal feelings they should subdue are excited, and the bar

EDIPUS JUDAICUS, barous spirit of man unsoftened by civilization which they were formed to The Ancients searched for Truth; the Moderna repress, is aroused by their powerful

prelend they possess i1.-VOLXIX. sarction. In the former case, the best MR. COBBETT.---When I sent you emotions of the heart are injudiciously my two former letters, I endeavoured

to call your readers, not only to con- explained to me the design and intensider the situation of Mr. G. Houston, tion of its author; since which I have bui also to request they would examine had a sight of the book. It has fully into the liberty of the press in this answered my expectation, and again country; on whose altar that writer is I say displays a fund of prodigious , now a victim; for until this “ thinking erudition. The following short ex“ nation": really understand his situation, tract will shew its intention, and deand the motives for which he is punished, sign, I contend (preface page ii.) that he will not be the last that will suffer in the Ancient Jews, like other nations its cause.

of antiquity, had their esoteric, and I knew I touched a sore place, when their exoteric doctrines; they сонI attempted to shew to your readers cealed the former under innuinerable the discordant opinionis entertained of types and symbols, the meaning of that old book for which Eaton, Hous- which is generally unknown among ton, and thousands more may be sent their descendants. It is the object of to prison. I knew that I might be a my book to explain the hidden sense trinitarian, a unitarian, a Southcotearian, of many passages in the Hebrew Scripor any other foolarian; but that I must ture." Page 22, he

says, 'I recollect not bring the contradictions, and (what “ that Moses was learned in all the wisthey call) the arguments of one tribe to “ dom of the Egyptians, and I expect to combat the whims of the other, without " find traces of that wisdean in bis works. exciting the suspicions of those who “ The learned among the ancient Egypcall themselves Just! But I have done“ tians were pure theists, as Cudworth to;, and while I delight in the deed, " has proved. They were deeply skilled smile at their suspicions and contempt. " in the sciences: but they carefully Before I reply to your correspondent “ concealed their mysteries under innuJustus, permit me to introduce the origin“ merable symbols and allegories. May of my acquaintance with the work in we not look then for the same thing question. You must know there is a

“ in the writings which are ascribed to town designated by one of the most “ the Jewish Lawgiver. It is what I corrupt of his time as " the toyshop" have done, and I submit to the judg. of Europe; whose inhabitants, (I speak “ment of a fru individuals, the result of generally) in my estimation, rank lower my researches." for liberakty of sentiment, general in- Of the 250 copies only, which I stated formation, and Christian charity, than to have been printed, 100 now remain any other on the surface of the globe. in the hands of the publisher. You will, The scale by which I estimate them is, therefore, judge wheiber 1 bave been unthat in and about the place, there are fair in my former communication. As lo the remains of half-mutilated houses, quibbling about its method of publication because their inhabitants opposed the aud circulation, it would be a ridiculous origin of our war with the French Re- waste of time. I wish a copy was in the public, burnt by Church and King hands of every person in the kingdom; mobs; and that in those receptacles of for Sir Wm. Drummond would then make resort, where its people go to drink a better and more practical use of his mildale and talk wisdom, there are abilities and learning. With regard to scrolls inscribed with legible English the cruel hint about a prosecution, for characters

Jacobins admitted blasphemy, and the pillory, its author, " here." I was leaving this town last like D. J. Eaton, will receive more praise, Summer in the Mail, and in passing and of a better description, than if he one of those houses whose miserable were to be bespangled with orders and appearance appeals, in silent and pa-titles by every King in Christendom. thetic language, to the frigid faculties, 0, Sir, it is cruel! You know it is, to and would hush to silence their un- talk of law in a country where it is manly prejudices, if reflection ever an- possible a picked jury may be chosen imated their torpid brains; when I by those who fatien on the sages of corsoon discovered from the observations ruptivil, and who delight in persecutivg of a gentleman in the coach, that he such as attempt to nndeceive the people. was the Father of the engraver of the As to the writers, wbose books I have plates, in the Edipus Juduícus. He fainly quoted, being Sir W. D. himself,

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