Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

govern yon. A fatal infatuation may beve made as agreeable to me, that I have only to recal tlie the French roldies torget for a moment the laws remembrance of yonr ancient exploiis to auimale of hononr, and have extorted a perjury from him. on to new ones. The victories of Culm, Leip.

sic, Brienne, and Paris, are so many illustrious Au ep!meral power, supported by all kinds of garlands that crown your standards ; continue illasjon may have misled some Magistrate into worthy of your glory by conibaling, as you did the pall, of error: but this power totters, soon

formerly, and by adding fresti laurels to those you

have alreally gained. Great things have been alit will wholly disappear. The combined Army really performed; your brethren in Italy have, of the North convinced yon of it on the day o with their arms, opened themselves a way joto the 18th of Jone ; our armies are marching to

the heart into the enemy's country, and their convince you of it in their turn. Frescimeni, it kingdom of Nrples. Those in Flanders gained or

victorious banners wave in the capital of the is still time 1-Reject the man wlio again, chain the 1811 instant, one of the most memorable vicing all your liberties to his car, threatens social tories recorded in history. Those victorious order, and briugs into your native country ali armies have their eyes fixed upon you, and saninatious in arms. Be restored to yourselves, and

men you to siunilar exploits. Let the recollection

of wliat yon have been on so many a liard fungtis all Europe salutes you as frieurds, aud offers you day-let the feeling of what you owe to your peace. It does more :-From this moment all selves animale you to become constantly more it considers ail Frenchman who are not rauged worthy of your ancient glory, by embarking for under the standard of Buonaparte, and who do your Euperor, your honour, and your country. pot adhere 10 bis canse, as friends. We have

SCHWARTZENBERG, Field-Marshal. consequently the order to protect them, to leave

LETTER FROM HIS EXCELLENCY THE MINISthem the peaceable enjoyment of what they

TER AT WAR TO LORD WELLINGTON. possess, and to support tbe laudable efforts whic

Head-quarters at La Vilette, June 30, 1813, they shall make to replace France in the relative

MY LORD-Your hostile movements coutivue, situation which the Treaty of Paris had re esta althoughi, according to their declarations, the blished between her and all ihe Europeau notious

motives of the war which the Allied Sovereigns God, Jnstice, the wishes of all, natione, second us, make "pon is no longer cxist, since thé Empres Frenchmen, come to meet as; our cause is your's; whien blood is again on the point of flowing, I.

ror Napoleon has abdicated. At the moment your lappiness, yonr glory, your power, are still receive froin Marslial the Duke of Albutera a ic. Decessary to the happiness, the glory, and the legraphic dispatch, of which I transmit you a power of the nations who are going to combat copy. My Lord, guarantee this armistice on

my bonour. All the reasons you might have had

to continue hostilities are destroyed, because you (Signed) Marshal Count BARCLAY DE TOLLY.

can have vo other instruction from your govern. General in Chief of ile Imperial Russian Armpies from their's. I make the formal demand to your

ment than that which the Austrian Geiierals had Head-quarters, Oppenheim, June 23.

Excellency of ceasing all liostilities, and that we

proceed to form an armistice, awaiting the decie Order of the Day. Head-quarters, Jure 24.

sion of Congress. I eannot believe, my Lord,

that my request will remain ineffectual; yon will Soldiers of the Austrian Army of the Rhine ! Na take upon yourself a great responsibility in the poleon, whose ambitious plans and lust of con eyes of your noble fellow.countrymen. No oiber Citest aimed all Europe against liim, was con

morive but that of putting an end to the effusiou quered by you and your Allies. Returning from dictated ibis letter. If I present myself on the

of blood, and the interest of my country, have the exile into which the geverosity of the victors field of battle, with the idea of your talents, I had sent him, lie again attacks the repose, the shall carry thither the conviction of there comwelfare, thc, peace, the security, of all states; defence and independence of my country; aul

bating for the most sacred of caases, that of the provokes, by his guilty arrogance, the armies of whatever may be the result, I shall merit your United Europe to combat for the inviolability of esteem. Accept, I beg you, my Lord, the astheir froutiers, the hononr of their country, the surance of my highest consideratiou, biappiness of their fellow citizens ; these most

Tha Marslat Prince of ECKMUHI.,

Minister at War. sacred of all possessions, which this man,

The same letter was written by his Excellency whom nothing is sacred, and who lias become the

for you

to

to Marshal Blucher, scourge of humanity, has been attacking and en. deavouring to destroy for so many years. Thus, PROCEEDINGS OF THE FRENCH LEGISLAbrave soidiers of the Austrian army, a new and cast career of glory is opened to yon. I know, Although little doubt remains in my

will distinguish it by new victories, and mind, that the · Allies will be able, by. that your new needs in arms will render still force of urms, to replace Louis the fiore dear to me the proud satisfaction of calling Eighteenth on the throue of France, note myself your General. It is as lonourable to you I withstanding all the solenin professions,

TURE.

that you

and protestations which have been made,“ to contend against the re-establishment to induce the world to believe, that force 66 of an individual as the head of the would not be employed to accomplish “ French Government, whose past conthis ; although from the tenor of the dise“ duct has invariably demonstrated, that patches of Lord Wellington, relative to in such a situation he will not suffer the towns which have surrendered to the other nations to be at peace--whose Allies, it is very clear, that it is the wish “ restless ambition, whose thirst for foof our government, at least, to restore 66 reign conquest, and whose disregard for the Bourbons; and although Louis le de “the rights and independence of other siré has distinctly stated, in one of his “ States, must expose the whole of Europe numerous proclamations, that it is his in- 66 to renewed scenes of plunder and detention to dissolve the two Chambers, cal. 6 vastation. Ilowever general the feelled together by Napoleon, and to assem- ings of the Sovereigns may be in favour ble two others, more subservient to his of the restoration of the King, they no views, we yet find the Duke of Welling-“ otherwise scek to influence the proceedton, and Marshal Blucher, acknowledg-“ings of the Frenchin the choice of this ing the authority of the present Cham- " or of any other dynasty, or form of Gobers, by entering into a Military Conven- " vernment, than may be essential to the tion with them, the 10th article of which“ safety and permanent tranquillity of engages' " to respect, and to make those “ the rest of Europe : such reasonable seS under their command respect, the actual "curity being afforded by France in this authorities, so song as they shall exist."- respect, as other States have a legitimate Connecting this fact with the silence, uni- “ right to claim in their own defence, formly maintained by all the Allies, in all their object will be satisfied; and they their prociamations, issued, even since 66 shall joyfully return to that state of the battle of Waterloo, respecting the “ peace, which will then, and then only, claims of the Bourbons, one might sup- “ be open to them, and lay down those pose, that Great Britain alone had pledged“ arms which they have only taken up for berself in support of their cause. Whe-“ the purpose of acquiring that tranquilther there is any thing to warrant this "lity so eagerly desired by them on the speculation, or whether the mission “ part of their respective Empires."-The of Lord Castlereagh to the Continent countenance which has been given by us, be not, as some suppose, to overcome, and by Prussia, to Louis XVIII. seems by certain weighty arguments, any scru- to belie these professions; at least in so ples of conscience that may be enter. far as these two powers, are concerned. tained by our high Allies, time alone It is a possible case, however, that the can disclose. For my part, I am quite other powers may not conc

ncur, and cir. satisfied, that the arguments, with which cumstances may induce our minister, as Lord Castlereagh has been furnished, are they did before, in the Treaty of Fonperfectly sufficient to reach conviction to tainableau, to adopt a different line of pothe minds of those for whom they are in. licy. In that view the proceedings of the tended. They have convinced before. I two Chambers, composing the present Lesee no reason why they should not con- gislature of France, may be considered vince again. So late as the 6th of May, highly interesting, as from the complexion Lord Clancarty, in letter from Vienna of their discussions a tolerable idea may to Lord Castlereagh, gave the following be formed of the nature of that govern

general sentiments of the Sove- ment which is likely to be established in reigns and their Ministers" in the war France. It will be seen by the report of which they had resolved to renew against the proceedings, which I have annexed to . France : - In this war, they do not desire this article, that even at the moment when S to interfere with any legitimate right of the enemy was under the walls of Paris, a " the French people; they have no design letter, signed by the Minister of War, by 6 to oppose the claim of that nation to Vandamme, General in Chief, and several Schoose their own form of Government, other celebrated general ollicers, denounce

or intention to trench, in any respect, ing the Bourbons, in the strongest terme,.

upon their independence as a great and as unfit to govern France, was read in the free people : but they do think they have Chamber of Representatives, a ad received

a right, and that of the highest nature,' with the “liveliest applausto.'*

as the "

66

i

CHLAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES-SITTING | At one in the afternoon I renewed the
OF JULY 1.

proposal for an armistice, which was-aeSome grenadiers of the 11th Legión, cepted. In pursuance of this armistice I - under arms at the barrier of La Villette, I have consented to return within the limit: beg the assembly to order that the well of the treaty of Paris. I sent at the same inclined men taken from the National | time a flag of truce to the General in Chief, Guard be sent hy detachments to the posts Frimont, near Geneva : he has replied to which they can occupy: The letter con- me, that animated by a desire to anticipate tains some reproaches of the chiefs of the hy preliminary arrangements those which

petitioners, for delay in the execution of may take place between the Allies, he con-
'the orders given.- An address was read sents to an armistice to the 2d of July,
from the Federates of the town and dis- the period when I hope to have received
trict of Chalon-sur-S20ne. In this they (the answer of the government.
say :

6. The constitutional law which we M. BIRY DE ST. VINCENT then gave an have accepted, proclaimed, and sworn to account of the visit of himself and his execut, interdicts to us all the power of colleagues, Garat, Mornay, Buguet, Tlel. reculling, and even of thinking of the lot, to the army at Vilette. He described restoration of the Bourbons to the throne ; the soldiers as animated with the greatest and is the French constitution had not enthusiasm, though some of the National thus decreed, the happiness anıl glory of Guards complained that they had not the country would command this ostra- been supplied with arms and ammunition. cism, as politic as merited.” They con- General Dirichu was at the head of 7,000 clude with declaring their resolution to tirailleurs of the federates. The enthusidefend the country against foreign and asm of the army was at its height, and that domestic enemies, llonourable mention in of the whole population of Fauxbourgs the minutes.

was not less ardent. A letter was then read from M. Bardier, A Secretary read the following letter: Ex-librarian of the Emperor Napoleon, Representatives of the people,-We stating, that “his Majesty, some days are in presence of our enemies : we swear after his abdication, testified a wish of before you and the world to defend, to our taking with him into his retreat, the li- last sich, the cause of our independence, brary of the palace of Trianon, consisting and the national honour. It is wished to of about 2,200 volumes, with the grand | impose the Bourbons upon us, and these descriptions of Egypt, and the Greek Princes are rejected by the immense majoIconography of M. Visconti. The print- jrity of Frenchmen. If their term could ing of these two latter works was due to be subscribed to, recollect, Representathe magnificence of the Emperor, and it tives, that you would sign the testament was very natural he should wish to pre- of the army which for 20 years has been serve a copy. As to the library of Tria- the palladium of French honour. There non, it formed only a very sınall part of are in war, especially when it has been the books collected by his orders in the long conducted, successes and reverses. Imperial palaces.”--The letter was sent to In our successes we have been seen great the Commission charged to report on the and generous ; in our reverses, if it is fate of Napoleon and his family.

mished to humiliate us, we shall know how The Commission of Government com- to die. The Bourbons present no gula munated by the following telegraphic rantee to the nation. We received them dispatch from the Duke of Albufera, trans- with sentiments of the most generous mitted from Lyons on the 30th of June : conlidence; we forgot all the calamities

Chrombery, June 29. they had caused us, by their rage in wishThe Duke of Alhusera to the Minister ing to deprive us of our most sacred rights. at Wor.On the 27th the Austrians at. Well; what reply did they make to this tacked on all the line ; they were re- confidence ? They treated us as rebels pulsed with a loss of 250 men, killed, and vanquished. Representatives, these wou dei, and prisoners, and I in vain en. reflections are terrible, because they are deavoured at an armistice with General true. Inexorable history will one day reBubua. On the 28th the enemy attacked late what the Bourbons did to replace upon Confians and Aiguebele; he lost themselves on the throne of France; it 1,500 men, and we took - 500 prisoners.,' will also tell the conduct of the army, of

[ocr errors]

that army essentially national, and pos- | My left wing was attacked on the march terity will juilge which best deserved the at two points: some pieces of cannon e:teem of the world.

were taken; the soldiers deserted their Cimp at Villerte, June 3011,--5 in the afternoon ranks, and I was less satisfied with the (Siga«d) The Marshal Prince of ECKMUHL troops of this left wing, than with those Minister at War.

I brought from "Namur. No copsidera.
Count PAJOL, commanding the 1st
Corps of Cavalry.

tion shall make me conceal the truth, és. Licht.-General Barou FRESSINET. pecially when the safety of the capital Count D'ERLON, commanding the requires the best considered measures of right wing.

defence. The Marshal coucluded with Count ROQUET, commanding thic Gre. nadiers of the Guardi.

claiming credit for having brought 40,000 Count HARLET, commanding the 5 men to Paris, whom he had resigied to

regiment of grenadiers of the Im- hands more able than his own. After perial Guard.

some, conversation, this appeal of the General PETIT, cominanding the 1st division of Chaesemis.

Marshal was ordered to be inserted in the Baron CHRISTIAN, commanding the minutes.

2:1 regiment of grenadiers of the In the sitting of the 3d two letters were Imperial Guari.

read ; one from General Vandamme, the Baron HEURION.

other from General Lacroix. Vandamme Major-General BRUNET Lieat. General GUILLEMAN.

solicits the favorable attention of goNajor Lieut.-General LOROETTE. vernment to his corps, which, he says, has Major Licut-Cieneral AMBERT.

supported the national honour, and whose Major-Cjenerals MARIUS, CLIRY, arrival under the walls of Paris must

CHARIRAIN, CAMBRIELLE,
and JEANNET.

necessarily contribute to the obtainConni VANDAMME, General in Chief. ing of more advantageous terms from The liveliest applauses succeeded to the the enemy, if it should be necessary to reading of the above letter, which was or

treat. Ile says that his army has been dered to be printed and sent to the armies. constantly victorious ; that their retreat,

compelled by events, has been profected Chamber of Peers.—SITTING OF Tue by brilliant successes, and forced the 1st of July.

enemy to respect them; and he concludes Marshal Grouchy expressed his regret by observing, that all his tro ps are ready at the language which had been used with to second the intentions of government, respect to his account of the situation and that they would never act except for of the army of the North. That he had the interests of the country. The letter never ceased to write, that it container a is dated from Petit-Nontrou, July 2. mass of more than 20,000 infantry and Thanks were voted to Vandamme and his 5000 cavalry, with 100 pieces of cannon. army, and the President was directed to lle demanded a publication of the reports address a letter to him explanatory of the which he had made of his march from Na- satisfaction of the Chamber. mur to Rheims. When he arrived there The other letter from Lacroix, Chief of with his brave army, he received orders to the Stafi' to General Reille's corps, concoaduct it to Soissons, (where the Duke tradicts in very pointed terms a report, of Dalmatia was re-organising the wreck that the division of Reille was demoralia of the army which fought at Waterloo), sed. lle states, that this corps had been there to take the command of the army of particularly and strenuously engaged on the north and to march on Paris. Com- the 10th and 17th ; that it cut in pieces a piegne, Creil, Pont St. Mascoce, had not Scotch regiment, and the troops of Brunsbeen occupied. The enemy was master of wick Oels : that it killed the Duke of them : he was nearer to the capital than I Brunswick, General Picton, and many was. I could not arrive there in time other oslicers of rank, and wounded the execpt by the most rapid march, and ex- Prince of Orange. Its own loss, out of posing my flank for 18 hours to the enemy. 25,000, on the first day, was 1,125. Its I determined, therefore, to file off the 4th division, which had been detached troops which I brought from Rheims, under the orders of General Girard, lost covered by the troops which came from its brave chief, two major-generals, and a Soissons. By this arrangement they ar- fourth part of its forces. On the 18th, rived at Paris without firing a mushot. the same corps is stated to have begun the battle, and to have maintained it till must renounce péace. In the meantime night in the greatest order. It lost on resistance is as necessary as legitimate that bloody day more than 5,000, and and homanity, iu requiring an account of half its Generals and Officers. Under the blood uselessly shed, will not accusethese circumstances he insists that the di- those brave men who only combat to repel vision of Reille cannot be said to be demo. from their homes the scourges of war, ralised, and he calls for a retractation of murder, and pillage-to defend with their that assertion. Dated La Chapelle, July 1. lives the cause of liberty, and of that

M. LE Guett e-Monnay, who, it ap- independence, the imperscriptille right of pears, had been the cause of the report | wiich has beer guaranteed to them even thus alluded to, immediately rose and by the manifestoes of their enemies.-acknowledged the justice of the appeal in Amidst these grave circumstances, your the letter, and at his motion thanks were Representatives cannot forget that they voted to the division of Reille,

were not chosen to stipulate for the interests The only business in the Chamber of of any party whatever, but for the whole Peers was the adoption of two resolutions nation. Every act of weakness, while sent from the Representatives'; one de- dishonouring them, would only serve to claring that the officers, and soldiers of the compromise, during a long period, the army and the national goards, who had future tranquillity of France. In the contributed to the pacification, have de- mean time, then, that the Goverment is served well of their country, the other employing all the means for obtaining a anthorising the commission of government solid peace, what more advantages to the to put at the disposal of Napoleon Buona- nation can be done, than to collect and parte the library of the Trianon Palace, a establish the fundamental rules of a mocopy of the grand description of Egypt, narchical und representative governand of the Greek Iconography of M. ment, destined to secure to all citizens Visconti.

the free enjoyment of those sacred

rights, which sacrifices so pumerous and ADDRESS OF THE CHAMBERS OF REPRES so great have purchased—and to rally for

SENTATIVES AND PEEKS TO THE PEOPLE ever under the national colours, that
Of France.

great body of Frenchmen, who have no FRENCHMEN,

The Foreign Powers other interest, and no other wish than to proclaimed in the face of Earope that they enjoy als honourable repose and a just inwere only armed against Napoleon ; that dependence. Meanwhile, the Chambers they wished to respect our independence, conceive, that their duty and their dig. and the right which belongs to every nation nity require them to declare, that they to choose the Government suitable to its will never acknowledge as legitimate Chief manners and its interests. Napoleon is of the State, he who, on ascending the no longer the Chief of the State; he bas Throne, shall refuse to acknowledge the renounced the throne, and his abdication rights of the nation, and to consecrate has been accepted by your Representa them by a solemn compact. The Constitires. He is removed from us. His Son tutional Chart is drawn up, and if the is called to the Empire by.the Constitu- force of arms should succeed in tempotions of the State. The coalesced Søve- rarily imposing upon us a master-if the Feigns koow that. The war ought then destinies of a great nation are again to be to be terminated, if the promises of Kings delivered up to the caprice and the arbibe not vain. However, while Plenipo- trary will of a small number of privileged tentiaries have been sent to the Allied persons, then, yielding to force, the Powers fó treat for Peace in the name of National Representation will protest in France, the Generals of two of those the face of the whole world, in support of Powers have refused any suspension of the oppressed French people. Your Re

Their troops have hastened their présentatives will appeal to the energy of march, under the favour of a moment of the present and future generations to retrouble and hesitation. They are at the new their claim both to national indegates of the capital without any commu- pendenee and the rights of civil liberty. nication having informed us for what ob- For tliese rights they now appeal to the ject the war is continued. Our Plenipo. 1 justice and the reason of all cirilized natentiaries will soon declare whether we tions."

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

arms.

Printed aud Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are reqnosted to be forwarded.

« PreviousContinue »