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NAPOLEON TO THE BRAVE SOLDIERS OF THE
ARMY BEFORE PARIS.
and torn his cheeks asunder, in viewing wholly occupied in writing a history of his the savage,"
,” and laughing at the fun, life. The events of the three last months which this spectacle afforded, the “ fero- shew how well founded were these assercious tyrant” was then to be hung on a tions. It may take longer time in Amegibbet, as high as Haman's, as a necessary rica to mature his plans than it did in his peace offering to the wounded feelings of last retreat; but I cannot suppose that a
friends of social order, and of our man of his active and enterprising disposiholy religion.”—When a report lately pre- tion will, in the very vigour of life, vailed, that Napoleon had actually fallen feel much disposed to renounce the tumult into our hands, nothing was heard but of the world. On bidding adieu to France, the cry
of " send him to the Tower, send where he will be remembered with regret him to the Tower ;” and, I am told, that by all who experienced the beneficial efso confident were people of all ranks of fects of his excelent institutions, Napohis being on the road to Loncion, that leon addressed the following proclamation thousands left their occupations, and went to the army. It is altogether characterismany miles into the country, to see him tic of this wonderful man: approach. Never losing sight of the “ main chance,"always disposed to make
Malmaison, June 25, 1815. the most of every thing," it was even said, that a dispute was on the eve of taking place, between the keepers of the different
Soldiers! While obeying the necessity which jails of the metropolis, as to who was to
removes me from the brave French army, I carry pocket the fees arising from the exhibition with me the happy certainly that it will justify, of Napoleoil. Poor' Johnny Bull! how by the imminent services which the conntry exsadly must you be disapz nied when you pects from it, the praises which our enemies find, that this slippery fellow has escaped, thenselves have not been able to refuse it. Solnotwithstanding all the wise precautions diers, I shall follow your steps though absent: I of our Ministers, and the extraordinary ex
know all the corps, and not one of them will obertions of our invincible navy board, head. lain a single advantage over the enemy, but I ed by that penetrating, active, and saga- stall give it credit for the courage it shall have cious Secretary, Mr. Croker. But never displayed.' Bolli you and me have been calummind Johnny; do not despair. Napoleon niated. Men very unfit to appreciate oor labours is not dead. You will probably very soon have seen, in the marks of attachment which hear of his landing in America, where new you have given ine, a zeal of which I was the scenes, for the exercise of his active genius, sole object. Let your future successes tell them, open before him, and where, it is at least, that it was the country above all things which possible, our fleets and our armies may be you served by obeying me, and that if I have aliy again called to achiere fresh deeds of glory, share in your affectiou I owe it to my ardent love in consequence of some new attempt of tor France, our common mother. Soldiers !-. this extraordinary man, to destroy our some efforts more and ihe coalition is dissolved power and influence, even in that distant Napoleon will recognise you by the blows which part of the world. I see it stated in the you are going to sirike. Save the honour, the Paris papers, that “ Napoleon Bonaparte independence of the French-be to the last the 6 was very careful in providing himself same men that I have known in you for these last “ with good books upon America, before twenty years, and yon will be invincible. “ his departure from Malmaison. He
NAPOLEON. “ asked for a great many, and went him" self to see that they were put into his carriage. He said to those who were
DeFeaT OF THE ALGERINE FLEET BY near him, that he renounced for ever the
THE AMERICANS. “ tumult of the world and of business, and Our base newspaper writers are
that he had no other wish but to end much occupied with enforcing the neces“his days peaceably in the United States sity of cutting the throats of all the Jaco“ of America, amid a free and hospitable bins in France, that they cannot spare a
people."-But the same thing was said moment to think, far less to write, on of him when he was at Elba. He had the signal triumph of America, which her there “ renounced, for ever, the tumult of linvincible fleet has just obtained over the " the world and of business," and was European pirates. This great achieve
ment of the real sons of liberty against haughty and barbarous race, will for ever one of the “ legitimate Monarchs,” does reflect disgrace on the nations of Europe. not, I dare say, go well down with our corruptionists; but that is a principal
Tue FRENCH ARMIES. reason why I should not lose sight of it.
It is clear that, up to the moment in While all the regular governments of which I write (Friday) no part of the Europe were acknowledging their infe
of France, at least no considerable riority, by sending annual presents to the part of it, has returned to, what is calied, Dey of Algiers, the Americans fitted out its allegiance to its ancient monarchs. We a squadron to annihilate this Royal pirate.
have accounts from Paris so late as TuesThe Algerine fleet was discovered on the day last, in which it is stated, that, so far coast of Spain. It was attacked by the from the soldiers declaring, as was lately Yankee fleet without any hesitation. The said, for the king, a sanguinary action Americans took the admiral's ship, a
6 has taken place within 20 leagues of frigate of the largest size ; drove another
“ Paris, between the corps d'armée of Geon shore and destroyed her; the rest es
66 neral Lamarque and a Prussian corps. caped only in consequence of a calm, fuse to submit to the king. It is said
66 The castle of Vincennes continues to rewhich enabled them to use their oars. This is certainly a proper method of treat
" that the army under the command of ing these royal nuisances. But we do not
“ General Rapp, bas effected its junction see that this civilized part of the world
66 with the army of the Loire."-But this are disposed to consider them in that is not all. The PEASANTS and the Nalight. They have shewn no inclination to tional Guards have shewn resistance to assist the Americans in driving them out. the Russians in their advance.-The adPerhaps they are too much occupied at
66 vanced guard of the Russian army, present with delivering France, to think
66 which had been stopped at Chateau of delivering Europe. However, I am
Thierry, by the resistance of several quite satisfied that the Americans are able
“ thousand peasants and National Guards, to do the business without them. I should
6 who thought they could dispute with it not be surprises, indeed, if things would
“ the passage of the Marne, has surmounttake a different turn. I would not won.
66 ed those obstacles and continued its der, after what I have seen; after the
march towards Paris.” — The reader assistance we have given to restore the will observe that there accounts are given whore of Babylon, the Inquisition, and in papers now under the controul of the the lazy voluptuous nuns and friars to Bourbons, and, thcrefore, that they cantheir former power and ease; if a treaty not be supposed to be telling us any thing offensive and defensive had been concluded not true, unfavourable to the royal cause. between the Autocrat of Algiers, the Au- They appear, indeed, to be concealing, tocrats of Russia, Prussia, &c. &c., and rather than exaggerating the truth. They that the Americans were to find them
tell us of a sanguinary action” with the selves involved in a war against these Prussians, but they do not say how this powers, who may probably afford a power
terminated. They speak of the resistance ful contingent to their Royal Ally.But of the peasants to the Russians, but they even this will be of little consequruce. give us no particulars of the conflict. if After the American seamen gave such a
these are proofs of the attachment and love lesson as they did to the boasted “. sove
of the French people for the race of the reigns of the sea," there can be no appre. Bourbons, I should like to be told what hension as to the result of
name ought to be asfixed to the reception war which
any may occur with the whole maritime force which the whole French nation gave to of the world. There is an energy which Napoleon when he returned from Elba ? liberty gives to its champions, that renders its cause invincible when opposed to ty
DissolutION OF THE LEGISLATIVE Bopy.
-ENTRANCE OF Louis XVIII. INTO ranny; and the extirpation of the royal
Paris. west of African pirates, is an act which will be recorded in the page of history to the eternal honour of the American peo- I closed the sketch of the proceedings ple, while the long endurance of this of the French Legislature, given in my
last, with an account of what had passed , DECLARATION OF THE CHAMBER OF
REPRESENTATIVES. in both Chambers up to the 4th inst. On that day, the most animated and interest- The troops of the Allied Powers are going to ing discussions took place. The sittings occupy the capital. The Chamber of Representain both houses opened with reading the tives will nevertheless continue to sit in the midst following message from the Provisional of the inliabitants of Paris, where the express Government:
will of the People called together its delegates.
But under the present important circunstances, M. PRESIDENT.-When the Representatives
the Chamber of Representatives owes to itself, of the People confided to as the Government we accepted it, but we did not know the extent of to France, to Europe, a declaration of its senti:
ments and of its principles. It declares then the evils which have betallen is. In vain have
that it makes a solemy appeal to the fidelity and we attempted to repel the storm-in spite of all
to the patriotism of the Parisian national guard, the heroic efforts of our troops, and the entire devotion of the National Guard, we have found charged with tile protection of the vational reit impossible to prevent the Allies penetrating presentation. It declares that it reposes with
the liigliest confidence on the principles of to Paris, either by force or uegociations. We
morality and honour, on the magnanimity of the have preferred the latter measure, not to compromise the fate of the capital by a precarious Allied Powers, and on their respect for the inde
pendence of the nation, so positively expressed combat against superior numbers, hourly re.
in their manifestoes. It declares that the Go. ceiving reinforcements. Under these circum.
vernment of France, whoever may be its chief, stances, we have the pleasure to announce to
ought to unite the wishes of the nation legaliy you, that' in avoiding the effusion of blood we
expressed, and to assimilate itself to other Go. kave neither sacrificed the principles of our po.
vernments to become a common bond, and the litical Government, nor the glory of the French
guarantee of peace between France and Europe.
Ii declares that a monarch cannot offer substanOn the message being read in the Cham-tial goarantees wuless he swears to observe a Cune ber of Representatives, Mi, Gurat, in an siitntion deliberated npon by the vational re. animated speech, compared the then situ- presentation, and accepted by the people. There. ation of France to that of England during fore, every government which shall have no the reign of William III. when the Bill of otuer titles except acclamations, and the will of Rights was obtained. “ It was a shield," one party, or which shall not be imposed by (said the speaker) “ to prevent the usur force : every government which shall nut adopt
pation of William III. who had himself the national colours and shall not guarautee66 strove against Louis XIV. and arrested The liberty of the subject; “his victories. This parliamentary sta- Equality of civil and political rights; Ci tue is the Pharos of British liberty. The liberty of the press; “ I have every confidence in the Allies, The liberty of worship;
particularly the English, to whom we The representative system ; chave paid the compliment of following Free assent to levies of men and taxes; " their example. Yes! we will have the The responsibility of ministers;
liberty of choosing our own Constitu- The irrevocability of the sales of national pro. “tion.-I wish, therefore, at this mo-perty, whatever its origin ;
ment, to give the nation something like The inviolability of property, the abolition of " that Bill of Rights which is the glory of tythes, of the old and vew hereditary nobility, “ the English.” M. Garat then read a and of tendality; series of articles, entitled, Declaration of The abolitiou of all confiscation of goods ; the Rights of the French People. These Entire oblivion of political opipions and votes were referred to a Committee, and on the given up to this time; 5th, after long debates, the Declaration Tlie institution of the Legion of Honour. was adopted, and an Address to the Tlie compensation due to officers aud soldiers i French People, in name of the Government Tbe aid due to tacir widows and their children; Commission, ordered to be printed. The The institution of juries; Chamber of Peers also concurred in these The irrevocability of judges;
The following are copies of The payment of the national debt ; these interesting documeuts :
The Government which shall not guarantge all
these, will only have an ephemeral existence, we shall receive guarantees which will prevent and will not secure the peace of France and those alternate aud temporary Triumphs of fac, Europe. Should the basis laid down in this lious that have agitated us for five and twenty declaration be disregarded or violated, the repre- years, which will terminate our revolution, and sentatives of the French people acquitting thein- confound in a common protection all the parties selves this day of a sacred duty, protest before. to which it has given birth, and all those which hand in the face of the whole world, against vio- it has combatted. The guarantees which hither. jence and usurpation. They confide the main- to liave only existed in onr courage, we shall find tenance of the principles which they proclaim to in our laws, our constitution, and in our repre. all good Frenchmen, to all generous hearts, to all sentative system ; for whatever may be the intel. enlightened minds, to all men jealous of their ligence, the personal qualities of the monarck, liberty, in fine, to future generations.
they are not sufficient to put the people out of (Signed) LANJUINAIS, President. the reach of the oppression of power, the preDUMOLARD,
judices of pride, the injustice of courls, and the BEDOCK,
ambition of courtiers. Frenchmen, peace is CLEMONT, (of Doubs)
necessary to your commerce, to your arts, to the HELLO,
amelioration of your manners, to the development PROCLAMATION OF THE COMMISSION of your remaining resources; be united, and you OF GOVERNMENT TO THE FRENCH. reach the end of your miseries. The repose of
Europe is FRENCHMEN,--In the difficult circumstances Europe is inseparable from your's.
interested in your tranquillity, and your hapwhen the reins of the State were confided to us, it was not in our power to master the course of piness
The Duke of OTRANTO, President. events, and to remove all dangers ; but it became (Signed) our duty to defend the interests of the people
Next day, the 6th, after some resolu. and of the army, equally compromised in the cause of a Prince, abandoned by fortune and the tions had been agreed to respecting the national will. It became our duty to preserve to pay of the army, M. Dupont spoke as fol.
lows :-“ When in your memorable sitthe country the precions remains of those brave
ting of yesterday, you solemnly proJegions whose courage is superior to reverses, and who have been the victims of a devotedness is not merely your intention to give the
claimed your political principles, it was which the cowu try now claims. It became our duty to guarantee the capital from the liorrors wished to make known at the same time
“ nation a new pledge of fidelity--you of siege, and the chances of a battle, to maintain
your sentiments to the Allied Sovethe public tranquillity in the midst of the tumult
reigns, and the high confidence which and agitations of war, to support the hopes of the
you entertain in their justice and magfriends of liberty, in the midst of the fears and inquietudes of a suspicious fore-sight; above all
nanimity. They will hear your lanit became our duty to stop the useless effusion of
guage with a noble interest, for it is
worthy of them and of the nation whom blood: it was necessary to choose an assured 66 national existence, or to run the risk of expo
you represent. They have more than
once announced their wish to respect sing the country and its citizens to a general“ the independence of the French people. subversion, which would have left neither hope “ It would be insulting them to fear that nor futurity. None of the means of defence which time and our resources allowed, nothing by force of arms, or to favour a party
6 they wish to impose on us a Government that the service of the camps and of the city s who might attempt to prevent the wishes required was neglected. While the pacifications of the nation, and to substitute the acof the West was finishing, Plenipotentiaries re- " clamations of a few individuals to the paired to the Allied Powers, and all the docu
“ free expression of the general wish. It ments of their negociation liave been laid before 66 yonr representatives. The fate of the capital is “ order that your declaration should pro
appears to me necessary, therefore, in settled by a convention. Its inliabitants, whose “ duce all the effects which you have a firmuess, courage, and perseverance are above all “ right to expect from it, that it be care praise, form its guard. The declarations of the “ ried to the Allied Monarchs by a DeSovereigns of Europe should inspire too much “putation chosen from yourselves. The confidence, their promises have been too solemn, “ French people will see in this solemn to excite a fear that our liberties and our dearest
proceeding a new proof of your patriotic interests can be sacrificed to victory. In a wordsolicitude. The High Powers will also
“ find the most striking testimony of your legislative power into two Chambers, has nuited " unbounded confidence in their decla- every opinion : but shall there be an upper Cham“ ration."
ber? A Chamber of Peers? Shall the Peers be for The proposition was unanimously sup
lite? Shall they be hereditary? Some conciliaported and adopted, and ordered to be tory means have been proposed: your wisdom printed ; after which, the House pro-Committee isot opinion that a hereditary peerage,
will decide respectiug them, However, the ceeded to consider the project of a new Constitution, when M. Manuel, in name
boil for the interest of the people and the Moof the Committee, submitted the follow warch, is the institution which presents the ing report :
greatest number of obstacles in the way of the
abuse of power. The suppression of ihe ancient Men (said he) are not a sufficient guarantee for and modern Noblesse has appeared necessary, States, a durable security can alone be found in and such was your opinion in your sitting of yesIvstitutions. For twenty-five years France basterday. The Monarchy, however, requires this been the victim of factions and despotism; in
sort of institution, and the difficulty is perlaps Institutions alone she must seek an asylum against resolved in the institution of the peerage, a species the disorders and the abuses to which she has
of privilege conceived in such a manner that it been a prey. To rally themselves under a Con.
does not present the inconveniencies of the atistitution, bus, for a people, the double advantage cient institutions, while it preserves the real adof attaching them to a fixed point, and giving a
vautages. The Committee was of opinion that strength to them of which their enemies may be they ought to be hereditary and unlimited in in awe. History informs us that by the mere point of number, to form a necessary counter. force of their institutions, nations in antiquity poise between the monarchical and democratical were enabled to give laws at the very moment
part of the Constitution. With respect to the when they were vanquished. The twenty-five additional guarantees, M. Manuel observed, first, years which we have passed are twenty-five ages Wat neither the Monarch vor the presumptive of experience. Bilt the labours of your Com.
heir conld command the armies; we shall no lon. mittee were full of dificulty, from the number of
ger then have to dread the misfortunes which opposite prineiples, and ot different interests to
we have so recently experienced. The suppres. conciliate. We have not aimed at an imaginary sion of the Noblesse offers, for the reasons above perfection: Utopia has given rise to too many assigned, an additional guarantee to the rights of errors. We are destined to give laws not to an
all the citizens. Another guarantee was, that no nncreated world, but to France, such as it is, in officer should be deprived of his rauk without a its vast social reports. The mode of Government previous judgment. Finally, M. Manuel observed, must offer by guarantees and mutual concessions that the Committee recommended the abolition a just equilibrium between the popular power of the Slave Trade. and that of the Monarchi, nothing could be esta blished were we not to consult the public opinion
The rest of the sitting was occupied with and the general spirit which is diffused. Those discussions on the different articles of the who give law: to a people, that they may be do Constitution. Next day, the 7th, the rable, ought to follow 10 a certain point the discussions were resumed, during which
the following message was received. movement and the inclination of that opinion. This has been proved hy experience. A sage M. President- We have hitherto had reason to combination in public transactions, and a reci. believe that the intentions of the Allied Sovereigns procal guarantee between the people and the were not onanimous respecting the choice of tļie Monarchi, are the safeguards of liberty and stabi. Prince who is to reign in France--our Plenipo. lity; for if one power preponderates, it can only tentiaries, on their return, gave us the same as, be obtained by a revolution. Fortunately we surances ; however, the Ministers and the Gc. Jiave profited by our experience; our exhusiasm nerals of the Allied powers declared yesterday in is calmed, and social reason is unfortunately the conferences which they had with the Presiseated at present on numberless ruins; this rea dent of the Commission--that all the Sovereigns son demands mutual sacrifices; on this basis tlie had engaged to replace Louis XVIII. on the throne ; present system rests. The form of Government and that he is to make his public entry into tlie could not be doubtful. A Republic might se. capital this evening dr tomorrow. The foreign duce clevated souls; but it does not suit a great troops have just' occupied the Thuilleries, ilie people in the present state of our societies. A seat of the Goverument. In this state of things, Constitutional Monarcliy was alone fit for France, we can do wo more than form wishes for our and we propose it to you. The division of the country; and our deliberations being no longer