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1826. This change (beginning in 1822) broke

down the insolence of such men as


CASTLEREAGH (August 1822) cut his

own throat, at North Cray, in Kent: his character: his deeds: his alleged insanity: his burial: the power he possessed in the government, at the moment when he cut his throat: the verdict of the jury: the conduct of the 469 to 477


1827. LIVERPOOL's extinguishment complete. 478 CANNING prime minister in May; boggles

and reels about like a baby till August, in and then died, and became forgotten a week: his character: his origin: his base insolence towards the reformers: his sackings of the public money.. 479,480 LORD GODERICH (Frederick Robinson) succeeds Canning: quits his post at the end of a few weeks: is succeeded by the Duke of Wellington : the duke finds that the "word of command" will not raise 59 millions a year with wheat at 6s. a bushel...... 481 1828. THE TEST AND CORPORATION ACTS repealed: this was the first distinct blow at the Church


1829. The repeal of the laws against the CATHOLIC RELIGION, which repeal took the name of Catholic Emancipation:

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The difficulties of the government go on
increasing the means of the nation
diminishing: its burdens increas-
ing, in fact, though not in nominal
amount: the land-owners looking about
them for help, vainly hope to find in
the "vigour and decision" of the "Hero
of Waterloo," who was unable to
make wheat rise in price, however able
he had been to expend the money
borrowed for the carrying-on of the


1830. Great distress in the country: the people,
at last, fixed on a reform of the parlia-
ment as the only effectual remedy: the
country full of discontent: in this state
of things (26. June) the Big" SOVE-
REIGN" died.
The new king's angry speech on pro-
roguing the parliament ..




The Duke of Wellington's declaration
against Reform, on the same day.... 487
The rage of the people at hearing this de-
claration the gross insults which the
duke had to endure: his name rubbed
out from the corners of streets: his
picture rubbed out of signs; his bullet-
proof window-shutters


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1830. The sort of life that he led from the year

1822 to the day of his death...... 492
The memorable burial-day of "the SO-
VEREIGN": conduct of the people
of London on this occasion



The base adulation of royalty which be


came fashionable

The CHARACTER of " the SOVEREIGN": the severe punishment of the MESSRS. HUNT, of the ExAMINER newspaper, for having spoken of him the cowed-down state of the press the prosecution of the same gentlemen for an alleged libel on the dead ib. George III.! We may say what we please in praise of sovereigns, dead or alive Sir Robert Peel's praises of Geo. IV..... ib. FOREIGN AFFAIRS during this regency


and reign BURDENS which the Big "SOVEREIGN" left on the backs of his people, and to which he had added a permanent weight of nine millions a year 502 TABLE (from official accounts) showing the amount, in each year of this regency and reign, of the TAXES, of the COLLECTION, and of the cost of Debt, ARMY, NAVY, ORDNANCE, CIVILLIST, SECRET SERVICES, and the amount of money voted out of the taxes ib. for the church parsons


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Monstrousness of this taxation and expen


1830. It now shakes all the ancient institutions

and all property......
SUFFERINGS, privations, ruin, and misery
of the people, arising from these bur-


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IN THE CHURCH abuses enormous:
churches suffered to fall down: the
aristocratical clergy taking away the
means of existence from the working
clergy: the revenues of the parishes
carried away and spent at a distance:
the people straying into all sorts of



CRIME increases in proportion as the
misery of the people increases; till, at
last, their ideas come back to the law
of nature, which tells every hungry
man to take food where he can find it. 506
NEW AND SEVERE LAWS to check this
increase of crime: a total departure
from all the main principles of En-
glish law



A fearful looking forward towards that
which is to come, as the final and natu-
ral consequence of this long, this taxing,
this squandering, regency and reign,
during which the great land-owners of
England, by endeavouring to extin-
guish the last remains of English free-
dom, put their own estates in jeopardy. 508

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