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and possessions of the other Contracting Party, the Consul-General, Consul, or Vice-Consul of the nation to which the deceased may belong, or, in his absence, the representative of such Consular officer, may, so far as the laws of each country will permit, take charge of the property which the deceased shall have left for the benefit of his legal representatives, until an executor or administrator be named.


Seamen Deserters. The Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents of each of the Contracting Parties residing in the dominions and possessions of the other shall receive from the local authorities such assistance as can by law be given to them for the recovery of deserters from the vessels of their respective countries.

ARTICLE XII. Vessels in Distress.-- Wrecks and Salvage.--Most-favoured-nation

Treatment. Any ship of war or merchant-vessel of either of the Contracting Parties which may be compelled by stress of weather or by accident to take shelter in a port of the other, shall be at liberty to refit therein to procure all necessary stores, and to continue their voyage, without paying any dues other than such as would be payable in a similar case by a vessel of the most favoured nation. In case, however, the master of a merchant-vessel should be under the necessity of disposing of a part of his merchandize in order to defray his expenses, he shall be bound to conform to the Regulations and Tariffs of the place to which he may have come.

If any ship of war or merchant-vessel of one of the Contracting Parties should run aground or be wrecked within the territory of the other, such ship or vessel, and all parts thereof, and all furniture and appurtenances belonging thereunto, and all goods and merchandize saved therefrom, including any which may have been cast out of the ship, or the proceeds thereof if sold, as well as all papers found on board such stranded or wrecked ship or vessel, shall be given up to the owners or their agents when claimed by them. If there are no such owners or agents on the spot, then the same shall be delivered to the British or Uruguayan Consul-General, Consul, Vice-Consul, or Consular Agent in whose district the wreck or stranding may have taken place, upon being claimed by him within the period fixed by the laws of the country; and such Consuls, owners, or agents shall pay only the expenses incurred in the preservation of the property, together with the salvage or other expenses which would have been payable in the like case of a wreck of a vessel of the most favoured nation.

The goods and merchandize saved from the wreck shall be exempt from all duties of Customs, unless cleared for consumption

in which case they shall pay the same rate of duty as if they had been imported in a vessel of the most favoured nation.

In the case either of a vessel being driven in by stress of weather, run aground, or wrecked, the respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall, if the owner or master or other Agent of the owner is not present, or is present and requires it, be authorized to interpose in order to afford the necessary assistance to their fellow-countrymen.


Rupture of Friendly Relations.--Position of Persons and Property.

For the better security of commerce-between the subjects Her Britannic Majesty and the citizens of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, it is agreed that if at any time any interruption of friendly intercourse or any rupture should unfortunately take place between the two Contracting Parties, the subjects or citizens of either of the said Contracting Parties who may be residing in the dominions or territories of the other, or who may be established there, in the exercise of any trade or special employment, shall have the privilege of remaining, and continuing such trade or employment, without any manner of interruption, in full enjoyment of their liberty and property, so long as they behave peacefully and commit no offence against the laws; and their goods, property, and effects, of whatever description they may be, whether in their own custody, or intrusted to individuals or to the State, shall not be liable to seizure or sequestration, or to any other charges or demands than those which may be made upon the like goods, property, and effects belonging to native subjects or citizens. Should they, however, prefer to leave the couníry, they shall be allowed to make arrangements for the safe keeping of their goods, property, and effects, or to dispose of them, and to liquidate their accounts; and a safe-conduct shall be given them to embark at the ports which they shall themselves select.

ARTICLE XIV. Application of Treaty to British Colonies. The stipulations of the present Treaty shall be applicable to all the Colonies and foreign possessions of Her Britannic Majesty, so far as the laws permit, excepting to those hereinafter named, that is to say, except to India.

Western Australia.
The Dominion of Canada.


New South Wales.

New Zealand.

The Cape.
South Australia.

* Sce Convention of July 15, 1899, p. 1007.

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Provided always that the stipulations of the present Treaty shall be made applicable to any of the above-named Colonies or foreign possessions on whose behalf notice to that effect shall have been given by Her Britannic Majesty's Representative in the Oriental Republio of the Uruguay to the Uruguayan Minister for Foreign Affairs within two years from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of the present Treaty.

The Treaty shall apply in the case of such Colonies or foreign possessions from the date when this notice is given to the Uruguayan Minister for Foreign Affairs.


Controversies as to Interpretation or Execution of this Treaty to be

settled by Arbitration. Any controversies which may arise respecting the interpretation or the execution of the present Treaty, or the consequences of any violation thereof, shall be submitted, when the means of settling them directly by amicable agreement are exhausted, to the decision of Commissions of Arbitration, and the result of such arbitration shall be binding upon both Governments.

The members of such Commissions shall be selected by the two Governments by common consent, failing which each of the Parties shall nominate an Arbitrator, or an equal number of Arbitrators, and the Arbitrators thus appointed shall select an Umpire.

The procedure of the arbitration shall in each case be determined by the Contracting Parties, failing which the Commission of Arbitration shall be itself entitled to determine it beforehand.


Duration of this Treaty. The present Treaty shall continue in force during ten yea 12, counted from the day of the exchange of the ratifications; and in case neither of the two Contracting Parties shall have given notice, twelve months before the expiration of the said period of ten years, of their intention of terminating the present Treaty, it shall remain in force until the expiration of one year from the day on which either of the Contracting Parties shall have given such notice.


Ratifications. The present Treaty shall be ratified by Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and by his Excellency the President of the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Monte Video as soon as possible.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done at Monte Video, this thirteenth day of November, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-five.



No. 199.



Signed at Monte Video, July 15, 1899.

[Ratifications exchanged at Monte Video, June 9, 1900.]

Renewal of Treaty of Nocember 13, 1885. THEIR Excellencies Mr. Walter Baring, Her Britannic Majesty's Minister Resident, and Dr. Manuel Herrero y Espinosa, Minister for Foreign Affairs, having met together at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, have declared that, whereas it has not been as yet possible for reasons foreign to the wishes of both Governments to conclude a Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between their respective countries to take the place of the one that has lapsed, and recognising the fact that it is necessary that the commercial interests of the two nations should continue to be regulated by an international compact securing to them the treatment and advantages of the most favoured nation, and being duly authorized to that effect, now agree that the Treaty of Friendship Commerce, and Navigation concluded on the 13th of November, 1885, and the ratifications of which were exchanged on the 22nd of May, 1886, shall be renewed.

Accession and Withdrawal of British Colonies. They also declared that British Colonies and possessions may adhere to the present Convention within six months counting from the exchange of ratifications, and may withdraw from the same, at any time by giving six months' notice of their intention.

In either case the notice will be given by the Representative of Her Britannic Majesty at Monte Video to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Uruguay. [536]

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Exceptions to Most-favoured-nation Treatment. It was also agreed that the stipulations contained in the Treaty which is to be renewed do not include cases in which the Government of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay may accord special favours, exemptions, and privileges to the citizens or products of the United States of Brazil, of the Argentine Republic, or of Paraguay in matters of commerce.

Such favours cannot be claimed on behalf of Great Britain on the ground of most favoured nation rights, as long as they are not conceded to other States.

It is, nevertheless, understood that the said special favours, exemptions, and privileges shall not be capable of application to products similar to those of Great Britain, nor be extended to navigation.

Ratifications. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged at Monte Video as soon as possible.

Duration of Convention. It shall come into force from the day on which the ratifications are exchanged, and shall continue in force until the expiration of one year from the day on which one of the High Contracting Parties shall have given notice to the other of its intention of terminating it.

The undersigned Plenipotentiaries trust that in the time during which the present Convention remains in force the necessary negotiations may be carried on for the conclusion of a new Treaty more in keeping with the reciprocal interests of the two States.

In witness whereof they have signed the present Convention in duplicate at Monte Video, the fifteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.





| Newfoundland.)
Falkland Islands,

New Zealand.

St. Helena.
Gold Coast.

Hong Kong.

Sierra Leone.

Straits Settlements.
Leeward Islands.


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