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The Process of Disintegration and Decay of the Ottoman Empire
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according activities addition administration agreement agriculture amount Anatolia attempts Bank became beginning Britain British budget Canal capital capitulations century changes collection communications Company concession considerable constituted construction continued cotton cultivation currency customs debt direct duties East economic effect Egypt Egyptian enterprises especially establishment expenditure exports fact field force foreign France French further given granted Group hand Imperial important income increased industry influence interest internal investments Iraq Italy land loans London mainly major mandated methods Middle million official Operating Ottoman Ottoman Empire particularly parties payments period Persia plans political population port pounds Powers present production railway reform regards Report respect result rise Russia share social sources structure subjects taxes thirties trade Treaty Turkey Turkish twenties various World