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actual Admiral Admiralty admitted agent allowed American appears apply arising authority belonging bill blockade British brought captors cargo carried cause character circumstances claim claimant colony coming command concerned condemned conduct considerable considered court destination direct doubt Dutch duty effect enemy enemy's England English entitled Europe evidence examined fact farther proof fleet force former France French give given ground hands Holland hostilities immediately important instance instructions intention interest JUDGMENT King's letter Lords manner master means merchants nature necessary neutral observe officers opinion original owner particular parties passed persons port possession practice present principle prize proceed proceedings produced proved purchased question reason received residence respect restored rule sailing sent share ship Spanish sufficient suppose taken thing tion trade transaction treaty vessel voyage whole
Page 27 - ... itself has no locality. It is the duty of the person who sits here to determine this question exactly as he would determine the same question if sitting at Stockholm ; to assert no pretensions on the part of Great Britain which he would not allow to Sweden in the same circumstances, and to impose no duties on Sweden, as a neutral country, which he would not admit to belong to Great Britain in the same character.
Page 27 - ... are ; and it is for the purpose of ascertaining these points that the necessity of this right of visitation and search exists. This right is so clear in principle, that no man can deny it who admits the legality of maritime capture ; because if you are not at liberty to ascertain by sufficient inquiry whether there is property that can legally be captured, it is impossible to capture.
Page 27 - Admiralty Reports. REPORTS of CASES argued and determined in the HIGH COURT of ADMIRALTY, commencing with the Judgments of the Right Honourable Stephen Lushington, DCL By WILLIAM ROBINSON, DCL Advocate.
Page 267 - Upon these grounds, it cannot be contended to be a right of neutrals, to intrude into a commerce which had been uniformly shut against them, and which is now forced open merely by the pressure of war; for when the enemy, under an entire inability to supply his colonies and to export their products, affects to open them to neutrals, it is not his will but his necessity that changes his system; that change is the direct and unavoidable consequence of the compulsion of war, it is a measure not of French...
Page 381 - THAT they shall stop and detain all ships laden with goods, the produce of any colony belonging to France, or carrying provisions or other supplies for the use of any such colony, and shall bring the same, with their cargoes, to legal adjudication in our courts of admiralty.
Page 27 - Whatever is the property of the enemy, may be acquired by capture at sea ; but the property of a friend cannot be taken provided he observes his neutrality. ^ " Hence the law of nations has established, " That the goods of an .enemy, on board the ship of a friend may be taken. " That the lawful goods of a friend, on board the ship of an enemy, ought to be restored.
Page 144 - There are," says Sir W. Scott, " two sorts of blockade : one by the simple fact only, the other by a notification accompanied with the fact. In the former case, when the fact ceases otherwise than by accident or the shifting of the wind, there is immediately an end of the blockade...
Page 141 - It is my duty not to admit, that because one nation has thought proper to depart from the common usage of the world, and to meet the notice of mankind in a new and unprecedented manner, that I am on that account under the necessity of acknowledging the efficacy of such a novel institution, merely because general theory might give it a degree of countenance, independent of all practice from the earliest history of mankind. The institution must conform to the text law, and likewise to the constant...
Page 144 - Among the circumstances which tend to preserve provisions from being liable to be treated as contraband, one is, that they are of the growth of the country which exports them. In the present case they are the product of another country, and that a hostile country ; and the claimant has not only gone out of his way for the supply of the enemy, but he has assisted the enemy's ally in the war by taking off his surplus commodities.