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CLEANS 161. .3N32




BUREAU OF NAVIGATION, Washington, D. C., May 18, 1911.

SIR: The edition of the Navigation Laws for 1911 has been prepared in substantially the same form as the editions of 1895, 1899, 1903, and 1907, which proved to be convenient for the use of collectors of customs, shipping commissioners, the masters, owners, and agents of vessels, seamen, and others directly interested in vessels, their officers, crews, passengers, and cargo.

As in the four former editions, the effort has been made to include in this volume only laws actually in force. Where sections of the Revised Statutes or other laws have been specifically repealed or amended by subsequent legislation the repealed portions of the law are omitted, and the present, not the original, reading of amended sections is adopted.

The effort has been made to confine the law included in this volume to the navigation law, meaning by that term the law relating to vessels, with which owners, masters, and agents should be acquainted. The line between this law and the customs law is not always clearly defined. The laws directly relating to duties on imports and to invoices are not included in this volume, while those relating to entry, clearance, manifests, and transportation by water have been comprised within its limits. The respective jurisdictions of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor are more clearly defined than when the edition of 1903 was issued.

To reduce the size of the book, some parts and paragraphs formerly published have been omitted. Thus, the part entitled "Slave Trade" is not included, as the evil against which the laws were directed has ceased. The part entitled "Chinese Immigration" is also omitted, as very few vessels carry Chinese immigrants, and for the use of such a special pamphlet is available.

The scheme of arrangement will appear from the table of contents. The law has been divided into large divisions by subjects, called parts, while these parts have been subdivided into headed paragraphs.

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