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country of a military establish- duced on the determinations of ment having undergone so long a the ministry. discussion, the effect of which When the House was resolved was a general conviction that the into a committee, Lord Palmerestablishment was wise, fit, and ston moved for a grant of 277,8851. becoming

for defraying the charge of geneThe subsequent motion was for ral and staff officers, and officers the grant of 1,234,5961. for the of the hospitals, and the charge charge of the forces stationed in of the garrisons, for 366 days France; the resolution on which from December 2511, 1815. This was agreed to.

inotion, though it produced variIn the progress of discussion it ous remarks, was agreed to. Subappears, that notwithstanding the sequent mótions for grants for predominant influence of the mi- defraying the charges of the vonisters in parliament, it was lunteer corps of Great Britain and thought advisable to offer to the Ireland in 1810, and the expenses public some gratuitous deductions of the local militia were generally from the estimates as first pre concurred in. sented; and on April 5th the When on April 10th the report order of the day stood for going of the committec of supply on the into a committee for taking into army staff was to be taken into consideration the reduced army further consideration, Lord Folkeestimates. On the question that stone declared himself anxious in the Speaker leave the chair, Mr. this last stage to protest against Warre rose to make some obser- the adoption of the army estivations on these estimates, and mates in their present form. In the first to which he called the the stafi alone, he said, had any attention of the House was the diminution been esiected ; 'and charge for staff and hospital offi- although the saving was only cers on foreign stations. This 40,000l. it was sufficient to shew article had been stated in the that the estimates in general had original estimates at 163,0001. been made out in a very careless and the proposed reduction left it

He repeated his strong at 123,0001.; and the hon. gen- objections to the employment of tleman having stated from docu- soldiers for civil purposes, and ments that it was still six times affirmed, that during the last 25 more than had been demanded years, the number of the guards for the same service at the peace doing duty in London had been of Amiens, argued that there augmented from between 6 and were no justifiable reasons for 700, to 8 and 900 men. such a great auginentation. As The report was agreed to withwe do not undertake to give the out farther comment. particulars of these debates, which The navy estimates were laid for the most part turned upon before the committee of supply numerical questions, we have by Sir George Warrender on Feb., noticed the circumstance chiefly ruary 14th. lle began with mento shew the effect which further tioning the stations of the squaconsideration of the subject pro- drons now employed, and those

changes

manner.

changes which had caused a con- lutions, of which the first was,
siderable increase on the last “ That 33,000 men be employed
peace establishment of the navy. for the sea service for the year
To the force in the East Indies no 1816, including 9000 royal ma-
addition had been made; but the rines."
Cape of Good Hope was a new Mr. Ponsonby expressed himself
station, which was also rendered reluctant to say any thing which
of peculiar importance by its prox. might seem to reflect on the
imity to St. Helena. To the services of the navy; yet he could
Mauritius likewise a very con- not abstain from entering his pro
siderable squadron had been ap- test against the proposed supply,
pointed, amounting to 11 ships since it would require nuch
of the line. In the Mediterranean stronger reasons than he had
it had been thought proper to heard, to convince him of the ne-
substitute 74 gun ships to those cessity of such a peace establish-
of 50. A small squadron had ment. At the close of the Ame-
been stationed off South America rican war, in which the fleets of
in compliance with applications France and Spain had rode tri-
for the protection of our trade in umphant in the channel, 18,000
that quarter; on which account seamen had been thought sufli-
the force stationed at Jamaica cient for our safety: at this time
and the Leeward Islands had been the fleets of those nations had
somewhat diminished. One frigate been so much reduced as to render
had been added to the force in them no object of apprehension,
North America : that on the coast nor had any other power in Europe
of Africa would be equal to the a formidable navy. The mere cir-
same during the last peace; and cumstance of having new. stations
the squadron on the home station for our ships was not sufficient to
of the same strength with that in prove the necessity of an augmen-
1792. Even had there bech no tation, unless it were shewn that
new stations to occupy, an in- a diminution on the old stations
crease of men for the peace estab- was inexpedient. Were the House
lishment would have become ne- to consent to vote such an in-
cessary from other circumstances. crease, it would be idle to talk of
One of these was the general em- economy.
ployment of larger frigates than Mr. Law, on the other hand,
formerly. It was also thought spoke of the necessity of keeping
important that a fourth corps of up a respectable naval establish-
marines should be kept up, as ment, and blamed the secretary
being more useful to the navy of the navy for the precipitancy
than troops of the line. On the with which he paid off so great a
whole, the total number of men portion of the navy in the last year.
required for the peace establish- Sir Geo. Warrender made replies
ment would be 23,000; but in to both the last speakers ; and
the present year, for reasons als after some further debate, which
ready explained, 33,000 wonld be it is not material to particularize,
moved for. The hon. baronet the several resolutions were a-
concluded with moving five reso- greed to.

The

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The subject of the navy esti- were in progress into every demates was resumed before the partment, and considerable recommittee of supply on March ductions might be expected to 25th. The discussion was begun take place. by Mr. Tierney, who introduced Mr. Croker chiefly bent his arhis observations by saying, that gument in the present stage of an examination of those estimates the discussion against the right would furnish a clear exposition hon. gentleman's prima facie of the noble lord's economy; and ground for sending back the estiif he did not make out against his mates, by proving, that in the Majesty's ministers one of the first year of every peace upon restrongest cases that had ever been cord, the ordinary estimates of established against any govern- the navy had exceeded those of ment, he was utterly mistaken in the last year of war preceding ; his anticipations. The estimates the reason of which, he said, was had no reference to the naval plain ; because the ordinary estiservice as connected with the de- mates comprised the civil departfence of the country by naval offi- ment of the navy, and as the cers; they related only to the civil scattered materials were in time administration of the navy. They of peace brought back to the offiwere divided into several heads ; ces and dock-yards, the expense such as the admiralty, the navy- of those establishments was conoffice, the navy-pay-office, the sequently increased. victualling-office, the home-dock- În the conclusion of this day's yards, the out-ports, the foreign debate, a motion for adjournment yards, &c. The right hon. gen- was negatived, and that for the tleman then went through the committee was carried. particulars of these several heals; When the committee was re. and his conclusion was, that the sumed on the 27th, Sir G. Warministers had made their esti- render moved a resolution for the mates in these departments for grant of a sum not exceeding 14 the first year of peace exceed those million, for defraying the expenses of the last year of war by 21,6041.; of navy articles eighteen in numand giving them credit for the ber. Mr. Baring and other memsaving of 1eool. in the admiralty bers having objected to collecting and victualling departments, there them under one head, it was at remained an excess of more than length agreed that they should be 20,0001. beyond the expenditure taken separately; and the first of 1814. This was a sufficient resolution proposed was for a sum ground for putting a negative not exceeding 59,7231. for defrayupon the estimates, and sending ing the salaries and contingent them back for revision.

expences of the admiralty office Sir G. Warrender, in his speech for the year 1816. in reply, assured the House that Mr. Tierney, after refuting the it was the disposition of the ad- imputation of mistake brought miralty to carry into effect every against him by Mr. Croker, by retrenchment consistent with the asserting that his meaning had security of the country. Inquiries been, that in the particular offices which hc had specified there had paymaster of the marines, the invariably been a diminution of paymaster of widows' pensions, expense in the first year of peace, and the inspector of telegraphs, proceeded to the subject of the contending that they were useless clerks in the several naval de offices ; and he moved a proporpartments. He stated, that in. tional deduction from the sum to 1814 the number of these clerks be voted for. This motion was was 449 ; at present it was 425, rejected by a division of 124 to making a diminution of 24 ; yet 38; and the original resolution there was

an augmentation of was agreed to. salaries amounting to 10,0001. The navy estimates continued On this circumstance he made to be a subject of debate at sucseveral pointed observations, and cessive sittings of the committee concluded by moving', that only of supply; but as it would be iinsix months' expenditure should possible to reduce within mnodebe voted, and the House should in rate limits the particulars brought the meantime appoint a committee into discussion, we must confine for sifting the matter to the bot- ourselves to a short notice of the tom.

results. On March 29th Sir G. Mr. Croker then entered into a Warrender moved a vote for a sum minute explanation and defence to defray the expenses of the navy of the motives for this alteration, board, which was carried without both with respect to the reduction a division. A similar motion for of the number, and the incrcase the expenses of the navy-payof the salaries.

office was made by him on April A long and warm debate suc- 1st, which produced an amendceeded, during which Mr. Bankes ment proposed by Mr. Bennet for moved “that the chairman should reducing the salary of the treareport progress, and ask leave to

surer of the navy from 40001. to sit again, '-in other words, that 2000). This was rejected by a the decision should be postponed. majority of 66 to 21; and the reMr. Tierney withdrawing his own solution was agreed to, after disamendment, a division took place posing of another amendment by on this motion, when it was ne- Mr. Martin, for deducting 7000i. gatived by 163 to 85; majority from the sum proposed. In con78.

clusion, all the other resolutions Mr. Baring then argued against were put and carried without opthe allowance proposed for the position.

CHAPTER CHAPTER II.

Mr. Brougham's motion for interposition with the Spanish court in fa

rour of the suffering patriots.--Discussion in the House of Lords on motion for an address on the treaties with foreign powers. The same in the House of Commons.-Petitions against the continuance of the Property Par, and debates.-Motion by the Chancellor of the Exchequer for its renewal, and its defeat.-Relinquishment of the war malt-duties.Mr. Western's motion for taking into consiileration the distressed state of the agriculture. --Bill for the effectual detention of Bonaparte.--Message of the Prince Regent respecting the marriage of the Princess Charlotte with the Prince of Cobourg, and consequent provision.--Motion respecting the augmentation of the salaries of the secretaries to the admiralty. - Motion for abolishing the office of one of the Secretaries of State.

O

N Feb. 15th, a niotion was his successor; and on the other

introduced into the House hand, the existing government of Commons by Mr. Brougham, of Spain agreed that hostilities which, though it had no political with France should never be terresults, was rendered remarkable minated but with the consent of by the historical matter occurring the allies, and without separating in the debate subsequent upon it. the interests of Spain and Eng

The hon. gentleman, after some land. The Marquis Wellesley was general and particular reinarks then appointed minister to the on the interference of one state in Junta, and urgently recommendthe domestic affairs of another, ed the assembling of a Cortes. proeceded to the consideration of This was effected, and a regency the transactions of this govern- was appointed, composed of five ment with respect to the Spanish members, all chosen by the internation, under the changes it had position of England. On this been subjected to from the French footing of intimate connection usurpation. In 1809 this go- and conjoined interests, (said Mr. vernment concluded a treaty with B.) affairs went on till the beginAdmiral Apodaca, the minister ning of 1814, when Buonaparte commissioned by the Junta of opened a negociation with FerdiSpain, though nominally the am- nand, then in confinement at bassador of Ferdinand, by which Valency, which was conducted by this country bound itself never to the Duke of San Carlos, now high make peace with France to the in ofice at the court of Spain; surrender of the royal rights of and a treaty was concluded by Ferdinand, or whatever prince the which Ferdinand abandoned the Spanish nation might choose as cause of this country, and upon VOL. LVIII.

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Buonaparte's

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