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tries comprised between the sea, the side of the Netherlands, as the frortiers of France, and the rectified and fixed by the third arMeuse, leaves undefined their li- ticle of the Treaty of Paris of the mits on the right bank of that 30th May, 1814, to the Meuse ; river; and their said Majesties thence along the same frontiers to having resolved to conclude a se the old limits of the duchy of parate Treaty on this subject, con- Luxembury; from this point it formably to the arrangements of follows the direction of the limits the Congress of Vienna, have ap- between that duchy and the old pointed Plenipotentiaries to con- bishoprick of Liege, till it meets cert, agree upon, and sign what (to the south of Deiffelt) the wesever relates to this subject, viz. : tern limits of that canton, and of Plenipotentiaries, the Earl of Clan- that of Malmedy, to the point carty, the Sieur Gerhard Charles where the latter reaches the li. Baron de Spaen de Voorstonden, mits between the old departments and the Sieur Hans Christopher of the Ourthe and the Roer ; it Erneste Baron de Gagern, who, then goes along these limits to after having exchanged their full where they touch those of the powers, founıl in good and due former French canton of Eupen, form, have agreed to the follow- in the duchy of Limburg, and foling articles :

lowing the western limit of that Art. 1. The old United Pro- canton in a northerly direction, vinces of the Netherlands, and the leaving to the right a small part former Belgic Provinces, both of the former French canton of within the limits fixed by the fol- Aubel, joins, at the point of conlowing article, shall form, to tact of the three old departments gether with the countries desig- of the Qurthe, the Lower Meuse, nated in the same article, under and the Roer; parting again froin the sovereignty of his Royal this point, this line follows that Highness the Prince of Orange- which divides the two latter deNassau, Sovereign Prince of the partments, until it reaches the United Provinces, the kingdom of Worm (a river falling into the the Netherlands, hereditary in the Roer) and goes along this river order of succession already estab- to the point where it again reaches lished by the Act of the Constitu- the limit of these two departments, tion of the said United Provinces. pursues this limit to the south of His Majesty the Emperor of Au- Hillensberg (the old department stria, King of Hungary and Bo- of the Roer) from whence it rehemia, acknowledges the title and ascenils to the north, and leaving prerogatives of the royal dignity Hillensberg to the right, and diin the House of Orange-Nassau. viding the canton of Sittard into

Art. 9. The line comprising the two nearly equal parts, so that territories which shall compose Sittard and Susteron remain on the kingdom of the Netherlands, the left, it reaches the old Dutch is determined in the following territory ; from whence, leaving manner :

this territory to the left, it goes It leaves the sea, and extends on, following its eastern frontier, along the frontier's of France on to the point where it touches the


old Austrian principality of Guel- mission, aided by professional dres, on the side of Ruremonde : persons, shall regulate every and directing itself towards the thing concerning hydrotechnical most eastern point of the Dutch constructions and other points, in territory to the north of Swal-- the most equitable manner, and men, continues to encircle this the most conformable to the muterritory.

tual interests of the Prussian Lastly, setting out from the States, and those of the Nethermost eastern point, it joins the lands. This same arrangenient other part of the Dutch territory refers to the fixing of limits for in which Venloo is situated ; that the districts of Kyfward, Lobith, town and its territory being in and in the whole territory as far cluded within it. From thence to as Kekerdom. the old Dutch frontier near Mook, The enclaves of Huissen, Malsituated below Genep, the line burg, Lymers, 'with the town of follows the course of the Meuse, Sevaner, and the lordship of Wiel, at such a distance from the right shall form part of the kingdom bank, that all the places within a of the Netherlands, and his thousand Rhenish yards from it Prussian Majesty shall renounce (Rheinlandische Ruthen) 1,970 them in perpetuity for himself, of which yards are equal to the his heirs and successors. 15th part of a degree of the meri Art. 3. That part of the old dian, shall belong with their ter- duchy of Luxemburg which is ritories to the kingdom of the Ne- comprised in the limits specified therlands : it being understood, in the following article, is likehowever, as to the reciprocity of wise ceded to the Sovereign Prince this principle, that the Prussian of the United Provinces, now territory shall not at any point King of the Netherlands, to be touch the Meuse, or approach it possessed in perpetuity by him within the distance of eight hun and his successors in full prodred Rhenish yards.

perty and sovereignty. The SoFrom this point where the line vereign of the Netherlands shall just described reaches the ancient add to his titles that of Grand Dutch frontier, as far as the Duke of Luxemburg, his MaRhine, this frontier shall remain jesty reserving to himself the priessentially the same as it was in vilege of making such family ar1795, between Cleves and the rangements between the Princes United Provinces.

his sons, relative to the succession This line shall be examined by to the Grand Duchy, as he shall a Commission, which the Govern- think conformable to the intements of Prussia and the Nether- rests of his monarchy and his palands shall name without delay, ternal intentions. for the purpose of proceeding to The Grand Duchy of Luxemthe exact determination of the burg being intended as limits, as well of the kingdom of demnity for the principalities of the Netherlands as of the Grand Nassau-Dillenburg, Siegen, HaDuchy of Luxemburg, specified damar, and Dietz, shall form one in the 4th Article: and this Com- of the States of the Germanic


an in

Confederation, and the Prince of the Netherlands renounces, in King of the Netherlands, shall perpetuity for himself, his heirs form a part of the system of this and successors, in favour of his Confederation, as Grand Duke of Majesty the King of Prussia, the Luxemburg, with all the Prero- sovereign possessions which the gatives and privileges which the House of Nassau-Orange held in other German Princes might Germany, namely, the princienjoy.

palities of Dillenburg, Dietz, The Town of Luxemburg, in Siegen, and Hadamar, together a military point of view, shall be with the lordships of Bielstein, considered as a fortress belong- such as those possessions have ing to the Confederation. The been definitively arranged between Grand Duke shall, however, re the two branches of the House tain the power of appointing the of Nassau, by the Treaty conGovernor and Military Command- cluded at the Hague the 14th ant of this fortress, subject to July, 1814. His Majesty equally the approbation of the executive renounces all claim to the prinpower of the Confederation, and cipality of Fulda, and to the under such other conditions as it other districts and territories may be judged necessary to es which had been secured to him tablish, in conformity to the fu- by the 12th Article of the printure constitution of the said Con- cipal Recess, of the extraordinary federativn.

deputation of the empire on the Art. 4. The Grand Duchy of 25th February, 1803. Luxenburg shall consist of all Art. 6. The right and order of the territory situated between the succession established between kingdom of the Netherlands, such the two branches of the House of as it has been designated by Article Nassau, by the Act of 1783, 2 ; France, the Moselle, as far as called Nassauischer Erb-Verein, the Mouth of the Sare; the course is confirmed and transferred from of the Sare, as far as the junc- the fuur principalities of Orangetion of the Our ; and the course Nassau to the Grand Duchy of of this last river, as far as the Luxemburg. limits of the former French can Art. 7. His Majesty the King ton of St. Vith, which is not to of the Netherlands, uniting under belong to the Grand Duchy of his sovereignty the countries deLuxemburg

signated in the second and fourth Disputes having arisen with Articles, enters into all the rights, regard to the property of the and takes upon himself all the Duchy of Bouillon, his Majesty charges, and all the stipulated the King of the Netherlands, engagements, relative to the proGrand Duke of Luxemburg, en

vinces and districts detached from gages to restore the part of the France by the Treaty of Peace Duchy, which is comprised in the concluded at Paris the 30th of line of frontier abovementioned, May, 1814. to that party whose claims shall Art. 8. His Majesty the King be legally confirmed.

of the Netherlands having recogArt. 5. His Majesty the King nised and sanctioned, under the


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date of the 21st of July, 1814, (No.7.)-AUSTRIA: as the bases of the union of the Convention between Great Britain Belgic Provinces with the United and Austria, signed at Paris, 2d Provinces, the eight Articles con August, 1815. tained in the document annexed Napoleon Buonaparte being in to the present Treaty,* the said the power of the Allied SoveArticles shall have the same force reigns, their Majesties the King and validity as if they were in- of the United Kingdom of Great serted, word for word, in the Britain and Ireland, the Emperor present instrument.

of Austria, the Emperor of Russia, Art. 9. A Commission shall be and the King of Prussia, have immediately appointed by his Ma- agreed, in virtue of the stipulajesty the King of Prussia and his tions of the Treaty of the 25th of Majesty the King of the Nether- March, 1815, upon the measures lands, to settle whatever relates most proper to render all enterto the cession of those posses- prise impossible, on his part, sions of the House of Nassau against the repose of Europe. Plewhich belong to his Majesty, nipotentiaries, Castlereagh, Welwith regard to records, debts, ex lington, and Metternich. cesses of the public chests, and Art. 1. Napoleon Buonaparte other subjects of this nature. is considered by the powers who

That part of the Records which have signed the Treaty of the does not concern the ceded pro- 25th of March last as their privinces, but only the House of Orange, and libraries, collections Art. 2. His custody is especially of maps, and all other objects of intrusted to the British Governthe same description, belonging ment. to his Majesty the King of the The choice of the place, and of Netherlands, shall be retained by the measures which can best sehim as private and personal pro cure the object of the present perty, and shall be immediately stipulation, are reserved to his restored to his Majesty. A part Britannic Majesty. of the said possessions being ex Art. 3. The Imperial Courts changed against other possessions of Austria and of Russia, and the of the Duke and Prince of Nassau, Royal Court of Prussia, are to his Majesty the King of Prussia appoint Commissioners to proengages, and his Majesty the to, and abide at the place King of the Netherlands consents, which the Government of his Brithat the engagement stipulated in tannic Majesty shall have assigned the present Article, shall be trans- for the residence of Napoleon ferred to his Serene Highness the Buonaparte, and who, without Duke and Prince of Nassau, with being responsible for bis custody, respect to those possessions which will assure themselves of his preare to be united to their states.

Art. 4. His Most Christian Ma* Vide General Treaty of Congress, jesty is to be invited, in the name

of the four above-mentioned VOL. LVIII.


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Courts, to send in the like manner of Warsaw, by the great Act of a French Commissioner to the Congress, signed on the 9th day place of detention of Napoleon of June last, and also by the Buonaparte.

Treaty of the 18th of May thereArt. 5. His Majesty the King to annexed, and hereinafier parof the United Kingdom of Great ticularly set forth; and his MaBritain and Ireland binds bim- jesty the King of Saxony, desirself to fulfil the engagements ous of procuring the immediate which fall to him by the present accession of his Britannic MuConvention.

jesty to the said Treaty of the Art. 6. The present Conven- 18th of May, having invited, and tion shall be ratified, and the his said Majesty having agreed to ratification shall be exchanged accede thereto by a direct Treaty within fifteen days, or sooner if with his Sirxon Majesty, their said possible.

Majesties have named Lord CasIn faith whereof, the respec- flereagh and Count de Schulentive Plenipotentiaries have signed burg. the present Convention, and have Art. 1. His Majesty the King affixed thereto the seals of their of the United Kingdom of Great arms.

Britain and Ireland accedes to all Done at Paris the 20 August, the stipulations of the Treaty in the year of our Lord 1915. entered into between their Ma(Signed)

jesties the Kings of Pruss a and (L. S.) CASTLEREAGH. Saxony, bearing date the 18th of (L. S.) WELLINGTON. May, 1815, and also between his (LS) The P:ince of said Majesty the King of Saxony,

METTERNICH. and the Emperors of Austria and A similar Convention is signed Russia respectively, as hereafter between Great Britain and Prus. inserted. sia, and Great Britain and Russia. [Here follows a copy of the

Next follows the Convention Treaty referred to, for which see between Great Britain and the General Treaty of Congress, Act Netherlands, signed at London, No. 4.] 12th August, containing the re

Art. 2. His Majesty the King gulations under which the Dutch of Saxony accepts of the above may trade with Demerara, Esse- Accession, and renews to his Maquibo, and Berbice.

jesty the King of the United

Kingdom of Great Britain and (No. 12.)-SAXONY. Ireland the engagements therein Treaty between Great Britain and contained, and engages to fulfil

Saxony, signed at Paris, Sep- and execute, in the whole and tember, 1915.

every part thereof, all the stipuHis Majesty the King of the lations of the said Treaty which United Kingduni of Great Bri- his Saxon Majesty has on his part tain and Ireland, having agreed therein stipulated to fulfil and to the arrangements made re execute. specting Saxony and the Duchy


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