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roient les intentions des Alliées Chambers should decide upon lorsqu'ils seroient réunis.”

their fate. It appears that Marshal Ney Did the Duc d'Otrante, did any fled from Paris in disguise with a of the persons who are the obpassport given to him by the Duc jects of this proclamation, did any d'Otrante, under a feigned name, persons on their behalf, even then, on the 6th July. He could not or now, claim for them the probe supposed to be ignorant of the tection of the 12th Article of the tenor of the 12th Article of the Convention ? Convention, and he must then Certainly the Convention was have known whether it was the then understood, as it ought to intention of the parties who made be understood now, viz. that it it, that it should protect him from was exclusively military, and was the measures which the king, then never intended to bind the then at St. Denis, should think proper existing government of France, to adopt against him.

or any government which should But if Marshal Ney could be succeed it. supposed ignorant of the intention of the 12th Article, the Duc

Convention between the Emperor of d'Otrante could not, as he was

Russia, the Emperor of Austria, at the head of the provisional

and the King of Prussia. government, under whose authority the Prince d'Eckmuhl must In the name of the Most Holy have acted when he signed the and Indivisible Trinity. Convention.

Their Majesties the Emperor of Would the Duc d'Otrante have Austria, the King of Prussia, and given a passport under a feigned the Emperor of Russia, having, name to Marshal Ney, if he had in consequence of the great events understood the 12th Article as which have marked the course of giving the Marshal any protec- the three last years in Europe, tion, excepting against measures and especially of the blessings of severity by the two comman- which it has pleased Divine Proders in chief ?

vidence to shower down upon Another proof of what was the those States, which place their opinion of the Duc d'Otrante, of confidence and their hope on it the king's minister, and all the alone, acquired the intimate cunpersons most interested in esta- viction of the necessity of foundblishing the meaning now at- ing the conduct to be observed by tempted to be given to the 12th the Powers in their reciprocal reArticle of the Convention of the lations upon the sublime truths 3d of July, is the King's Procla- which the Holy Religion of our mation of the 24th July, by which Saviour teaches nineteen persons are ordered for They solemnly declare that the trial, and thirty-eight persons are present act has no other object ordered to quit Paris, and to re- than to publish, in the face of the side in particular parts of France, whole world, their fixed resoluunder the observation and super- tion, both in the administration intendence of the police, till the of their respective states, and in their political relations with every branches of the one family, other Governaient, to take for namely, Austria, Prussia, and their sole guide the precep's of Russia ; thus confessing that the that Holy Religion ; namely, the Christian world, of which they precept. of justice, Christian cha- and their people form a part, has, rity, and peace, which, far from in reality, no other Sovereign being applicable only to private than Him to wbom alone power concerns, must have an immedi- really belongs, because in Hin ate influence on the Councils of alone are found all the treasures Princes, and guide all their steps, of love, science, and infinite wisas being the only means of con- dom, that is to say, God, our Disolidating human institutions, and vine Saviour, the Word of the remedying their imperfections. Most High, the Word of Life. Ir. consequence their Majesties Their Majesties consequently rehave agreed on the following ar- commend to their people, with the ticles:

most tender solicitude, as the sole Art. 1. Conformably to the means of enjoying that peace worris of the Holy Scriptures, which arises from a good conwhich command all men to con- science, and which alone is dusider each other as brethren, the rable, to strengthen themselves three contracting Monarchs will every day more and more in the remain united by the bonds of a principles and exercise of the dutrue and indissoluble fraternity, ties which the Divine Saviour has and considering each other as fel. taught to mankind. low countrymen, they will on all Art. 3. All the Powers who occasions, and in all places, lend shall choose solemnly to avow the each other aid a..d assistance ; and sacred principles which have dicl'egarding themselves towards tated the present act, and shall their subjects and armies as fa- acknowledge how important it is thers of families, they will lead for the happiness of nations, too them, in the same spirit of frater- long agitated, that these truths nity with which they are anima- should henceforth exercise over ted, to prutect religion, peace, the destinies of mankind all the and justice.

influence which belongs to them, Art. 2. In consequence, the sole will be received with equal ardour principle in force, whether be- and affection into this holy altween the said Governments or liance. between their subjects, shall be Done in triplicate, and signed that of doing each other recipro)- at Paris, the year of grace, 1815, cal service, and of testifying, by 14th (26th) September. unalterable good will, the mutual (L.S.) Francis. affection with which they ought (L. S.) FREDERICK WILLIAM. to be animated, to consider them- (L. S.) ALEXANDER. selves all as nembers of one and the same Christian nation, the three Allied Princes looking on Decree of the Prince Regent of Porthemselves as merely delegated tugal, respecting Brazil. by Providence to govern three Don John, by the grace of God,


Prince Regent of Portugal and of 3. That for the titles inherent the two Algarves, &c. I make in the crown of Portugal, and known to all who shall see these which it has hitherto used, shall presents, that having constantly be substituted in all public acts, in my royal mind the most lively the new title of Prince Regent of wish to cause the prosperity of the United Kingdom of Portugal, the states which Divine Provi- Brazil, and the two Algarves, &c. dence has intrusted to my sove- Given at the palace of Rio de reign administration : giving, at Janeiro, this 16th Dec. 1915. the same time, due importance to (Signed)

THE PRINCE. the vast extent and locality of my (Countersigned) dominions in America ; to the The Marquis De AGUIAR. abundance and variety of the precious elements of riches which they contain within themselves; A Convention to regulate the Comand besides, perceiving how merce between the territories of advantageous to my faithful the United Stutrs and those of subjects in general must be a per

his Britannic Majesty. fect union and identity of inte- The United States of America rests between my kingdoms of and his Britannic Majesty, being Portugal and the two Algarves, desirous by a Convention to l'eand my dominions of Brazil, by gulate the commerce and navigaraising the latter to that political tion between their respective counrank and scale to which, for the tries, territories, and people, in above-mentioned reasons, they such a manner as to render the are entitled ; and in which my same reciprocally beneficial and said dominions have already been satisfactory, have resectively considered by the Plenipotenti- named Plenipotentiaries, and givaries of the Powers who formed en them full powers to treat of the Congress at Vienna, both in and conclude such Convention ; the treaty of alliance concluded that is to say, the President of the on the 8th of April this year, and United States, by and with the in the final treaty of the said Con- consent of the Senate thereof, gress : I have therefore determin- hath appointed for their Plenipoed, and it is my pleasure to ordain tentiaries John Quincy Adams, as follows:

Henry Clay, and Albert Gallatin, 1. That from and after the pub- citizens of the United States; and lication of these presents, the state his Royal Highness the Prince of Brazil shall be raised to the Regent, acting in the name and dignity, pre-eminence, and deno- behalf of his Majesty, hius mination of the Kingdom of Bra- named for his Plenipotentiaries, zil.

the Right Hon. Frederick John 2. That my kingdoms of Por- Robinson, Vice President of the tugal, the two Algarves, and Bra- Committee of Privy Council for zil, shall in future, form one sole Trade and Plantations, Joint kingdon, under the title of the laymaster of his Majesty's Forces, United Kingdom of Portugal, and and a Member of the Imperial of Brazil, and the two Algarves. Parliament; Henry Goulburn, Esq.


a Member of the Imperial Par- articles, being the growth, proliament, and Under Secretary of duce, or manufacture of any other State, and William Adams, Esq. foreign countries ; nor shall any Doctor of Civil Laws ; and the higher or other duties or charges said Plenipotentiaries having mu- be imposed on either of the two tually produced and shewn their countries, on the exportation of said full powers, and exchanged any articles to the United States, copies of the same, have agreed on or to his Britannic Majesty's terand concluded the following Ar- ritories in Europe respectively, ticles, viz.

than such as are payable on the Art. 1. There shall be between exportation of the like articles to the territories of the United States any other foreign country; nor of America, and all the territories shall any prohibition be imposed of his Britannic Majesty in Eu- on the exportation or importation rope, a reciprocal liberty of com- of any articles, the growth, promerce. The inhabitants of the duce, or manufacture of the Unitwo countries respectively shall ted States, or of his Britannic have liberty freely and securely Majesty's territories in Europe, to to come with their ships and car- or from the said territories of his goes to all such places, ports, and Britannic Majesty in Europe, to rivers in the territories aforesaid or from the said United States, to which other foreigners are per- which shall not be equally exmitted to come, to enter into the tended to all other nations. same, and to remain and reside in No higher or other duties or any parts of the said territories re- charges shall be imposed in any spectively; al-o to hire and occupy of the ports of the United States houses and warehouses for the pur- on British vessels, than those payposes of their commerce; and gene- able in the same ports by vessels rally, the merchants and traders of of the United States, nor in the each nation respectively shall en- ports of any of his Britannic Majoy the most complete protection jesty's territories in Europe, on and security for their commerce, the vessels of the United States, but subject always to the laws and than shall be payable in the same statutes of the two countries re- ports on British vessels. The same spectively.

duties shall be paid on the impor2. No higher or other duties tation into the United States of shall be imposed on the importa- any articles the growth, produce, tion to the United States of any or manufacture of his Britannic articles, the growth, produce, or Majesty's territories in Europe, manufacture of his Britannic Ma- whether such importation shall be jesty's territories in Europe, and in vessels of the United States, or no higher or other duties shall be in British vessels, and the same imposed on the importation into duties shall be paid on the importhe territories of his Britannic tation into the ports of any of his Majesty in Europe of any articles, Britannic Majesty's territories in the growth produce, or inanufac- Europe, of any article the growth, ture of the United States, than produce, or manufacture of the are or shall be payable on the like United States, whether such im


portation shall be in British ves- this article, but each party shall sels, or in the vessels of the Uni- remain in the complete possession ted States.

of its rights, with respect to such The same dutie's shall be paid an intercourse. and the same bounties allowed on 3. His Britannic Majesty agrees the exportation of any articles, the that the vessels of the United growth, produce, or manufacture States of America shall be admitof his Britannic Majesty's territo- ted, and hospitably received, at ries in Europe to the United the principal settlements of the States, whether such exportation British dominions in the East Inshall be in British vessels, or ves- dies ; videlicet, Calcutta, Madras, sels of the United States, and the Bombay, and the Prince of same duties shall be paid, and the Wales's Island; and that the citisame bounties allowed on the ex- zens of the said United States portation of any article the growth, may freely carry on trade between produce, or manufacture of the the said principal settlements and United States to his Britannic Ma- the said United States in all articles jesty's territories in Europe, whe- of which the importation and exther such exportation shall be in portation respectively to and from British vessels, or in vessels of the the said territories shall not be United States.

entirely prohibited, provided only, It is further agreed, that in all that it shall not be lawful for places where drawbacks are or them, in any time of war between may be allowed upon the re-ex- the Briiish Government and any portation of any goods the growth, State or Power whatever, to exproduce, or manufacture of either port from the said territories, country respectively, the amount without the special permission of of the said drawbacks shall be the the British Government, any misame, whether the said goods shall litary stores, or naval stores, or have been originally imported in rice; the citizens of the United a British or American vessel, but States shall pay for their vessels, when such re-exportation shall when admitted, no higher or take place from the United States other duty or charge, than shall in a British vessel, or from terri- be payable on the vessels of the tories of his Britannic Majesty in most favoured European nations, Europe in an Ainerican vessel, to and they shall pay no higher or any other foreign nation; the two other duties or charges on the imContracting Parties reserve to portation or exportation of the themselves respectively the right cargoes of the said vessels, than of regulating or diminishing in shall be payable on the same arsuch case the amount of the said ticles when imported or exported drawback.

in the vessels of the most favourThe intercourse between the ed European nations. But it is United States and his Britannic expressly agreed, that the vessels Majesty's possessions in the West of the United States shall not Indies, and on the Continent of carry any articles from the said North America, shall not be af- principal settlements to any port fected by any of the provisions of or place, except to some port or Vol. LVIII.

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