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sides, two or more directors, to year the part of Sicily in the perpreside in those sections of the manent expenses of the state, and offices of the Ministers and Secre we shall regulate the manner taries of State which we shall of its partition ; but this annual think fit to leave on the spot for part can never exceed the sum of the administration of that part of 1,847,687 ounces

and 20 tari, our dominions. If the Governor which was fixed in 1813 by the is not a Prince, he shall be him- Parliament as the certain revenue self invested with the character of of Sicily. No greater sun can Minister Secretary of State, shall by any means be imposed without correspond directly with the Mi- . the consent of Parliament. nisters and Secretaries of State “ Art. 1l. There shall be dewhom we have with us, and shall ducted every year from the said have two or more directors for quota a sum which cannot be less that purpose.

than 150,000 ounces, which shall or Art. 6. (Makes the same be applied to the payment of the regulations as the 5th, in respect debt bearing no interest, and of to the government of Sicily, when the arrear of interest of that which the King resides on this side of does bear interest, till the entire the Straits.)

extinction of both: when these Art. n. These Directors, in two debts are extinguished, this both cases, shall be chosen pro sum shall be annually employed miscuously among all our sub- in forming a sinking fund for the jects, as was fixed relatively to Sicilian debt. Sicily for the ancient offices of “ Art. 12. Till the general Consultator, of Conservator, which system of the civil and judicial are replaced by the said di- auministration of our kingdom of rectors.

the Two Sicilies shall be promul“ Art 8. The lawsuits of the gated, all the branches of justice Sicilians shall continue to be and administration shall continue pledged even in the last resort, on the same footing as heretoby the Sicilian tribunals : in con fore. sequence, there shall be esta “We will and ordain, that the blished in Sicily a supreme court present law, signed by us, certiof justice, which shall be above fied by our Council and our Miall the tribunals of that island, nister of State Affairs of Grace and independent of the Supreme and Justice, countersigned by our Court of our States on this side Council and the Chancellor Mii. of the Straits, as the latter shall nister Secretary of State, enrolbe independent of Sicily, when we led and preserved in our geneshall reside in that islanl : the ral Chancery of the kingdom of organization of this Court shall the Two Sicilies, be published be regulated by a particular law. throughout the kingdom, with

9. The abolition of feudal 'the ordinary solemnities, by the rights shall be maintained in Si- competent authorities, who shall cily as in our other States on this draw up a proces verbal, and see side of the Straits,

to the execution of it. Our Chan“ Art. 10. We shall fix every cellor, Minister of the kingdom VOL. LVIII.



of the Two Sicilies, is specially in that letter, that I should enacharged with this publication. ble his Royal Highness to comply

Caserta, Dec. 12, 1916. with the Address of the House of
(Signed) - FERDINAND. Commons.
" The Minister of Grace Though I have, as your Lord-
and Justice,

ship is well aware, apprized " MANHESE TOMMASI. you from time to time of such « The Minister Secretary events connected with the in

of State, Chancellor, ternal interests of Ireland as have " TOMMASO DI SOMMA." been must worthy of notice, and

of the measures which I have Copy of a Disputch from his Ex- adopted with a view to restore

cellency the Lord Lieutenant of and maintain the public peace, it Ireland to Lord Viscount Sid

may be satisfactory that I shoukl mouth, dated 5th of June, 1816, (instead of referring your Lordviz.

ship to the detail of my separate A Statement of the Nature and letters) embody the substance of Extent of the Disturbances

them in this general dispatch. which have recently prevailed

It is not, I presume, wished

that I should extend the statein Ireland, and the Measures which have been adopteil by ment which is required from me the Government of that Coun. beyond the period at which I astry in consequence


sumed the administration of the Ordered by the House of Com- affairs of this country; and I shall, mons to be printed, 14th June therefore, only shortly and gene1916,

rally refer to events which oc

curred during the government of To the Right Hon. Loril Viscount

my predecessor, or to the meaSidmouth : Dublin-Castle, 5th sures to which he had recourse, June 1816.

The Insurrection Act was passed My Lord ;-I have had the ho by the Legislature in the year rour of receiving your Lordship's 1807 ; it was not enforced on letter of the 27th day of April, any occasion during the three enclosing an Address from the years for which it was at that House of Commons to his Royal time enacted, and the state of IreHighness the Prince Regent, land was considered to be such in praying that his Royal Highness the year 1810, as not to render will be graciously pleased to di- neressary the continuance of this rect that there be laid before the act, and indeed to admit of its reHouse a statenient of the nature peal a very short period before and extent of the disturbances that to which its duration was which haine recently prevailed in limited by law. Ireland, and of the measures In the early part, however, of which have heen adopted by the January 1811, in consequence of Government of that country in the numerous outrages committed consequence thereof; and I pro- in the counties of Tipperary, Waceed to obey the commands whichi terford. Kilkenny, and Limerick, your Lordship has signified to me by bodies of men who assembled


in arms by night, administered un assuining the name of Caravats, lawful oaths, prescribed laws re and appearing in arms; six were specting the payınent of rents and sentenced to death, twenty-seven tithes, plundered several houses to transportation, whipping, and of arms, in various instances at- imprisonment, and three tempted, and in some committed, quitted. murder; it was considered ex In Waterford twelve persons pedient to isstie a warrant for a were tried ; seven for attempts special commission, to be held in to murder, one for stealing arms, the counties before-mentioned, and four for burglary and roband in the cities of Waterford, bery: they were all found guilty, Kilkenny, and Limerick, for the and sentenced to death. trial of such of the offenders as It was not thought necessary had been apprehended. From to proceed to Limerick in executhe evidence adduced at the Spe- tion of the commission ; and there cial Commission, it appeared that were no trials of importance in many of the outrages to which Kilkenny. I have referred were committed Notwithstanding, however, the by two combinations, very widely number of convictions in the extended among the lower orders counties of Tipperary and Waterof the Roman Catholic population, ford' at the special commission, which assumed the name of Cara- and the severe examples which vats and Shanavests, respectively, were made, they do not appear and between which a violent ani even in those counties to have mosity subsisted, the cause of produced any lasting effect, or to which was not very satisfactorily have materially checked the bad accounted for. As feuds of the spirit which prevajled in thein. same kind, not growing ont of In the early part of 1813, and religious differences, occasionally during the whole of that year, exist (though seldom to the ex many daring offences against the tent to which this appears to have public peace were committed in prevailed), I have inserted in the these and in other counties, parappendix to this dispatch a portion ticularly Waterford, Westmeath, of the evidence which was adduced Roscommon, and the King's on one of the trials, from which county, the nature of which suffisome information may be collected ciently proved that illegal comwith respect to the origin and ob- binations, and the same systemaject of the combinations, by which tic violence and disorder against the peace of the country was at which the Special Commission of that time disturbed.

1811 had been directed, still exIn the county of Tipperary nine isted. persons were tried : two for mur The offences against the public der, and seven fur attenipts to peace, committed in the counties murder ; five were tried for rob- which were the seats of disturbery of arms, and twenty-two in- bance, partook of the same gedicted and tried under the acts neral character ; reports were which generally bear the name of constantly received of attacks on the Riot and Whiteboy Acts, for dwelling-houses for the purpose

2 D2


of procuring arms, and the fre- themselves obnoxious, and upon quency of these attacks, and the the persons of their relatives.* open and daring manner in which From the general terror which they were made, were sufficient these proceedings occasioned, it proofs of the desire which gene- became almost impossible to prorally prevailed amongst those con cure satisfactory evidence against cerned in the disturbances to col

the guilty.

It frequently haplect large quantities of arms, and pened that the sufferers from such thus possess the means of prose- atrocities as I have alluded to, cuting their ulterior objects with when visited by a magistrate, a better prospect of success. Se- would depose only generally to veral instances occurred, in which the facts of their having been the houses of respectable indivi- perpetrated, and not denying their duals were attacked, even in the knowledge of the offenders, would open day, by large bodies of arined yet steadily refuse to disclose their men; and others, in which the names, or describe their persons, military, acting under the direc. from the fear of future additional tions of magistrates, met with injury to themselves or their relaconsiderable resistance. It is wor tives. Even where the parties thy of remark, that in the many offending were deposed against successful attacks which were and apprehended, there was fremade upon houses with the view quently the greatest difficulty in of depriving the proprietors of effecting their conviction, from their arms,

it rarely occurred the intimidation of witnesses, and that any other species of pro- in some cases of jurors. perty was molested by thc as 1 fear few instances can be sailants.

found of late, in the counties The principal objects of hosti- which I have mentioned, in which lity, or rather the principal suf- it has been possible for witnesses, ferers on account of their inade- having given evidence in favour quate means of defence, were of the Crown, on any trial conthose persons who, on the expi- nected with the disturbance of the ration of leases, had taken small peace, to reinain secure in their farms at a higher rent than the usual places of abode. late occupiers had offered ; and In the latter end of the year all those who were suspected of 1813, a meeting of the magistracy a disposition to give information of the county of Westmeath took to magistrates against the dis- place, at which eighteen of that turber's of the peace, or to bear body attended. They addressed a testimony against them in a court of justice, in the event of their

* It is well known, that one of the comapprehension and trial. In some

binations existing in these and other neighcounties, particularly in West- bouring counties derived the name of CarWeath and Roscommon, the most

ders from the nature of the torture with

which the objects of its vengeance were barbarous punishments were fre

visited, and which consisted in the laceraquently inflicted upon the persons tion of their bodies with a wool-card, or of those who had thus rendered some similar instrument,


or that

memorial to me respecting the for an increase to the military state of that county, which bears force stationed in them. In the date the 29th November ; they re Memorial which I received from presented that frequent outrages the King's County, which bore were committed; that oaths of the signature of sixteen magisincreased malignity had been ad- trates, it was stated, ministered; that three persons alarming disturbances existed in had been convicted on charges of that county, and the adjacent parts administering and taking an oath, of Westineath; that almost every one of the obligations of which night houses were plundered of was “to assist the French and arms; that

they considered Buonaparte ;” and that the wit- stronger measures than those ness upon whose evidence that which could be resorted to under conviction had taken place had the existing laws absolutely nebeen recently murdered, under cessary; and that the re-enactcircumstances which were alone ment and enforcement of the Insufficient to prove the alarm- surrection Act would alone enable ing state of that county. The me them to maintain tranquillity. morial concluded with an earnest In the month of January 1814, prayer, that a proposition might I received from the governors and be made to the Legislature for 28 of the magistrates of the county the revival of the Insurrection of Westmeath a second Memorial, Act.

urging the necessity of the imFrom evidence adduced on the mediate revival of the Insurrectrial of six persons concerned in the tion Act. In this county three murder alluded to in this Memo- murders had been then recently rial (five of whom were capitally committed within the short space convicted), it was proved, that the of a month, two upon persons murder was committed by a party suspected of giving information of eighteen men selected from a against offenders. larger body who assembled in Your Lordship will recollect, divisions of 12 each from three that in the early part of January separate parishes, for the purpose 1814, I felt it incumbent upon of planning and perpetrating this me to call your attention to a murder. I may also add, that representation made to your Lordnine persons were shortly after- ship by his Grace the Duke of wards convicted on the same Richmond, in the month of Aucharges with respect to the oath gust preceding, on the subject of on which the convictions men the disturbed state of a considertioned in the memorial of the ma able portion of the interior of this gistrates took place.

country, and expressed my deep Similar meetings of the magis- regret, that notwithstanding the trates of Waterford and of the

measures which had been adopted King's County took place about by the government, in concert the same time, and I received with the commander of the forces, from both representations of the and the general vigilance and acdisturbed state of their respective tivity of the resident magistrates counties, and earnest application in those parts where the distur


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