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memorial to me respecting the for an increase to the military state of that county, which bears force stationed in them. In the date the 29th November ; they re- Memorial which I received from presented that frequent outrages the King's County, which bote were committed; that oaths of the signature of sixteen magisincreased malignity had been ad- trates, it was stated, “ that ministered ; that three persons alarming distarbances existed in had been convicted on charges of that counts, and the adjacent parts administering and taking an oath, of Westmeaththat almost every one of the obligations of which night houses were plundered of was “ to assist the French and arms; that they considered Buonaparte ;" and that the wit- stronger measures than those vess upon whose evidence that which could be resorted to under conviction had taken place had the existing laws absolutely nebeen recently murdered, under cessary; and that the re-ennscircumstances which were alone ment and enforcement of the lesufficient to prove the alarm- surrection Act would alone emadele ing state of that county. The me. them to maintain trançu 1.7. morial concluded with an earnest In the month of Jantary isli, prayer, that a proposition might I received from the governors and be made to the Legislature for 28 of the magistrates of the county the revival of the Insurrection of Westmeath a second Memorial, Act.

urging the necessity of the im-
From evidence adduced on the mediate revival of the Insurrec-
trial of six persons concerned in the tion Act. In this county three
murder alluded to in this Memo- murders had been then recently
rial (five of whom were capitally committed within the short space
convicted), it was proved, that the of a month, two upon persons
murder was committed by a party suspected of giving information
of eighteen men selected from a against offenders.
larger body who assembled in Your Lordship will recollect,
divisions of 12 each from three that in the early part of January
separate parishes, for the purpose 1814, I felt it incumbent upon
of planning and perpetrating this me to call your attention to a
murder. I may also add, that representation mate to your Lord.
nine persons were shortly after- ship by his Grace the Duke of
wards convicted on the same Richmond, in the month of Au-
charges with respect to the oath must reeding, on the subject of
on which the convictions me.. cite tisturisea state of 1 onsider.
tioned in the memorial of the site we motion the interner of this
gistrates took place.
Similar meetings of the mis Tarre. Int 2005 standing the

TT. I breezed ny rieep
trates of Waterford and of tie Tiranume mariee en douted
King's County took pluce : Peret. I mert
the same time, and I receiver wit: 12
from both representatime of the an :
disturbed state of ter respectre-
counties, and earmet appucatio I

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resident magistrates great unani- county, in the month of January, mity and cordiality had for some 1816. time past prevailed, and to many The weekly reports made to of them the utmost credit is due government by the magistrates for the zeal and activity with superintending the police estabwhich they discharged their du- lishments, mentioned repeated inties. The combined efforts, how- stances wherein the houses of réever, of the magistracy and of the spectable inhabitants had been atpolice, aided by a very consisler- tacked, (in some cases in the day able military force, were insuffi- time), and the occupiers compelcient to contend with that lawless led to deliver up their arms. Sespirit and audacity in the commis- veral murders had been commitsion of crime, which placed in ted, particularly upon persuns continual hazard the lives and employed in the collection or vaproperties of the peaceable and luation of tithes. One person well-disposed inhabitants. thus occupied, though accompa

No less than four attacks had nied by eight armed men for his been made within a short period, protection, was killed in the dayby considerable boulies of armed time, and his party disarmed, men, upon the coaches conveying within a short distance of the city the mails through this county, of Cashel. although they were accompanied In the early part of the month by a military escort : on these oc- of September, in consequence of casions some of the dragoons the repeated acts of outrage which were killed, and other persons were committed in the counties wounded.

of Tipperary and Limerick, and In the barony of Kilnamanagh, the violent and open manner in a house had been hired as a tem- which the law was set at defiance, porary barrack for the accommo- 1 directed a large acklitional milidation of a military party, which, tary force, under the coinmand of with the house adjoining it, was Lieutenant-General Meyriek, to entirely destroyed in the month march into these counties, with of September, ly a very large the view of aiding the civil power, body of men in arms, provided and giving that confidence to the with various instruments of at- respectable and well-disposed intack. A written notice was left; habitants, which might induce stating that it was resolvedl to de- them to remain in the country, stroy in the same manner any and co-operate with the governhouse taken by the government ment in attempting to Naintain for a similar purpose.

tranquillity. Fortunately for the peace of the On receiving, on the 25th of country, thirteen persons, toge- September, the memorial which I ther with their leader in this at- have above alluded to, proceeding tack (the son of a farmer of con- from an unanimous meeting of siderable property), were capitally forty magistrates, I lost not a convicted at the special commis- moment in issuing a proelamasiun, subsequently held in this tion, with the advice of the privy

couneil, council, declaring six (*) of the nies in which it had been recently baronies of the county of Tip- enforced, its influence would be perary to be in a state of disturi). felt in those immediately adjoining ance, and subjecting them to the them. provisions of the insurrection act. At the latter end of September,

Another (+) barony of the I received from forty-seven macounty was, in a few days after- gistrates of the county of Limerwards, included in this proclama- ick, assembled at a special sessions tion, on the application of the on the 26th, a representation that magistrates.

the entire of that county was in In the course of the month of a state of disturbance, occasioned October, another memorial was by a very general confederacy presented to me from thirteen among the lower orders, and magistrates of the county of Tip- praying that the county might be perary, assembled at an extraor- proclaimed under the insurrection dinary session of the peace, ex- act A memorial was also receive pressing their opinion, that four ed, concluding with the same additional baronies, (i) not in- prayer, from the magistrates of cluded in the proclamations, were the county of the city of Limerick. in a state of disturbance, and Having had sufficient evidence praving that they also might be that the ordinary operation of the proclaimed.

law was inadequate to naintain Not having had sufficient rea- tranquillity in this county, and son to think that the baronies that it was in a state of serious last mentioned were in such a disorder, it was proclaimed in state of disturbance as to call for council under the provisions of the application of any extraordi- the insurrection act, on the 30th nary measure, I directed the clerk of September ; and the county of of the peace to be called upon to the city, with the exception of furnish the sworn informations such parishes as are

within the of outrages committed, upon city, was proclaimed on the 3d which the allegations of disturb- of October. ance rested.

In consequence of the number After a consideration of the do- of prisoners in the gaol of the cuments with which I was fur- county of Limerick, I deemed it nished, I did not think the neces- expedient to issue a warrant for sity for a compliance with the a special commission, for the purmenorial I have last mentioned pose of bringing the offenders to sufficiently established. I enter- trial. tained a confident hope, that if In the early part of November the act was effectual in the baro- it gave me great satisfaction to

be enabled to inform your lord(*) The six baronies were those of Mid- ship, that since the insurrection dletbirdi, Kilnamanagh, Eliogarty, Slewar

act had been in force in the coundagh, and Compsey, Clanwilliam, and the ties of Tipperary and Limerick, eastern barony of lila and Otfa. (t) That of It'a and Offa West.

comparatively few crinies in vio(1) Upper and Lower Orniond, Ikerrin, lation of tlie public peace bave and Ownay and Arra.

been committed in these counties,

and

and that they had enjoyed a state strongly indicative of that depraof tranquillity to which they had vity and sanguinary disposition been unaccustomed for some time of which this county had prepast : that those provisions of the sented so many lamentable proofs. insurrection act which give faci- It appeared that in the month of lities to the magistrates to recover September a house in the neigharus from persons who are not bourhood of Mr. Baker's resientitled by law to possess them, dence had been attacked by an had operated very beneficially ; armed body of men, and, after and I felt it due to the magistrates considerable resistance on the part residing in the disturbed districts of the inhabitants, had been to report to your Lordship the burned. Mr. Baker had exerted great unanimity with which they himself with great activity and acted, and the strong disposition success in detecting and comthey had shown to give effect by mitting to prison the perpetrators their personal exertions to the of this outrage; and in consemeasures of government. At quence of his exertions a conspithis period I received addresses racy to murder him was formed from each of the grand juries of in the early part of November. the county and city of Limerick, The murder was committed on assembled at the special commis- the 27th of November in the day sion then about to terminate, ex- time, by a party of five persons. pressing their satisfaction with It appeared that in consequence of the measures' which had been an order which had been issued adopted for the suppression of (it has not been traced from disturbance, and conveying an as- whom) several persons (many of surance that they had been at- them from considerable distances) tended with success

assembled on that day and the Notwithstanding the intimation evening preceding, upon the difwhich I had so recently conveyed ferent roads by which it was posto your lordship, that the state of sible for Mr. Baker to return the county of Tipperary was im- from Cashel, and were stationed proved, at least there had been of in small detachments in different late fewer violations of the public houses and places of concealment, peace, towards the latier end of for the purpose of intercepting the month of November, Mr. him; that Mr. Baker was watchWilliam Baker, a gentleman of ed the whole day by persons apconsiderable fortune, and of the pointed for the purpose; that his highest character and respecta- departure from Cashel was combility, was assassinated on his municated by signals, and that return home from the special when the shots were fired which sessions at Cashel, where he had deprived him of his life, a shout been discharging his duty as a of triumph was raised by a nummagistrate. The circumstances ber of people who had assembled under which this murder was in the neighbourhood, evidently committed, and which were proved to witness this barbarous murder. in evidence on the trial of two On the 2d of December I issued persons concerned in it, are a proclamation in council, offering a reward of 5,0001. for the me, representing that various discovery of the person by whom acts of violence, viz. the robbery the murder was committed. I of arms, the infliction of torture, shortly afterwards received an ad- the asseinbling in arms by night, dress, signed by 76 magistrates and the administration of unlawof the county of Tipperary, as- ful oaths, were committed in a sembled at a special sessions of small district of that county (*), the peace on the 13th of Decem- and praying that it might be deber, expressing the strongest ac- clared in a state of disturbance knowledgments for the prompt under the insurrection act. administration of the powers con- I had previously received a mefided to the executive government, morial from a numerous meeting and assuring me, that notwith- of the magistrates of Westineath, standing the recent murder of assembled at Moate, on the 2d Mr. Baker, and the manifest in- of November, stating, that the tention of those concerned in it to character of the disturbances intimidate the magistrates from which had so long prevailed in the execution of their duty, they that county remained the same; were determined to co-operate that they were of opinion, that the with the government in endea- ordinary powers entrusted to the vouring to maintain tranquillity, magistracy were totally inadeand not to relax their exertions quate to ensure security to the infrom the apprehension of personal habitants ; and unanimously praydanger. They concluded by pray- ing, that the provisions of the ining, that a superintending magis- surrection act might be put in trate and police establishment force in two baronies of that might be placed in the barony in county (t) without delay. which the murder of Mr. Baker Having had convincing proofs, had been perpetrated.

tliat in the districts pointed out I gave immediate effect to the by the magistrates of King's wishes of the magistrates thus County and Westmeath, (and conveyed ; and a clief magistrate which are contiguous districts), of police, with 50 constables, was a very turbulent disposition had placed in the barony of Clanwil- long prevailed, many instances liam. On the 28th of December having occurred (some of which a warrant was issued for a special are enumerated in a former part commission to be held in the of this dispatch) in which illegal county of Tipperary.

oaths had been administered, in In order that I might not inter- which houses had been plundered rupt a connected account of the of arms, and witnesses and others measures which I was compelled suspected of aiding the administo adopt in the counties of Tippe- tration of justice, had been murrary and Limerick, I omitted to dered or most cruelly treated ; state, that in the month of No. vember, a memorial, signed by several magistrates of the King's

(*) The barony of Kilcoursy, and the

parishes of Durrow, Rahan, Lemanahan, County, assembled at Clare on the

Clomuacnoise, and Wherry. 22d of November, was laid before (+) Clonlonan and Moycashel.

and

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