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government being in the hands and as their interest and importof a Moghul excites a great de- ance to England is considerably gree of jealousy in the minds of increased by the Treaty of Peace the Uffghans, but the prince gives of 1814, we have great satisfacthe former a decided preference tion in subjoining an accurate over his own tribe, as he finds account of them, taken on a surthat the rapacious exactions of voy in the year 1911, by a most the former from the subject, are intelligent and enterprizing offimore enforced to enrich his cof- cer of His Majesty's Navy :: fers, than they could possibly be This archipelago derives its through his countrymen, who name from Monsieur Moreau de being accustomed to free and in Seychelle, a principal officer of dependent tenure of the land, are the French East India Company not so likely to assist in that sys- at the time of its discovery, and tem of plunder for which the Mo- consists of about a dozen small ghuls are proverbial.
islands, and as many more islets The police of Heerat is strict, and rocks, scattered upon a large not so much for the sake of mo- coral and sand bank, extending rality, as for the fines which come S. E. and N. W. full seventy in to government; and no one leagues ; its breadth various, becan appear in the streets after ing broadest to the N. W., where dark. This city is, of all others it may be about thirty leagues ; in Khorasan, celebrated for and thence gradually diminishing cheats, who allure the unsuspect to the S. E., where it does not ing stranger into their houses to exceed as many miles. There are partake of an entertainment, and soundings and anchorage on althen lay him by the heels on a most every part of it, the former false charge of seduction of their very irregular, but, generally female relatives, and breach of speaking, between twelve and hospitality, for which the accused forty fathoms, except on the eastperson may think himself fortu- ern edge, in the parallel of the nate to escape with a mulct of five middle of Mahé, where there is hundred rupees.
On these occa- only seven and a half, and on the sions they previously inform western limit, in the lạtitude of themselves of the state and con- Silhauet, where there is only dition of the person, and levy ac
three fathoms and a half; at cordingly; half of this fine goes least, less than that has not yet been to the informer as a reward for discovered. There are scarcely his ingenuity, and the other half any dangers on it that do not to the minister and government. show themselves.
The harbour of Mahé is very
good, and no sea nor wind can An Account of the Seychelle Islands hurt you, when in the entrance ;
and Bank, and Admiralty Is- to the inner harbour it is narrow, lands.
and you must warp or tow in, As very little is generally known should you not have a leading relative to the Seychelle Islands, wind.
Three only of the islands are To give an idea of the presen inhabited, Mahé, Praslin, and La state of the population and cultiDigue.
vation of these islands, at one Mahé, named after Monsieur view, I transcribe a general reMahé de la Bourdonnais, is the turn for the last year :largest, most populous, and of
White Population.-Men, course best cultivated of the
97; Women, 59; Boys, whole; it is sixteen or seventeen miles in length, and generally Free People of Colour.
107; Girls, 77
340 about four broad. It has two
Men, 18; Women, 39; good harbours; that of Mahé on
141 the N. E. side of the island, where
Boys, 54; Girls, 30 .
Slaves.-Males, 3,533; Feis the principal, indeed, the only
6,066 village, and the residence of the commandant; and another on the
Total ...6,547 S. W. side, both perfectly secure. Its population amounts to about 2,648 persons.
Cultivation.--Acres in proviPraslin (from the minister of sions, 2,432; ditto in cotton, that name), is the next island, in 2,720; ditto in sugar canes, 220; size and population, to that of total, 5,372.-Feet in coffee, Mahé; and it has an excellent 4,000; ditto in cloves, 3,000 ; harbour on its north side, shel- total, 7,000. tered by the Isle Curieuse. The Cattle, &c.- Horned cattle, population of this island amounts 300; sheep, 200; goats, 150; to 261 persons.
hogs, 800; total, 1,150. Besides La Digue, so called from a turkeys, geese, ducks, fowls, ship of that name, has only pigeons, vegetables and fruit in seventy-one inhabitants.
great abundance. These three islands are high You may purchase stock at the and rocky, and, generally speak- following prices :-four fowls a ing, poor, steril, anil barren, save Spanish dollar ; two ducks only where a small valley or Spanish dollar; eight turkeys sheltered glen may have secured for twelve dollars ; a sheep for the soil from being washed down four to six dollars. Good beef its steep declivities, by the heavy was killed and sold, ten pounds, rains, in the wet season.
for one Spanish dollar. There are about six decked ves- These islands do not appear fit sels belonging to the inhabitants for the cultivation of any article of these islands; the largest
of export but cotton, and but for about eighty, and the smallest very little of that. There is not about twenty tons; by means of an acre of level ground upon the which they exchange their pro- whole island, and hardly any soil; ductions with the inhabitants of it is all mountainous, full of the Isles of France and Bourbon, rocks and trees, and the heavy and trade to Madagascar and the rains wash down the mountains Mozambique coast, and occasion- the principal part of the mould. ally to either coast of India.
The annual produce of cotton
upon Mahé and Praslin at present the price of these is five dollars is about 350 to 400 bales, each each, smaller ones three each, bale weighing about 300 pounds, but there is no demand for them; and the islands are not capable of were they wanted in quantity, producing more than twenty per you would have occasion to give cent. above this, nor are they ca- them some days notice to catch pable of producing any thing else them. as a matter of commerce. The The inhabitants say, that they inhabitants have begun to plant used to have very fine land-turcoffee, and will have sufficient for tles, in great abundance, but that their own consumption in twelve they are nearly all consumed, and or eighteen 'months; there it only now and then can be got, must rest, as it never can be an two or three at a time. article of exportation. Cloves and Oysters are here in abundance, cinnamon thrive here uncom- and the inhabitants say they are monly well, and, were there are very wholesome, but they are too any soil to plant them in, would small to take the trouble to eat turn to account.
them; they are picked off small There are no kitchen vegeta- trees within the flood mark; there bles here of any kind, unless you
are likewise sea-crabs here, very so call the sweet potatoes of large, but not very good. Mameck, or some bad French- Tortoise-shell, there is a few beans. There is no reason for pounds to be picked up occasionthis, but the negligence of the ally, but not sufficient to consider inhabitants, and the little inter- it as an article of commerce. course they have with the world, These islands have been inhawhich renders them extremely bited about forty years, and the indifferent about most comforts oldest inhabitant says, that he of this kind.
does not remember a gale of Fruit does not appear to be wind: it is a phenomenon unplentiful or good; pine apples, known to them; they therefore plantains, and bad mangoes seem afford security, at a particular to be the principal; there are a season of the year, to vessels that few grapes and a few melons : might be otherwise exposed to this must be owing to the ex- the destructive hurricanes off the treme indolence of the inhabi- Isles of France and Bourbon. tants.
Cuts and even gun-shot wounds There is some very good wood heal unconimonly well here, and for furniture and different pur- the climate, though necessarily poses, such as have building, hot, from its proximity to the sheathing for ships, and ship- equator, may be reckoned very beams, all of which would be at healthy. a very moderate price, but for The inhabitants have very few the difficulty of transporting it wants, and are in general very out amongst the rocks to the poor; they have no money, and water side.
the little traffic they have is carTurtle are all large, in general rying on in cotton, at so many about five to six hundred weight; pounds to the dollar ; conse
quently, they do not care about That these islands were of seiling it, and there are only two great importance to France, while or three inhabitants that can col- that power possessed those of lect it in any quantity, and they France and Bourbon, there cannot are the only people that ever can be the least doubt,' not only as realize property upon these is. affording facilities for the annoylanils. It seems of little conse. ance of our trade in the East, quence to them, as I do not think but, also, as being admirably there are any five men of the whole placed to keep up a constant who have an idea of eier quitting communication between those the island. The principal people islands and the Court of Persia, here say, their only reason for if the latter should, at any time, coming to settle at these islands have entered into the hostile views was, to live retired from ihe of our enemy, against the British world, and gain a bare existence; power. But, that any material some of them had been unfor- advantages are likely to accrue, tunate, and had lost all their pro- either to the colony of the Isle of perty, and were disgusted with France, or to Great Britain in ihe world. After remaining some general, from intercourse with or time, they found the cotton-plant possession of the Seychelle Isgrow very luxuriant, and have lands, other than that of keeping carried on the cultivation of it to the enemy out of them, I cannot a certain extent; and some of possibly foresee. them now have from 150 to 200 slaves at work, and will be soon men of fortune. The climate is Before I close, I shall beg such that they have little occasion leave to call your attention to the for clothes ; their principal wants Adiniralty Islands, lying a small are some white cloth and some distance to the S. W. of Seychelle blue dungaree, or blue cloth Islands. (Pondicherry). The slaves wear This group is so exceedingly nothing but a small piece of blue ill placed in all charts, both with cloth ; I should think one yard respect to longitude, and their would serve them a year ; they bearings from each other, that no pay no kind of respect to dress; vessel can navigate the sea with you will see the most respectable safety in that neighbourhood; amongst them going without whereas, if a couple of small shoes, and some of them with schooners were employed by Gohalf-shoes t:ed on their feet with vernment a few months, in surstrings: all this is from custom, veying them, their actual position and having no communication would be easily ascertained; and, with the world.
if an European vessel, in conseNotwithstanding, the people in quence of such survey, be pregeneral live very well, are rather served from shipwreck, more than hospitable, and have abundance the expense of the survey (indeat their tables; but it is chiefly pendent of preserving men's lives) the produce of their own planta will have been saved. tions.
Live Cattle. There are about Vol. LVIII.
two hundred head of bullocks and miles in length, and from six to about one hundred sheep; the eight in breadth, distant between inhabitants could spare, to ships two and three miles from the in distress, about twenty bullocks, Malay shore. and about sixty sheep; it would It was given to Capt. Light by take some years to replace the the King of Queda, and first setlatter.
tled in 1786. The greater part Poultry:-One hundred dozen of the island is occupied by a lofty of ducks, fowls, and turkeys might irregular ridge of mountains (runbe procured here. There are no ning in the direction of the island, other animals of any kind upon north and south), the northern these islands, but rats, which are extremity of which, is by far the in abundance ; there is no game highest; and here they have a of any kind, and but few birds ; signal house, and several bungapigeong, doves and perroquets, lows erected. seem the principal. There is no The whole of this ridge is cowheat grows in these islands; vereil with a forest of trees of imthey raise Indian corn, cassada- mense size, and between its eastern rovt, and a sufficient quantity of base and the sea, facing the coast rice, just to supply their own of Quedia, there is a level slip of wants, and feed their slaves ; but land, from two to four miles in I do not think at any time you breadth, and ten or twelve miles could purchase ten bags of rice: long. This is well cultivated and the whole of the inhabitants might laid out in gardens, plantations collect ten thousand pounds weight of pepper, betel, areca, cocoa-nut in grain, out of their different trees, &c. intersected in all direcstores, to ships in distress. tions with pleasant carriage roads,
There is a great variety of fish whose sides are lined with a vaat all these islands, and seemingly riety of shrubs and trees that are very fine; salt is very scarce, in perpetual verdure. The whole consequently they are only for of this space is interspersed with immediate use.
villas and bungalows, where the Europeans occasionally retire to enjoy the country air, as a relaxa
tion after business in town. PRINCE OF WALES'S ISLAND.
On the no: th-eastern point of (From the same.)
this slip of land are situated Fort
Cornwallis and George-town, Prince of Wales's Island, called called by the natives Tanjong by the natives Pulo or Poolo Pe. Painaique. nang, from a Malay word signi- This island may contain Eurofying Areca-nut and Betel, lies on pean settlers and their depenthe fifth parallel of north latitude, dants, Malays, Sumatrans, Chiand in 100 deg. 20 min. 15 sec.
11,000 souls, (George-town) of east longitude, Of itinerants
1,000 do. at the entrance of the straits of Malacca.
Total. ... 12,000 It is somewhat in the slape of an oblong square, about sixteen Abundance and great variety