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of their difficulties-observing that rumoured fusion of the parties on so far from Lord Minto having been the benches opposite to him, and a fomenter of revolution, there was attributing the unfounded susa rumour that his house was to be picions cast upon the policy of the attacked because he had given the Government to foreign agency, he King of Naples anti-revolutionary declared that by the verdict of that advice. He corroborated the state House, and of the people of Engment of Lord Palmerston respect- land, he was prepared to abide, ing the passage of the Dardanelles fully convinced that the Governby the British fleet, and avowed ment had preserved at the same that in the matter of the Hun- time the honour of this country garian refugees, when appealed to

and the blessings of peace. by Turkey, the Government had

Mr. Disraeli justified by prereplied that they would make a cedent his own course of conduct friendly representation to Russia on this question, and vindicated and Austria, but if they refused to Lord Aberdeen. Taking the resocomply, the Sultan should have lution as that of the Government, the assistance of a powerful Eng- he observed, if it was meant to lay lish fleet; and yet it was said they down the rule that, in countries coerced only weak states, and em- like Greece, every person calling ployed a humble tone to strong ones. himself a British subject might look He acknowledged it was a just rule for redress to a British Admiral, in of policy not to interfere in the do- what a position it would place this mestic affairs of other nations; country, as well as Greece. In the but that rule had not been very most despotic countries British strictly observed even by Lord subjects were protected by the supAberdeen in his intercourse with plementary aid of treaties, where Greece, and it must be relaxed in the municipal laws of the country cases of exigency, for an unbend- were insufficient. Admitting the ing rule would be the cause of war. claims of Mr. Finlay and M. Though, besides the general in- Pacifico to be just in substance, terest of mankind, it was the par- though exaggerated in amount, ticular interest of this country that they were not more just than mulfreedom should be extended, our titudes of other claims which had best influence was exercised by not been enforced by line-of-battle affording at home an example of ships. Analyzing the resolution, the good effects of liberty; but it he extracted from it this as its was an advantage that it should cardinal principle—the support of be understood in Europe that we the cause of self-government and took part in neither of the extreme constitutional liberty throughout parties into which it was divided the world ; and he proceeded to neither in the wildness of demo- show that this principle had not cracy nor in the iron rule of des- been really pursued by the Governpotism; the one leading to the ment, by taking a review of their other; and he begged the House transactions with the continental to beware lest, in censuring a Go Powers, which had, moreover, vernment which had held that perilled great English interests. middle course, it declared in Their acts and their failures were favour of one of those extreme not calculated to sustain the hoparties. After an allusion to a nour of England, and so far from

preserving peace, there would have and the arbitrary acts of the Embeen no war in Europe but for peror, which at length provoked their policy. The House of Lords the resistance of the Hungarians, had exercised a solemn duty, and the Diet taking their stand upon pronounced a censure upon the the constitution. He glanced at policy which had led to such terri- the subsequent transactions—the ble results. This House was now murder of Count Bathyany, the asked to reverse that sentence ; success of General Bem, the rebut he was persuaded that, what-volution at Vienna, the renunciaever might be its vote, it would tion by the Hungarian Diet of terminate that system, and an- allegiance to the House of Hapsnounce to Europe, and to another burgh, and the invasion of the hemisphere, that the Parliament of kingdom by the Russians, before England had resolved that our whose numbers the valour of the policy should be conducted with people and the skill of their due regard for the rights of other leaders sank. Lord Dudley chanations.

racterized this invasion as a flagrant After a brief reply from Mr. violation of the law of nations. He Roebuck, the House divided, when then adverted to the continued octhe numbers were

cupation of the Danubian princi

palities by the Russian troops, Ayes.

310 amounting, as he understood, to Noes

264 46,000 men, and enlarged upon

the aggrandisement manifested by Majority in favour of Go

Russia, which had, however, suf

46 vernment.

fered a wholesome check in her

revolting and stupid claim for Early in the present Session a the extradition of the Hungarian motion was made by Lord D. Stuart refugees. for various papers relating to the Lord Palmerston said Lord demands of Russia and Austria for Dudley could not expect that he the extradition of the Hungarian should follow him into all the derefugees from Turkey, the Hun- tails of these important transacgarian war, and the occupation of tions. It was the wish of the the principalities of the Danube Government to give all the inby Russian troops. The noble formation respecting them which it Lord observed that the country was would be consistent with the public greatly in the dark with respect to interest and with the courtesies bethese transactions.

tween Governments to afford; but sketch of the history of Hungary, the motion embraced so large a which, he contended, was always a mass of correspondence, and comfree and independent state, until munications of so confidential a crushed last summer by the power vature, that he trusted it was not and treachery of Russia ; and of too much to ask to be allowed to the measures taken by the Ban of make a selection of such as would Croatia to dissolve its union with suffice to show the course which the Hungary, which had subsisted for Government had pursued, without eight hundred years. He read disclosing details inconvenient to details of the atrocities committed the public service. With regard to by Austrian officers in Hungary, Hungary, the feelings and opinions

He gave a

of the great mass of the people of was the best that could have been this country did them high credit; made. There were, his Lordship but, at the same time, in a matter in added, substantial reasons why he which England had no direct right could not accede to the motion as to interfere, the functions of its Go- it now stood. vernment, in the direction of events, Mr. Anstey saw no reason to were restricted within narrow li- alter the opinions he had expressed mits. In regard to the Danubian as to the course pursued by Her principalities, the Russians stood Majesty's Government, and he on a footing different from that in should support the motion if which the Government of one pressed to a division. country stands towards the pro- Lord D. Stuart professed his vinces of another. He believed, readiness to accept the offer of however, that Russia was about Lord Palmerston (with certain reto carry the engagements of her servations), and in the course of treaty with the Porte into exe- his reply suggested that proper cution, and that the number protection should be secured to of Russian troops in the pro- the refugees, since the Turkish vinces would speedily be reduced authorities had given them notice to 10,000. With reference to that persons with Austrian passthe most important transaction ports had come to practise upon -the refugees-he was ready Kossuth's life. to furnish papers that would indi- Lord C. Hamilton accused Lord cate generally the course which this Dudley of patent ignorance of Government had pursued. His Hungarian history, and stigmaLordship related the circumstances

tized as

base calumny the connected with the claims for the charge which the noble Lord extradition of the refugees, who had been put forward by others were

not at present, he ob- to make against the Austrian served, imprisoned, but only placed Government, that it would conunder temporary surveillance. Di- descend to poison these unfortuplomatic relations had been re

nate persons: stored between Russia and Turkey, Mr. Cockburn was astonished and there was every reason to sup- after the scenes which had taken pose that those between Austria place in Hungary, disgraceful to and Turkey would soon be re- humanity, that an English noblenewed. The most perfect harmony man should rise in the House of and co-operation had existed be- Commons to defend the Austrian tween the English and French Government, and read a list of Ambassadors in this transaction, noblemen and officers executed, and it had been greatly owing to and women of high rank flogged their good offices that this ques- by the public executioner-one of tion, involving great difficulties, the bloodiest bead-rolls he had ever had been brought to a successful issue. Although that issue had Mr. Disraeli vindicated the not been exactly what might have course taken by Lord C. Hamilbeen wished had the matter de- ton, and observed that if Lord pended altogether upon the will of Dudley Stuart was convinced that Her Majesty's Government, under his charge against the Austrian the circumstances the arrangement Government could be proved, the

a

seen.

fact ought not to have found a coincidence of the increase of the place, surely, in his epilogue. Such Slave Trade with the coercive mea. an insinuation against an ally of sures adopted under the treaties to Her Majesty he considered to be suppress it. Up to 1815 the num. one of the most unwarrantable he ber of negroes exported from the had ever heard in that House. coast of Africa was 90,000; in Upon the general subject, he at- 1819 it amounted to 105,000; and tributed the feebleness of Turkey it continued to increase under cirto a crusade of the Liberal party, cumstances of aggravated atrocity. now represented by Lord Dudley, Mr. Hutt then read a memorandum who, after exciting the passions addressed by the Duke of Welling. of Europe against that empire, ton to the Congress of Vienna, in affected to sympathize with it in 1822, which declared that the its languishing condition.

Slave Trade was carried on to a After some observations from greater extent than during former Sir De Lacy Evans, Sir R. Inglis, periods, and that it would have Mr. Milnes, and Mr. Grattan, the been far more consolatory to humotion was withdrawn.

manity, and that fewer lives would A discussion of much interest have been lost, had the trade never took place on the 19th of March, been forcibly interfered with. This upon à motion made by Mr. Hutt, country, fifteen years after, Mr. the Member for Gateshead, rela- Hutt continued, made further tive to the maintenance of the Bri- efforts to put down the trade, by tish squadron for the suppression increasing the number of cruisers, of the Slave Trade on the coast of assisted by steam vessels, and by Africa. The debate derived addi- adding powers to search suspected tional importance from the rumour vessels ; in short, no measures of which was generally current that coercion were neglected. The rethe fate of Lord John Russell's sult had been acknowledged in a Administration would depend upon letter from Lord J. Russell, when its issue. Mr. Hutt's motion was Colonial Secretary, in 1839, to the for an address to the Crown to Lords of the Treasury, in which direct that negotiations be forth- the incalculable magnitude of the with entered into for the purpose evil, the enormous expense inof releasing this country from all curred by this country, and the treaty engagements with foreign annual sacrifice of life, were urged states for maintaining armed ves- as arguments for the adoption of sels on the coast of Africa to sup- some new preventive system. In press the traffic in slaves.

He 1840 there had been a diminution began by explaining the circum- of the trade, but the causes were stances under which the Report of independent of the efforts of our the Committee of 1849 was made, squadron. That period was one of in order to free that Report from great mercantile depression, which the prejudice attempted to be affected the Slave Trade as well as raised against it on the ground legitimate commerce, and at the that it had been carried only by same time Cuba and Brazil were the casting vote of the Chair- honestly engaged in an attempt to man. He then

gave brief prevent the importation of slaves ; sketch of the history of the block- but in 1843 commerce revived, and ade system, and remarked the with it, notwithstanding the exer

a

tions of our fleet, revived all the the verge of a quarrel with France horrors of the Slave Trade. In and America. 1842 the exports of slaves had Mr. Baillie seconded the motion, sunk to 30,000, in 1843 they rose on the ground that this country to 55,000, in 1846 to 76,000, in was really deriving, in the shape 1847 to 84,000. The trade had of cheap sugar from the Brazils, since augmented to such a degree a profit from the Slave Trade, and that, in 1848, the number of slaves that by maintaining the squadron exported into Brazil exceeded the on the coast of Africa we cast a demand by 8000, stimulated as screen of respectability over our that demand had been by the conduct as receivers of stolen legislation of the British Parlia- goods. ment admitting Brazilian sugar to Mr. W. Evans, who had given the markets of this country. Under notice of an amendment, which he these circumstances, slaves being now withdrew, combated many of cheaper in Brazil than when the the facts put forward by Mr. Hutt, trade

was unrestricted, of what and disputed the correctness of his value was our squadron on the conclusions, urging that it would coast of Africa ? We had under- be an awful thing to leave the taken a task to which any amount whole African coast exposed to the of force was unequal-to suppress lawless piracy and ruffianism of a contraband trade which yielded slave-traders, and recommending, higher gains than any other trade as a means of diminishing the exin the world. All experience de- pense of the squadron, the emmonstrated that vo lucrative trade ployment of smaller vessels. of this kind was ever suppressed Mr. Labouchere regarded this by coercion. Sir Josiah Child, question as involving not only the two hundred years ago, said, cause of humanity, but the characwho would give a large price for ter and honour of this country, if any commodity shall obtain it by our squadron was to be withdrawn some means or other.” Mr. Hutt from the coast of Africa without then adverted to the testimony of any substitute ; and deprecated Commodore Mansel and Sir C. the announcement by the ComHotham, the Commodores of the mons of England, that hereafter African squadron, and other naval this horrible traffic might prevail witnesses, as to the impracticability over every sea without let or binof putting down the traffic by drance. He believed the people force; observing that no witness, of England would not acquiesce, amongst those who held a con- from motives of economy, in such trary opinion, considered the pre- a retrograde and degenerate course, sent system a satisfactory one, without the substitution of some though 25,000,0001. had been ex- other system. The squadron, it pended upon it, and we were still was said, had not succeeded in paying 700,0001. a year, and em- suppressing the trade. Nobody ploying between thirty and forty expected it would without other vessels to maintain it. He ob- measures. But the withdrawing of jected to this country being en- the squadron, until other measures gaged in an object in which we had time to come into operation could co-operate with no other state, and vigour, would aggravate the and were constantly trembling on horrors of the Slave Trade, extin

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