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for future mowing with machines. A small force has been constantly employed in the forest, cutting and piling windfalls and brush. The entire area of the park was worked over, stopping erosions, gullies, and ditches cut by the troops which had been encamped there. The total expense on this account has been $2,400.31.
EXPENSES INCURRED BY ENGINEER DEPARTMENT.
Our engineer submits the following supplemental statement of the expenses incurred in his department during the current fiscal year. These are explained in detail in his report, which accompanies this. Means of transportation
$41.00 Miscellaneous tools.
221. 73 Water supply
109. 39 Expense, incidental
1,551. 65 Field work
2, 400. 31 Inclosures and fencing.
3, 574. 23 Trees and shrubbery
89.63 Monuments, tablets, and towers.
529. 61 Machinery, maintenance.
34. 00 Drainage
378. 21 Paving
5, 324. 86
14, 254. 62
The State of Iowa has appropriated $35,000 for a State monument and 12 monuments to individual regiments and batteries, all on the Chattanooga field.
Ohio has appropriated $30,000, of which $20,000 will be for a State monument on Missionary Ridge and the rest for bronze historical tablets to mark the locations of each organization on the battle lines. The Government is under obligations to Mr. Joseph H. Rathburn, a public spirited citizen of Chattanooga, for the donation of a spacious and prominent site on Missionary Ridge, which has been assigned to this monument. It is a most appropriate location, owing to the fact that a portion of Turchin's Brigade, in which were six Ohio regiments, ascended the ridge at this point.
The State of Maryland has appropriated $7,000 for a monument to one Union regiment and a Confederate battery. This will be erected at Orchard Knob with a suitable marker and mounted guns near Tunnel Hill, where the battery fought.
TROOPS CAMPED AT PARK.
The Commission takes pleasure in reporting that the park is rapidly becoming of practical value to the Government.
Early in the present year the Seventh U. S. Cavalry and the Third Battery were brought from Cuba and camped in the park. The camp, under the personal direction of Major-General Brooke, was established with great care before the arrival of the troops, the park force giving such assistance as it could render. The camp was thoroughly sewered and abundant water facilities provided for drinking, cooking, stables, and bath houses, and for watering the grounds. It is now one of the most perfect field camps to be found, and pending the building of the new army post it will be made still more comfortable for winter.
HEALTH CONDITIONS OF PARK.
In view of the sensational reports charging that the park is an unhealthful tract, it is proper to say that during the past year it has been free from serious disease and was fully maintained its long record before the war with Spain, and for the period subsequent to that time, for exceptional healthfulness.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
The receipts and expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902, were as follows, vouchers for each item of expenditure being on file in the office of the disbursing clerk of the War Department: Receipts:
On hand per last report, balance of appropriation fiscal year ending
$15, 035. 20 Appropriation for fiscal year ending June 30, 1902
73, 635. 20
7,200.00 2,600.00 12, 560.00
Expenditures from July 1, 1901, to June 30, 1902:
Salaries of Commissioners..
$104. 42 1,007. 41
6. 75 37.50
3. 75 91. 59 17. 73 30.07 61. 50 400. 78 37. 29
1, 798. 79 1,087. 02
40. 45 32, 657. 76
176. 70 1, 294. 18 175. 55
12.00 324. 50
17. 20 1, 444. 55
35.00 3, 505.00
GETTYSBURG NATIONAL MILITARY PARK COMMISSION.
Gettysburg, Pa., August 1, 1902. SIR. The Gettysburg National Military Park Commission respectfully submit the following report of their work, its progress during the past year
and its present condition, with suggestions as to what is needed for its further prosecution.
Pleasanton avenue, which was in course of construction at the date of our last report, was completed soon thereafter. It runs eastward from Hancock avenue near the point where General Hancock was wounded to the headquarters of the Union cavalry on the Taneytown road.
Chamberlain and Warren avenues have also been constructed. The former runs southward from near the summit of Little Round Top along the crest of Vincent Spur and the battle line of the Union troops in their defense of that position in the afternoon of July 2, 1863, and then, curving down the slope, connects with Sykes avenue in the gap between Round Top and Little Round Top. Warren avenue starts from Sykes avenue at that same point and runs westward along the base of Little Round Top to Plum Run Valley and crossing that run joins Crawford avenue near the Devils Den.
Buford avenue is now under contract, and the work upon it is proceeding and will soon be completed. It runs from the north end of Reynolds avenue in a northwesterly direction to the Mummasburg road along the line of the Union cavalry which menaced the left flank of the Confederate forces as they advanced into the first day's battle.
These avenues, like all others on the field, are constructed on the Telford plan in the most durable style, and will last for centuries. The total length of the Telford avenues now constructed on the field is about 17 miles.
There are several others which should be constructed, among them Wright avenue along the line of Wright's Division, on the left of Sedgwick's Corps, from between the Round Tops southeastwardly across the Taneytown road; another along the lines of Meredith's and Stone's brigades on the first day's field; one also on Oak Hill and vicinity, where the infantry and artillery of Rodes's Division of Ewell's Corps debouched and took position in the first day's battle, and another leading from the Hanover road east of Rock Creek to Benner's Hill, where a number of Confederate batteries were posted on the second and third days.