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learning, and that they should in other ways bring the Academy into closer relations with the general educational system of the country.

The board views with approval the fact that the heads of the departments and the instructors are striving to place themselves in closer touch with the cadets, to the end that the latter feel less restraint in calling upon the former for necessary assistance.

The board commends the change in the policy of the institution under which the cadets have enlarged social privileges, and under which they are brought into closer relationship with students of other institutions in athletic sports, and recommends that this policy be enlarged to the greatest extent consistent with discipline and instruction, to the end that the education of the cadet be not merely technical, but extend to those relationships in life which must ever be important.

The board also approves the recommendation of Colonel Mills that Congress appropriate for a course of lectures to form a feature of the year's course.

The board recommends that each member of Congress should always appoint a principal and a first and second alternate, in order that the number of cadets at the Academy may be kept at its maximum.

Also that the pay of the cadet be made the same as that of a naval cadet, namely, $69.

The board finds that armament and equipment, as furnished by the Government, is most excellent, but that a modern seacoast battery is requisite for the proper instruction of cadets, and therefore recommends that a model seacoast battery, complete in all its details, be furnished as follows:

Emplacement for two 8-inch B. L. R., with single magazine and separate ammunition service; emplacement for one 6-inch R. F. gun, with magazine; emplacement for one 15-pdr. R. F. gun, with magazine; emplacement for one 12-inch B. L. mortar, with magazine; one fire commander and two battery commanders' stations; electric generating plant; electric storage battery; one 30-inch electric-controlled searchlight.

The board was struck with the fact that the cavalry and artillery horses had the double reins and the curb and snaffle bit, and highly commend the same. The board noticed that the caps, blouses, and various parts of the military dress of officers do not appear to be uniform in appearance: For instance, caps have various kinds of visors, some stiff tops and some soft; blouses and dress coats have collars of extreme width or narrowness. As the professors and officers are a constant example to the cadets, there should be only one kind of uniform cap, and the same with other parts of the uniform. The board are of the opinion that steps should be taken to remedy this fault.

It is the opinion of the board that everything pertaining to the plant and curriculum of the Military Academy as such should be in th control of the academic board as constructed, subject to the approval of the Secretary of War. That all matters pertaining to any change in buildings, site, and general topography of West Point should be acted upon by a committee of not less than three members of the academic board selected by the superintendent, which committee shall consider and report to the whole board; this report to be acted upon by the whole academic board, and such action to be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War.

The matter is of such importance to the country at large that the board are firmly convinced that the subject should be under the positive control of the academic board.

The academic board consists of eleven members, six of whom are permanent professors; three are detailed as professors for four years, and the other two are the superintendent of the Military Academy and the commandant of cadets. Thus we would have the conservative action of six men and the action of five new men, who change every

four years.

This opinion of the board is not intended in any way as a reflection on the present superintendent, as the board are pleased to commend the policy which he has followed in locating buildings and making other improvements, by seeking to attain the best results in referring such matters for report and recommendations to advisory boards, composed of the members of the academic board.

The board is of the opinion that any change in the site of the hotel should not be made without the most careful consideration, as it is important that the parents of cadets and official visitors should come into close contact with the cadets and be in the immediate seeing distance of various military exercises.

An examination of the fiscal affairs, supplies, and expenditures showed them to be perfectly satisfactory.

The board recommends that an edition of 6,000 of the jubilee volume of the centennial history of the Academy should be printed at the Government Printing Office for distribution and for exchange.

Your board can not conclude its report without expressing the increasing sense which its observation upon the spot force upon

it of the high character of the instruction and the discipline imparted at the Military Academy, and of the inestimable value of the institution to the nation.

Chas. F. ROE,

President.
EDMUND W. PETTUS,

Vice-President.
GEORGE W. CHILDS DREXEL,

Secretary
WILLIAM R. HARPER.
A. C. HOUZE.
ELL TORRANCE.
RICHARD M. YOUNG.
MONTGOMERY SCHUYLER.
J. V. QUARLES.
CHARLES DICK.

F. H. GILLETT.
WEST POINT, N. Y., June 11, 1902.

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SUPERINTENDENT OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY

ACADEMY

ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

SUPERINTENDENT UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY,

HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY,

West Point, N. Y., September 15, 1902. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report for the Military Academy for the year ending August 31, 1902:

I have performed the duties of Superintendent throughout the year, except during a leave of absence from August 1 to 13, and for other short periods of time when absent in connection with Academy affairs.

PERSONNEL.

The number of officers and instructors assigned to duty here, September 1, 1902, was 7 professors, 1 associate professor, 72 commissioned officers, 1 librarian, 1 chaplain, 1 contract dental surgeon, 1 teacher of music--a total of 84. The total for duty September 1, 1902, was 82. The net increase is the librarian, an office heretofore filled by one of the professors in addition to his regular duties, and one instructor. The only other change to be noted is in the status of the professors, who by act of Congress now have the actual rank formerly assigned them by assimilation, with command limited to the respective academic departments. The change removes a military incongruity of long standing, and is one productive of good. The appended rostera gives the names of all officers and shows the particular duties they perform.

THE CORPS OF CADETS.

The maximum number of cadets is 492. The academic year opens with 471 cadets on the rolls of the Academy, the largest number ever belonging to it at one time. They are divided between the four classes, as follows: First class, 94; second class, 129; third class, 130; fourth class, 118. Of this number 2 are foreigners, receiving instruction at their own expense under special authority of Congress, 1 being from Costa Rica and 1 from Venezuela. September 1, 1901, there were 464 cadets, including 1 foreigner.

The following changes occurred during the year: Discharged for deficiency in studies, 39; dismissed, 1; resigned, 12; graduated, 54.

According to the new regulations on the subject, the regular examination of candidates for admission was held for the first time this year on May 1 at 16 army posts, selected with a view of reducing to a minimum the expenses of candidates in attending. A special exami

a Not printed.

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